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Cover

Global Music Cultures

An Introduction to World Music

Edited by Bonnie C. Wade and Patricia Shehan Campbell

Publication Date - October 2020

ISBN: 9780190643645

416 pages
Paperback
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $89.95

A unique world music text that combines the best of thematic and geographic approaches

Description

Ideal for introductory courses in world music and ethnomusicology, Global Music Cultures gives students an overview of key musical cultures of the world while also incorporating the latest theoretical approaches to the study of world music.

Features

  • Introduces students to the basic principles of music and issues that are essential to the study of global music, including the musical results of cultural encounters
  • Detailed case studies--written by expert ethnomusicologists--focus on the music, history, and culture of individual countries, islands, or ethnic groups
  • In-text listening guides, activities, and projects allow students to directly interact with the traditions being studied while also introducing them to basic musical concepts
  • An Enhanced eBook integrates streaming audio, interactive listening guides, and streaming video for a rich learning experience

About the Author(s)

Bonnie C. Wade is is Professor Emerita of Music (Ethnomusicology) at the University of California, Berkeley, and Recipient of The Berkeley Citation (2016) for Distinguished Achievement.

Patricia Shehan Campbell is Donald E. Petersen Professor of Music at the University of Washington, teaching courses in Music Education and Ethnomusicology.

Reviews

"Global Music Cultures presents a diverse set of globally representative case studies with a balance of historical, cultural, and musical information. Quality contemporary recordings, including videos, set this book apart from its competitors."--Elizabeth Clendinning, Wake Forest University

"This text is a wide-ranging survey of musical cultures throughout the world with a strong emphasis on thematic issues that cut across regions and cultural groups. It is detailed yet also very accessible to both music majors and non-majors."--Siv Lie, University of Maryland

"This text is ideal for the modern world music classroom seeking to incorporate modern sensibilities and concerns in an approachable package for students who may or may not have experience engaging with music and other cultures on this level."--Brittney Patterson, University of Montevallo

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    List of Reviewers
    Introduction

    Introduction

    PART I. UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS OF MUSIC
    1. Pitch, Melody (Pitches in Succession), and Rhythm (Managing Time in Music)
    Introduction
    Pitch
    Selecting Pitches
    Pitch Placement and Intonation
    Setting the Pitch
    Naming Pitches
    Melody (Pitches in Succession)
    Intervals
    Scales
    Melodic Mode

    Rhythm (Managing Time in Music)
    Free Rhythm
    Purposeful Organization of Time
    Meter

    Tempo

    2. Harmony (Simultaneous Pitches), Texture (How Musical Parts Fit Together), and Form (The Structure of a Piece)
    Introduction
    Harmony (Tonal system)
    Naming Simultaneous Pitch Relations
    Chords
    Chord Progressions
    Key

    Harmony in World Fusion Music
    Tone Clusters
    Texture
    Performing One Melody
    One Melody with Some Other Pitched Part(s)
    Multiple Melodies (Polyphony)
    Melody and Chords (Homophony)

    Form
    What Is a Piece of Music?
    The Structure of a Finished Work
    Form in Performan
    ce

    3. Understanding and Classifying Musical Instruments
    Introduction
    Instruments as Physical Objects
    Classifying Subtypes of Musical Instruments
    Classifying Vocal Types
    Other Ways to View Musical Instruments as Physical Objects

    Instruments as Expressive Culture
    Extramusical Associations
    Social/Cultural Status

    Musical Ensembles

    4. Thinking about Global Music Cultures
    Introduction
    The Field of Ethnomusicology
    A Very Brief History
    Perspectives in the Study of Global Music

    Sources and Research Methods
    Putting Your Study of World Music to Work

    PART II. IN THE PACIFIC AND ASIA
    5. Music in Chuuk (Micronesia): Experiencing Music and Dance in a Sea of Islands, Brian Diettrich

    Introduction
    Chuuk
    Musical practices
    Engaging with the Sea
    Engaging with Ancestral Ways
    Worshipping through Music
    Celebrating with Music and Dance
    Participation in Global Flow

    Conclusion

    6. Music in China: Recalibrating Musical Heritage in a Radically Changing Society, Frederick Lau
    Introduction
    China
    Musical Practices
    Guqin, a Solo Instrumental Tradition
    Jiangnan Sizhu, an Instrumental Ensemble Tradition
    Musical Recalibrations across Time
    In the Period of the Republic of China (1912-1949)
    In the Maoist Period (1949-1976)
    From 1978 into the Twenty-First Century
    Contemporary Recalibration of the
    Guqin and Jiangnan Sizhu Traditions
    "New" Traditional Music
    Conclusion

    7. Music in Japan: Encounters with Asian and European Traditions, Bonnie C. Wade
    Introduction
    Japan
    Musical Developments
    Gagaku: Japanese Court Music
    Indigenous Traditional Musics
    Western Music

    Creative Contributions by Individual Musicians
    Yatsuhashi Kengyo and Historic Music for the Koto
    Michio Miyagi: "The Father of Modern Koto Music"
    Keiko Abe, Superstar in the World of Marimba

    Conclusion

    8. Music in Myanmar (Burma): Expressing Commonalities and Differences, Gavin Douglas
    Introduction
    Myanmar
    Musical Traditions
    Buddhist Chant versus Secular Music
    Music to Call the
    Nats
    Musics from Historic Ethnic Bamar Court Traditions
    Music in Performance
    Chant in Theravada Monasteries
    Music in a Pwe
    Musical Responses to Authoritarianism
    Conclusion

    9. Music in Bali: The Sound World of a Balinese Temple Ceremony, Lisa Gold
    Introduction
    The History of Bali
    Religious Practice in Bali
    Music in Bali
    Instrumental Ensembles (Gamelan) and Instruments
    Temple Ceremonies (Odalan)
    Gamelan Music in Temple Ceremonies
    The Classical Form of Gamelan Pieces
    Musical Texture in Gamelan Music
    Innovations in Twentieth-Century Gamelan Gong Kebyar
    Conclusion

    10. Music in North India: An Enduring Classical Musical Tradition, George Ruckert
    Introduction
    India
    Musical Ideas and Practices
    Music's Honored Place in the Culture
    The Teaching/Learning System (Guru-shisya parampara)
    Raga: the Melodic Map
    Tala: the Metric System
    Tihai: A Cadential Practice
    The Musical Syllable (Vocable)
    Vocables in the Vocal/Dance Genre Taranaaaa
    Weaving of Fixed Composition and "On the Spot" Realization
    The Rise of Instrumental Music
    Ali Akbar Khan Plays Rag Chandranandan on the Sarod
    Excerpt 1 (Audio Example 10.1)
    Excerpt 2 (Audio Example 10.6)
    Excerpt 3 (Audio Example 10.7)
    Excerpt 4 (Audio Example 10.8)
    Excerpt 5 (Audio Example 10.9)
    Visit with an Elderly Master
    Conclusion

    11. Music in Turkey: Contemporary Recording of Traditional Music, Eliot Bates
    Introduction
    "Bu Dunya Bir Pencere," A Traditional Dance Song
    Beat Structure (or, Musical Meter)
    Melodic mode

    Contemporary Interpretations of "Bu Dunya Bir Pencere"
    The Sevval Sam Recording
    The Marsis Recording
    Common Techniques Used on Both Recordings

    Conclusion

    12. Music in Egypt: Creating and Maintaining a Vibrant Islamic Presence in Day-to-Day Life, Scott Marcus
    Introduction
    The Arab Republic of Egypt
    Musical Ideas and Practices
    The Call to Prayer
    Madh, a Sufi genre of Sung Religious Poetry
    Intersections of Religion and Music in Popular Culture
    Zaffa Bands
    The Mid-Twentieth-Century Long Song
    Present-day Pop Stars

    Conclusion

    PART III. AFRICA
    13. Music in Ghana: Daagaba Xylophone Music in a Ritual Context, John Dankwa and Eric Charry

    Introduction
    African Xylophones
    The Dagaaba Xylophone (Gyil)
    Gyil Music in Dagaaba Society
    Music for Recreation
    Music for Funerals

    Conclusion

    14. Music in South Africa: Language, Race, and Nation, Gavin Steingo
    Introduction
    South Africa and Its Languages
    South Africa in the Twentieth Century
    Miriam Makeba's Early Career
    The "Click Song"
    Miriam Makeba's Changing Worlds, 1958-1960
    Miriam Makeba's Legacy
    Conclusion

    PART VI. EUROPE
    15. Music in Spain: Flamenco, between the Local and the Global, Susana Moreno Fernandez and Salwa El-Shawan Castelo-Branco
    Introduction
    Flamenco
    The Expression of Intense Emotions through Participatory Performance
    Flamenco Cante (song)
    Tonality and Harmony
    Rhythm and Meter

    New Path: Nueva Flamenco
    Icons of Nuevo Flamenco: Camaron de la Isla and Paco de Lucía
    Conclusion

    16. Music in Ireland: Historical Continuity and Community in Irish Traditional Music, Dorothea E. Hast and Stanley Scott
    Introduction
    History
    A Session in County Clare, Ireland (June 1997)
    Invitation to a Session
    Sean-nos: "Old-style" Songs in Irish
    Instruments in the Irish Tradition
    Dance Types
    Dance Tune Types
    The Jig
    The Reel

    Emigration Songs
    "The Green Fields of Canada"
    "Edward
    Connors"
    "Thousands are Sailing"

    Conclusion

    PART V. THE AMERICAS
    17. Music in Cuba:
    Son and Creolization, Robin Moore
    Introduction
    Colonization of the Americas and the African Slave Trade
    Musical Characteristics of African-Influenced Music from the Caribbean
    Structure/Form
    Instruments
    The Organization of Time

    The Cuban Son
    Structure/Form of the Urban Son
    Instrumentation of the Urban Son
    Instrumental Parts and the Organization of Time
    Improvisation

    The Changing Sound of Son
    Conclusion

    18. Music in Brazil: Samba, A Symbol of National Identity, John Murphy
    Introduction
    Brazil and Its History
    Early Samba
    The Emergence of Urban Samba
    Other Early Samba Styles
    Samba Schools and Carnaval
    Developments in the 1950s and 1960s
    Pagode: "A Backyard Style" of Samba
    Samba in Contemporary Brazilian Musical Life: Elza Soares and Samba Sujo
    Conclusion

    19. Music in the Southwestern United States: Tales of Tradition and Innovation in the Mariachi Borderlands, Daniel Sheehy
    Introduction
    Mariachi History
    Mariachi Music
    Tales of Innovation and Tradition
    Mariachi in Education
    Mariachi Reyna de Los Angeles: We're Women; We Do It!
    The Mexican
    Son
    Mariachi Arcoiris de Los Angeles: The World's First LGBTQIA+ Mariachi
    Conclusion

    20. Music in Native America: The Intertribal Powwow, John-Carlos Perea
    Introduction
    The Powwow
    Music in the Social Space of the Powwow
    What's Going On: Opening Sequence
    Song Form, Singing Styles, and Drum Rhythm
    Conclusion

    Glossary
    Index

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