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Cover

Ecology

Evolution, Application, Integration

Second Edition

David T. Krohne

Publication Date - July 2017

ISBN: 9780190638887

576 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $179.99

More Evolution. More Application. More Integration.

Description

With a groundbreaking approach, Ecology: Evolution, Application, Integration, Second Edition, teaches students to place ecological problems in an evolutionary context. The text also helps students develop scientific reasoning skills
by modeling the process of science that researchers use to address fundamental ecological questions.

New to this Edition

  • A new chapter on mutualism (Chapter 13) provides a detailed explanation of its foundations, evolution, and ecological consequences
  • Expanded content on aquatic systems has been reorganized and unified (Chapter 5)
  • Eleven new "On the Frontline" boxes showcase the latest research and offer more opportunities for data analysis
  • A revamped art program includes more than 160 new figures and 190 revised figures
  • All-new electronic resources include a new Dashboard online assessment system and interactive multimedia modules from SimBio

About the Author(s)

David T. Krohne is Professor Emeritus of Biology at Wabash College.

Previous Publication Date(s)

March 2015

Reviews

"Krohne has produced a well-written and very readable ecology text. The book has excellent examples and a fresh evolutionary perspective on ecology, and it will be widely useful for ecology classes."--Anurag Agrawal, Cornell University

"This book is a superb combination of accessibility, integration, and soundness. Most importantly, it employs a powerful educational strategy. Ecology, Second Edition, is one of the most compelling textbooks I have seen."--Steward T.A. Pickett, Distinguished Senior Scientist, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

"This is the best ecology text out there. The emphasis on evolution inis the strongest of any ecology text I have used, and the writing style makes the material easy for undergraduates to absorb."--Mark Hammer, Wayne State College

"With so much evolutionary connection, Ecology, Second Edition, is a nearly perfect text. It clearly addresses the complexity of ecological and evolutionary interactions."--Josh Springer, Michigan State University

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: Introduction to Ecology
    1.1 What Is Ecology?
    1.2 What Important Ideas Will Emerge In Your Study Of Ecology?


    Chapter 2: Adaptation and Evolution
    2.1 How Did Darwin Develop The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?
    2.2 What Is Evolution?
    2.3 What Are the Mechanisms of Evolution?
    2.4 How Do Adaptations Arise?

    FEATURES
    The Human Impact
    The Evolution of Resistance in Pathogens and Pests
    On the Frontline
    Gene Flow in Gobies
    Do the Math
    Modeling the Rate of Change by Selection
    The Evolution Connection
    Phenotypic Plasticity


    Chapter 3: Adaptations to the Physical Environment
    3.1 How Do Environmental Factors Limit Growth And Survival?
    3.2 What Adaptations Avoid Harsh Conditions?
    3.3 How Do Physiological Adaptations Alter The Organism's Tolerance Limits?

    FEATURES
    The Human Impact
    Profound Changes to Coral Reefs
    On the Frontline
    Behavioral Thermoregulation in Lizards
    Do the Math
    Working with Bell Curves
    The Evolution Connection
    Plant Adaptations to Life on Land


    Chapter 4: Terrestrial Communities
    4.1 What Determines Species Distributions?
    4.2 What Are The Fundamental Types Of Terrestrial Communities?

    FEATURES
    Do the Math
    The Concept of Statistical Significance
    The Evolution Connection
    Historical Effects on Species Distributions
    The Human Impact
    Global Warming and Ecological Communities
    On the Frontline
    Geographic Range Equilibrium


    Chapter 5: Freshwater and Marine Communities
    5.1 How is Water Distributed Across the Earth?
    5.2 What Kinds of Communities Occur In Freshwater Ecosystems? 5.3 What Kinds of Communities Occur In Marine Ecosystems?
    5.4. What are the important Physical and Ecological Factors in Aquatic Systems?

    FEATURES
    On the Frontline
    Recovery from Coral Bleaching .
    Do the Math
    Linear Regression
    The Human Impact
    Survival of the Everglades
    The Evolution Connection
    Not All Characteristics Are Adaptive


    Chapter 6: Behavioral Ecology
    6.1 How Does Behavior Evolve?
    6.2 What Role Does The Ecosystem Play In the Evolution of Behavior?
    6.3 How Does The Social System Evolve?

    FEATURES
    The Evolution Connection
    Measuring the Contributions of Environment and Genetics to Behavior
    On the Frontline
    Balancing Selection and Sexual Selection in an insect
    Do the Math
    Using Hardy-Weinberg Analysis to Study Inbreeding
    The Human Impact
    Conservation of Wild Populations


    Chapter 7: The Ecology of Intraspecific Variation
    7.1 What Are The Patterns of Local Environmental Variation?
    7.2 What Are The Adaptive Responses To Local Environmental Variation?
    7.3 What Factors Determine The Amount Of Intraspecific Variation?
    What Mechanisms Increase Genetic Variation?
    What Mechanisms Decrease Variation?
    How Do We Measure Genetic Variation In Populations?

    FEATURES
    On the Frontline
    Intraspecific Variation in Coral Reef Fish Swimming Phenotypes
    The Evolution Connection
    The Evolution of Sex
    Do the Math
    Measuring Genetic Variation
    The Human Impact
    Conservation Genetics in Small Populations

    Chapter 8: Demography
    8.1 What Is a Population?
    8.2 What Are The Key Quantitative Characteristics of a Population?
    8.3 How Do Populations Change In Time and Space?

    FEATURES
    The Evolution Connection
    The Interaction of Evolution and Population Ecology
    On the Frontline
    The Human Impact
    Human Reproductive Rates
    Do the Math
    Matrix Algebra


    Chapter 9: Population Regulation
    9.1 What Limits Population Growth?
    9.2 Are Populations Ever Stable?
    9.3 How Do Regulatory Factors Interact?
    9.4 How Do Populations Interact?

    FEATURES
    The Human Impact
    Biological Control of Pests
    Do the Math
    Logistic Growth with Dynamic Resources
    The Evolution Connection
    Group Selection and Evolutionarily Stable Strategies
    On the Frontline
    Additive vs Compensatory Mortality in Grasshoppers


    Chapter 10: Life History Strategies
    10.1 What Is A Life History Strategy?
    10.2. Why Do Some Species Have Complex Life Cycles?
    10.3 What Determines The Lifespan?
    10.4 What Determines The Optimal Reproductive Pattern?

    FEATURES
    The Evolution Connection
    Technology and Evolutionary Strategies
    Do the Math
    The Difference in Production between Semelparity and Interoparity
    On the Frontline
    Reproductive effort and senescence in birds
    The Human Impact
    The Effect of Life History on the Risk of Extinction


    Chapter 11: Competition
    11.1 What Is Competition?
    11.2 What Determines The Intensity of Competition?
    11.3 What Are The Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Competition?

    FEATURES
    On the Frontline
    Character Displacement in Chickadee Songs
    The Human Impact
    Competition and Invasive Species
    The Evolution Connection
    The Effect of Competition on Evolutionary History
    Do the Math
    How to Quantify Niche Overlap


    Chapter 12: Coevolution I: Exploitative Interactions
    12.1 How Do Predators And Prey Adapt To One Another?
    12.2 How Do Plants Respond To Herbivory?
    12.3 How Do Parasites And Their Hosts Coevolve?

    FEATURES
    Do the Math
    How Long Should a Predator Remain in a Patch?
    On the Frontline
    The Evolution Connection
    The Phylogenetic Relationship of Parasites and Hosts
    The Human Impact


    Chapter 13: Coevolution II: Mutualism
    13.1 What Are The Fundamental Types of Mutualism?
    13.2 How Does Mutualism Arise?
    13.1 What Are The Ecological Consequences Of Mutualism

    FEATURES
    Do The Math
    Cheaters and the Prisoners Dilemma
    On the Frontline
    Ants Disrupt Bublebee-Flower Pollination Mutualism
    The Evolution Connection
    What Is The Evolutionary History of Mutualism?
    The Human Impact
    Mutualism And Species Conservation


    Chapter 14: The Structure of Communities
    14.1 What Processes Determine Community Composition?
    13.2 How Does Competition Structure the Community?
    13.3 What Other Ecological Factors Structure the Community?

    FEATURES
    Do the Math
    The Null Hypothesis in Community Structure
    The Human Impact
    Competition from Invasive Species
    The Evolution Connection
    Community Heritability and Structure
    On the Frontline
    The Determinants of Local Tropical Forest Species Diversity


    Chapter 15: Ecological Succession
    15.1 What Are The Effects of Disturbance?
    15. 2 What Are The Patterns of Vegetation Change Following Disturbance?
    15.3 What Causes Successional Change?
    15.4 What Role Do Consumers Play in Succession?

    FEATURES
    On the Frontline
    Facilitation in aspen-conifer forests
    Do the Math
    Markov Chains
    The Human Impact
    Succession and Conservation Biology
    The Evolution Connection
    Pioneer Species


    Chapter 16: Species Diversity
    16.1 How Do We Measure Species Diversity?
    16.2 How Do Communities Vary in Species diversity?
    16.3 Why Do Communities Differ In Species Diversity?

    FEATURES
    On the Frontline
    The Human Impact
    The Sixth Mass Extinction
    Do the Math
    The Equilibrium Number of Species on an Island
    The Evolution Connection
    How Species Arise


    Chapter 17: Energy Flow and Trophic Structure
    17.1 What Are The Energy Sources in Ecosystems?
    17.2 What Limits Primary Production?
    17.3 What Controls Energy Flow through Consumers?
    17.4 How Does Energy Flow Structure Ecosystems?

    FEATURES
    The Human Impact
    Biomagnification
    The Evolution Connection
    The Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis
    Do the Math
    Allometry
    On the Frontline
    Production and Food Chain Length


    Chapter 18: Biogeochemical Cycles
    18.1 What Are The Important Mechanisms Of Nutrient Cycling?
    18.2 What Are The Major Types Of Nutrient Cycles?
    18.3 What Is The Role Of Disturbance?

    FEATURES
    Do the Math
    Variance and Ecosystem Models
    The Evolution Connection
    Oxygen and the Origin of Complex Life Forms
    The Human Impact
    Soil Fertility and Nutrient Cycles
    On the Frontline
    The Response of the Forest Nitrogen Cycle to Disturbance


    Chapter 19: Conservation Biology
    19.1 What Are The Global Patterns of Species Richness And Extinction?
    19.2 What Processes Lead To Extinction?
    19.3 How Can We Prevent Extinction?

    FEATURES

    The Evolution Connection
    Evolution of the Population Growth Rate
    On the Frontline
    Extinction Debt in a Mediterranean Shrub
    Do the Math
    Maximum Sustainable Yield
    The Human Impact
    The Value of Biodiversity


    Chapter 20: Landscape Ecology
    20.1 What Is An Ecological Landscape?
    20.2 How Do We Quantify Landscape Patterns?
    20.3 What Are The Effects Of Landscape Scale and Structure?

    FEATURES
    The Human Impact
    Recovery of the Black-Footed Ferret
    The Evolution Connection
    Landscape Genetics
    Do the Math
    Fractal Geometry
    On the Frontline
    Agricultural disturbance and tropical forest regeneration

    Chapter 21: Human Global Ecology
    21.1 What Is The History Of The Human Environmental Impact?
    21.2 How Does Human Activity Threaten The Environment?
    21.3 What Ecological Principles Can We Apply To Environmental Problems?

    FEATURES
    Do the Math
    The Binomial Probability
    The Evolution Connection
    Genetically Modified Organisms
    On the Frontline
    Plant extinction: Habitat loss or climate change?
    The Human Impact
    The Relationship of Humans to the Natural World

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