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Music in East Africa

Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

Gregory Barz

Publication Date - February 2004

ISBN: 9780195141528

160 pages
Book with CD/DVD
5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches


Music in East Africa is one of several case-study volumes that can be used along with Thinking Musically, the core book in the Global Music Series. Thinking Musically incorporates music from many diverse cultures and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. It sets the stage for an array of case-study volumes, each of which focuses on a single area of the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure, covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present. Visit www.oup.com/us/globalmusic for a list of case studies in the Global Music Series. The website also includes instructional materials to accompany each study.
Music in East Africa introduces readers to the various ways in which historical music traditions and present-day musical performances either collide, fuse, or remain mutually exclusive in contemporary East Africa. Through descriptions of performances and case studies that detail the lives of individual musicians, Gregory Barz shows how people in Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania create, dance to, and interact with traditional East African music. Focusing on specific contexts in which music is integrated into the everyday lives of individuals and communities, Music in East Africa considers the significance of music for people as they negotiate the world around them. It looks at the defining principle of musical performance in East Africa--how drumming (and the playing of other musical instruments), singing, dancing, and drama are deeply connected to traditional cultures. The book highlights the importance of individual musicians as specialized members of communities and describes the role of musical performances in such social systems as popular entertainment and religious rituals. It also shows how traditional East African music and performance has responded to modernization, colonization, commercialism, and nationalism.
Featuring vivid illustrations and eyewitness accounts of performances, Music in East Africa incorporates numerous activities that encourage readers to engage with the music. The book is packaged with a 70-minute CD containing examples of the music discussed in the text.

Table of Contents

    CD Track List
    1. Heating Up!
    East Africa
    Traditional Music Performance: The Example of Ngoma
    What is "Music" in East Africa?
    2. Traditional Performances in Two Villages and a Town
    Case Study #1: Nyanhugi Village, Sukumaland, Tanzania
    Case Study #2: Bugwere Village, Busoga Region, Eastern Uganda
    Case Study #3: Kisumu Town, Western Kenya
    Musical Transcription
    Gender and Traditional Music Performance in East Africa
    3. Fostering Social Cohesion: Competition and Traditional Musical Performance
    Introduction: Competition as Social Cohesion
    Case Study #1: Bulabo in Sukumaland, Tanzania
    Bagaalu and Bagiika Dance Societies
    Changes and Adaption in Bulabo
    Case Study #2: Choir Competitions in Dar es Salaam
    Vignette 1: The Initial Evangelical Encounter
    Vignette 2: The Emergence of Tanzanian Voices
    Vignette 3: A Postcolonial Moment
    4. Individuals in East African Musical Worlds: Gideon Mdegella and Centurio Balikoowa
    Vignette 1: Gideon Mdegella
    Vignette 2: Centurio Balikoowa
    Communities and Musical Specialists
    Gideon Mdegella: "Mwalimu"
    Mwalimu wa Kwaya: Ritual-Musical Specialists in the Tanzanian Luteran Church
    "I Am Able to See Very Far, but I Am Unable to Reach There"
    Mdegella and "First-Class Music"
    Centurio Balikoowa
    Musical Instruments
    Endere (Flute)
    Endingidi (Tubefiddle)
    Construction of the Endingidi
    Ntongooli (Bowl Lyre)
    Personal History
    5. Situating Traditional Music within Modernity
    Vignette: Anthems and Identity
    Case Study #1: Mu Kkubo Ery 'Omusaalaba
    Basic Tenets of Kiganda Traditional Music
    Issue of Timbre
    Issue of Interlocking Patterns
    Case Study #2: "The Roots of Benga"
    D.O. Misiani, the "King" of Benga
    Conclusion: Popular versus Traditional--"Modernity Happened!"
    6. Cooling Down!
    Traditional Music and the Interrelation of the Arts in East Africa

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