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Cover

Europe's Long Century: 1900-Present

Society, Politics, and Culture

Prof Spencer M. Di Scala

Publication Date - November 2012

ISBN: 9780199778508

864 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $74.99

Comprehensive and current, this is the only 20th century European history text available in multiple formats for maximum flexibility to best fit your course needs

Description

The twentieth century has been interpreted as a short century marked by extremes. According to this view, the century lasted only from 1914 to 1989 or 1991. These dates coincide with the rise and fall of communism that came to power in Russia in 1917 and ended with the fall of the Berlin wall (1989) or that of the Soviet Union (1991). Thus, the concept of a short century is unduly influenced by a Cold War perspective. In Europe's Long Century, Spencer Di Scala presents an alternative view that will be more helpful to undergraduate history students in the twenty-first-century: namely, that twentieth century Europe was actually a "long" century lasting approximately from 1900 to 2000 with patterns and antecedents discernible before the century began and that continue to be elaborated today.

Comprehensive, current, and affordable, Europe's Long Century integrates the histories of Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, and the Balkans that are often neglected in similar treatments. It also thoroughly covers the role of science in shaping modern European life, and the book's "biographical sketches" profile the lives of important--though not always well known--people who influenced Europe's long century.

About the Author(s)

Spencer Di Scala is Professor of History and past graduate program director at University of Massachusetts Boston. He is the author of several books, including Italy from Revolution to Republic (2009), European Political Thought: 1815-1989 (1998), Italian Socialism Between Politics and History (1996), and Renewing Italian Socialism: Nenni to Craxi (OUP, 1988).

Reviews

"In Europe's Long Century, Spencer Di Scala persuasively argues that the last hundred years of European history was not a 'short century,' one marked only by the rise and fall of communism. A longer history was unfolding. The trends and main issues we are coping with today have deep roots: science and its dilemmas, migrations, ethnic and religious conflicts, and the hopes and disillusions of an integrated Europe in a multipolar world. Di Scala has written an innovative, comprehensive, and courageous book. After reading it, we know more of our history and more of ourselves."--Giuliano Amato, former Prime Minister of Italy and Professor Emeritus at the European University Institute of Florence

"Europe's Long Century is in the front ranks of modern European textbooks. It is accessible and engaging, and is the product of substantial research and reflection. This book delves into geographic and thematic corners of the continent that are often neglected. And while comprehensive in its coverage, it manages to remain concise."--John Cox, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

"Europe's Long Century is a well-written survey that nicely balances relevant themes and countries/regions covered. It gives students the necessary tools for doing further research. Each chapter is clear and concise, written in straightforward language. This will be a real asset for students and instructors alike."--David A. Messenger, University of Wyoming

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    List of Maps
    List of Abbreviations

    INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS EUROPE?

    Europe as a Cultural Conception
    The Idea of Europe and Christianity
    The European Ideal Becomes Secularized
    Hegemony versus Consensus
    The Ideal of Unity between the Two World Wars
    The European Concept during the Late Twentieth Century
    A Post-Cold War Perspective

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY

    PART ONE: THE EUROPEAN AGE

    1. DECEMBER 14, 1900

    The Twentieth Century: Science and Ideology
    European Society
    Changing Cultural and Political Outlooks

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Anna Kuliscioff Cofounder of Italian Socialism
    Max Planck An Upright German

    2. THE DEMOCRACIES AND THEIR DILEMMAS

    Britain: Accommodation and Militancy
    France Muddles Through
    Italian Democracy in the Making

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Emmeline Pankhurst "Votes for Women!"
    Jean-Joseph-Marie-Auguste Jaurès Martyr

    3. THE AUTHORITARIAN STATES

    The German Empire: Greater Prussia
    "That Ramshackle Realm": Austria-Hungary
    Imperial Russia: "Institutions Are of No Importance"

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht of Hohenzollern Failure
    Karl Lueger Mayor of Vienna

    4. FOREIGN POLICIES

    Britain: Managing Decline
    World Policy (Weltpolitik)
    France's Lost Provinces
    Showdown in the Balkans
    Italy Searches for Security

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Théophile Delcassé Warrior Diplomat
    Francis Joseph of Hapsburg Unlucky

    5. EUROPEAN PERIPHERIES

    Scandinavia: An Ideal Unity
    Different Roads: The Low Countries
    The Making of a Conservative: Switzerland
    The Iberian States
    Southeastern Europe

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Niels Henrik David Bohr "Uncle Nick"
    Émile Vandervelde Evolutionary Socialist

    PART TWO: END OF HEGEMONY

    6. WORLD WAR


    Imperialism and Diplomacy: From Crisis to Crisis
    History of a History: Causes of World War I
    Combat!
    The Home Fronts
    The War Ends

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley A Casualty of War
    Erich Maria Remarque "But now, for the first time, people learned what it was really like"

    7. WAR'S IMMEDIATE IMPACT: RUSSIAN AND OTHER REVOLUTIONS

    War and the Russian Revolutions

    The German Revolution
    End of the War in Germany
    The Struggle for Power
    Foundation of the Weimar Republic
    Revolution in Austria
    The Hungarian Revolution
    Continuous Rebellion: Artists and Scientists

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Vladimir Ilych Ulyanov A Sealed Train
    Rosa Luxemburg Marxist Martyr

    8. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE

    The Paris Peace Conference
    The Territorial Consequences
    Economic Consequences
    The Moral Consequences
    The League of Nations

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Georges Clemenceau Tiger
    Sidney Sonnino Failed Diplomatist

    9. HARD LANDINGS: FROM CRISIS TO FALSE PROSPERITY

    Britain: Back to 1914
    France's Quest for Security
    Italy: From "Red Biennium" to Fascism
    Weimar's Three Original Sins
    The USSR: The Crisis of NEP

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    John Maynard Keynes Savior of Capitalism
    Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini Young Rebel

    PART THREE: AN AGE OF DICTATORS

    10. THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE LIBERAL DEMOCRACIES


    The Great Depression
    British Democracy
    Troubled France
    Scandinavia: Toward Social Democracy
    Marking Time: The Low Countries and Switzerland

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    James Ramsay MacDonald Labour's "Nonperson" Prime Minister
    Léon Blum Popular Front

    11. THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRACY IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN EUROPE

    The Victors of the Versailles Settlement
    The Versailles Settlement's Losers
    The Aegean and the Adriatic

    Iberia

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Josef Klemens Pilsudski Polish Dictator
    Thomas Garrigue Masaryk European Democrat

    12. MUSSOLINI'S FASCISM

    Fascist Practice
    Fascist Ideology

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Edmondo Rossoni Fascist Labor
    Margherita Sarfatti "Dictator of the Figurative Arts"

    13. STALIN'S COMMUNISM

    Communist Ideology
    Communist Practice

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin Communist Theoretician
    Alexandra Mikhaylovna Kollontai "Red Rose of the Revolution"

    14. THE NAZI ASSAULT ON WEIMAR

    Weimar's Crumbling Support
    Ascent of the Nazi Party
    The Collapse of Weimar
    Installing the Dictatorship

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Adolf Hitler Down and Out in Vienna
    Franz von Papen Politico

    15. HITLER'S NAZISM

    Foundations of Nazism
    Kristallnacht
    Nazi Theory and Practice
    Everyday Life

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Gertrud Scholtz-Klink Unrepentant!
    Hermann Goering Nazi Chieftain

    16. INTERWAR SOCIETY AND CULTURE

    Society
    Entertainment and High Culture
    Technology and Society
    Pure Science: Revolution and Travail

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Ettore Majorana The Enduring Mystery
    Lise Meitner The Role of Insight

    17. DIPLOMACY BETWEEN THE WARS: THE COLLAPSE OF PEACE

    The Continent in the 1920s
    Correcting Versailles
    The Hitler Revolution
    From Crisis to Crisis
    A New War

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Gustav Stresemann Fulfillment
    Aristide Briand Man of Peace, "Father of Europe"

    18. THE GERMAN TIDE OVER EUROPE

    Confrontation
    German Successes
    The Home Fronts

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Heinz Wilhelm Guderian Panzer General
    Maurice Gustave Gamelin Historical Footnote

    19. INSIDE HITLER'S EUROPE: MILITARY OCCUPATION AND GENOCIDE

    Short and Long-Term Aims
    Military Occupation in the East
    Military Occupation in the West
    The Holocaust
    Genocide

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Heinrich Himmler "Architect of Genocide"
    Primo Levi 174517

    20. HOW THE WAR WAS WON

    Weapons
    Battles
    Resistance
    The Future
    Ideology: Nationalism's Handmaiden?

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Erwin Rommel The Desert Fox
    Bernard Law Montgomery Hero of El Alamein

    [End Volume 1 / Begin Volume 2]

    PART FOUR: DUAL EUROPE

    21. MAKING POSTWAR EUROPE

    Soviet Dominance in the East
    The West: American Influence
    The Cold War

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Klement Gottwald Stalinist
    Josip Broz Tito Communist Nationalist

    22. ECONOMIC INTEGRATION AND POLITICAL STABILIZATION IN THE WEST

    Defense Mechanisms
    Economic Integration
    The Community: New Europe's Core
    Associated Countries

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Jean Monnet Cognac and Europe
    Konrad Adenauer Senior Statesman

    23. FAILURE OF EFTA AND EXPANSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

    EFTA
    Characteristics of the Seven
    The Disappearing Periphery

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    James Harold Wilson Reluctant European
    Kurt Waldheim Austria in the Dock

    24. DECOLONIZATION

    Origins of Decolonization
    Death by War
    Failed Transformations

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Frantz Fanon Language, Peasants, and Revolution

    25. STALINISM AND "ACTUALLY EXISTING SOCIALISM"

    Guiding Principles
    The East European Revolution
    Stalinism in Eastern Europe
    "Actually Existing Socialism" in the USSR

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Georgi Dimitrov Master in Ideology
    Ana Rabinovici Pauker Communist Nonperson

    26. DE-STALINIZATION AND DESTABILIZATION

    Stalin's Successors
    Destabilization in Eastern Europe
    Khrushchev's Dilemma
    Restricted Decentralization

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Nikita Sergeievich Khrushchev Peasant Wit
    Alexander Dubcek Brief Spring

    27. THE SHIFTING ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK AND POLITICAL CHANGE IN THE WEST

    Economic Quandaries
    The Thatcher Era in Britain
    Mitterrand's "Unintended Revolution"
    Italy's Triple Revolution
    Keeping the Balance in Germany
    Meeting the Challenge

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Margaret Hilda Roberts Thatcher No Interpreter Needed
    François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand "A Very Good Dancer"

    28. CULTURAL CHANGE AND EXTREMISM IN THE WEST

    Expanding Opportunities and Growing Protest
    Discontent in the West
    The 1968 Revolts
    Terrorism and Society
    Growth of Feminism
    Return to Normalcy
    The Greens

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Mara Cagol Co-Founder, Red Brigades
    Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand e Beauvoir, Philosopher-Feminist

    29. CONTINUITY AND CHANGE

    Scandinavian Social Democracy
    Central Europe
    The Lesser-Developed Countries
    European Union: The Acceleration of History

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Joerg Haider Embarrassment or Admonition?
    Andreas Papandreou Democratic Fighter

    30. EVOLUTION OF SOCIETY

    Postwar Society
    Discontent in the West
    The Changing Family
    Immigration

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    John XXIII "The Good Pope"
    Boris Pasternak Doctor Zhivago

    31. CULTURAL DIMENSIONS

    Science and Technology
    European Culture
    Euromarxism

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Jean-Paul Sartre Model of an Intellectual
    Arcangela Felice Assunta Wertmüller von Elgg Spanol von Braucich Outrageous!

    32. STAGNATION AND FAILED REFORM IN THE EAST

    Stagnation in the Soviet Union
    Beginning the End: Poland
    Mikhail Gorbachev's Failed Revolution

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov "Our Regime Resembles A Cancer Cell"
    Nicolae Ceausescu Gigantomania

    33. THE COLLAPSE OF COMMUNISM

    Why the Dominoes Fell
    The Process of Collapse I: Implosion
    The Process of Collapse II: Explosion
    The Process of Collapse III: Russia versus the Soviet Union

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
    Václav Havel Velvet Revolution
    Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin Maverick

    34. EUROPE IN A GLOBAL AGE: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

    The New Germany
    The New Russia
    The Balkan and Southeastern Hot Spots
    Unfinished Business
    The European Union's March
    The Larger East European Economies and the EU
    What Is Europe?

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY
    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES