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Music in Brazil

Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

John P. Murphy

Publication Date - 26 January 2006

ISBN: 9780195166842

192 pages
Book with CD/DVD
5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches

In Stock


Music in Brazil is one of several case-study volumes that can be used along with Thinking Musically, the core book in the Global Music Series. Thinking Musically incorporates music from many diverse cultures and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. It sets the stage for an array of case-study volumes, each of which focuses on a single area of the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure, covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present. Visit www.oup.com/us/globalmusic for a list of case studies in the Global Music Series. The website also includes instructional materials to accompany each study.
As the largest nation in Latin America, Brazil is home to some of the most celebrated music in the world. Music in Brazil covers a wide spectrum of this music, including samba, bossa nova, Tropicália, and MPB (Música Popular Brasileira); regional traditional and popular music; Brazilian rock, rap, and electronica; and such genres as sertaneja (similar to country-and-western music) and brega (sentimental pop).
Music in Brazil is organized the themes of unity, diversity, cosmopolitanism, and verbal artistry. It shows how Brazilian music expresses the unity of the country's culture, discussing, for example, how samba plays a major part in annual Carnaval celebrations and provides a focus for nationalist sentiment. In contrast, the book also demonstrates how music represents the diversity of Brazilian culture, describing how each of Brazil's regions is home to unique genres of music, and how the audiences for various types of music reflect class distinctions. In addition, author John P. Murphy presents examples of cosmopolitan Brazilian music and emphasizes the connections between music and other aspects of Brazilian culture, especially language and gender. Enhanced by vivid illustrations and guided listening activities, this book is a captivating introduction to the music of Brazil. It is packaged with a 60-minute audio CD containing examples of the music discussed in the book, many of which are taken from the author's field recordings.

About the Author(s)

John P. Murphy is Associate Professor of Jazz Studies at the University of North Texas College of Music. He has published on Brazilian traditional and popular music, Cuban music in New York, jazz improvisation, and college teaching, and is active as a saxophonist.


"John P. Murphy's Music in Brazil is a concise, accurate, and very usable book. It presents some musical genres that even most Brazillians have never heard of. Discussions of identity, gender, and ethnicity provide a convincing connection among all these seemingly disparate musical styles, while offering a good introduction to studying popluar music with a touch of cultural studies."--Rogério Budasz, Music and Letters

Table of Contents

    CD Track List
    1. Samba, Brazil's National Music
    Carnaval in Recife: Traditional Musics and Current Pop in a Historic Setting
    Samba in Rio de Janeiro: Music From the Morros
    Varieties of Samba: Not Just for Caranaval
    The History of Samba: From Marginal to National
    Samba Percussion
    The Malandro and the Mulata: Samba and Gender Roles
    "The Mystery of Samba"
    Carmen Miranda Brings the Samba to Hollywood
    Samba and Carnaval: The Sambadrome and Beyond
    Samba Today: A Range of Meanings
    Samba Raro
    Eu Tiro é Onda
    The Song "O Mistério do Samba"
    2. Projecting Brazilian Identity Nationally and Internationally
    Choro: An Early Rio de Janeiro Instrumental Style
    The Emergence of Choro
    Northeastern Influences
    Jacob de Bandolim and Waldir Azevedo
    The Choro Revival
    Choro, Art Music, and Jazz
    Women in Choro
    Brazilian Art Music Briefly Surveyed
    Bossa nova: The Intimate Samba Sound Known Worldwide
    The Term Bossa Nova
    A Bossa Nova Classic
    "The Girl from Ipanema"
    Other Ways of Playing Bossa Nova
    Bossa Nova and Jazz
    The Sound of a Modernizing Brazil
    Tropicália: Cultural Cannibalism, Late '60s Style
    MPB: Sophisticated Songwriting With a Political Edge
    Música Brega: Sentimental Songs Loved by Millions
    The Romantic Balladry of Roberto Carlos
    3. Expressing Afro-Brazilian and Indigenous Identity
    Capoeira: Music, Movement, and the Legacy of Zumbi
    The Orquestra and the Berimbau
    Capoeira: Other American Martial Arts and the African Heritage
    Capoeira: Resistance and Revolt
    Capoeira Regional and Atual
    Music of Brazil's Indigenous Peoples
    Music of the Kayapó-Kikrin: A Ritual of an Amazonian People
    The Kayapó and the Environment
    Inspired by Indigenous Music
    Popular Music in the Amazon Region
    4. The Sound of the Northeast
    Bumba-meu-boi and Cavalo-Marinho: The Drama of the Magical Ox
    Cavalo-marinho Performers and Audiences
    Three Master Performers of Cavalo-marinho
    Cavalo-marinho Performance Contexts
    A Cavalo-marinho Performance
    Cavalo-marinho Today
    Maracatu: Afro-Brazilian Carnival Genre With a Sacred Side
    A Sambada
    Maracutu Rural
    Siba and Barachinha's "Catimbó"
    Baião and Forró: Accordian-Driven Dance Music
    Luiz Gonzaga and the Baião
    Luiz Gonzaga's Music and the Invention of the Northeast
    Arlindo dos Oito Baixos and Instrumental Forró
    The Technique of the Sanfona de Oito Baixos
    The Symbolic Importance of the Sanfona de Oito Baixos
    The Tune
    Rhythmic Accompaniment
    Forró and Northeastern Identity
    5. Expressing Southern Brazilian Identity
    Música Caipira: Rural Music of the South
    Música Caipira in a Sacred Context: Folias de Reis
    Música Caipira in a Secular Context
    Música Caipira on Records and Radio
    The Viola Caipira
    Roberto Corrêa and the Viola Caipira
    Música Sertaneja: Brazilian "Country" Music
    Música Gaúcha: Celebrating Brazil's Far South
    The Nativist Movement in Rio Grande do Sul
    Renato Borghetti and Progressive Música Gaúcha
    The Sound of the South
    Popular Music and Social Action in Porto Alegre
    6. The Innovative Music and Scene of Recife
    Brazilian Music and Cosmopolitanism
    Cássia Eller
    Hermeto Pascoal
    The Mangue Movement, Chico Science & Naçao Zumbi, and Popular Music in Recife
    Mundo Livre S/A: Working Toward a Free World
    Devotos: A Hardcore Look at Life in Recife
    Facos do Subúrbio: Rap and Embolada From the ALto José do Pinho
    DJ Dolores e Orchestra Santa Massa: Electronic Maracatu
    Comadre Florzinha and Women's Participation in the Recife Scene

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