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Cover

Europe in the Modern World

A New Narrative History

Second Edition

Author Edward Berenson

Publication Date - July 2020

ISBN: 9780190078850

864 pages
Paperback
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $74.99

A narrative history of Western Civilization that vividly connects the European past to larger trends in world history

Description

Europe in the Modern World, Second Edition, is an engaging narrative history of Europe since 1500. Written by an award-winning teacher and scholar, it highlights the major episodes of the European past and vividly connects those episodes to major international events. Each chapter opens with a compelling biographical sketch that gives the book's ideas a vibrant, human face.

Europe in the Modern World pays considerably more attention to economic history than other textbooks do, demonstrating the role that economic developments--and the political, social, and cultural responses to them--play in shaping the political and social life of a given age. By taking politics and economics seriously while doing justice to social and cultural life, this unique book explains the key phenomena of the Western past with clarity and verve. It reads not like a typical academic text, but more like the best narrative history.

New to this Edition

  • A completely rewritten Chapter 2 opens with a new biography --of Roxelana, the wife of the Ottoman emperor Süleyman the Magnificent--and features a more extensive discussion on the Ottoman Empire. It also examines each of the states it covers as an empire, in one form or another; fully integrates material on Spain's American empire into the main discussion of Spain; and does the same for England, France, the Habsburgs, and Russia.
  • A completely new Chapter 3, "The Crises of the Seventeenth Century," is framed by the extraordinary global cooling of the time and shows the connections linking the major events of the century: the Thirty Years' War, the two regicides and four deposed sultans in the Ottoman Empire, the "great shaking" in Russia, the Fronde in France, the civil war and two revolutions in England/Scotland/Ireland, and the Cossack massacres of Jews in the Ukrainian part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • Chapter 4 includes a more in-depth discussion of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II and "Enlightened Despotism"
  • Chapter 5 offers more coverage of the reverberations of the French Revolution in Germany and the Habsburg empire
  • Chapter 7 incorporates important revisionist work on the Austrian empire
  • Chapter 9 has more, and substantially revised, material on Austria-Hungary, the Dual Monarchy, and nationalism
  • Chapter 10 includes a new section on the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919
  • Chapter 13 includes a brief section on World War II in the Pacific, and Chapter 14 opens with a new biography of Ho Chi Minh
  • An updated and expanded Epilogue covers recent developments including the coronavirus pandemic, Brexit, the Yellow Vest Movement, and recent issues in Ukraine

Features

  • Each chapter opens with a compelling biographical sketch--from the Ottoman queen, Roxelana, to Haitian revolutionary Toussaint Louverture, to Nazi documentary film director Leni Riefenstahl--that gives the book's ideas a vibrant, human face
  • Connects the European past to larger trends in world history, situating historical events in Europe with larger developments including the growth of empires in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the Little Ice Age of the seventeenth century, and the development of industrialized societies in the nineteenth century
  • Refocuses Western history so that major economic developments are given the attention they deserve
  • Offers analysis in line with New Political History, bringing major developments of political ideas, warfare, and religion to the forefront
  • Treats Eastern Europe and Scandinavia as integral and constitutive elements of European history--states and empires including Sweden, Poland-Lithuania, Prussia, and Russia receive treatment that is comparable to the coverage given to their counterparts in Western Europe
  • The text is supplemented by the new edition of its accompanying sourcebook, now retitled Sources and Writing Exercises for Europe in the Modern World, which has been extensively revised by new coeditor Allison Belzer and comes packaged for free with this text. The sourcebook includes approximately eighty-five primary sources tied to the text, along with writing exercises that guide students, step by step, toward effective, polished prose.

About the Author(s)

Edward Berenson is Chair and Professor of History at New York University. He is an accomplished teacher, having received the American Historical Association's Eugene Asher Distinguished Teaching Award and UCLA's Distinguished Teaching Award. His contributions to French studies and to Franco-American understanding earned him a prestigious decoration from former French President Jacques Chirac: Knight in the Order of Merit (2006). Berenson has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Social Science Research Council, and he is the author or editor of eight books.

Reviews

"Berenson has pulled off an impressive feat in telling the story and explaining the significance of modern European history clearly, comprehensively, and concisely. Students will be drawn into each chapter by reading introductory vignettes about historical figures whose lives encapsulate the main themes of the period."--Geoffrey Clark, The State University of New York at Potsdam

"Europe in the Modern World clears the clutter and allows students to work on their narrative reading skills while engaging in the key themes of Western Civilization."--Matthew Lindaman, Winona State University

"I have not found another book that is better than Europe in the Modern World."--Sarah K. Danielsson, Queensborough Community College

Table of Contents

    List of Maps
    Preface
    About the Author

    INTRODUCTION
    Biography: Europa
    What and Where Is Europe?
    Why History?
    Europe in 1450-1500
    Agriculture, Industry, and Trade in 1450-1500
    Religion, Culture, and Intellectual Life in 1450-1500
    The Structure of This Book

    CHAPTER 1. THE AGE OF RELIGIOUS REFORM, 1490-1648
    Biography: Martin Luther
    The Beginnings of Religious Change
    The Protestand Reformation
    Luther and Religious Reforms in Germany
    Zwingli and the Radicalization of Religious Reform
    Thomas M:untzer's Radical Anabaptism
    ---Anabaptism and the Peasants' War
    ---The Politics of Religious Strife
    Calvinism
    Predestination and the Creation of a Calvinist Church
    The French Religious
    Wars
    Ohter Calvinist Gains
    The Protestand Transformation in England
    The Catholic Reformation
    The Catholic Recovery
    The Council of Trent
    The Jesuits
    The Counter-Reformation
    The Thirty Years' War
    Reformation Society and Culture
    Witchcraft
    The Visual Arts

    Conclusion: The Reformation's Outcomes and Results

    CHAPTER 2. STATES AND EMPIRES, 1500-1715
    Biography: Roxelana, the Ottoman Queen
    The Ottoman Empire
    The Rise of the Ottoman Empire
    The Expansion of the Ottoman Empire
    Spain and the Spanish Empire
    The Columbian Exchange
    The Troubled Government of Spain
    Portugal and the Portuguese Empire
    The Netherlands and the Dutch Private Enterprise Empire
    Dutch Independence
    The Dutch Empire

    England and the British Empire
    England's Political Institutions
    The Beginnings of the British Empire
    The British Empire in North America
    France and the French Empire
    French Political Institutions: The Nobility and the King
    A New Nobility
    The French Empire
    Slavery and Race
    The Russian Empire
    Sweden and the Swedish Empire
    The Emergence of a Strong Swedish State
    Sweden Becomes a Regional Power

    Germany and the Holy Roman Empire
    Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary: The Limits of Habsburg Authority
    Poland-Lithuania
    Prussia
    Conclusion: The Rise and Decline of European Empires

    CHAPTER 3. CRISES OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
    Biography: Louis XIV
    Upheavals of the Seventeenth Century
    The Little Ice Age
    Wars of the Seventeenth Century
    Germany and the Thirty Years' War
    Russia in the Seventeenth Century
    The Decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
    The Rise and Fall of the Swedish Empire
    The Ottoman Empire Confronts the Little Ice Age
    France and the Crisis of the Seventeenth Century
    The Fronde
    Absolutism and Its Limits
    The Wars of Louis XIV, 1660s to 1714

    England's Road to Revolution and Civil War
    English Protestantism Divides in Two
    The English Civil War
    The English Revolution
    The Restoration

    Conclusion: Global Cooling and Its Turbulent Effects

    CHAPTER 4. SCIENCE AND ENLIGHTENMENT, 1600-1789
    Biography: Galileo
    A Scientific Revolution?
    The World as Machine
    The Experimental Method
    Descartes and the Quest for
    Certainty
    Isaac Newton: The Way Gravity Works

    "Enlightenment": From the Natural World to the Study of Humankind
    "What Is Enlightenment?"
    Natural Law and the Nature of Human Beings
    Locke, Mandeville, and the Scottish Enlightenment
    Rousseau and Natural Man
    Civilization and "Primitive" Man
    Rationality and the Critique of Religion
    National Differences in Enlightenment Thought
    Voltaire and the Critique of Religion in France
    The Theory and Practice of Government\
    Women and the New Philosophy

    Conclusion: The Accomplishments of the Enlightenment

    CHAPTER 5. THE ERA OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1750-1815
    Biography: Toussaint Louverture
    Origins of the French Revolution
    The Financial Crisis
    The Political Crisis
    The
    Public Opinion Crisis
    The Crisis of Frustrated Expectations
    France's New Social Structure

    The Revolution
    The Revolution Takes Off
    The Great Fear
    The Revolution Settles In
    Religion and Revolution
    The End of the Monarchy
    Civil War and Terror
    The End of the Terror
    The Directory, 1794-1799
    Britain, Russia, and the French Revolution
    Revolution in the French Empire

    Napoleon's European Empire
    Conclusion: The Legacy of the French Revolution

    CHAPTER 6. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, 1750-1850
    Biography: Richard Arkwright
    Origins of the Industrial Revolution: Why Britain?
    Britain's Urban, Market-Oriented, High-Wage Economy
    The Agricultural Revolution
    Coal: The Revolution in Energy
    The Rise
    of Cotton
    The Mechanization of Industry

    The Industrial Revolution Moves Beyond Cotton
    Economic Development Outside of Britain
    The Cultural and Political Origins of the Industrial Revolution
    Social Consequences of the Industrial Revolution
    The Lives of Working People
    Economic Instability and Its Consequences
    Changes in Family Life
    The Factory, Workers, and the Rise of the Labor Movement

    Economic Liberalism
    Conclusion: The Limits of Britain's Industrial Revolution

    CHAPTER 7. CONSERVATION, REFORM, AND REVOLUTION, 1815-1852
    Biography: George Sand
    Restoration?
    The Congress of Vienna
    The Peace Settlement
    The Slave Trade

    New Ideologies of the Post-Revolutionary Period
    Conservatism
    Liberalism

    Romanticism
    Democracy
    Socialism
    Feminism
    Nationalism

    Political Systems and the Quest for Reform
    The Autocracies: Austria, Russia, and Prussia
    Prussia and the Non-Habsburg German States
    Revolution in Spain and Italy
    France: The Rise of Constitutional Monarchy
    The French Revolution of 1830
    Rebellions in the Low Countries, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, and the Ottoman Empire

    Britain: Social Change and Political Reform
    1848: Europe in Revolution
    The Revolution Begins
    The Spread of Revolution

    Conclusion: The Meaning of 1848

    CHAPTER 8. FROM NATIONAL UNIFICATION TO RELIGIOUS REVIVIAL, 1850-1880
    Biography: Otto von Bismarck
    The New Industrialization
    A New Prosperity?
    Urbanization and
    the Urban World
    The Redevelopment of Paris
    Europe's Worldwide Economic Role

    Political Change
    Prosperity and Empire in France
    The Crimean War
    The Eclipse of Russia

    National Unification
    The Unification of Italy
    The Unification of Germany
    Consequences of the German Unification

    --The Creation of Austria-Hungary, 1867
    --The New French Republic
    Marxism and the Opposition to Capitalism
    Trade Unions, Women's Rights, and the Rise of Socialist Parties
    Positivism, Evolution, and the Hegemony of Science
    Religion in the Modern World
    Popular Culture
    Conclusion: A New European Balance of Power

    CHAPTER 9. EUROPEAN SOCIETY AND THE ROAD TO WAR, 1880-1914
    Biography: Maria Montessori
    Life and Death and the Movement of People
    Economic Change during the Long Depression, 1873-1893
    The Agricultural Crisis
    The Industrial Economy Matures
    Britain's Relative Decline
    Technology and the Flurry of Inventions
    Tariffs and the Rise of Economic Nationalism

    Politics and Political Change
    Britain: The Practice of Liberalism
    France: The Achievement of a Democratic Republic
    Germany: The Persistence of Authoritarian and Aristocratic Rule
    Social Reform in Germany

    Imperialism and Empire
    Why Imperialism?
    Nationalist Reactions to Imperialism
    The Empire at Home
    From Missionaries to the "Civilizing Mission"
    Russia, Austria, and the Balkans
    Austria-Hungary: Nationalism and the Empire

    "Politics in a New Key": Anti-Semitism and the Extreme Right
    Anti-Semitism in Russia and France
    The Dreyfus Affair

    Feminism and the New Woman
    Origins of the First World War
    The Road to War
    Morocco and the Balkans

    Conclusion: Europe Plunges into the Abyss

    CHAPTER 10. THE FIRST WORLD WAR, 1914-1919
    Biography: Siegfried Sassoon
    The Outbreak of War
    The Battles of the Marne and Ypres
    The Western Front
    Trench Warfare
    The Battles of Verdun and the Somme
    The Eastern Front
    The War Outside Europe and at Sea
    War in Africa and the Ottoman Empire
    The Middle Eastern Campaign

    The War against Civilians
    German Responses to the Economic Blockade
    Consent for the War
    The Home Front
    Women's Contributions to the War
    Wartime Propaganda

    From Protest to Mutiny
    The American Intervention
    Both Sides Prepare for All-Out Victory
    The Allied Victory
    Germany's Aborted Revolution
    The Treaty of Versailles
    Conclusion: Results of the First World War

    CHAPTER 11. THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND THE RISE OF THE SOVIET UNION, 1905-1940
    Biography: Aleksandra Kollontai
    Origins of the Russian Revolution
    The Travails of Agricultural and Industrial Life
    The Radical Intelligentsia
    The Revolution of 1905

    The Russian Revolution
    Lenin and the Bolsheviks
    The Failure of the Moderate Revolution

    The New Soviet Regime
    The Russian Civil War
    Outcome of the Russian Civil War
    The Rise of the Soviet Union
    The New Economic Policy
    Stalin and the End of NEP

    Stalin's Revolution
    The Five-Year Plans
    The Social Consequences of Stalin's Revolution
    The Cultural Revolution
    The Great Purge

    Conclusion: The Rise of a Powerful Communist State

    CHAPTER 12. FASCISM AND NAZISM: MASS POLITICS AND MASS CULTURE, 1919-1939
    Biography: Leni Riefenstahl
    The Failure of Liberalism and Democracy after World War I
    The Fragility of Postwar Parliamentary Regimes
    Intellectuals' Disillusionment with Liberalism and Democracy

    The Dangers of Mass Politics
    The Rise of Fascism in Italy
    Italy's Fascist Regime
    Hitler and the Origins of the Nazi Movement
    Weimar Politics and the Rejection of Democracy
    Weimar's Undemocratic Institutions
    The Economic Crisis
    of 1923
    The Resolution of the German Crisis

    Media and Mass Culture in the Interwar Period
    The Cinema
    Radio
    Sports
    Women: Work, Domesticity, and the New "New Woman"
    The Great Depression
    Nazism
    The Nazi Takeover
    The Nazi Regime
    The Consolidation of Nazi Power
    The Nazi Dictatorship
    The New Regime: Dissent and Consent
    The Persecution of the Jews
    Economic Achievements
    Leisure for the Masses

    Conclusion: The Fascist "Revolution"?

    CHAPTER 13. THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939-1945
    Biography: Primo Levi
    The Enormity of the Second World War
    The Origins of the Second World War
    Political and Economic Decline in Britain
    Economy and Politics in France
    Germany Overturns the Treaty of
    Versailles
    The Spanish Civil War
    The Incorporation of Austria, the Munich Pact, and the Seizure of Czechoslovakia
    Prelude to the Second World War

    The War-Phase I: Hitler's Quest for Domination
    Hitler's Attack on the West
    From the Battle of Britain to the Early Campaigns in Greece, North Africa, and the Middle East
    Operation Barbarossa: The Invasion of Russia

    The War in Asia and the Pacific
    Hitler's Europe
    The Nazi Plans
    The Terrible Results
    The Exploitation of Europe

    Collaboration and Resistance
    The Case of France
    The Netherlands and Scandinavia
    Eastern Europe
    Communists and the Resistance: The Cases of Yugoslavia and Greece

    The Home Front in Britain and Germany
    The Holocaust
    The War--Phase II: The Allies Turn the Tide
    Stalingrad: The Great Turning Point of the War
    The Pacific War Turns Definitively Against Japan
    The Allied Invasions of the Continent

    The War-Phase III: From the Liberation of France to the Surrender of Germany
    The Atom Bomb and the End of the War in the Pacific
    Conclusion: The Consequences of the War

    CHAPTER 14. THE POSTWAR, 1945-1970
    Biography: Ho Chi Minh
    The Toll of the War
    Assessing Responsibility for the War
    The "German Question"
    The Cold War and the Division of Europe
    Economic Recovery
    The Marshall Plan
    The "Economic Miracle"

    The Communist Takeover in Eastern Europe
    The Hardening of the Cold War
    The Beginnings of European Cooperation
    Stalinist Politics and the Command Economy in Eastern Europe
    European Integration
    European Politics in the 1950s
    The End of Empire
    Southeast Asia
    South Asia
    Africa
    Algeria
    The Middle East

    The Soviet Union and Its Satellites, 1956-1970s
    The Consumer Society
    Religious Reform
    Disillusionment with Democracy and Consumerism
    The Student Revolt
    The 1960s in the East
    The End of the Postwar Economic Miracle

    Conclusion: A European Continent Reshaped

    CHAPTER 15. ECONOMIC DILEMMAS, EUROPEAN UNITY, AND THE COLLAPSE OF COMMUNISM, 1970-2010
    Biography: Mikhail Gorbachev
    Stagnation and Decline: The 1970s
    Stagflation
    Immigration and the Mounting Hostility to Workers from Abroad
    Fixing Stagflation
    The Politics of
    Terror
    The New Democracy in Greece, Portugal, and Spain
    New Political Movements: Feminism, Gay Rights, and Environmentalism
    Dissent and Decline in Eastern Europe
    The Helsinki Accords
    Economic Stagnation in the East

    The Collapse of Communism
    Gorbachev's Dramatic Reforms
    1989: The End of Communism in Eastern Europe

    European Unification and Its Discontents
    The Break-up of the Soviet Union
    The Violent Collapse of Yugoslavia
    The Challenges of Post-Communism
    German Reunification
    The Transformation in Eastern Europe and Russia

    Conclusion: A Fragile European Unity
    EPILOGUE. EUROPE IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
    Biography: Ayaan Hirsi Ali
    The New Terrorism in Europe
    Islam and the Russian Federation
    Russian Interventions in the Former Soviet Union
    The Crisis of the Eurozone
    Globalization and Neoliberalism
    The Financial Collapse of 2008 and the Great Recession
    Changing Attitudes Toward the European Union
    Brexit
    Mass Immigration and the Refugee Crisis

    Glossary
    Table of Contents for Sources for Europe in the Modern World
    About the Writing History Exercises
    Suggested Readings
    Credits
    Index

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