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Assessing Personality and Psychopathology

Fifth Edition

John R. Graham

Publication Date - July 2011

ISBN: 9780195378924

688 pages
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $239.99

The highly acclaimed and indispensable guide for researchers and clinicians working in personality assessment


The MMPI-2 is the most widely used personality test in the U.S. and around the world. It is employed in mental health settings, medical centers, and correctional programs, and is frequently admitted as evidence in legal proceedings. In addition, the MMPI-2 is widely used in screening applicants for jobs that involve public trust and safety.

The fifth edition of MMPI-2: Assessing Personality and Psychopathology describes effective uses of all aspects of the MMPI-2 and explains how to accurately interpret test results.

Current and comprehensive, it presents detailed instructions for administering and scoring the MMPI-2 and discusses using the MMPI-2 with such diverse population groups as older adults, ethnic minorities, medical patients, and prisoners. It provides guidelines for interpreting the test's Validity, Clinical Content, and Supplementary scales, illustrating points with case studies and examples.

The book also covers the Restructured Clinical (RC) scales, which help focus the interpretation of the original Clinical scales, and the Personality Psychopathology 5 (PSY-5) scales, which assess major dimensions of normal and abnormal personality.

New to this Edition

  • A chapter detailing the development and use of the newest form of the test, the MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF)
  • A reintroduction of a chapter covering the adolescent version of the test, the MMPI-A, including updated research findings and recommendations for interpretation
  • MMPI-2: Assessing Personality and Psychopathology, Fifth Edition, is ideal for graduate courses in psychological assessment and is an indispensable guide for researchers and clinicians working in the personality assessment area.

About the Author(s)

John R. Graham is Professor of Clinical Psychology at Kent State University. He began his work with the MMPI during his graduate training at the University of North Carolina in the 1960s. He is the author of several books about the MMPI and its applications as well as numerous empirical articles. He played a major role in the development of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A and has taught workshops on the test throughout the world.

Previous Publication Date(s)

November 2006
July 1999
September 1987

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. Development of the MMPI and MMPI-2
    Development of the MMPI
    Development of the MMPI-2
    Chapter 2. Administration and Scoring
    Qualifications of Test Users
    Who Can Take the MMPI-2?
    Administering the MMPI-2
    Testing Materials
    Scoring the MMPI-2
    Constructing the Profile
    Coding the Profile
    Chapter 3. The Validity Scales
    Scales Assessing Content-Nonresponsiveness (CNR)
    Scales Assessing Content-Responsive Invalidity (CRI)
    Other Validity Indicators
    Profile Invalidity
    Chapter 4. The Clinical Scales
    Reliability of Clinical Scales
    Validity of Clinical Scales
    Defining High and Low Scores on Clinical Scales
    Interpretation of Scores on Clinical Scales
    Scale 1 (Hypochondriasis)
    Scale 2 (Depression)
    Scale 3 (Hysteria)
    Scale 4 (Psychopathic Deviate)
    Scale 5 (Masculinity-Femininity)
    Scale 6 (Paranoia)
    Scale 7 (Psychasthenia)
    Scale 8 (Schizophrenia)
    Scale 9 (Hypomania)
    Scale 0 (Social Introversion)
    Chapter 5. Code Types
    Determining Code Types
    Reliability of Code Types
    Validity of Code Types
    Interpretive Guidelines for Two-Point Code Types
    Interpretive Guidelines for Three-Point Code Types
    Other Configural Aspects
    Chapter 6. Content Interpretation
    The Harris-Lingoes Subscales
    Subscales for Scales 5 and 0
    The MMPI-2 Content Scales
    Critical Items
    Chapter 7. Restructured Clinical (RC) and Personality Psychopathology Five (Psy-5) Scales
    Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales
    Personality Psychopathology Five (Psy-5) Scales
    Chapter 8. Supplementary Scales
    Anxiety (A) and Repression (R) Scales
    Ego Strength (ES) Scale
    Dominance (DO) Scale
    Social Responsibility (RE) Scale
    College Maladjustment (MT) Scale
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PK) Scale
    Marital Distress Scale (MDS)
    Hostility (HO) Scale
    Overcontrolled-Hostility (0-H) Scale
    MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale-Revised (Mac-R)
    Addiction Acknowledgment Scale (AAS)
    Addiction Potential Scale (APS)
    Masculine Gender Role (GM) and Feminine Gender Role (GF) Scales
    Subtle-Obvious Subscales
    Chapter 9. Psychometric Considerations
    Scale Construction
    T-Score Transformations
    Comparability of the MMPI and the MMPI-2
    Factor Structure
    Response Sets and Styles
    Chapter 10. Use with Special Groups
    Older Adults
    Ethnic Minorities
    Medical Patients
    Personnel Screening
    Correctional Settings
    Chapter 11. An Interpretive Strategy
    A General Strategy
    An Illustrative Case
    Additional Practice Cases
    Giving Feedback to Clients
    Chapter Appendix
    Chapter 12. Computerized Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation
    Computerized Administration
    Computer Adaptive Administration
    Computerized Scoring
    Computerized Interpretation
    Issues Concerning the Use of Computerized Interpretations
    Professional Guidelines for Computerized Assessment
    Sample of Computerized Interpretive Report
    Comparison of Computerized and Clinician-Generated Interpretations
    Conclusions and Recommendations
    Chapter Appendix
    Chapter 13. Forensic Applications of the MMPI-2
    Admissibility of MMPI-2 Evidence
    Some Important Issues in Using MMPI-2 in Forensic Settings
    Some Forensic Uses of the MMPI-2
    Presenting Expert Opinions Based on the MMPI-2
    Correctional Settings
    Chapter 14. MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF)
    Development of the MMPI-2-RF Scales
    Administration and Scoring
    Psychometric Characteristics
    MMPI-2 Versus MMPI-2-RF
    Closing Comments
    Chapter Appendix
    Chapter 15. Assessing Adolescents: The MMPI-A
    Development of the MMPI-A
    Administration and Scoring
    Validity Scales
    Clinical Scales
    Harris-Lingoes Subscales
    Scale 0 Subscales
    Supplementary Scales
    Content Scales
    Personality Psychopathology Five (Psy-5) Scales
    Reliability and Validity
    Interpreting the MMPI-A Scales
    Interpreting Critical Items
    MMPI-A Interpretive Strategy
    Illustrative Case
    Chapter Appendix
    Appendix A. Koss-Butcher Critical Item Numbers
    Appendix B. Intercorrelations of MMPI-2 Scales for Normative Sample
    Appendix C. Percentile Equivalents for Uniform T-Scores
    Appendix D. Four Practice Cases: Background Information and Extended Score Reports
    Author Index
    Subject Index

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