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Cover

Ethics Across the Professions

A Reader for Professional Ethics

Second Edition

Clancy Martin, Wayne Vaught, and Robert C. Solomon

Publication Date - February 2017

ISBN: 9780190298708

521 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $99.99

Classic and contemporary readings in professional ethics supported by illuminating introductions and a wide variety of case studies

Description

The most up-to-date professional ethics reader available, Ethics Across the Professions: A Reader for Professional Ethics, Second Edition, analyzes the complex ethical issues that arise in such fields as engineering, finance, healthcare, journalism, and law. Featuring a wide array of both classic and contemporary sources, it ranges from works by Aristotle and Kant to selections by Michael Bayles, Sissela Bok, Paul Ekman, and Thomas Nagel. The book is organized topically and includes detailed chapter introductions, several practical case studies at the end of each chapter, and provocative discussion questions. The second edition includes reading and discussion questions for each article, fifteen new articles, five new cases, and an expanded chapter on philosophical ethics, including feminist ethics.

New to this Edition

  • New discussion and study questions to accompany every article
  • An expanded chapter on philosophical ethics, including feminist ethics
  • Fourteen new articles and five new cases
  • Substantially revised and updated chapters that reflect emerging challenges in ethics

About the Author(s)

Clancy Martin is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. Martin has authored, coauthored, and edited several books in philosophy, including Love and Lies: An Essay on Truthfulness, Deceit, and the Growth and Care of Erotic Love (2015), Honest Work, Third Edition (OUP, 2013), and The Philosophy of Deception (OUP, 2009).

Wayne Vaught is Dean for College of Arts & Sciences, Professor of Philosophy and Medicine, and Director of the Center for Applied and Professional Ethics at University of Missouri-Kansas City. Professor Vaught has published articles on bioethics for The Journal of Clinical Ethics, Theoretical Ethics and Bioethics, and the Hastings Center Report.

The late Robert C. Solomon was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Business and Philosophy and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He was the author or editor of more than forty books.

Previous Publication Date(s)

October 2009

Reviews

"Ethics Across the Professions, Second Edition, is the total package. It offers a strong introduction to moral theory, readings by well-known authors, case studies based on contemporary issues in professional ethics, and enough selections to tailor a course to the instructor's interests/focus."--Mark Vopat, Youngstown State University

"If you want a reader (rather than a single-author text), this is the best on the market. It covers all the basics across a range of professions, and the readings are not too long. And students won't come to class the first day hating you because the book's price gave them sticker shock."-- Theodore Gracyk, Minnesota State University Moorhead

"This book does a particularly good job of demonstrating how similar ethical issues recur in multiple professional settings. It also provides an excellent opportunity for students to engage with the kinds of ethical dilemmas they will likely face in their future professional careers."--Erica Neely, Ohio Northern University

"Ethics Across the Professions has the best selection and quality of articles of any of the professional ethics textbooks."--Carl Miller III, Fort Hays State University

"This book provides a wonderful theoretical filter to help students understand the primary moral issues, dilemmas, and questions of our time in a clear, interesting, and accessible way."--Deborah Mower, Youngstown State University

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Preface
    1. What Is It to Be a Professional? The Professions, Leadership, and Work
    Henry Mintzberg, The Professional Organization
    Michael D. Bayles, The Professions
    Michael Davis, Professional Responsibility: Just Following the Rules?
    Joanne B. Ciulla, What Is Good Leadership?
    Richard A. Wasserstrom, Lawyers as Professionals: Some Moral Issues
    Samuel Gorovitz , Good Doctors
    * Preston Stovall, Professional Virtue, Professional Self-Awareness, and Engineering Ethics
    CASES
    Case 1.1: "Professionalism and Nursing"
    Case 1.2: Nick Denton, "Less Heat, More Light"
    Case 1.3: Michael C. Loui, "The Professional Engineer"
    2. How to Be Ethical
    * Walter Stace, On Ethical Relativism
    Aristotle, On the Good Life
    Plato, The Ring of Gyges
    Thomas Hobbes, Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery
    Thomas Hobbes, Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts
    Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
    John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
    * John Dewey, The Construction of Good
    * Virginia Held, On Feminist Ethics
    CASES
    Case 2.1: James Rachels, "The Prisoner's Dilemma"
    Case 2.2: Bernard Williams, "George, Jim, and Utilitarianism"
    3. Professional Duties, Clients' Rights
    Michael D. Bayles, The Professional-Client Relationship
    Joel J. Kupperman, Autonomy and the Very Limited Role of Advocacy in the Classroom
    John Wesley Hall, Jr., Professional Responsibility for Lawyers
    John K. Davis, Conscientious Refusal and a Doctor's Right to Quit
    Monroe H. Freedman, Solicitation of Clients: The Professional Responsibility to Chase Ambulances
    Julie Cantor and Ken Baum, The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?
    Alan Meisel and Mark Kuczewski, Legal and Ethical Myths about Informed Consent
    Judge Spotswood W. Robinson, III, Opinion in Canterbury v. Spence
    * Gerald Andrews Emison, American Pragmatism as a Guide for Professional Ethical Conduct for Engineers
    CASES
    Case 3.1: Edwin J. Perkins, "The Booming Twenties"
    Case 3.2: Megan Rickel, "An Apple a Day"
    Case 3.3: Allison Stevens, "Target at the Center of Battle over Plan B"
    4. Truth, Lies, and Deception
    * Clancy Martin, A Brief Introduction to the Morality of Deception
    Robert C. Solomon, Is It Ever Right to Lie?
    Joseph S. Ellin, Special Professional Morality and the Duty of Veracity
    Paul Ekman and Mark G. Frank, Lies That Fail
    Sissela Bok, Lying and Lies to the Sick and Dying
    Joseph Collins, Should Doctors Tell the Truth?
    Ronald H. Stein, Lying and Deception for Counselors and Clients
    Benjamin Freedman, Offering Truth: One Ethical Approach to the Uninformed Cancer Patient
    Burton M. Leiser, Truth in the Marketplace
    CASES
    Case 4.1: Stephen Hess, "Lying (for Journalists)"
    Case 4.2: Mary R. Anderlik, Rebecca D. Pentz, and Kenneth R. Hess, "Revisiting the Truth-Telling Debate: A Study of Disclosure Practices at a Major Cancer Center"
    Case 4.3: Robert C. Solomon, "Flying or Lying in Business Class"
    Case 4.4: Robert C. Solomon, "Willful Ignorance? Or Deception?"
    * Case 4.5: Byron Waller, "Clients Telling the Truth as They Know It"
    5. Privacy and Confidentiality
    Mary Beth Armstrong, Confidentiality: A Comparison Across the Professions of Medicine, Engineering, and Accounting
    Sissela Bok, The Limits of Confidentiality
    * Kenneth Kipnis, A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality
    Alan Donagan, Justifying Legal Practice in the Adversary System: A Look at Confidentiality
    Wayne Vaught, Parents, Lies, and Videotape: Covert Video Surveillance in Pediatric Care
    * Jesper Ryberg, Privacy Rights, Crime Prevention, CCTV and the Life of Mrs. Aremac
    * Bo Brinkman, An Analysis of Student Privacy Rights in the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems
    CASES
    Case 5.1: Oliver Mytton, "Should Doctors Talk to Relatives Without a Competent Patient's Consent?"
    Case 5.2: R. Jeffrey Smith, "DeLay PAC Is Indicted for Illegal Donations: Corporate Gifts Aided GOP in Texas Races"
    Case 5.3: Dwight Garner, "You're a Voyeur, I'm a Voyeur"
    Case 5.4: Philip H. Albert, "Trade Secrets: It's Not Who You Know"
    6. Integrity, Secrecy, and Trust
    Sissela Bok, Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibility
    Michael Davis, Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing
    Ronald Duska, Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty
    Robert C. Solomon and Fernando Flores, Building Trust
    Lynne McFall, Integrity
    Cheshire Calhoun, Standing for Something
    Amy Gutmann, Can Virtue Be Taught to Lawyers?
    Sissela Bok, Defining Secrecy--Some Crucial Distinctions
    Thomas Nagel, Ruthlessness in Public Life
    Josiah Royce, Loyalty
    Bernard Williams, Politics and Moral Character
    CASES
    Case 6.1: Charles F. Squire, "Is It Ethical to Criticize Other Dentists' Work?"
    Case 6.2: Megan Rickel, "Blowing the Whistle in Iraq"
    Case 6.3: Myron Glazer, "Ten Whistleblowers and How They Fared"
    Case 6.4: Mimi Swants and Sherron Watkins, "Winners and Losers"
    Case 6.5: Megan Rickel, "Chatty Doctors"
    7. Professionalism and Social Responsibility
    Bowen H. McCoy, The Parable of the Sadhu
    John Rawls, Justice as Fairness
    Peter Singer, Rich and Poor
    Peter Singer, What Should a Billionaire Give--And What Should You?
    Tom Tomlinson, Caring for Risky Patients: Duty or Virtue
    Dalai Lama, The Ethic of Compassion
    Amartya Sen, The Economics of Poverty
    Rachel Smolkin, Off the Sidelines
    CASES
    Case 7.1: Arianna Huffington, "Pigs on Parade: Power, Perks, and Impunity"
    Case 7.2: Suzanne Gamboa, "Groups Debate Costs of Educating Illegal Immigrant Children"
    Case 7.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "The Fordasaurus"
    Case 7.4: Plato, "The Carpenter and the Cobbler"
    * Case 7.5: J. Dwyer and D. F-C. Tsai, "Developing the Duty to Treat: HIV, SARS, and the Next Epidemic"
    Case 7.6: Virginia G. Maurer, "Corporate Social Responsibility and the 'Divided Corporate Self': The Case of Chiquita in Columbia"
    8. Conflicts of Interest and Government Regulation
    C.S. Lewis, The Inner Ring
    Adam Bellow, Nepotism in American Business
    * Stephen Coleman, Conflict of Interest and Police: An Unavoidable Problem
    * Daniel S. Goldberg, Concussions, Professional Sports, and Conflicts of Interest: Why the National Football League's Current Policies are Bad for Its (Players') Health
    Richard T. De George, Ethical Issues for Accountants
    Jason E. Klein and Alan R. Fleischman, The Private Practicing Physician-Investigator: Ethical Implications of Clinical Research in the Office Setting
    Karen Sanders, Ethics and Journalism
    * Maude Laliberté and Anne Hudon, Do Conflicts of Interest Create a New Professional Norm? Physical Therapists and Workers' Compensation
    Rebecca Dresser, Plan B: Politics and Values at the FDA, Again
    David Orentlicher and Lois Snyder, Can Assisted Suicide Be Regulated?
    Kenneth J. Arrow, Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiency
    * John Corvino, "Under God's Authority": Professional Responsibility, Religious Accommodations, and the Culture Wars
    CASES
    Case 8.1: Scott J. Turner, "Drug Company Gifts: Marketing Technique Poses Ethical Questions for Some"
    Case 8.2: Maria Merritt, "Moral Conflict in Clinical Trials"
    Case 8.3: Albert Camus, "Quarantine Ethics"
    Case 8.4: George J. Annas, "'Culture of Life': Politics at the Bedside--The Case of Terri Schiavo"