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Cover

Mexico

Political, Social and Economic Evolution

Nora Hamilton

Publication Date - November 2010

ISBN: 9780199744039

384 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $74.99

A compelling overview of the profound changes that have taken place within Mexico over the past twenty-five years

Description

Mexico: Political, Social and Economic Evolution provides a compelling overview of the profound changes that have taken place within Mexico over the past twenty-five years. Offering a multifaceted take on the evolution of contemporary Mexico, the text analyzes the relationship between Mexico's past and present; the connections between its economic, political and social trajectories; and the interaction between domestic and international forces. Unlike most texts on Mexican politics and history, this volume also discusses the emergence of civic organizations, social groups and protest movements; the process of Mexico-U.S. migration and its implications for contemporary Mexico; and U.S.-Mexico relations.

FEATURES

* Opens with a broad historical overview of Mexico and closes with a discussion of the challenges facing Mexico today
* Examines different social and institutional actors--policy makers, business groups, social organizations, grassroots movements, guerrilla organizations, workers, indigenous groups, transnational corporations and migrants--how they interact with one another and how they have directly or indirectly influenced changes in Mexico
* Draws material from a rich variety of sources, including extensive research in Mexico and interviews with Mexican and U.S. scholars
* Incorporates diverse theoretical perspectives in its discussion of many issues (democracy and democratic transition, modernization and development, social movements, civil society and international migration)

About the Author(s)

Nora Hamilton is Professor of Political Science at the University of Southern California.

Table of Contents

    List of Figures, Maps and Tables
    Acknowledgements
    Chronology
    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
    Mexico in the Latin American Context
    Analytical Approach
    Setting the Stage: An Introduction to Mexico
    A Brief History of Mexico's 20th Century Trajectory
    Identification of Major Social Actors

    CHAPTER 2: LEGACIES
    Pre-Colombian Mexico
    The Colonial Period: 1521-1821
    Independence and the Early Republic: 1821-1910
    The Early Republic and Liberal Reform: 1821-1876
    The Porfiriato: 1876-1910
    The Revolution: 1910-1940
    Forces in Conflict: The Trajectory of Revolution (1910-1920)
    The Establishment of the Post-Revolutionary Order: I. The Sonoran Dynasty (1920-1934)
    The Establishment of the Post-Revolutionary Order: II. The Government of Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-`940)
    Discussion

    CHAPTER 3: THE "PAX PRIISTA" AND THE "MEXICAN MIRACLE"
    The 1940 Elections and the Post-Cárdenas Administrations
    The Mexican Political System: The Institutional Revolution
    Mexico's Economic Miracle
    Conceptualizing Development
    The Economic Model
    The "Economic Miracle" and Its Implications
    Flaws in the Model
    Resistance, Cooptation and Repression
    Labor and Peasant Resistance
    The Student Movement of 1968
    From Vulnerability to Crisis
    The Echeverria Government: The Limits to Reformism
    José Lopez Portillo: Oil to the Rescue?
    Conclusion

    CHAPTER 4: RE-ORIENTING THE MEXICAN ECONOMY: THE PROCESS OF ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION
    Introduction
    Changing Context/Shifting Alliances
    International Context
    Domestic Conditions
    Economic Stabilization and Restructuring: 1982-1994
    Monetary Stabilization
    Trade Liberalization
    Privatization
    Deregulation
    The "Flexibilization" of Labor
    The Modernization of the Countryside
    The North American Free Trade Agreement
    The Impact of Economic Liberalization
    From Euphoria to Disillusion: The Peso Crisis
    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 5: FROM "PERFECT DICTATORSHIP" TO IMPERFECT DEMOCRACY
    Introduction
    Conceptualizations of Democracy and Democratic Transition
    A Model of Democratization in Mexico
    The 1988 Elections and the Administration of Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994)
    1994 and the Administration of Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000)
    Political Transition: 1997-2000
    Mexico's Political Trajectory: A Summary
    The Fox Administration (2000-2006)
    The Contentious Election of 2006
    Democratization in Mexico: Achievements and Obstacles

    CHAPTER 6: MOBILIZATION AND RESISTANCE: GRASSROOTS ORGANIZING, SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, AND CYCLES OF PROTEST
    Perspectives on Social Mobilization and Protest Movements
    Urban Protest Movements and the Asamblea de Barrios (Neighborhood Assembly)
    Chiapas and the Zapatistas
    Debtors in Revolt: The Barzon Movement
    The Risks of Being an Ecologist: Community Forestry and Human Rights in Guerrero
    Labor Mobilization and the New Trade Unionism
    Grass-roots protest in Oaxaca: Local 22 and the Popular Assembly of the People of Oaxaca (APPO)
    Women in Social Movements
    Discussion

    CHAPTER 7: MEXICANS ON THE MOVE: MIGRATION, SETTLEMENT, AND TRANSNATIONAL ACTIVISM
    Introduction: Migration Stories
    Concepts and Issues
    Mexican Migration in Historical Perspective
    "The border crossed us"
    Migration during the Porfiriato and the Revolutionary Period
    Migration between the 1940s and the 1970s
    Political Activism among Mexican Americans in the United States
    Economic Crisis, Neoliberalism, and Contemporary Migration
    The Mexican Presence in the United States Today
    Living across Borders: Mexicans as Transnational Actors
    Migration from a "Traditional" Sending Area: The Case of Zacatecas
    Indigenous Migration: Mixteca and Zapotecs from Oaxaca
    Migration and Personal Transformation
    Review and Discussion: Mexican Migration and U.S.-Mexican Relations

    CHAPTER 8: U.S.-MEXICAN RELATIONS: CURRENT ISSUES
    NAFTA and the Mexican Economy
    The Drug Trade
    Migration Policies in the United States and Mexico
    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 9: MEXICO'S EVOLUTION: LEGACIES AND CHALLENGES
    The Evolution of Socio-Economic Actors
    The Growing Heterogeneity of Political Actors
    Changing External Relations and International Actors
    Unresolved Issues and New Challenges

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