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Race and Social Change (1870-2019)

David Szatmary

Publication Date - 01 May 2020

ISBN: 9780190846121

496 pages
8 1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Explores the history of jazz and the social and cultural forces that shaped its development


Jazz: Race and Social Change (1870-2019) explores the tremendous evolution of jazz over the past 125 years, through struggles for racial and gender equality, major demographic upheavals, startling technological innovations, economic and political turmoil, and music-business practices. Taking an expansive view of the music, the book includes such genres as ragtime, orchestral jazz, the New Orleans style, crooners, big bands, bebop, soul jazz, free jazz, fusion, acid jazz, and hip-hop jazz. It also includes interactive listening guides that strengthen students' comprehension of the material.

One of the only textbooks on the market that covers jazz to the present day, Jazz: Race and Social Change (1870-2019) provides unique social and cultural coverage of jazz's entanglement with the pursuits of racial, gender, and economic equality.


  • One of the only textbooks on the market that covers jazz to the present day
  • Offers unique social and cultural coverage of jazz's entanglement with the pursuits of racial, gender, and economic equality
  • Incorporates forty-six interactive listening guides that strengthen students' comprehension of the material

About the Author(s)

David Szatmary has taught American, African-American, and music history at the University of Arizona and the University of Washington, where he was also Vice Provost for thirty years. He has written Rockin' In Time: A Social History of Rock and Roll, now in its ninth edition (2018) and A Time to Rock (1996). Szatmary has contributed to the AllMusic Guides to rock and jazz, has reviewed music publications extensively for Library Journal, and also has appeared on radio and television as an expert on music.


"Updated, dynamic, and with a spherical approach to jazz from a contemporary point of view, Szatmary's Jazz: Race and Social Change (1870-2019) treats the subject as an alive, constantly changing art form, providing valuable ways to read and interact with it."--Yiorgos Vassilandonakis, College of Charleston

"Finally, here is a jazz book with some guts. It includes great research and covers a combination of all of the things that actually brought the music to the public."--Michael Woods, Hamilton College

Table of Contents


    Chapter 1. The Origins of Jazz: African Music, the African-American Church, Brass Bands, and New Orleans Culture
    The Term "Jazz": Its Meanings, Origins, and Connection to Race
    The African Musical Heritage of Jazz
    Listening Guide 1: "Can't You Line 'Em" by John Williams and His Fellow Inmates at the Virginia State Penitentiary
    The African-American Church Nurtures the African-American Musical Tradition
    Minstrel Shows: Both Perpetuating Racism and Fostering African-American Musicians
    The Brass Band Craze as a Precursor to Jazz
    New Orleans Brass Bands
    Creole Culture: Distinctions of Color and the European Connection to Jazz

    Chapter 2. Ragtime and the Emergence of Jazz: Race, Urbanization, and New Technology
    Ragtime Combines African-American and European Music
    Early Rags
    Young, Upwardly Mobile, African-American Ragtime Innovators
    Listening Guide 2: "Maple Leaf Rag" by Scott Joplin
    Ragtime Gains Popularity in Red Light Districts on the Urban Frontier
    The Ragtime Craze Begins: Steamboats, Railroads, and the Exposition of 1904
    Dancing to the Rags: The Cakewalk and The Castles
    The Piano, Pianolas, and the Sheet-Music Boom Help Popularize Ragtime
    The Cylinder-Playing Phonograph and the Expansion of Ragtime
    Records and the Gramophone

    Chapter 3. The Jazz Age and the Transformation of American Life: White Bands, Urbanization, and a New Consumer Society
    The Original Dixieland Jazz Band Starts a Jazz Boom
    Listening Guide 3: "Livery Stable Blues" by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
    The White Dixieland Jazz Explosion
    Listening Guide 4: "Farewell Blues" by New Orleans Rhythm Kings
    The Urbanization of America
    The Consumer Culture
    Jazz in a Consumer Society
    The Education of Paul Whiteman
    The Whiteman Band
    Paul Whiteman--The King of Jazz
    Listening Guide 5: "Japanese Sandman" by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra
    Symphonic Jazz Sweeps the Nation

    Chapter 4. Jazz, the Great Migration, and the Blues: The Rise of the Urban Blues in the Era of the "New Woman"
    The Birth of the Rural Blues: Cheap Guitars and the African-American Church
    The Urban Piano Blues
    Blues Compositions
    Listening Guide 6: "St. Louis Blues" by W.C. Handy Orchestra
    Stride Piano
    Listening Guide 7: "The Charleston" by James P. Johnson
    A Mania over Female African-American Blues Singers
    Listening Guide 8: "Back-Water Blues" by Bessie Smith
    The New American Woman
    Vaudeville and TOBA.
    The Expansion of the Record Business to Cater to the Blues Market
    The Great Migration of Southern African-Americans to the North

    Chapter 5. Chicago Jazz and Territorial Bands: Hoodlums, Bootleg Booze, and Radio
    The Great Musical Migration to Chicago
    The Chicago Stroll: The Home of Chicago Jazz
    Jazz, Prohibition, and Al Capone
    The Ebullient Chicago Brass Bands
    King Oliver in Chicago
    Louis Armstrong Arrives
    Listening Guide 9: "Dipper Mouth Blues" by King Oliver and his Creole Band with Louis Armstrong
    Kansas City, Territory Bands, and the Pendergast Machine
    Listening Guide 10: "Moten Swing" by Bennie Moten's Kansas City Orchestra
    Louis Armstrong Becomes a Star
    Listening Guide 11: "Heebie Jeebies" by Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
    Jazz Moves from Chicago to Harlem
    The Dawn of the Radio Age
    Radio Catapults Jazz into the National Spotlight

    Chapter 6. New York Jazz, 1927-1932: Duke Ellington, the Mob, the Harlem Renaissance, and the Media
    Duke Ellington Gets His Start in Music
    Ellington Travels to New York
    The Ellington Band
    The Symphonic Blues
    Ellington's Early Recordings
    Duke at the Cotton Club
    Listening Guide 12: "East St. Louis Toodle-Oo" by Duke Ellington and His Kentucky Club Orchestra
    Listening Guide 13: "Black and Tan Fantasy" by the Duke Ellington Orchestra
    African-American Harlem
    The Mob Invades Harlem
    Duke Ellington and the Mob
    Whites Descend upon Harlem
    Irving Mills and the Media
    The Ellington Image
    The Harlem Renaissance
    Ellington and the Harlem Renaissance
    Ellington as a Maturing Composer
    Listening Guide 14: "Mood Indigo (Dreamy Blues)" by Duke Ellington Orchestra as the Harlem Footwarmers
    The Cotton Club Legacy: Cab Calloway and Jimmie Lunceford
    Listening Guide 15: "Mood Indigo" by the Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra
    A Race Riot and the End of the Harlem Club Scene

    Chapter 7. The Great Depression and the Growth of Radio: Hard Times Hit the Entertainment Business
    The Great Depression
    The Entertainment Industry in the Depression
    The Jukebox and Radio
    The Condenser Microphone
    Bing Crosby: The Advent of the Crooner
    Listening Guide 16: "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime" by Bing Crosby and the Lennie Hayton Orchestra
    The Sweet Bands: Guy Lombardo

    Chapter 8. Big-Band Swing: The New Deal, Jitterbugs, and Racial Integration
    Benny Goodman and Big-Band Swing
    Listening Guide 17: "King Porter" by the Benny Goodman Orchestra
    The New Deal and the Easing of the Great Depression
    The Teenage Jitterbugs
    The Business of Swing
    Count Basie and Kansas City Swing
    Listening Guide 18: "One O'Clock Jump" by the Count Basie Orchestra
    Swing and the Beginning of Racial Integration in Jazz
    Listening Guide 19: "Moonglow" by the Benny Goodman Quartet
    Swing's the Thing

    Chapter 9. World War II and Jazz: Sentimental Bands, All-Female Big Bands, and a New Musical Idol
    World War II
    Jazz Goes to War: The Effect of World War II on Jazz
    All-Female Jazz Bands
    Wartime Rationing
    Glenn Miller: Sweet and Sentimental
    Listening Guide 20: "Tuxedo Junction" by the Glenn Miller Orchestra
    The Dorseys: Sweetly Swinging Sounds
    Harry James: From Hot To Sweet
    Artie Shaw's Sweetened Jazz
    Listening Guide 21: "Begin the Beguine" by the Artie Shaw Orchestra
    The Rise of Sinatra
    Listening Guide 22: "I'll Never Smile Again" by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra with Frank Sinatra
    Sinatra Mania
    The Teenage-Girl Market Makes Sinatra an Idol
    The Recording Ban
    Other Major Jazz Vocalists
    The Decline of the Big Bands

    Chapter 10. The Bebop Revolution: The Rise of African-American Self-Expression
    The Birth of Bop
    Listening Guide 23: "Blue Monk" by Thelonious Monk
    Young, Gifted, and African-American
    African Americans and World War II: The Quest for Victory Abroad and at Home
    Riots in Detroit and New York City
    Bop and the African-American Experience
    Big-Band Bop
    The Flowering of Bop
    West Coast Bop
    Listening Guide 24: "Ko Ko" by Charlie Parker's Ri-Bop Boys
    The Bop Cult of Hip Teens
    Listening Guide 25: "A Night in Tunisia" by the Dizzy Gillespie Septet
    The Bop Mania Subsides

    Chapter 11. Jumpin' the Blues: Boogie Woogie, Deejays, and the Second Great Migration
    The Boogie-Woogie Craze
    The Big-Band Boogie of Lionel Hampton and Lucky Millinder
    Listening Guide 26: "Flying Home" by Lionel Hampton with Illinois Jacquet
    The Second Great Migration of African Americans
    Louis Jordan and the Jump Blues
    Listening Guide 27: "Caldonia" by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five
    The Rise of Independent Record Companies
    The Dawn of the Disc Jockey
    Jump Blues on Top

    Chapter 12. Jazz in the Postwar Years: Anti-Communist Paranoia, the GI Bill, and the Long-Playing Record
    Anti-Communist Paranoia
    Jazz Goes to College on the G.I. Bill
    Stan Kenton and his Jagged Music
    The Long-Playing Record

    Chapter 13. Cool, Classical, and Respectable: Jazz Goes Mainstream
    The Relaxed California Sound
    The Lighthouse
    West Coast Jazz
    Listening Guide 28: "Line for Lyons" by the Gerry Mulligan Quartet
    The Modern Jazz Quartet: East Coast Cool
    The Making of Miles Davis: Newport and George Avakian
    Listening Guide 29: "So What" by the Miles Davis Group
    The Triumph of Dave Brubeck: Colleges and Columbia Records
    Listening Guide 30: "Take Five" by the Dave Brubeck Group
    Brubeck as a Weapon in the Cold War
    The Third Stream of Gunther Schuller

    Chapter 14. The Civil-Rights Era: Hard Bop and Soul Jazz
    The Birth of Hard Bop
    Hard Bop at the Lunch Counter
    Listening Guide 31: "Driva' Man" by the Max Roach Group
    Riding for Freedom
    Listening Guide 32: "The Freedom Rider" by Art Blakey
    Jazz, the March on Washington, and the Birmingham Bombing
    Hard Bop and the African Heritage
    Soul Jazz and the African-American Identity
    Listening Guide 33: "Dat Dere" by the Bobby Timmons Group
    Integrating the American Federation of Musicians

    Chapter 15. Free Jazz: Asserting African-American Independence
    Civil Rights and the Great Society
    There's A Riot Going On
    Black Power
    The Jazz Avant-Garde and Civil Rights
    Listening Guide 34: "Ghost" by the Albert Ayler Quintet
    The Sound of Freedom: Ornette Coleman
    Free Jazz Gets Organized: UGMA and the AACM
    The Black Artists Group
    Jazz Collectives in New York City
    Free Jazz on Independent Labels
    The Avant-Garde Goes Mainstream
    John Coltrane as a Free-Jazz Symbol
    Listening Guide 35: "Jupiter" by John Coltrane and Rashied Ali

    Chapter 16. Jazz Goes Electric: Fusion, Jazz-Funk, and Smooth Jazz
    Bitches Brew
    Listening Guide 36: "Miles Runs the Voodoo Down" by the Miles Davis Band
    The Sobering Seventies
    The Offspring of Miles: Fusion Explodes on the Scene
    Listening Guide 37: "Birds of Fire" by Mahavishnu Orchestra with John McLaughlin
    Jazz-Funk Fusion
    Smooth Jazz in a Declining Economy
    Listening Guide 38: "Don't Make Me Wait for Love" by Kenny G

    Chapter 17. Back to the Future: Wynton Marsalis and the Jazz Tradition
    A Tale of Two Approaches
    Listening Guide 39: "Tutu" by Miles Davis
    Listening Guide 40: "Delfeayo's Dilemma" by Wynton Marsalis Group
    Trickling Down with Ronald Reagan
    The Jazz Heritage and the Compact Disc
    The Young Lions of Neo-Bop

    Chapter 18. Jazz in the Age of Technology: Hip Hop-Jazz, Acid Jazz, and the Internet
    Chicago House
    A Rave New World
    The Birth of Acid Jazz
    Acid Jazz Takes Hold
    Listening Guide 41: "Put the Funk Back in It" by The Brand New Heavies
    Hip-Hop Jazz
    Listening Guide 42: "Rockit" by Herbie Hancock
    Listening Guide 43: "Jazz Music" by Gang Starr
    How the Internet Transformed the Jazz Business

    Chapter 19. Jazz in a Troubled Twenty-First-Century America: Hard Times, Black Lives Matter, and #MeToo
    War and the Great Recession
    The Jazz Songstresses
    Listening Guide 44: "I Remember You" by Diana Krall
    The Twenty-First Century Sinatras
    Listening Guide 45: "That's Life" by Michael Buble
    The Resurgence of Tony Bennett
    Jazz in a Divided America: Black Lives Matter
    Listening Guide 46: "This Is Not Fear" by The Robert Glasper Experiment
    Jazz and the #MeToo Movement