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Global America

The United States in the Twentieth Century

Robert C. McGreevey, Christopher T. Fisher, and Alan Dawley

Publication Date - 02 October 2017

ISBN: 9780190279905

480 pages
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Tells the story of how Americans were swept up in the swift-moving currents of twentieth-century world history


Global America tells the story of how Americans were swept up in the swift-moving currents of twentieth-century world history. Drawing on the latest research on the history of the United States in the world, it demonstrates how global interactions and developments transformed both America and the world.

Global America weaves together topics such as social reform, the world wars, and the rise of conservatism in a way that helps readers gain a fresh understanding of America's place in the world. It pays particular attention to themes of race, class, and gender and how each has shaped--and been shaped by--U.S. engagement with the world. In connecting U.S. and world history, Global America argues that the more America sought to change the world, the more the world changed America.

Global America offers a synthesis accessible to undergraduates. The chapters are organized chronologically, beginning with the 1890s and ending in 2013. Starting with U.S. expansion in the late nineteenth century, the book situates American developments within the context of major political and economic events, explores key developments in culture and society, and ends with the rise and partial decline of American power in recent years.

About the Author(s)

Robert C. McGreevey is Associate Professor of History at The College of New Jersey.

Christopher T. Fisher is Associate Professor of History at The College of New Jersey.

Alan Dawley was Professor of History at The College of New Jersey (1970-2008).


"Global America is clearly written and it takes the standard narrative of U.S. history in a direction both unfamiliar and vital to students in the early twenty-first century. Many textbooks promise to take a particular focus (i.e., race and gender, citizenship, etc.) but almost never succeed in aligning the narrative with the theme. This one does."--Nancy Beck Young, University of Houston

"Global America is extremely accessible, well written, sensibly organized, and relatively concise. It makes an invaluable contribution in that there are very few, if any, comparable and current texts that approach the subject of twentieth-century U.S. history from a global perspective."--Sean P. Cunningham, Texas Tech University

"The insights gained from Global America will prepare students to think broadly about American identity and the complexity of a national history on a much larger and ever-present global stage."--Richard Hughes, Illinois State University

Table of Contents

    List of Maps
    List of Graphs
    About the Authors

    PART 1: INDUSTRY AND EMPIRE, 1893-1945

    Chapter 1: The United States in the World Economy at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century

    1893: World's Columbian Exposition
    Progress and Poverty in the World Economy
    The Rise of Capitalism
    The First Industrial Revolution
    Growth and Inequality
    World Economy in Three Tiers
    Class and Race in the Agrarian South
    Uneven Development in the Middle Tier
    Brittain: Capitalist Headquarters

    The Place of the United States
    Corporate Capitalism
    Finance Capitalism
    Laissez Faire
    From Country to City
    Mass Migrations
    Working-Class Gains and Losses
    Labor Unrest
    Chicago: Crossroads of Capital and Labor
    Responses to Class Conflict

    Farm Distress in North America
    Populist Revolt
    Varieties of Rural Protest
    Progress at the World's Fair
    Further Reading

    Chapter 2: The New Imperialism
    Colonial Migrations
    The New Imperialism
    The New Imperialism and the World Economy
    The Tribute of the Market
    Imperial Cola
    Conflict in the Caribbean
    The War of 1898
    Formal and Informal Empire
    War in the Philippines
    The Philippine Insurrection
    Debate over Empire: The United States
    Debate over Empire: Europe
    Empire and Resistance in East Asia
    The Open Door in China
    The Boxer Rebellion
    The Rise of Japan
    Japan versus the West
    US Sphere of Influence in Latin America
    Relations with El Norte
    Building the Panama Canal
    Business and Empire
    Dollar Diplomacy
    The Reach of the Monroe Doctrine
    Domestic Consequences of Empire
    Uncle Sam and Jim Crow
    Further Reading

    Chapter 3: Reforming Modern Society
    Transatlantic Reform: Alice Paul and the Women's Suffrage Movement
    Reforming Modern Society
    Economic Foundations for Transatlantic Reform
    Intellectual Foundations for Reform: Theorizing Modernity and its Discontents
    Social Foundations for Reform: Changes in Property and Family
    Transatlantic Reform
    Reform or Revolution
    Revolt Against Patriarchy
    New Sexual Morality
    Race and Reform
    Capitalism and the "Social Question"
    Religion and Reform
    Social Protection in Comparative Perspective
    Comparative Political Economy
    Revolution and Reform in Russia, Germany, and Britain
    The Road to Reform in the United States
    A Special Path?
    Similarities between the United States and other Western Nations
    The United States in Western Society
    Further Reading

    Chapter 4: Global Shifts and the First World War, 1914-1918
    The American Red Cross in Europe
    America and the Great War
    Pre-war Internationalism
    Underlying Causes of the War: Nationalist Ethnic Tensions and Imperial Rivalries
    Outbreak of War in Europe
    Early Years of War in Europe
    US Neutrality
    "Total War" and "People's War"
    War for Economies
    War for Empire
    Increasing US Involvement
    The Preparedness Movement
    The Testing of Neutrality
    The United States in Latin America
    US Interventions in Latin America During World War I
    Open Door Policy and US Involvement in the World War
    On the Home Front
    World War I and the Social Contract
    US Contribution to Allied Victory
    American Ascendance
    Antiwar Sentiment
    Further Reading

    Chapter 5: Revolution and Reaction, 1917-1924
    1917: John Reed and Louise Bryant in Russia
    American Responses to Revolution
    Revolutions in the Agricultural Belt
    The United States and Revolutionary Mexico
    War and Revolution in Europe
    People's Peace and Bolshevik Revolution
    Wilson v. Lenin
    Separate Peace and Allied Intervention
    1919: Millennial Moment
    Love and Revolution
    Search for Order
    Versailles Peace Conference
    Postwar Disorders
    Disorder in the United States
    Clashes along the Color Line
    Red Scare
    Sacco Vanzetti
    The Resurgence of Patriarchy
    Retreat from Reform
    Retreat from Internationalism
    A World Safe for Empire
    Washington Naval Conference
    Further Reading

    Chapter 6: Democracy Faces the Great Depression, 1925-1936
    1933: Depression Journey
    Democracy Faces the Great Depression
    Peaceful Interlude, 1925-29
    The American Role in Economic Stabilization
    New Woman at Bay
    Romance of Consumption
    American Culture Overseas
    American Model v. Soviet Model
    From Boom to Bust
    Similar Responses
    Gender and Sexuality
    Different Responses: Fascist, Communist, Liberal
    Depression as a War Emergency
    Economic Planning
    A New Deal to Save Democracy
    Race and Racism
    International Relations
    Militarism in Japan and Germany
    The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39
    American Isolation
    Good Neighbors? The United States and Latin America
    Further Reading

    Chapter 7: Global War, 1937-1945
    Escape from Nazi-occupied Europe
    Global Conflict and Total War
    War in Asia
    War in Europe
    Diplomatic Surprises
    U.S. Responses before Pearl Harbor
    Marketing the War
    Operation Barbarossa
    Crimes Against Humanity
    Pearl Harbor
    The U.S. and the Grand Alliance
    Total War
    Class Relations and the Social Contract
    Labor and Women Workers
    Race Changes
    Allied Victory: The Russian
    Allied Victory: D-Day and the American Contribution

    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    Sorrow of War
    Further Reading


    Chapter 8: America's Cold War Ascendancy, 1945-1954

    George Marshall in Moscow: 1947
    American Ascendancy in the Cold War
    The World in 1945
    Internationalism Reborn

    Economic Reconstruction, 1944-47
    The Challenge of Cooperation at Home
    Social Roots of the Imperial Rivalry Between the Superpowers
    United States: An Open System
    Soviet Union: A Closed System
    Cold War Conflict, 1947-54
    Consolidating Borders in Europe
    Mutual Containment
    The Cold War Goes Global
    Borders in Asia
    Korean War
    Cold War Culture
    Colonial Independence
    Civil Rights Revival
    The Golden Age
    Role of the State
    The "Americanization" of Western Europe
    Further Reading

    Chapter 9: American Reform and the Third World, 1955-65
    Journey to Freedom: 1957
    Reform, the Third World, and the Cold War
    The Third World
    Sino-Soviet Split
    The Lower Tier in the World Economy

    Africa in the Cold War
    Civil Rights Movement
    Consumer Culture
    The Empire of Consumption
    The Balance of Power, c. 1960
    Berlin Crisis
    Cuban Revolution
    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The United States
    in the Third World
    Peaceful Revolution for Civil Rights
    African Americans and the Colonial Analogy
    Second Reconstruction

    Johnson's Great Society
    Cold War Liberalism
    Liberal Interventionism
    Further Reading

    Chapter 10: Crisis of Authority, 1965-72
    The Tet Offensive: 1968
    Crisis of Authority, 1965-1972
    Disorder in the Cold War
    Global Conflict in Vietnam
    Proxy War on the Frontier of Empire
    America's War for Empire
    Revolutionary Nationalism
    Escalation in Vietnam
    America's Global Reach

    The Black Power Revolt
    The Tet Offensive
    Conservative Counter-Revolt
    America at Impasse

    Conservative Dilemma in Vietnam
    Cultural Revolutions in the East
    Cultural Revolutions in the West
    Collapse of the New Left
    Changing Patterns of Social Reproduction
    Feminism and Its Enemies

    Conclusion: Mixed Legacy
    Further Reading

    Chapter 11: Imperial Impasse
    1972: Nixon Meets Mao
    America at Impasse
    Adjusting to Economic Limits
    Toward a Multipolar World
    China Beckons
    The United States Responds
    Soviet-American Détente
    Shocks from the Middle East
    Nixon's Fall
    Defeat in Vietnam
    Downshift in the World Economy
    Roots of Globalization
    Challenges from the Third World
    Crisis in Iran
    Further Reading

    Chapter 12: Converging Global Trends, 1980-1991
    The World Car, 1980
    Global Convergence
    Economic Globalization
    The Global Factory
    Social Dislocations

    Rise of Conservatism
    The Politics of Religion
    Cultural Conservatives and Family Values
    Science and Religion

    Free Market Conservatives
    Breakthrough to Power
    Conservatives in Action
    Attack on the Welfare State
    Culture Wars
    Restoring National Greatness
    Cold War II
    Cold War in the Third World
    The Iran-Contra Scandal
    Liberal Response to Conservative Ascendancy

    Peace Movement and Renewal of Détente
    End of the Cold War
    Assessing the Cold War
    End of Soviet Empire
    Collapse of the Soviet Union

    Further Reading

    Chapter 13: The United States as Global Leader, 1990-1999
    Michael Jackson in Japan
    The US Role in Globalization
    Economic Globalization
    Finance Capitalism
    Factories Move East

    The United States in the Global Order
    Americanizing the World Economy
    World Politics after the Cold War
    Regional Settlements
    Clinton and Blair
    United States as Global Sheriff

    North/South Divide
    Conditions in the Global South
    Backlash Against the Global North
    Globalization of America: The Open Door in Reverse
    US Decline?
    Globalization on Trial
    Culture Clash
    Debt Crisis
    Unsustainable Development
    Mass Protests: Seattle, 1999
    Further Reading

    Chapter 14: Global Divergence: The Post-9/11 World
    America on the Tigris
    Global Divergence
    Power Surge
    Republican Power
    September 11, 2001

    Border Closings
    Opening up the Middle East
    Call to War
    Invasion and Occupation of Iraq
    The Lonely Superpower
    Closing Cultural Borders
    Closings in the Open Society
    Power Failures
    Electoral Reversals, 2006-2008

    Problems of the 21st Century
    US in the World Economy
    Walmart, The Global Department Store
    The Search for Global Justice
    End of
    Environmental Consequences of Economic Growth
    Global Warming

    Further Reading

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