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Living Issues in Philosophy

Ninth Edition

Edited by Harold Titus, Marilyn Smith, and Richard Nolan

Publication Date - 12 July 1994

ISBN: 9780195155099

468 pages
7-3/8 x 9-1/4 inches


Used by more than one million students around the world since its original publication, this introductory philosophy text makes accessible a wide range of philosophical issues closely related to everyday life. Emphasizing personal and immediate questions, the authors approach introductory philosophy through basic human questions rather than focusing on methodology or the history of thought. The text presents vital questions of contemporary interest in an overall framework of enduring concepts, interweaving coverage of various topics in art, history, and education. It covers a variety of types of philosophy in depth, and both western and eastern perspectives are represented. Ideal for students who have no background in philosophy, Living Issues in Philosophy, 9/e simplifies technical language wherever possible; unfamiliar terms are clearly defined upon first appearance and in the end-of-chapter glossaries. Additional pedagogical features include exercises, chapter summaries, and annotated bibliographies at the end of every chapter. The text also features photo biographies of major philosophers and short excerpts from philosophical classics.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 1986
November 1976
May 1970

Table of Contents

    Each chapter ends with Glossary Terms, Chapter Review, Study Questions and Projects, and Suggested Readings sections
    Introduction: What is Philosophy?
    Chapter 1: The Task of Philosophy
    The Meanings of Philosophy
    Why We Need Philosophy
    Traditional Branches of Philosophy
    Philosophical Methodology--Socratic Dialectic
    The Uses of Philosophy
    Values and Education
    Philosophy Today
    Part One: The Nature of Human Nature
    Chapter 2: Human Nature: What Is It?
    Metaphysics and Human Nature
    Is There a Human Nature?
    How Humans Differ from the Rest of Nature
    Images of Human Nature
    Chapter 3: The Self
    The Nature of the Self
    Denials of the Existence of a Self
    Chapter 4: The Mind
    The Nature of the Mind
    Difficulties of Studying the Mind
    Theories of the Mind
    The Mind-Body Relationship
    Chapter 5: The Freedom to Choose
    The Philosophical Meaning of Freedom
    The Denial of Freedom
    Part Two: The Realm of Values
    Chapter 6: The Meaning of Values
    Value Judgments
    Facts and Values
    How Values Are Justified
    Values and the Aesthetic Experience
    The Selection of Values
    Chapter 7: Ethics and Morality
    Moral Judgments
    The Moral Situation
    Ethics: The Study of Morality
    A Variety of Ethical Standards--Normative Ethics
    Approaches to Ethical Standards
    Contemporary Principles
    Chapter 8: Individual and Social Morality
    A Contemporary Challenge
    Civil Liberties
    Civil Disobedience
    The Limits of Liberty
    The Enforcement of Morals
    Contemporary Moral Issues
    Part Three: Knowledge and Science
    Chapter 9: The Sources of Knowledge
    Central Questions in the Theory of Knowledge
    Tradition and Common Sense
    Obstacles to Clear Thinking
    The Possible Sources of Knowledge
    Chapter 10: The Nature and Tests of Knowledge
    Basic Issues in the Nature of Knowledge
    The Nature of Knowledge: Further Considerations
    The Tests of Knowledge
    Three Tests of Truth
    Chapter 11: Science and Philosophy
    The Development of Science
    Philosophy of Science: Basic Issues
    Scientific Methods
    The Nature and Role of Models and Paradigms
    A Method of Acquiring Knowledge
    Limitations of Scientific Methods
    Philosophy and Science: Agreements and Contrasts
    Scientfic Views of the Universe
    The Origin and Nature of Life
    Human Beings and Evolution
    Part Four: Philosophical Perspectives
    Chapter 12: Naturalism
    Naturalism Defined
    Mechanistic Materialism
    Dialectical Materialism
    Humanistic Naturalism
    Chapter 13: Idealism and Realism
    Contrasting Philosophical Movements
    Idealism Defined
    Types of Idealism
    Implications of Idealism
    Realism Defined
    Types of Realism
    Implications of Realism
    Evaluation of Idealism
    Evaluation of Realism
    Chapter 14: Pragmatism
    Pragmatism Defined
    Charles S. Peirce
    William James
    John Dewey
    Chapter 15: Analytic Philosophy
    Language and Philosophy
    Locke, Hume, and the Traditional Outlook
    The Empirical Tradition
    Analytic Philosophy and Questions of Knowledge
    Chapter 16: Existentialism, Phenomenology, and Process Philosophy
    Some Characteristics of Existentialism
    Some Existentialist Thinkers
    Some Characteristics of Phenomenology
    Some Phenomenological Thinkers
    Some Characteristics of Process Philosophy
    Two Process Philosophers
    Part Five: Religion: East and West
    Chapter 17: The Nature of Religion
    What Is Religion?
    The Nature of Religion
    The Origin and Growth of Religion
    Myth in Sacred Literature
    Religious Experience
    Three Universal Religions: Judaism, Christianity, Islam
    Current Religious Issues
    Chapter 18: Belief in God
    The Nature of God
    Grounds for Belief in God
    Grounds for Disbelief in God
    Personal Survival after Death
    Chapter 19: Asian Thought
    The Nature of Asian Religion
    The Hindu Tradition
    The Buddhist Quest for Enlightenment
    Confucius and Lao-zi
    Mao Ze-dong
    The Value System of the Japanese
    Concluding Reflection
    Picture Credits

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