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Fundamentals of Plant Physiology

Lincoln Taiz, Eduardo Zeiger, Ian Max Møller, and Angus Murphy

Publication Date - June 2018

ISBN: 9781605357904

656 pages
8.5 x 10.875 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $149.99

A shortened version of our popular Plant Physiology & Development, Sixth Edition, this Fundamentals version aligns with courses that focus on plant physiology with little or no coverage of development. Approx. 200 pages shorter.


Fundamentals of Plant Physiology is a distillation of the most important principles and empirical findings of plant physiology. Intended for students seeking an accessible introduction to the field, Fundamentals provides the same high standard of scientific accuracy and pedagogical richness for which Taiz et al.'s popular Plant Physiology and Development, Sixth Edition, is renowned, but in a more concise format and pitched at a slightly lower level. Instructors wishing to focus their lectures on basic plant physiology, as opposed to developmental genetics, should find this new streamlined and simplified text ideally suited for their courses.


  • Shortened from 761 pages (Plant Physiology & Development) to 561 pages (Fundamentals), and from 24 to 19 chapters.
  • The chapter order has been revised to provide a more organic flow of topics
  • The chapters on development have been greatly condensed and refocused to illustrate classical physiological principles.
  • Genetic pathways have been simplified by emphasizing functional mechanisms and avoiding the use of three-letter gene names wherever possible.
  • Now in a single-column format to provide greater accessibility
  • A running glossary has been added to the margins of each page
  • New figures have been added to certain sections to improve comprehension

About the Author(s)

Lincoln Taiz, Professor Emeritus of MCD Biology, University of California - Santa Cruz
Eduardo Zeiger, Professor Emeritus, University of California - Los Angeles
Ian Max Møller, Professor Emeritus, Aarhus University, Denmark
Angus Murphy, Professor and Chair, University of Maryland

Table of Contents

    1. Plant and Cell Architecture

    Plant Life Processes: Unifying Principles

    Plant Classification and Life Cycles

    Overview of Plant Structure

    Plant Cell Types

    Plant Cell Organelles

    The Nucleus

    The Endomembrane System

    Independently Dividing Semiautonomous Organelles

    The Plant Cytoskeleton

    Cell Cycle Regulation

    2. Water and Plant Cells

    Water in Plant Life

    The Structure and Properties of Water

    Diffusion and Osmosis

    Water Potential

    Water Potential of Plant Cells

    Cell Wall and Membrane Properties

    Plant Water Status

    3. Water Balance of Plants

    Water in the Soil

    Water Absorption by Roots

    Water Transport through the Xylem

    Water Movement from the Leaf to the Atmosphere

    Coupling Leaf Transpiration and Photosynthesis: Light-dependent Stomatal Opening

    Water-use Efficiency

    Overview: The Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum

    4. Mineral Nutrition

    Essential Nutrients, Deficiencies, and Plant Disorders

    Treating Nutritional Deficiencies

    Soil, Roots, and Microbes

    5. Assimilation of Inorganic Nutrients

    Nitrogen in the Environment

    Nitrate Assimilation

    Ammonium Assimilation

    Amino Acid Biosynthesis

    Biological Nitrogen Fixation

    Sulfur Assimilation

    Phosphate Assimilation

    Iron Assimilation

    The Energetics of Nutrient Assimilation

    6. Solute Transport

    Passive and Active Transport

    Transport of Ions across Membrane Barriers

    Membrane Transport Processes

    Membrane Transport Proteins

    Ion Transport in Stomatal Opening

    Ion Transport in Roots

    7. Photosynthesis: The Light Reactions

    Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

    General Concepts

    Key Experiments in Understanding Photosynthesis

    Organization of the Photosynthetic Apparatus

    Organization of Light-Absorbing Antenna Systems

    Mechanisms of Electron Transport

    Proton Transport and ATP Synthesis in the Chloroplast

    8. Photosynthesis: The Carbon Reactions

    The Calvin-Benson Cycle

    Photorespiration: The C2 Oxidative Photosynthetic Carbon Cycle

    Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms

    Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms: The C4 Carbon Cycle

    Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms: Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM)

    Accumulation and Partitioning of Photosynthates-Starch and Sucrose

    9. Photosynthesis: Physiological and Ecological Considerations

    Photosynthesis Is Influenced by Leaf Properties

    Effects of Light on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

    Effects of Temperature on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

    Effects of Carbon Dioxide on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

    10. Translocation in the Phloem

    Patterns of Translocation: Source to Sink

    Pathways of Translocation

    Materials Translocated in the Phloem

    Rates of Movement

    The Pressure-Flow Model, a Passive Mechanism for Phloem Transport

    Phloem Loading

    Phloem Unloading and Sink-to-Source Transition

    Photosynthate Distribution: Allocation and Partitioning

    Transport of Signaling Molecules

    11. Respiration and Lipid Metabolism

    Overview of Plant Respiration


    The Oxidative Pentose Phosphate Pathway

    The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

    Mitochondrial Electron Transport and ATP Synthesis

    Respiration in Intact Plants and Tissues

    Lipid Metabolism

    12. Signals and Signal Transduction

    Temporal and Spatial Aspects of Signaling

    Signal Perception and Amplification

    Hormones and Plant Development

    Phytohormone Metabolism and Homeostasis

    Signal Transmission and Cell-Cell Communication

    Hormonal Signaling Pathways

    13. Signals from Sunlight

    Plant Photoreceptors


    Phytochrome Responses

    Blue-Light Responses and Photoreceptors



    The Coaction of Phytochrome, Cryptochrome, and Phototropins

    Responses to Ultraviolet Radiation

    14. Embryogenesis

    Overview of Embryogenesis

    Comparative Embryology of Eudicots and Monocots

    Formation and Maintenance of Apical Meristems

    15. Seed Dormancy, Germination, and Seedling Establishment

    Seed Structure

    Seed Dormancy

    Release from Dormancy

    Seed Germination

    Mobilization of Stored Reserves

    Seedling Establishment

    Cell Expansion: Mechanisms and Hormonal Controls

    Tropisms: Growth in Response to Directional Stimuli

    16. Vegetative Growth and Senescence

    The Shoot Apical Meristem

    Leaf Development

    Differentiation of Epidermal Cell Types

    Venation Patterns in Leaves

    Shoot Branching and Architecture

    Shade Avoidance

    Root System Architecture

    Plant Senescence

    Leaf Abscission

    Whole Plant Senescence

    17. Flowering and Fruit Development

    Floral Evocation: Integrating Environmental Cues

    The Shoot Apex and Phase Changes

    Photoperiodism: Monitoring Day Length

    Vernalization: Promoting Flowering with Cold

    Long-distance Signaling Is Involved in Flowering

    Floral Meristems and Floral Organ Development

    Pollen Development

    Female Gametophyte Development in the Ovule

    Pollination and Fertilization in Flowering Plants

    Fruit Development and Ripening

    18. Biotic Interactions

    Beneficial Interactions between Plants and Microorganisms

    Harmful Interactions of Pathogens and Herbivores with Plants

    Inducible Defense Responses to Insect Herbivores

    Plant Defenses against Pathogens

    Plant Defenses against Other Organisms

    19. Abiotic Stress

    Defining Plant Stress

    Acclimation versus Adaptation

    Environmental stressors

    Stress-Sensing Mechanisms in Plants

    Physiological Mechanisms That Protect Plants against Abiotic Stress

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