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Living Ethics

An Introduction with Readings

Russ Shafer-Landau

Publication Date - June 2018

ISBN: 9780190272197

736 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $66.95

Moral theory and contemporary moral issues brought to life by noted ethicist Russ Shafer-Landau, with a comprehensive and balanced set of readings

Description

Living Ethics: An Introduction with Readings is an ideal all-in-one resource for courses in introduction to ethics and contemporary moral problems. In this hybrid textbook/reader, Russ Shafer-Landau brings moral theory and contemporary moral issues to life with a comprehensive and balanced set of readings, uniquely engaging explanations, and clear analysis of arguments.

The book balances coverage of moral reasoning (in Part 1) with highly relevant contemporary moral problems (in Part 2).

Part 2 also features a rich collection of pedagogical tools to help students understand and think critically about the various contemporary moral issues discussed:

* Just the Facts: Provides students with relevant factual material, offering necessary background for the book's ethical investigations

* Argument Analysis: Reconstructs and critically assesses a battery of arguments on the topics of the chapter

* Essential Concepts: Key terms that are placed in bold on first mention in the text (also available in the glossary)

* Stat Shots: Visual presentations of quantitative data provide additional context for the chapter's subject matter

* Cases for Critical Thinking: Often taken from headlines, these exercises are designed to invite deeper reflection on issues related to the chapter topic

Features

  • Balances coverage of moral reasoning and theories (in Part 1) with highly relevant contemporary moral problems (in Part 2)
  • Features the exceptionally lucid and engaging writing style and expert authorship of esteemed ethicist Russ Shafer-Landau
  • Reconstructs and analyzes a set of arguments in each moral-issues chapter, helping students to develop critical-thinking skills
  • Discussion questions at the conclusion of every chapter introduction, case, and reading prompt students to reflect on content and apply what they have learned
  • Employs a rich collection of pedagogical tools in Part 2 to help students understand and think critically about the various contemporary moral issues discussed
  • A weath of instructor resources are available on the Ancillary Resource Center, including an automated Test Bank, PowerPoint lecture slides, and an Instructor's Manual with a "pen-and-paper" Test Bank of multiple-choice and essay questions, a glossary, and case studies with accompanying discussion questions
  • An open-access Companion Website provides free study materials for students

About the Author(s)

Russ Shafer-Landau is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author, editor, or coeditor of several books including The Fundamentals of Ethics, Fourth Edition (OUP, 2017) and The Ethical Life, Fourth Edition (OUP, 2017). He is also the editor of Oxford Studies in Metaethics.

Reviews

"Shafer-Landau's writing is exceptionally clear and engaging; he effectively invites students to become well-informed about ethical issues, and to apply ethical reasoning in relation to moral issues."--Marcia Andrejevich, Ivy Tech Community College

"This book offers a comprehensive collection of important historical and contemporary readings in ethics covering every major moral theory--along with a broad range of contemporary moral problems--all of which are accompanied by substantial introductions by one of the best ethicists working today--Russ Shafer-Landau."--Joshua Tepley, Saint Anselm College

"Living Ethics shows students how to break down, analyze, and evaluate an argument. It does an excellent job at transitioning between ideas, seamlessly showing how one concept naturally leads to the next, and why it is relevant to the overall argument or moral system being presented. Shafer-Landau also does an excellent job of nuancing each argument and explaining its initial intuitive support."--David Burris, Arizona Western College

"Living Ethics promises to be in the first rank of hybrid undergraduate ethics textbooks."--David O'Connor, Seton Hall University

"I find Shafer-Landau's writing to be both engaging and exceptionally clear, and I know I'm not the only one."--Thomas Bontly, University of Connecticut

Table of Contents

    PART 1. MORAL THEORY
    Chapter 1. What Is Morality?
    Conventional and Critical Morality
    The Branches of Moral Philosophy
    Moral Starting Points
    Morality and Other Normative Systems
    Morality and Religion
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Chapter 2. Moral Reasoning
    Validity and Soundness
    Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
    Valid Argument Forms
    Fallacies
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Chapter 3. Skepticism about Morality
    Egoism
    Relativism
    Error Theory
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Readings
    Mary Midgley, Trying Out One's New Sword
    J. L. Mackie, The Subjectivity of Values
    Chapter 4. The Good Life
    Hedonism
    Desire Satisfaction Theory
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Readings
    John Stuart Mill, Hedonism
    Robert Nozick, The Experience Machine
    Chapter 5. Consequentialism
    The Nature of Consequentialism
    The Attractions of Utilitarianism
    Some Difficulties for Utilitarianism
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
    Chapter 6. Kantian Ethics
    Consistency and Fairness
    The Principle of Universalizability
    Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives
    Assessing the Principle of Universalizability
    Kant on Absolute Moral Duties
    The Principle of Humanity
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    Immanuel Kant, The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative
    Chapter 7. Social Contract Theory
    The Background of the Social Contract Theory
    The Prisoner's Dilemma
    Cooperation and the State of Nature
    The Advantages of Contractarianism
    The Role of Consent
    Disagreement among the Contractors
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
    Chapter 8. Natural Law
    The Theory and Its Attractions
    Three Conceptions of Human Nature
    Natural Purposes
    The Doctrine of Double Effect
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    Thomas Aquinas, Natural Law
    Chapter 9. The Ethic of Prima Facie Duties
    Ethical Pluralism and Prima Facie Duties
    The Advantages of Ross's View
    A Problem for Ross's View
    Prima Facie Duties and the Testing of Moral Theories
    Knowing the Right Thing to Do
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right?
    Chapter 10. Virtue Ethics
    The Standard of Right Action
    Moral Complexity
    Moral Understanding
    The Nature of Virtue
    Does Virtue Ethics Offer Adequate Moral Guidance?
    Who Are the Moral Role Models?
    Conflict and Contradiction
    The Priority Problem
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
    Chapter 11. Feminist Ethics and the Ethics of Care
    The Elements of Feminist Ethics
    The Ethics of Care
    The Importance of Emotions
    Against Unification
    Partiality and Concreteness
    Downplaying Rights
    Challenges for Feminist Ethics
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Discussion Questions
    Reading
    Hilde Lindemann, What Is Feminist Ethics?
    PART 2. MORAL PROBLEMS
    Chapter 12. Abortion
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    John Noonan, An Almost Absolute Value in History
    Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
    Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
    Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
    Chapter 13. Animals
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal
    Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rights
    Mary Anne Warren, Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position
    Alastair Norcross, Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases
    R. G. Frey, Moral Standing, the Value of Lives, and Speciesism
    Chapter 14. The Environment
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Paul Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Nature
    Thomas Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments
    Eric A. Posner and Cass R. Sunstein, Climate Change Justice
    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations
    Chapter 15. Euthanasia
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    James Rachels, The Morality of Euthanasia
    Leon R. Kass, Why Doctors Must Not Kill
    Peter Singer, Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia
    Chapter 16. Economic Justice and Economic Inequality
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
    Robert Nozick, The Entitlement Theory of Justice
    Harry Frankfurt, Equality as a Moral Ideal
    Elizabeth Anderson, How Not to Complain about Taxes
    Chapter 17. Globalization and Immigration
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Peter Singer, The Singer Solution to World Poverty
    Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to Famine Relief
    Thomas Pogge, Human Rights and Global Wrongs
    Michael Huemer, Is There a Right to Immigrate?
    David Miller, Immigration: The Case for Limits
    Chapter 18. The Legacy of Racism
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    J. Angelo Corlett, Reparations to Native Americans?
    Daniel M. Hausman, Affirmative Action: Bad Arguments and Some Good Ones
    Elizabeth Anderson, The Future of Racial Integration
    Tommie Shelby, Justice, Deviance, and the Dark Ghetto
    Chris Lebron, Time for a New Black Radicalism
    Chapter 19. Terrorism
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses
    Virginia Held, Terrorism and War
    Lionel K. McPherson, Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong?
    Stephen Nathanson, Can Terrorism Be Morally Justified?
    Chapter 20. The Death Penalty
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Ernst van den Haag, On Deterrence and the Death Penalty
    Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence
    Igor Primoratz, Justifying Legal Punishment
    Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye?
    Chapter 21. Drugs
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Essential Concepts
    Conclusion
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Peter de Marneffe, Against the Legalization of Drugs
    Michael Huemer, America's Unjust Drug War
    Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves
    Chapter 22. Genetic Engineering
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    Michael Sandel, The Case Against Perfection
    Julian Savulescu, Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings
    Roberta Millstein, GMOs? Not So Fast
    Gary Comstock, Ethics and Genetically Modified Foods
    Chapter 23. Sexual Morality
    Just the Facts
    Argument Analysis
    Conclusion
    Essential Concepts
    Stat Shot
    Cases for Critical Thinking
    Readings
    John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
    Maggie Gallagher, Normal Marriage: Two Views
    Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics, Casual Sex, and Objectification
    Nicholas Dixon, Alcohol and Rape
    Martha C. Nussbaum, "Whether from Reason or Prejudice": Taking Money for Bodily Services
    Appendix: The Truth about Philosophy Majors
    Glossary
    Index