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Cover

Europe, 1890-1945

Crisis and Conflict

Robin W. Winks and R. J. Q. Adams

Publication Date - February 2003

ISBN: 9780195154504

320 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $74.99

Description

The first half of the twentieth century was of one of the most turbulent periods in Europe's history. While social theorists challenged orthodox ways of thinking about the establishment of a "good society," scientists offered up new visions of the workings of the universe. Women fought for increased power within the altered social landscape, and change and controversy reigned in the worlds of art and culture. The chaos of world politics ushered in the two great wars, which would forever alter Europe's position in the world.
Europe, 1890-1945 offers a concise, accessible overview of this tumultuous time period. It provides a clear outline of the political events that shaped the age and offers a discussion of the seismic shifts in social and cultural landscapes. Topics covered include the rise of modernism in the arts, Social Darwinism and its effects on theories of race, the making of "national" identities, the origins of the modern ecology movement, and the changing roles of women in an era of war and violence. The authors thoroughly analyze the causes and effects of the two great wars, while reaching beyond Europe to discuss the events in the United States, Africa, and Asia that contributed to the evolving face of world politics. With nine maps for easy reference, chapter summaries to aid in reader comprehension, a detailed chronology, and twenty-four photographs, Europe, 1890-1945 is an ideal text for undergraduate courses that explore the crisis and conflict that governed the early twentieth-century European world.

Table of Contents

    1. The New Age
    European Peoples
    The Creative Passion
    The New Sciences
    New Visions of Society
    Freud and the Science of the Mind
    New Women
    Summary
    2. The Modernization of Nations
    Political Ideas
    Britain: Toward Democracy and Crisis
    France: The Third Republic, 1890-1914
    Italy: Unity and Frustration
    Germany: The Nation-State
    Austria Hungary: Dividing Humanity into Nations
    Imperial Russia: The Struggle for Modernity
    The Autocratic Monarchies in 1914
    The United States: The Emerging Great Power
    Summary
    3. Great War, Great Revolution
    Causes of the War
    The Course of the War
    The Home Fronts
    The Peace Settlements
    The Russian Revolution of 1917
    The Environment
    Summary
    4. Between the Wars: A Twenty-Year Crisis
    The First Triumph of Fascism: Italy
    The Weimar Republic: Germany, 1918-1933
    Germany Under Hitler, 1933-1939
    Authoritarianism in Iberia
    Successor States to the Habsburg Empire
    Other Authoritarian Regimes in Europe
    The Soviet Union
    Summary
    5. The Democracies and the Non-Western World
    Great Britain
    France
    The United States
    The East Meets the West: Western History and World History
    Summary
    6. The Second World War and Its Aftermath
    International Politics Between the Wars
    The Road to War, 1931-1939
    World War II, 1939-1942
    Victory for the United Nations
    Aftermath
    Summary
    Chronology
    Suggested Readings