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Latin America and the Caribbean

Sixth Edition

David L. Clawson and Benjamin F. Tillman

Publication Date - 03 July 2017

ISBN: 9780190497828

480 pages
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

The market-leading text and the standard for courses in geography of Latin America and the Caribbean


Respected by scholars for its currency, clarity, authority, and rich visual and map program, Latin America and the Caribbean: Lands and Peoples elucidates the commonalities in this highly diverse, rapidly changing region, making it more comprehensive than ever for students and instructors. The sixth edition has been meticulously updated in order to take into account recent changes in the region and to more strongly emphasize environmental concerns.

New to this Edition

  • Insights from new coauthor Benjamin F. Tillman
  • An enhanced photo program and updated statistical data
  • Revised discussions of national political conditions
  • New material on recent advances in regional human development indicators, including the status of women and children, adult literacy, health, and life expectancy
  • Updated information on the improvement of economic conditions in Latin America
  • New material on the mosquito-borne Chikungunya and Zika viral diseases

About the Author(s)

David L. Clawson is Emeritus Professor of Geography at the University of New Orleans.

Benjamin F. Tillman is Chair of the Geography Department at Texas Christian University.


"Latin America and the Caribbean is well written, comprehensive, and systematic. It also has great illustrations. Clawson has helmed the textbook through many editions. He has a wonderfully broad perspective on the discipline and provides comprehensive coverage."--Andrew Sluyter, Louisiana State University

"I can't see myself choosing another textbook. I like this one because it is very comprehensive and covers so many aspects of Latin America."--Elizabeth Larson, Arizona State University

"I've been a satisfied user of Latin America and the Caribbean ever since I taught Geography of Latin America for the first time in 1998."--David Aagesen, State University of New York, Geneseo

"I like the writing style of the chapters and find them engaging and readable."--James Byrum, University of South Carolina-Columbia

Table of Contents

    Each chapter ends with a Summary, Key Terms, and Suggested Readings.
    Lists of Maps
    Lists of Tables
    Chapter 1: The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean
    Geography and Regional Studies
    Delimiting Latin America and the Caribbean
    Latin American and Caribbean Subregions
    Chapter 2: Landform Regions of Latin America and the Caribbean
    The Eastern Highlands
    The Central Lowlands
    The Western Alpine System
    Recent Earthquake and Volcanic Activity
    Case Study 2.1: The 2010 Haitian and Chilean Earthquakes
    Physiographic Regions of the Andes
    Physiographic Regions of Central America
    Physiographic Regions of Mexico and the Caribbean
    Chapter 3: Weather and Climate
    Controls of Climate
    --Ocean Currents
    --Atmospheric Pressure Belts
    --Prevailing Winds and Orographic Effects
    Case Study 3.1: The 2008 Caribbean Hurricane Season
    Chapter 4: Natural Regions
    Tropical Rain Forest
    Case Study 4.1: Biodiversity and the Tropical Rain Forest
    Tropical and Temperate Savanna
    Humid Subtropical
    Marine West Coast Rain Forest
    Chapter 5: Iberian Heritage, Conquest, and Institutions
    Latin America's Roman Heritage
    Islam in Iberia
    Spanish Responses to Islamic Rule
    The Spanish Reconquest
    The Conquest and Settlement of Latin America
    Mexico and Central America
    South America
    The Colonial Era
    The Mercantile System
    The Encomienda System
    Decline of Spanish Influence in the Greater Caribbean Basin
    Peninsular-Creole Divisions
    Independence and the Republican Period
    Conservative-Liberal Schisms
    Case Study 5.1: The 2009 Honduran Coup d'État
    Political Maturation in the Late Twentieth Century
    Chapter 6: Political Change
    Central America
    El Salvador
    Costa Rica
    The Greater Antilles
    Dominican Republic
    Puerto Rico
    Andean South America
    Case Study 6.1: Columbia's Violent Drug War
    Southern South America
    The Guianas
    French Guiana
    Chapter 7: Race, Ethnicity, and Social Class
    Native Population Levels at the Time of the Conquest
    Native American Civilizations on the Eve of the Conquest
    Western Highland Peoples
    --The Aztecs
    --The Maya
    --The Chibcha
    --The Inca
    Case Study 7.1: Native Animals of the Andes
    --The Southern Andean Indians
    Eastern Lowland Peoples
    --The Southern Hunters
    --The Tropical Forest Dwellers
    Common Indian Traits
    Impacts of European Conquest and Settlement
    Causes of Indian Depopulation
    Aftermath of the Conquest
    Blacks in the New World
    Antecedents of Latin American Black Slavery
    The African Slave Trade
    Living Conditions in the New World
    Forms of Slave Resistance
    Case Study 7.2: Maroon Societies in Latin America
    East Asians in the Caribbean
    Racial Mixing
    The Evolution of Social Races
    Racial Whitening
    Racism and Its Ramifications
    Case Study 7.3: Indian Homelands and the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor
    Current Racial Patterns
    Mexico and Central America
    South America
    The Caribbean
    Chapter 8: Latin America as a Culture Region
    Honor and Shame: Individual Identity and Self-Worth
    Reproduction and Honor
    Socioeconomic Classes
    The Upper Class
    Case Study 8.1: The Hidden Costs of Corruption
    The Middle Class
    Case Study 8.2: The Perpetuation of Oligarchical Power in a Central American Nation
    The Lower Class
    Consequences of Social Rigidity
    Fatalism and Luck
    Dual Educational Systems
    Family Life
    Street Children
    --Possible Responses
    Status of Women
    Case Study 8.3: Women and the Informal Economic Sector
    Other Elements of Culture
    Literature and Poetry
    Architecture, Painting, and Sculpture
    Mass Media and Tempo of Living
    Chapter 9: Religion
    Religious Practice in Indigenous America
    Medieval Iberian Catholicism on the Eve of the Conquest
    The Spiritual Conquest of the New World
    Religious Syncretism
    Marianism and the Cult of the Virgin Mother
    Challenges to Colonial Catholicism
    Case Study 9.1: Cuzco's Lord of The Earthquakes
    The Economic and Political Power of the Church in the Colonial and Republican Periods
    The Current Status of Latin American Catholicism
    Subtypes of Latin American Catholicism
    --Forms of African Folk Catholicism
    Non-Catholic Faiths in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Hinduism and Islam
    Case Study 9.2: Jamaican Rastafarianism
    Case Study 9.3: Venta Prieta: A Jewish Community in Mexico
    --Characteristics of and Challenges to Latin American Protestantism
    The Catholic Counter-Reformation
    Chapter 10: Agriculture and Agrarian Development
    Case Study 10.1: Waru Waru Agriculture
    Impact of the European Conquest
    Enclave Economies
    --Sugar Cane in the Caribbean
    --Coffee in Colombia, Central America, and Brazil
    --Bananas in Central America and Ecuador
    --The Plantation Controversy
    Smallholder Agriculture
    Common Attributes of Smallholder Agriculturists
    Slash and Burn Agriculture
    Peasant Agriculture
    Agrarian Reform
    New Land Colonization
    Agriculture Modernization
    Expansion of Commercial Agriculture
    Plant Crop Production
    Animal Husbandry
    Tree Farming
    Case Study 10.2: Harvest Strip Forestry
    Narcotic Drug Production
    Chapter 11: Mining, Manufacturing, and Tourism
    Pre-Conquest Mining and Manufacturing
    Mining and Manufacturing in Colonial Latin America
    Silver Mining
    --Impact of Amalgamation
    --Labor Supply
    Gold and Diamond Mining in Colonial Brazil
    Other Colonial Mining Centers
    Impacts of Mining
    Manufacturing in Colonial Latin America
    Case Study 11.1: Mining and Regional Development in Colonial Latin America
    Mining and Manufacturing During the Early Republican Period
    Beginnings of Modern Manufacturing
    Case Study 11.2: "Big Bill" Greene and American Industrialization in Northern Mexico
    The Great Depression and Import Substitution Industrialization
    Growth Poles and the Spatial Concentration of Industry
    Chile and the Arica Automobile Manufacturing Experiment
    Brazil: Large-Scale Regional Development and Underdevelopment
    Venezuela: Growth Pole Development in a Frontier Setting
    State Ownership and Privatization
    Export Promotion Manufacturing: An Alternative Development Model
    Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap
    The Mexican Maquiladora Industry
    Other Export Promotion Initiatives
    Case Study 11.3: Offshore Caribbean Financial Services Industries
    Current Industrialization Patterns
    Current Mining Developments
    Energy Reserves and Development
    Hydroelectric Power Generation
    Renewable Organic Fuels
    Chapter 12: Urbanization, Population Growth, and Migration
    Native American Urbanization
    Colonial European Settlement
    Colonial Urban Primacy
    Functional Classification of Cities
    Morphology of the Colonial City
    Settlement in Portuguese America
    Rural Settlements
    Late Colonial Population Levels
    The Republican Period
    The Twentieth Century
    Case Study 12.1: Confederate Settlements in Latin America and the Caribbean
    The Demographic Transition Model
    City Size in the Modern Era
    Urban Primacy
    Morphology of the Modern City
    The Inner City: Zone of Commercial High-Rises and Low-Income Tenements
    Case Study 12.2: Social Expressions of the Latin American Plaza
    Peripheral Squatter Settlements
    Urban Population Densities
    Case Study 12.3: Planned Squatter Settlement Invasions
    New Cities
    Interregional Flows
    Migration between Latin American and Caribbean Countries
    Migration to Europe, Asia, and Anglo America
    Political Refugees
    The Brain Drain
    Conclusions: Are Latin America and the Caribbean Overpopulated?
    Chapter 13: Development and Health
    Economic Development and Underdevelopment During the Colonial and Republican Periods
    The International Financial Cycle
    Recurring Economic Crises
    The Lost Decade
    Foreign Indebtedness
    Currency Devaluation
    Economic Stagnation and Human Suffering
    Fiscal Restructuring and Austerity
    Case Study 13.1: IMF Austerity Measures and Civil Unrest in Latin America and the Caribbean
    The Found Decade
    Regional and Subregional Economic Unions
    Case Study 13.2: Structural Reform and Argentine Economic and Political Turmoil
    Central American Common Market
    Andean Community
    Caribbean Community
    Southern Cone Common Market
    North American Free Trade Association
    Free Trade Area of the Americas
    Health and Nutritional Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Provision of Clean Water and Sewage Treatment
    Food and Nutrition
    Case Study 13.3: The Latin American Cholera Epidemic
    Child Mortality Rate
    Health and the Physical-Cultural Environment
    Tropical Lowlands
    Case Study 13.4: Environment and Health in Mexico City
    Urban Centers
    Rural Regions

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