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Juvenile Delinquency

Mainstream and Crosscurrents

Third Edition

John Randolph Fuller

Publication Date - 13 November 2015

ISBN: 9780190275570

576 pages
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

A broad, comprehensive introduction that uses a critical approach to address one of society's most pressing issues


Offering a highly analytical yet balanced approach, Juvenile Delinquency: Mainstream and Crosscurrents, Third Edition, encourages students to think critically about important real-world issues including the effects of inequality, race, class, and gender on juvenile delinquency and the juvenile justice system. Lively, engaging, and accessible, it is ideal for juvenile delinquency courses in both criminal justice and sociology departments.


A critical approach highlighting issues of race, class, gender, and inequality

Straightforward explanations of theory, history, gender, and international issues

"Crosscurrents" boxes on engaging and controversial challenges in the field

Rich pedagogical features including critical-thinking questions as captions for photos, "Focus on Ethics" boxes, and Learning Objectives that are keyed to the Summary tables

An online Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) containing an Instructor's Manual, a Computerized Test Bank, and PowerPoint-based lecture slides

An open-access Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/fuller that provides additional resources for students

New to this Edition

  • An increased emphasis on the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation aspects of juvenile delinquency
  • New examples of all principles throughout
  • Additional material on issues related to racial, sexual, and cultural diversity in the U.S.

About the Author(s)

John Randolph Fuller is Professor Emeritus of Criminology at the University of West Georgia, where he taught for more than thirty years. He is the author of several books, including Criminal Justice: Mainstream and Crosscurrents, Third Edition (OUP, 2013).

Previous Publication Date(s)

July 2012
March 2008


"Juvenile Delinquency: Mainstream and Crosscurrents is ideal for delinquency courses in sociology and criminology departments. It provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of the history of delinquency and the juvenile justice system. The theoretical coverage is first rate and includes some of the latest developments in the field. Students will gain a more enlightened understanding of delinquency after being exposed to this text."--Nathan Pino, Texas State University

"This book is a rare, refreshing alternative to texts that focus too much on the dry explanation of what we do to juveniles rather than on why juveniles become delinquent or why the system responds in the way that it does."--Richard Lemke, Lakeland College

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1. What Is a Juvenile Delinquent?
    The Social Construction of Childhood
    Defining the Terms
    Transition or Rebellion
    Parens Patriae and the Law
    Adolescents and Juvenile Delinquency
    Measuring Delinquency
    Defining Crime and Delinquency
    The Dark Figure of Crime
    Measurement Tools
    The Uniform Crime Reports
    The National Incident-Based Reporting System
    The National Crime Victimization Survey
    Self-Report Studies
    Measures of Youths as Victims and Offenders
    Youths as Victims
    A Typology of Juvenile Delinquents
    The System of Last Resort
    Growing Up Too Soon
    Are We Waging a War on Children?
    Chapter 2. The Control of Children
    The Development of the Concept of Childhood
    Acquiring Adulthood
    Leaving Home at an Early Age
    Reforming the Lives of Children
    The Child-Savers
    Orphan Trains
    Orphanages, Houses of Refuge, and Reform Schools
    The Progressive Era
    The Changing Nature of Childhood
    Modern Childhood
    Trends in Delinquency and Juvenile Justice
    Chapter 3. Theoretical Foundations of Crime and Delinquency
    What Good Is Theory and What Is Good Theory?
    The Importance of Theory
    The Scientific Method and Social Science
    Spiritual Explanations of Crime and Delinquency
    The Classical School of Criminology
    History of the Classical School
    Cesare Beccaria
    Jeremy Bentham
    Deterrence Theory
    What Is Deterrence?
    Deterrence and Juveniles
    The Classical School of Criminology Today
    Rational Choice Theory
    Shock Deterrence
    Shock Incarceration
    Scared Straight-Style Programs
    Can Modern Deterrence Work?
    The Positivist School of Criminology
    History of the Positivist School
    Adolphe Quetelet
    Andre-Michele Guerry
    Auguste Comte
    Cesare Lombroso
    Positivism and Juveniles
    Chapter 4. Biological and Psychological Theories of Delinquency
    Biological Theories
    Early Biological Theories of Crime
    William Sheldon and Body Types
    Franz Joseph Gall and Phrenology
    Studies of Twins and Adopted Children
    Heredity and Behavior
    Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis
    Biosocial Theory
    Psychological Theories
    Piaget's Cognitive Development
    Moral Development
    Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
    Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
    Intelligence and Delinquency
    Psychodynamic Perspective
    Freud, Personality, and Delinquent Behavior
    Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
    Is There an Antisocial Personality?
    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
    Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder
    Chapter 5. Sociological Theories of Delinquency
    Social Structure Theories
    Social Process Theories
    Learning Theories
    Differential Association
    Social Learning Theory
    Techniques of Neutralization
    Anomie and Strain Theory
    Durkheim and Anomie
    Merton and Strain
    Agnew and Strain
    Social Control Theory
    Personality and Social Control
    Containment Theory
    Hirschi's Social Control Theory
    Subcultural Theories
    Delinquent Boys
    Differential Opportunity Theory
    Subculture of Violence
    The Code of the Street
    Social Reaction Theories
    Labeling Theory
    Shaming Theory
    Chapter 6. Critical Theories, Life-Course, and Integrated Theories
    Critical Theories
    Marxist Theory
    Left Realism
    Critical Race Theory
    Postmodern Criminology
    Cultural Criminology
    Peacemaking Criminology
    Life-Course Theories
    Life-Course Persistent and Adolescent-Limited Crime
    Life-Course Persistent Offenders
    Adolescence-Limited Offenders
    Pathways and Turning Points
    The Prediction Problem
    Integrated Theories
    Elliott's Integrated Theory of Delinquent Behavior
    Thornberry's Interactional Theory of Delinquency
    Tittle's Control Balance Theory
    Chapter 7. Female Delinquency
    Girls to Women: A Developmental View
    Physical Development
    Cognitive Development
    Psychological and Social Development
    Fitting in and Being Popular
    Dating and Sex
    Cutting the Strings of Parental Control
    The Extent and Nature of Female Delinquency
    Theories of Female Delinquency
    Biological Theories
    Psychological Theories
    Sociological Theories
    Feminist Theories
    Gender and the Juvenile Justice System
    Chapter 8. The Family and Delinquency
    Functions of the Family
    Challenges in Families Today
    Child Victimization in the Family
    Child Neglect
    Physical Child Abuse
    Sexual Child Abuse
    Families and Delinquency
    Social Support
    Family Conflict
    Parents and Siblings
    Chapter 9. Schools and Delinquency
    The Purpose of School
    Keeping Control
    Preventing Delinquency in School
    What About the Teachers?
    School Safety
    School Violence
    School Failure and Juvenile Delinquency
    Suspension and Expulsion
    Dropping Out
    Education and Juvenile Delinquency
    Chapter 10. Youth Gangs and Delinquency
    What Is a Gang?
    Precursors to Modern Gangs
    Studying Gangs
    Delinquency, Peers, and Group Activity
    Joining the Gang
    Types of Gangs
    Black and Hispanic Gangs
    Asian Gangs
    White Gangs
    Gangs And Females
    Dealing with Gangs
    Primary Gang Prevention
    Secondary Gang Prevention
    Tertiary Gang Prevention
    Chapter 11. Substance Abuse
    Drugs Youths Use
    Club Drugs
    Prescription Drugs
    Performance-Enhancing Drugs
    Other Substances
    Why Do Youths Take Drugs?
    Peer Pressure
    Internal Factors
    Drugs and Delinquency
    The Drug Trade
    Supporting a Drug Habit
    Prevention and Treatment
    Juvenile Drug Courts
    Chapter 12. The Police
    A Short History of Juvenile Policing
    The Police: Dealing with Juvenile Delinquents and Victims
    Dealing with Juveniles
    Specialized Juvenile Policing
    Juvenile Officers
    Juvenile Units
    Gang Units
    Neglected and Abused Children
    Status Offenders
    Violent Juveniles
    Procedure: What the Police Do
    Taking Into Custody
    Search and Seizure
    Miranda and Juveniles
    Waiver of Miranda Rights
    The Juvenile Miranda
    Discretion: How the Police Decide What to Do
    Demands of the Law
    Demands of the Situation
    Racial Discrimination by the Police
    Gender Discrimination by the Police
    Controlling Police Discretion
    Prevention: What the Police Do to Help
    Community Policing
    Problem-Oriented Policing
    Zero-Tolerance Policing
    Chapter 13. The Juvenile Court
    A Brief History of the Juvenile Court
    The Modern System: Organization and Jurisdiction
    Status Offenses
    Language and Terminology
    Key Players
    Juvenile Court Judge
    Juvenile Defense Counsel
    Juvenile Intake Officers
    Juvenile Probation Officers
    Juvenile Court Process
    Custody and Detention
    Petitions and Summonses
    Juvenile Court Hearings
    Preliminary Hearing
    Adjudicatory Hearing
    Dispositional Hearing
    Jury Trials and Plea Bargaining
    Jury Trial
    Plea Bargaining
    Due Process
    Right to an Attorney
    Protection Against Self-Incrimination
    Right to Notice of Charges
    Right to Confront and Cross-Examine Witnesses
    Protection Against Double Jeopardy
    Confidentiality and Accountability
    Trying Juveniles As Adults
    Blended Sentencing
    Who Gets Waived to the Criminal Court?
    Chapter 14. Juvenile Corrections
    Community Corrections
    Standard Probation
    Intensive-Supervision Probation
    Electronic Monitoring
    Home Confinement
    Fines and Victim Compensation
    Residential Treatment Programs
    Foster Care
    Group Homes and Halfway Houses
    Alternative-Experience Programs
    Advantages of Residential Treatment Programs
    Secure Confinement
    Detention Centers
    Juvenile Correctional Facilities
    State Prisons
    Suicide Prevention
    Incarcerated Girls
    Correctional Programs
    Vocational Training
    Recreational Programs
    Counseling and Treatment
    Chapter 15. International and Comparative Delinquency
    Culture and the Discontented
    Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in Other Countries
    South Africa
    England and Wales
    International Victimization of Children
    Children at War
    Child Prostitution
    Subject Index
    Name Index
    Case Index

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