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Cover

Moral Relativism

A Reader

Edited by Paul K. Moser and Thomas L. Carson

Publication Date - August 2000

ISBN: 9780195131307

352 pages
Paperback
6-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $59.95

Description

Are all moral truths relative or do certain moral truths hold for all cultures and people? In Moral Relativism: A Reader, this and related questions are addressed by twenty-one contemporary moral philosophers and thinkers. This engaging and nontechnical anthology, the only up-to-date collection devoted solely to the topic of moral relativism, is accessible to a wide range of readers including undergraduate students from various disciplines. The selections are organized under six main topics: (1) General Issues; (2) Relativism and Moral Diversity; (3) On the Coherence of Moral Relativism; (4) Defense and Criticism; (5) Relativism, Realism, and Rationality; and (6) Case Study on Relativism. Contributors include Ruth Benedict, Richard Brandt, Thomas L. Carson, Philippa Foot, Gordon Graham, Gilbert Harman, Loretta M. Kopelman, David Lyons, J. L. Mackie, Michele Moody-Adams, Paul K. Moser, Thomas Nagel, Martha Nussbaum, Karl Popper, Betsy Postow, James Rachels, W. D. Ross, T. M. Scanlon, William Graham Sumner, and Carl Wellman. The volume concludes with a case study on female circumcision/genital mutilation that vividly brings into focus the practical aspects and implications of moral relativism.
An ideal primary text for courses in moral relativism, Moral Relativism: A Reader can also be used as a supplementary text for introductory courses in ethics and for courses in various disciplines--anthropology, sociology, theology, political science, and cultural studies--that discuss relativism. The volume's pedagogical and research value is enhanced by a topical bibliography on moral relativism and a substantial general introduction that includes explanatory summaries of the twenty selections.

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Introduction
    PART ONE: GENERAL ISSUES
    1. Ethical Relativism, Richard Brandt
    2. Facts, Standards, and Truth: A Further Criticism of Relativism, Karl Popper
    3. The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, James Rachels
    PART TWO: RELATIVISM AND MORAL DIVERSITY
    4. Folkways, William Graham Sumner
    5. Anthropology and the Abnormal, Ruth Benedict
    6. The Meaning of Right, W.D. Ross
    7. The Empirical Underdetermination of Descriptive Cultural Relativism, Michele Moody-Adams
    8. The Ethical Implications of Cultural Relativity, Carl Wellman
    PART THREE: ON THE COHERENCE OF MORAL RELATIVISM
    9. Dishonest Relativism, Betsy Postow
    10. Ethical Relativism and the Problem of Incoherence, David Lyons
    11. Fear of Relativism, T.M. Scanlon
    PART FOUR: DEFENSE AND CRITICISM
    12. Is There a Single True Morality?, Gilbert Harman
    13. Moral Relativism, Philippa Foot
    14. Non-Relative Virtues, Martha Nussbaum
    15. Tolerance, Pluralism, and Relativism, Gordon Graham
    16. Ethics, Thomas Nagel
    PART FIVE: RELATIVISM, REALISM, AND RATIONALITY
    17. The Subjectivity of Values, J.L. Mackie
    18. Relativism Refuted?, Richard Brandt
    19. Relativism and Normative Nonrealism: Basing Morality on Rationality, Thomas L. Carson and Paul K. Moser
    PART SIX: CASE STUDY ON RELATIVISM
    20. Female Circumcision/Genital Mutilation and Ethical Relativism, Loretta M. Kopelman
    Bibliography
    Index