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Environmental Ethics

What Really Matters, What Really Works

Second Edition

Edited by David Schmidtz and Elizabeth Willott

Publication Date - November 2011

ISBN: 9780199793518

688 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $91.95

Exploring morality from an environmental perspective, this exceptional anthology offers a perfect balance of classic readings and cutting-edge essays, at an affordable price


Extensively revised and expanded in this second edition, Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works examines morality from an environmental perspective. Featuring seventy-one accessible selections--from classic articles to examples of cutting-edge original research--it addresses both theory and practice. Asking what really matters, the first section of the book explores the abstract ideas of human value and value in nature. The second section turns to the question of what it would take to solve our real-world environmental problems. Moving beyond the "hype," it presents authoritative essays on applying environmental ethics to the issues that matter right now. The book is enhanced by chapter introductions ("Questions for Reflection and Discussion") that offer brief summaries and questions for further analysis and class discussion.

Ideal for undergraduate courses in environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, and environmental studies, Environmental Ethics, Second Edition, is also a helpful resource for graduate students and professors.

New to this Edition

  • New chapters on climate change (Chapter 12), technology (Chapter 14), and urban management issues (Chapter 13)
  • 30 new readings on topics like the human relationship with wilderness (Plumwood's "Being Prey") and the roots of the environmental crisis (McKibben's Deep Economy, Chapter 1)
  • New material on practical issues, including genetically modified food (Gambrel's "Virtue Theory and Genetically Modified Crops"), nanotechnology (Thompson's "On Nanotechnology"), and institutional support (or lack thereof) of environmental activism
  • "Free Market Environmentalism Pace Environmentalism," by Dan C. Shahar, and "Air Pollution Abatement Strategies," by Tom Fournier, both custom-written for this anthology

About the Author(s)

David Schmidtz is Kendrick Professor of Philosophy and joint Professor of Economics at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Person, Polis, Planet (2008), Elements of Justice (2006), and Rational Choice and Moral Agency (1995), and coauthor of A Brief History of Liberty (2010).

Elizabeth Willott is a Principal Research Specialist in the School of Geography and Development at the University of Arizona, where she is a primary investigator on a National Science Foundation grant researching mosquito ecology in Tucson. She is also Curator of Butterfly Magic at Tucson Botanical Gardens, where she oversees the running of the butterfly display and education relative to it.

Previous Publication Date(s)

November 2011
November 2001


"The new edition is an improvement on what was, in my opinion, already the best textbook available on the subject. I will certainly adopt the new edition for future environmental ethics classes. Price was an important factor in my decision."--Dan Perry, Texas Tech University

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Rules, Principles, and Integrity: A General Introduction
    Chapter 1. Where We Are and How We Got Here: The Roots of Crisis
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Guilt
    Lynn White, Jr., The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis
    J. Baird Callicott, Environmental Philosophy Is Environmental Activism: The Most Radical and Effective Kind
    * Shepard Krech, III, Pleistocene Extinctions
    Howard F. Lyman with Glen Merzer, Mad Cowboy: The Cattle Rancher Who Won't Eat Meat
    * Michael Pollan, The (Agri)Cultural Contradictions of Obesity
    * Bill McKibben, Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future
    Chapter 2. Respect for Nature
    Introduction: The Last Man and the Search for Objective Value
    Respect for Animals
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal
    Mark Sagoff, Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce
    Holmes Rolston, III, Values in and Duties to the Natural World
    Ian John Whyte, The Elephant Management Dilemma
    Respect for Life
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    Christopher D. Stone, Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects
    Gary Varner, Biocentric Individualism
    Equal Respect
    Jennifer Zamzow, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    Paul W. Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Nature
    David Schmidtz, Are All Species Equal?
    Chapter 3. Holistic Ethics
    Michael Bukoski, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Land
    Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
    * Arne Naess, The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary
    Elliott Sober, Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism
    Ramachandra Guha, Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique
    Chapter 4. Ecofeminism
    Daniel Silvermint, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Three Models of Oppression
    Kristen Hessler and Elizabeth Willott, Feminism and Ecofeminism
    Karen J. Warren, The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism
    * Greta Gaard and Lori Gruen, Ecofeminism: Toward Global Justice and Planetary Health
    Gita Sen, Women, Poverty, and Population: Issues for the Concerned Environmentalist
    V. Rukmini Rao, Women Farmers of India's Deccan Plateau: Ecofeminists Challenge World Elites
    Chapter 5. Environmental Justice
    John Thrasher, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Justice to Win
    * Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy
    * Vandana Shiva, Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit
    David Schmidtz, Natural Enemies: An Anatomy of Environmental Conflict
    Chapter 6. How Wild Does Nature Have to Be?
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: An Allegory
    * John Muir, Hetch Hetchy Valley
    Martin H. Krieger, What's Wrong with Plastic Trees?
    * Elizabeth Willott, Restoring Nature, Without Mosquitoes?
    * David Pitcher and Jennifer Welchman, Can an Environmental Paradise be Regained? The Hetch Hetchy Valley Question
    Chapter 7. Finding Our Place in Nature
    Dominating Nature
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    * Val Plumwood, Being Prey
    Freya Mathews, Letting the World Grow Old: An Ethos of Countermodernity
    * Michelle Nijhuis, Bonfire of the Superweeds
    Learning to Belong
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    * Ronald Sandler, Environmental Virtue Ethics
    Thomas E. Hill Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments
    The Simple Life
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    Mark Sagoff, Do We Consume Too Much?
    * Joshua Colt Gambrel and Philip Cafaro, The Virtue of Simplicity
    * Paul Schwennesen, On the Ethics of Ranching
    Chapter 8. Weighing Our Options
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Optimal Pollution
    Steven Kelman, Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critique
    Andrew Brennan, Moral Pluralism and the Environment
    * Martha C. Nussbaum, The Costs of Tragedy: Some Moral Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis
    David Schmidtz, A Place for Cost-Benefit Analysis
    Chapter 9. The Logic of Scarcity
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion
    Garrett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons
    David Schmidtz, The Institution of Property
    * Carol M. Rose, Liberty, Property, Environmentalism
    * Dan C. Shahar, Free-Market Environmentalism Pace Environmentalism?
    Chapter 10. What It Takes to Preserve Wilderness
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: South Africa
    David Schmidtz, When Preservationism Doesn't Preserve
    * David Schmidtz and Elizabeth Willott, Reinventing the Commons: An African Case Study
    * Lynn Scarlett, Choices, Consequences, and Cooperative Conservation: A New Environmentalism?
    Chapter 11. Overpopulation and What to Do About It
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Population Bomb
    Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality
    Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat
    Holmes Rolston, III, Feeding People Versus Saving Nature
    Henry Shue, Global Environment and International Inequality
    Elizabeth Willott, Recent Population Trends
    Chapter 12. Climate Change and What to Do About It
    Dan C. Shahar, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Handing Down a Warmer World
    * Dale Jamieson, Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming
    * Stephen M. Gardiner, A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics, and the Problem of Corruption
    * Andrew Light, Climate Ethics for Climate Action
    * John Christy, Testimony, U.S. House Ways and Means Committee
    Chapter 13. Cities and What to Do About Them
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Taking Scarcity Seriously
    Jessica Woolliams, Designing Cities and Buildings as if They Were Ethical Choices
    Lynn Scarlett, Making Waste Management Pay
    Robert Glennon, Unquenchable: America's Water Crisis and What to Do About It
    * Garland D. Cox, Energy
    * Tom Fournier, Air Pollution Abatement Strategies
    Chapter 14. Technology and What to Do About It
    Scott Boocher, guest editor
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: Innovation and Risk Management
    * Gary Comstock, Ethics and Genetically Modified Foods
    * Paul B. Thompson and William Hannah, Novel and Normal Risk: Where Does Nanotechnology Fit In?
    * Joshua Colt Gambrel, Virtue Theory and Genetically Modified Crops
    Chapter 15. Environmentalism in Practice
    Questions for Reflection and Discussion: The Ethics of Confrontation
    Bryan G. Norton, The Environmentalists' Dilemma: Dollars and Sand Dollars
    Bryan G. Norton, Fragile Freedoms
    Paul Watson, Tora! Tora! Tora!
    Kate Rawles, The Missing Shade of Green
    Andrew Light, Taking Environmental Ethics Public