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Ethical Choices

An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases

Second Edition

Richard Burnor and Yvonne Raley

Publication Date - June 2017

ISBN: 9780190464509

384 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $44.95

A concise and accessible introduction to ethical theories, featuring a large variety of real-life case studies

Description

Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases, Second Edition, provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion.

Each chapter includes compelling case studies that are carefully matched with the theoretical material. Many of these cases address issues that students can relate directly to their own lives: the drinking age, student credit card debt, zero tolerance policies, grade inflation, and video games. Other cases discuss current topics like living wills, obesity, human trafficking, torture "lite," universal health care, and just-war theory. The cases provide students with practice in addressing real-life moral choices, as well as opportunities to evaluate the usefulness and applicability of each ethical theory. Every case study concludes with a set of "Thought Questions" to guide students as they reflect upon the issues raised by that case.

New to this Edition

  • Thoroughly rewritten and reedited for greater readability, flow, and accessibility
  • A revised and reorganized presentation of the material in Part 1 provides a more streamlined and intuitive introduction to moral reasoning
  • New "For Discussion" questions now follow each main section of every chapter, rather than appearing at chapter ends
  • A reorganized presentation of Natural Law and Social Contract Theory and Rights splits these two topics into separate chapters, replacing the prior edition's chapter on Natural Law and Natural Rights and providing greater flexibility for instructors
  • New material on several topics, including moral psychology, social contract theory, feminist ethics, business ethics, medical ethics, and environmental ethics
  • A glossary of key terms at the end of the book

Features

  • Balanced and highly accessible coverage of a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives, including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion
  • Compelling case studies in every chapter, carefully matched with the theoretical material, provide students with practice in addressing real-life moral choices, as well as opportunities to evaluate the usefulness and applicability of each ethical theory
  • Thought Questions at the conclusion of each case study guide students as they reflect upon the issues raised by that case
  • Numerous pedagogical features--including summaries at the end of each major section of a chapter, lists of key terms, For Discussion questions at the end of each chapter, Guidelines for a Case Study Analysis, and suggestions For Further Reading that include Internet sources--aid in student study and understanding of the material

About the Author(s)

Richard Burnor is Professor of Philosophy at Felician College. Dr. Burnor has also published articles in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, and teaching philosophy.

Yvonne Raley is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Felician College and has published articles in metaphysics and ethics.

Reviews

"It's clear that the authors are excellent teachers: the details they include in the text, and the apparatus surrounding the text, are obviously designed by people who have spent ample time thinking about how best to connect with undergraduates. The cases themselves are great: current; containing enough detail without being overly complex; and followed by good questions."--Bob Fischer, Texas State University

"Ethical Choices is extremely comprehensive, super clear, and very practically oriented."--Bas van der Vossen, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

"As an introduction to ethical theory, this book is thorough in coverage, unusually concise in its treatment of topics while still being conceptually sound, clearly presented, and yet with fewer total pages compared to other books in the area. It has pedagogically and practically useful study questions and case studies."--Dana Flint, Lincoln University

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Guidelines
    PART I. INTRODUCTION: THEORY AND PRACTICE
    Chapter One. Ethics and Values
    I. Extraordinary and Ordinary Morals
    II. The Nature of Values
    III. Moral Vs. Non-Moral Values
    IV. Foundational and Instrumental Values
    V. Explanation and Foundational Values
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Breastfeeding in Public
    Case 2: The Real Price of Coffee
    Case 3: Jurassic Kitty: Should I Clone My Cat?
    Case 4: Sex Selection
    Chapter Two. Moral Relativism
    I. Introduction
    II. Three Views of Ethics
    * III. Evaluating Subjectivism
    IV. Supporting Popular Relativism
    V. Against Relativism
    VI. A Matter of Tolerance
    * VII. Can Relativism Supply What Objectivism Cannot?
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Arranged Marriage
    Case 2: Female Genital Mutilation
    Case 3: Religious Exemption and the Death of Matthew Swan
    Case 4: Women in the Middle East
    Chapter Three. Personal Autonomy and Moral Agency
    I. Introduction
    II. Personal Autonomy
    III. Implications of Autonomy
    IV. Moral Agents
    V. Other Conceptions of Autonomy
    * VI. Relational Autonomy
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: The Drunk Driver
    Case 2: Elizabeth Bouvia
    Case 3: Should the Drinking Age Be Eighteen?
    Case 4: The Living Will
    Case 5: Buy Now, Pay Later: Student Credit Card Debt
    Chapter Four. Making Moral Judgments
    I. Introduction
    II. Conflicts
    III. Characterizing Moral Claims
    IV. Moral Reasoning
    V. Moral Reflection
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Mr. Research
    Case 2: Who's Not Coming to Dinner?
    Case 3: Who's Responsible for Obesity?
    Chapter Five. Moral Psychology and Egosim
    I. Introduction
    II. Moral Character
    III. Social and Cultural Influences
    IV. Ethical and Psychological Egoism
    V. Egoism and Moral Psychology
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Declaring Wages
    Case 2: The Scratched Bumper
    Case 3: Job Competition
    Case 4: Human Trafficking
    PART II. ETHICAL THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVES
    Chapter Six. Consequentialist Ethics: Act Utilitarianism
    I. Introduction
    II. Utility and Consequentialism
    * III. Utility and Mill's Account
    IV. Act Utilitarianism
    V. Attractions and Problems
    * VI. Beyond Classical Utilitarianism
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Charity vs. iPad
    Case 2: Sponsoring a Child
    Case 3: Should Your Next Car Be a Hybrid?
    Case 4: Factory Farming and Animal Suffering
    Case 5: Torture Lite
    Chapter Seven. Consequentialist Ethics: Rule Utilitarianism
    I. Introduction
    II. Rule Utilitarianism
    III. Rule vs. Act Utilitarianism
    IV. Problems With Rule Utilitarianism
    * V. Justice and Rights Again
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Transgender Students at College
    Case 2: Curbing Grade Inflation
    Case 3: Universal Health Care
    Chapter Eight. Deontological Ethics
    I. Introduction
    * II. Ross's Ethics
    III. Kant's Good Will
    IV. Kant's Principle of Ends
    V. Kant's Principle of Universal Law
    * VI. The Principle of Autonomy
    VII. Attractions and Problems
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: A Demanding Honor Code
    Case 2: The Ayala Case
    Case 3: Internet Bride--Straight from Asia
    Case 4: A Personal Decision
    Case 5: Beefy Burgers and a Lean Future
    Case 6: Suicide
    Chapter Nine. Natural Law Theory
    I. Introduction
    II. Natural Law Theory
    III. Forfeiture
    IV. Double Effect
    V. Problems for Natural Law Theory
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Relieving Pain in a Dying Patient
    Case 2: Birth Control
    Case 3: Just-War Theory and the Killing of Noncombatants
    Case 4: Permanent Vegetative State: The Case of Terri Schiavo
    Chapter Ten. Social Contracts and Rights
    I. Introduction
    II. Locke
    III. Hobbes
    IV. Rawls
    V. Assessing Social Contract Theory
    VI. Assessing Rights
    * VII. Kinds of Rights
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Socrates' Imprisonment
    Case 2: Lord of the Flies
    Case 3: Locke and Load: Lockean Rights and Gun Control
    Chapter Eleven. Virtue Ethics
    I. Introduction
    II. The Heart of Virtue Ethics
    III. Aristotle's Virtue Ethics
    * IV. Critiquing Principle-Based Ethics
    V. Classifying the Virtues
    VI. Problems With Virtue Ethics
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: The Unlikely Rescue
    Case 2: Video Games
    Case 3: Compulsive Gambling and the Internet
    Case 4: Moral Luck
    Case 5: Democracy in Switzerland
    Chapter Twelve. Feminism and Care Ethics
    I. Introduction
    * II. Feminist Ethics
    III. The Care Perspective
    IV. Foundations of an Ethics of Care
    * V. Care and Virtue
    VI. A Blueprint for Reform
    VII. Problems
    VIII. A Concluding Reflection
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: The International Gemstone Trade
    Case 2: Parent Responsibility Toward Their In Utero Child
    Case 3: The Nestlé Boycott
    Case 4: Absolute Poverty
    Chapter Thirteen. Ethics and Religion
    I. Introduction
    * II. Kant on Autonomy and Religion
    III. Divine Command Theory
    IV. An Alternate Dependency Account
    V. Objections and Elaborations
    VI. Completeness
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: By Divine Command?
    Case 2: Religious Symbols and Public Schools
    Case 3: A Question of Authority
    PART III. ETHICAL PLURALISM
    Chapter Fourteen. Pluralism in Theoretical and Applied Ethics
    * I. Kinds of Ethical Pluralism
    II. Medical Ethics: Futility
    III. Environmental Ethics: Anthropocentrism and Ecocentrism
    IV. Business Ethics: Whistle-Blowing
    V. The Personal Dimension: How Can I Make Morally Right Choices?
    Chapter Assignment Questions
    Case 1: Infant Medical Futility
    Case 2: Climate Change and Oil
    Case 3: National Parks
    Case 4: Surfer, Sailor, Whistle-Blower
    Case 5: The Diesel Dupe
    Case 6: The Snowden Leak
    Glossary
    Index