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Cover

Multicultural Psychology

Fifth edition

Dr. Jeffery Scott Mio, Dr. Lori A. Barker, Melanie M. Domenech Rodríguez, and John Gonzalez

Publication Date - January 2019

ISBN: 9780190854959

496 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $79.99

A narrative-driven text with a focus on applications of multicultural psychology

Description

Multicultural Psychology combines research with actual real narratives to examine multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures. The text covers compelling topics such as differences in world views, communication, racial and cultural identity, development, racism, and immigration, as well as gender, sexuality, age, and ability. It presents a broad foundation for understanding the issues psychologists address when studying culture and the practical applications of theory in today's society. The personal stories and discussions of current events make the text relatable to students' lives.

New to this Edition

  • A fourth author, John Gonzalez, revised the racism and identity development chapters and added a section on American-Indian identity development (Chapters 6 and 7).
  • Consistent identifying language for various ethnic groups reflects current trends in the field, including the terms "European American" and "Latinx," which are both gender-neutral.
  • Updated content on the worldviews of women now includes coverage of the "Me Too" movement.
  • The concept of WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) was added to the worldview chapter (Chapter 3).
  • Additional, current examples of racism include the Neo-Nazi protest in Charlottesville, the shooting of Philando Castille, and the response to Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico.
  • Material on the worldview of those in poverty has been expanded (Chapter 3).
  • The racism chapter now covers the biopsychosocial model (Chapter 6).
  • Further discussion of the Supreme Court decision to allow same-sex marriage has been added to Chapter 10.

About the Author(s)

Jeffery Scott Mio is Jeffery Scott Mio is Professor of Psychology and Sociology at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, where he also serves as the Director of Graduate Studies in Psychology. He is a fellow of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, the Asian American Psychological Association, and the Western Psychological Association.

Lori A. Barker is Professor of Psychology and Sociology at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. Dr. Barker is a licensed clinical psychologist and a Qualified Medical Evaluator with the State of California, Division of Workers Compensation. She has a private practice in Riverside, CA, called The Center for Individual, Family, and Community Wellness.

Melanie M. Domenech Rodríguez is Professor of Psychology at Utah State University and a licensed psychologist in Utah, Puerto Rico, and Idaho. Dr. Domenech Rodríguez is a fellow of the American Psychological Association. She has served on the APA Ethics Committee as an associate member and is currently President of the Society for the Clinical Psychology of Ethnic Minorities.

John Gonzalez is Professor of Psychology and Department Chair at Bemidji State University in northern Minnesota. He is an Ojibwe American Indian and a member of the White Earth Anishinaabe Nation. Dr. Gonzalez served as Program Chair and then Treasurer for the Society for the Psychological Study of Culture, Ethnicity, and Race and as Historian for the Society of Indian Psychologists. Professor Gonzalez was also honored as the American Indian Post-Secondary Teacher of the Year by the Minnesota Indian Education Association in 2017.

Reviews

"Multicultural Psychology is accessible and personal. The personal experiences placed throughout the chapters really bring the chapter content to life. This book supports a learning experience that emphasizes the phenomenological experience of multicultural individuals, not just theory and findings."--Melissa Heerboth, Mercyhurst University

"This is an excellent text for a multi-cultural or cross-cultural psychology class; it is also appropriate for ethnic studies, counseling psychology courses, and interdisciplinary courses on race and identity. Students of color, women students, gay students, and immigrant students will find themselves in these pages and feel included and respected, and white students and male students will benefit from having their consciousness raised."--Helen Taylor, Bellevue College

"An innovative multicultural text that will engage students in thought about their own cultural identities, strengths, weaknesses, and how it affects their everyday experiences."--Allyson Graf, Elmira College

Table of Contents

    About the authors
    Preface
    Acknowledgments

    CHAPTER 1 What Is Multicultural Psychology?

    WHAT IS MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY?
    Narrow and Broad Definitions of Culture
    Culture and Worldview
    What is Race?
    Multicultural Psychology and Related Fields
    MULTICULTURALISM AS A PHILOSOPHY
    DO WE STILL NEED THE FIELD OF MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY?
    MULTICULTURALISM AS THE FOURTH FORCE
    UNDERSTANDING THE CULTURAL CONTEXT OF BEHAVIOR: THE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL
    THE BASIC TENENTS OF MULTICULTURAL THEORY
    HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
    Dubious Beginnings
    We Begin to Define Ourselves
    Gender Differences
    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues
    THE RISE OF MULTICULTURALISM
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 2 Multicultural Issues Involving Research and Testing

    RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    The General Research Model
    The European American Standard
    Internal versus External Validity
    QUANTITATIVE VERSUS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
    Quantitative Approaches
    Qualitative Approaches
    Equivalence of Measures
    Qualitative Approaches and Gender
    Qualitative Approaches and Older Population

    EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
    COLLABORATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING
    PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING
    Intelligence Testing
    Intelligence, Context, and Older Adults
    Alternative Conceptions of Intelligence
    Personality and Diagnostic Testing
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 3 Cultural Differences in Worldviews

    DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES FOR LOOKING AT CULTURES
    Imposing a Worldview
    Understanding Differences from Within
    Male and Female Perspectives
    Well-Meaning Clashes
    INDIVIDUALISM VERSUS COLLECTIVISM
    The Individual and Society
    Guilt versus Shame
    Face Saving, Face Giving, and Social Support
    Are We WEIRD?
    VALUE ORIENTATION AND WORLDVIEWS
    Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation Model
    Derald Wing Sue's Worldview Model

    ETHNIC MINORITY WORLDVIEW
    WORLDVIEW OF WOMEN
    WORLDVIEW OF LESBIAN, GAY, AND BISEXUAL INDIVIDUALS
    WORLDVIEW BASED ON SOCIAL CLASS
    YOUTH AND WORLDVIEW
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 4 Cultural Differences in Communication

    CONVERSATIONAL RULES
    NONVERBAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE
    Proxemics
    Kinesics
    Paralanguage

    HIGH- VERSUS LOW-CONTEXT COMMUNICATION
    Direct versus Indirect Communication
    Ethnic Minority Patterns of Communication
    --African Americans
    --Latinxs
    --American Indians
    Communication Patterns of the Elderly
    COMMUNICATION AMONG YOUNGER ADULTS
    Prevalence of Social Media
    Positives and Negatives of the Use of Social Media
    The Silver Lining
    GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION
    BILINGUAL COMMUNICATION
    Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism
    Social Consequences of Bilingualism
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 5 Immigrants, Refugees, and the Acculturation Process xxx

    IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
    Immigrants
    Refugees

    COMMON EXPERIENCES OF IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
    Language Barriers
    Support Networks
    Family Hierarchies
    New Family Roles
    Employment
    Education
    ACCULTURATION
    "Old" and "New Immigrants"
    Models of Acculturation
    Acculturation of Immigrants
    Acculturation of Ethnic Minority Populations
    The Migration Process
    Ecological Context and Fit

    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 6 Stereotyping, Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism

    CATEGORIZATIONS OF RACE AND ETHNICITY
    Racism in the News
    Stereotype Threat
    The Development of Negative Stereotypes

    RACISM
    Overt versus Covert Racism
    The Response to Hurricane Maria: A Case of Covert, Unintentional Racism or Covert, Intentional Racism?
    Aversive Racism
    Color-Blind Racial Ideology
    Racism and the Biopsychosocial Model

    Internalized Oppression
    Racial Microaggressions
    Microaggressions Broadly Defined
    White Privilege

    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 7 Cultural Identity Development

    A MODEL OF PERSONAL IDENTITY
    RACIAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
    African American Identity Development
    White Identity Development
    Chicano/Latinx Identity Development
    Asian American/Pilipino American Identity Development
    American Indian Identity Development
    Multiracial Identity Development
    Gay/Lesbian Identity Development
    Racial and Cultural Identity Development Model
    Other Identities
    A CRITIQUE OF THE STAGE MODELS
    MULTIPLE LAYERING OF IDENTITIES
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 8 Culture and Health

    HEALTH AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS
    HEALTH DISPARITIES DEFINED
    CAUSES OF HEALTH DISPARITIES
    Racism
    Poverty
    Structural Barriers
    Access to the Health Care System
    Differential Treatment
    MISTRUST OF THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
    WHY SHOULD WE CARE?
    BRINGING ABOUT CHANGE
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 9 Culture and Mental Health

    CULTURE AND DIAGNOSIS
    The Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of the Mental Disorders: A Classification System
    Culture and the Expression of Symptoms
    Cultural Group Differences and Mental Health
    --The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES)
    --National Survey on Drug Use and Health
    --Ethnic/Racial Groups Not Well Represented in the Large Epidemiological Studies
    --Critique of the Epidemiologic Studies
    --Conclusions from Existing Data
    Gender Differences
    Cultural Concepts of Distress
    Eating Disorders: An American Cultural Syndrome?
    CULTURE AND THE TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISORDERS
    Underutilization of Mental Health Services
    Barriers to Treatment

    --Culture-Bound Values as Barriers
    --Class-Bound Values as Barriers
    --Language Variables as a Barrier
    Experience with Microaggressions
    Culturally Sensitive Therapeutic Approaches
    The Training of Mental Health Professionals: Multicultural Competence
    Cultural Matching
    Culture-Specific Therapies

    --Example of a Culture-Specific Approach: African-Centered Psychology
    --Treatment Issues and Strategies for Sexual Minorities
    Social Justice Counseling Psychotherapy
    Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology
    SUMMARY

    CHAPTER 10 Where Do We Go From Here? Building Multicultural Competence

    HOW TO INCREASE YOUR MULTICLUTURAL COMPETENCE: THE MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCIES
    Awareness of Your Own Cultural Attitudes
    The Four F Reactions: Freeze, Flee, Flight, and Fright
    The Five D's of Difference
    --Distancing
    --Denial
    --Defensiveness
    --Devaluing
    --Discovery
    The Three S's of Similarity
    --Simple
    --Safe
    --Sane
    EXAMINING YOUR BIASES, PREJUDICES, AND STEREOTYPES
    LEARNING ABOUT YOUR OWN CULTURE
    UNDERSTANDING OTHER WORLDVIEWS
    Learning Key Historical Events
    Becoming Aware of Sociopolitical Issues
    Knowing Basic Values and Beliefs
    Understanding Cultural Practices
    Knowing the Dynamics of Racism, Discrimination, and Stereotyping
    DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE INTERPERSONAL SKILLS
    Education and Training
    Experience and Practice
    Saying "I Don't Know" and Asking Questions
    Travel
    Speaking Up for Others: Being an Ally
    Speaking Up for Oneself: Comfort with Difficult Dialogues
    An Attitude of Discovery and Courage
    Developing Empathy

    A CHANGE IN WORLDVIEW
    SUMMARY
    Glossary
    References
    Credits
    Index