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Cover

Introduction to Criminology

A Brief Edition

John Randolph Fuller

Publication Date - January 2019

ISBN: 9780190641696

448 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $104.99

CLEAR. CURRENT. CONCISE. Uses a critical-thinking framework to promote understanding and real-world scenarios to engage students in the evolving field of criminology

Description

Introduction to Criminology: A Brief Edition provides students with coverage of core concepts supported by student-tested pedagogical tools that promote student engagement, thought-provoking classroom discussions, and critical-thinking skills.

Features

  • Chapter-opening vignettes include current headline examples, engaging students with real-world applications of criminal justice theories
  • Offers comprehensive ethics coverage with "Focus on Ethics" features; critical-thinking questions for photo captions; and interactive activities on the free, open-access Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/fuller
  • "Policy Implications" boxes emphasize real-world implications of criminological theory, showing students how theory relates to the actual workings of the criminal justice system
  • "Doubletake" features address myths or prevailing wisdom and teach students about real-world issues
  • Critical-thinking questions caption every photo, drawing students into the scene and using photos to promote a deeper interaction with the content
  • Incorporates the latest statistics available
  • Dashboard--Oxford University Press's learning management platform--for Introduction to Criminology: A Brief Edition delivers an interactive eBook, quizzes, flashcards, media activities, and videos

About the Author(s)

John Randolph Fuller is Professor Emeritus of Criminology at the University of West Georgia, where he taught for more than thirty years. He is the author of several books, including Introduction to Criminal Justice: A Brief Edition (OUP, 2018).

Reviews

"Introduction to Criminology is modern in approach and will appeal to today's students. The subject matter is centered around real-life issues and cases. The vignettes used to introduce each chapter theme are attention-getting, the critical-thinking activities are very timely, and the 'Focus on Ethics' and 'Policy Implications' are features that are a MUST for every class."--Joachim Kibirige, Missouri Western State University

"Fuller's approach engages students in a storyline with questions to consider and multiple examples. The text reads like a continuous story."--Shonda Whetstone, Blinn College

"I like the writing style of this text and find it very understandable for beginning students. Also, now more than ever--given our present political polarization--the coverage of ethics and policy implications is very timely. I really only have solid praise for this text. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it."--Clayton Steenberg, Copper Mountain College

Table of Contents

    PART I. THE SCOPE OF CRIME
    CHAPTER 1. THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT CRIME
    WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY?
    The Making of Laws
    The Breaking of Laws
    Society's Reaction to the Breaking of Laws
    THE INTERDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF CRIMINOLOGY
    Political Science
    Economics
    Psychology
    Law
    Biology
    Sociology
    THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
    CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES
    How to Study Theory
    Social Learning Theory
    Merton's Strain Theory
    Conflict Theory
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Constructing a Response to Crime
    DOUBLETAKE: Serial Murder and the Media
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Recidivism and Criminological Theory
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: The Making of Law
    CHAPTER 2. MEASURING CRIME
    THE IMPORTANCE OF MEASURING CRIME
    THE DARK FIGURE OF CRIME
    GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL EFFORTS
    The Uniform Crime Reports
    Problems with the UCR
    The National Incident-Based Reporting System
    The National Crime Victimization Survey
    Problems with the NCVS
    The UCR and the NCVS: Divergence, Convergence, and the Future
    SELF-REPORT STUDIES
    Problems with Self-Report Studies
    The National Youth Survey Family Study
    Monitoring the Future
    The National Survey on Drug Use and Health
    PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    DOUBLETAKE: Bad Numbers
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Why Measuring Crime Matters
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: The Measure and Mismeasure of Crime
    CHAPTER 3. VICTIMS OF CRIME
    THE STUDY OF VICTIMOLOGY
    THE EXTENT OF VICTIMIZATION
    Micro-Victimization
    Murder Victims
    Rape Victims
    --History and Prejudice in Rape Victimization
    --Child Rape and Sexual Abuse
    Robbery and Assault Victims
    --Assault Victims
    --Victims of Intimate-Partner Violence
    Property Offense Victims
    Victim Precipitation
    Macro-Victimization
    Terrorism Victimization
    --Victimization in the United States
    --Victimization in Other Countries
    Corporate and Environmental Victimization
    --The BP-Deepwater Horizon Disaster
    --The Volkswagen Conspiracy
    Victims of Crimes Against Humanity
    --Nazi War Atrocities
    --ISIL
    Transnational Victimization
    THE PROBLEMS OF VICTIMIZATION
    Physical Trauma
    Psychological Trauma and Fear of Crime
    Family Trauma
    Economic Trauma
    Legal Trauma
    Special Victims: Children, the Elderly, and the Disabled
    --Children
    --The Elderly
    --The Disabled
    GETTING HELP FOR VICTIMS
    Victims' Rights
    Offender Punishment, Restorative Justice, and Victim-Impact Statements
    Offender Punishment
    Restorative Justice
    Victim-Impact Statements
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Putting Victims First
    DOUBLETAKE: A Victim with a Twist
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Who Owns a Crime?
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Protecting the Victim
    PART II. THEORIES OF CRIME
    CHAPTER 4. THE CLASSICAL AND POSITIVIST SCHOOLS OF CRIMINOLOGY
    LOOKING FOR EXPLANATIONS OF CRIME
    Supernatural Explanations of Crime
    Demonology
    Evil and Immorality
    THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY
    The Enlightenment
    The Social Contract
    Cesare Beccaria
    Jeremy Bentham
    THE POSITIVIST SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY
    NEOCLASSICAL CRIMINOLOGY
    Deterrence Theory Reconsidered
    Rational Choice Theory
    Routine Activities Theory
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Let the Penalty Fit the Crime
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Criminological Perspectives in Film
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Guns in School
    CHAPTER 5. BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES
    EARLY BIOLOGICAL APPROACHES
    Physiognomy and Phrenology
    Body Types
    Earnest Hooton and the Criminals Study
    William Sheldon and Somatotypes
    The Gluecks and Juvenile Delinquency
    Early Biocriminology
    Perspectives on Heredity, Human Evolution, and Crime
    Eugenics
    MODERN BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
    Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives
    XYY Syndrome
    Genes and Behavior
    Twin and Adoption Studies
    Evolution, Aggression, and Survival
    Neurological Perspectives
    Neurotransmitters
    Hormones
    The Brain
    Environmental Perspectives: Alcohol and Drugs
    Alcohol
    Drugs
    Critiques
    PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC PERSPECTIVES
    Traditional Psychoanalytic Theory
    Modern Psychological and Psychiatric Perspectives
    Behaviorism
    Cognitive Theory
    Language Impairment and IQ
    Antisocial Personality Disorder, Psychopathy, and Insanity
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Establishing Links Between the Brain and Crime
    DOUBLETAKE: The Undesirables
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Low Blood Sugar, Bad Judgment, or Both?
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Jury Duty
    CHAPTER 6. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY
    ABOUT SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF CRIME
    SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORIES OF CRIME
    Social Disorganization Theory
    Concentric Zones
    Collective Efficacy and Crime
    LEARNING THEORIES OF CRIME
    Differential Association Theory
    Techniques of Neutralization
    Miller's Focal Concerns of the Lower Class
    Subculture of Violence
    Code of the Street
    STRAIN THEORIES OF CRIME
    Anomie
    Classical Strain Theory
    Strain and Subculture
    Delinquency and Opportunity
    Institutional Anomie
    General Strain Theory
    CONTROL THEORIES OF CRIME
    Containment Theory
    Social Bond Theory
    General Theory of Crime
    Power-Control Theory
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Sociological Theories
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Strengthening Social Bonds as Prevention and Treatment for Deviant Behavior
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Pressure from Your Sisters
    CHAPTER 7. LIFE-COURSE AND INTEGRATED THEORIES
    LIFE-COURSE THEORIES
    Developmental Perspective on Antisocial Behavior
    Pathways to Crime
    Life-Course-Persistent Offenders
    Adolescence-Limited Delinquents
    Persistent Offending and Desistance from Crime
    INTEGRATED THEORIES
    Interactional Theory of Delinquency
    Control Balance Theory
    Social Support Theory
    General Theory of Crime and Delinquency
    Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential Theory
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: The Oregon Social Learning Center
    DOUBLETAKE: The Politics of Theory
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Crime Is Complicated
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Preventing a life of Crime
    CHAPTER 8. CONFLICT AND CRITICAL THEORIES OF CRIME
    UNDERSTANDING CONFLICT THEORY AND CRITICAL THEORY
    Labeling Theory
    Social Location
    CONFLICT THEORY
    Marx and Communism
    Other Conflict Thinkers
    Max Weber
    Ralf Dahrendorf
    Austin Turk
    Critiques
    CRITICAL THEORY
    Feminist Criminology
    Peacemaking Criminology
    Cultural Criminology
    Postmodern Criminology
    Critical Race Theory
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Shifting the Focus
    DOUBLETAKE: Missing: White Woman
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Peacemaking and Uncommon Sense
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: An Officer in Field Training
    PART III. TYPOLOGIES OF CRIME
    CHAPTER 9. PROPERTY OFFENSES
    THE VALUE OF PROPERTY
    BURGLARY
    LARCENY AND FRAUD
    Pocket-Picking
    Employee Theft
    Shoplifting
    Fraud
    Credit Card Fraud
    Check Fraud
    MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT
    ARSON
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Bicycles: The New Crime Currency
    DOUBLETAKE: When Is Shoplifting Not Shoplifting?
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: The Trouble with Amy
    CHAPTER 10. CRIMINAL OFFENSES AGAINST PEOPLE
    SOURCES OF VIOLENT CRIME
    Biological and Psychological Sources
    Mental Disorder
    Substance Abuse
    Evolutionary Factors
    Social and Cultural Sources of Violent Crime
    Family Dysfunction
    Social Disorganization
    Subcultural Values
    VIOLENT CRIME
    Murder
    Murder and the Law
    Offender Characteristics
    Serial and Mass Murder
    Rape
    Rape and the Law
    Offender Characteristics
    Causes of Rape
    Rape within Organizations
    Robbery
    Robbery and the Law
    Types of Robbery
    Assault
    Assault and the Law
    Types of Assault
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Creepy or Dangerous?
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Changing the Law on Rape
    DOUBLETAKE: The "Bloody Benders"
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Skeletons in the Closet
    CHAPTER 11. ORGANIZED AND WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
    ORGANIZED CRIME
    The Beginning of Organized Crime in the United States
    The Rise of the Underworld
    The American Mafia
    Ethnically Based Organized Crime in the United States
    Gangs
    Theories of Organized Crime
    Organized Crime Offenses
    Illegal Drug Trafficking
    Prostitution and Human Trafficking
    Gambling
    Stolen Property
    The Globalization of Organized Crime
    WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
    Theories of White-Collar Crime
    White-Collar Offenses by Employees
    CORPORATE CRIME
    Offenses Against Consumers
    Offenses Against the Environment
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Unorganized Crime: The Case of MS-13
    DOUBLETAKE: Creating the Mafia
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Insider Trading
    CHAPTER 12. PUBLIC-ORDER OFFENSES AND VALUES
    PUBLIC-ORDER OFFENSES AND VALUES
    General and Indirect Victims
    Morality and Crime
    Morality and Social Harm
    SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND THE LAW
    A Brief Legal History of Alcohol and Drugs in the United States
    Opium and the Chinese
    Morphine
    Patent Medicines
    1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act
    Harrison Act of 1914
    Marijuana Tax Act
    Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970
    Omnibus Drug Act
    Substance Abuse Today
    Legalization and Decriminalization
    SEX OFFENSES
    Prostitution
    Male Prostitution
    Female Prostitution
    Legalized Prostitution
    Child Prostitution
    Pornography
    Sodomy
    GAMBLING
    A Brief History of Gambling
    Legal Gambling
    Illegal Gambling
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Dog Fighting and Crime
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Harm Reduction as a Drug Strategy
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Your Little Brother Discovers Sex
    PART IV. RESPONDING TO CRIME
    CHAPTER 13. TERRORISM AND HATE CRIME
    CRIMES OF FEAR AND HATE
    HATE CRIME
    Hate Crime and the Law
    Hate Crime and Criminological Theory
    TERRORISM
    A Short History of Terrorism
    Terrorism and Criminological Theory
    Domestic Terrorism
    International Terrorism
    Controlling Terrorism
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: Constructing a Response to Crime
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: The Southern Poverty Law Center
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Political Correctness Or Political Suicide: You Choose
    CHAPTER 14. CRIMINOLOGY, TECHNOLOGY, AND PRIVACY
    CRIMINOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY
    A Short History of Technology and Crime
    The Beginnings of the Internet
    The Internet and Crime
    The Whistler, Cap'n Crunch, and the Evolution of Computer Network Crime
    TYPES OF COMPUTER NETWORK CRIME
    The Computer Crime Toolbox
    The Dark Web
    Social Engineering
    Spam
    Denial-of-Service Attacks
    Viruses, Worms, and other Malware
    The Most Serious Offenses
    Copyright Infringement
    Child Pornography
    Identity Theft
    E-mail Scams
    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
    Technology for Surveillance and Short-Term Tracking
    Cameras
    Electronic Monitoring
    RFID Tags
    Technology for Identification and Long-Term Tracking
    Databases
    Biometrics
    PRIVACY, SECURITY, AND THE FUTURE
    SUMMARY
    FEATURES
    POLICY IMPLICATIONS: What Information Should You Share?
    DOUBLETAKE: Phun with Fonics
    THEORY TO PRACTICE: Because That's Where the Money Is
    FOCUS ON ETHICS: Peeping Drones

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