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Diversity, Oppression, & Change

Culturally Grounded Social Work

Third Edition

Author Flavio Francisco Marsiglia, Stephen S. Kulis, and Stephanie Lechuga-Peña

Publication Date - 20 January 2021

ISBN: 9780190059507

424 pages
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock


Diversity, Oppression, and Change, Third Edition provides a culturally grounded approach to practice, policy, and research in social work and allied fields. The book's intersectionality perspective provides a lens through which students can identify connections between identities based on race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, social class, religion, and ability status. Through theoretical and empirical content as well as "Notes from the Field," students become familiar with the culturally grounded perspective and culturally appropriate ways of engaging with diverse communities. Marsiglia, Kulis, and Lechuga-Peña have crafted a book about hope and resiliency, the miraculous ability of individuals and communities to bounce back from oppressive experiences and historical trauma, and the role of social workers as allies in that journey.

New to this Edition

  • Content on current social movements, including Black Lives Matter and #MeToo, why these movements emerged and how they are making a difference in the lives of African Americans and women
  • Coverage of economic inequality between men and women, the violence women experience - particularly women of color - and the Violence Against Women Act enhances the book's discussion of gender
  • Discussion of policy changes (such as the legalization of same sex marriage, protections for workplace discrimination), rates of violence among LGBT and transgender populations, and global policies on sexual minorities
  • Coverage of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), the travel ban also known as the "Muslim Ban," and increased anti-immigrant and anti-refugee policies and attitudes in the U.S. since 2016
  • Inclusion of additional theories including Critical Race Theory and Indigenous Theories


  • Explores cultural diversity, oppression, and change as essential elements of culturally grounded social work practice
  • Up to date information on a range of cultural communities allows readers to examine their attitudes toward difference and their readiness to engage in culturally congruent practice
  • Addresses the intersectionality of race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, social class, religion, and ability status
  • "Notes from the Field" cases bridge the gap between theory and practice, and discussion questions at the end of each chapter encourage reflection and critical thinking
  • A wealth of instructor resources is available in Oxford's online Ancillary Resource Center

About the Author(s)

Flavio Francisco Marsiglia, PhD, MSW, is Regents' Professor in the School of Social Work and Director at the Global Center for Applied Health Research at Arizona State University.

Stephen S. Kulis, PhD, MA, is Professor of Sociology in the Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics and Director of Research in the Global Center for Applied Health Research at Arizona State University.

Stephanie Lechuga-Peña, PhD, MSW, is Assistant Professor in the School of Social Work at Arizona State University.

Table of Contents


    Part I: Cultural Diversity and Social Work

    Chapter 1: Culture
    Cultural Identity and Cultural Boundaries
    Acculturation and Enculturation
    Ethnicity and Race
    Ethnicity and Cultural Identity Formation
    Social Work and Cultural Diversity
    Culturally Grounded Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors in Social Work
    Privilege and Empathy
    Higher Education and the Risk of Classism
    Recognizing and Crossing Boundaries
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 2: Cultural Diversity, Oppression, and Action: A Culturally Grounded Paradigm
    The Cultural Orientation Paradigm
    The Oppression or Power-Based Paradigm
    Action as Liberation
    Challenges to Action: Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 3: The Intersectionality of Race and Ethnicity with Other Factors
    Social Class
    Sexual Orientation
    Ability Status
    Intersectionalities: Jews and Arabs
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 4: Intersecting Social and Cultural Determinants of Health and Well-Being
    Health Disparities, Health Equity, and the Social Gradient
    Access to Health Care and the Medical Poverty Trap
    Social Determinants of Health: Societal Risks and Protective Factors
    Cultural Determinants of Health
    Practice and Policy Implications

    Part II: Theories and Perspectives on Oppression

    Chapter 5: Evolutionary and Structural Functionalist Classical Theories
    Evolutionary and Conflict Theories: Exaggerating and Minimizing Difference and Inequality
    Structural Functionalist Theories: Managing Conflict, Integration, and Social Stability
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 6: Theoretical Perspectives on Diversity
    Perspectives on Inclusiveness: Recognizing and Promoting Diversity
    Constructivism and Postmodernism: Words Create Worlds
    Relevance of Theories to Culturally Grounded Social Work
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 7: Social Work Perspectives: Social Context, Consciousness, and Resiliency
    Strengths or Resiliency Perspective
    Person-in-Environment Perspective
    Feminist Theory
    Intersectionality Theory
    Liberation Pedagogy
    Synthesis: An Eclectic Theoretical Approach to Culturally Grounded Social Work
    Applying a Culturally Grounded Approach to Social Work Practice
    Shifting from a "Culturally Neutral" to a Culturally Grounded Paradigm
    Revisiting Praxis
    Key Concepts

    Part III: Cultural Identities

    Chapter 8: The Formation and Legacies of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
    Colonialism and Genocide: Native Americans
    Slavery: African Americans, Emancipation, Reconstruction, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights Movement
    Annexation: Mexican Americans
    Migration, Exploitation, Rejection, and the Model Minority: Asian Americans
    The End of Racism?
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 9: Gender Gender, Gender Roles, and Gender Identity
    Gender Inequality in the Workplace
    The New Sexism
    The Women's Movement and Feminism
    Sexism, Gender Inequality and Intersectionality
    Men and Masculinity
    Toxic Masculinity
    Masculinities and Intersectionality
    Men's Movements and a "New" Masculinity
    The Transgender Community
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 10: Sexual Orientation
    Differing Views on Sexual Orientation
    Explaining the Origins of Same-Sex Sexuality
    Same-Sex Sexual Behavior, Attraction, and Identity
    Heterosexism, Homophobia, and Prejudice toward Sexual Minorities
    Intersectionalitiy and Minority Stress: Gay Men of Color
    Gay and Lesbian Rights Movements
    Social Work Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients
    Key Concepts

    Part IV: The Profession of Social Work Grounded in Culture

    Chapter 11: Cultural Norms and Social Work Practice
    Individualism and Collectivism
    A Cultural Approximation to Selected Identity Groups
    Gender and Sexual Orientation
    Ethics and Culture: Cultural Values and Practices Are Not All Inherently Good
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 12: Culturally Grounded Methods of Social Work Practice
    Culturally Grounded Social Work with Individuals and Their Families
    Culturally Grounded Social Work with Groups
    Culturally Grounded Social Work with Communities
    Forming Coalitions within Different Ethnocultural Communities
    Fostering Cultural Competence in Agencies and among Staff
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 13: Culturally Grounded Community-Based Helping
    Culturally Based Helpers and Healers
    Assessing Clients' Connections to Traditional Healing Beliefs and Practices
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 14: Social Policy and Culturally Grounded Social Work
    Distributive Justice
    The Welfare State
    Affirmative Action
    Americans with Disabilities Act
    School Resegregation
    The Role of Social Workers in Policy
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 15: Culturally Grounded Evaluation and Research
    Outcome Assessment and Accountability
    Evaluation and Research
    Culturally Grounded Research Questions, Measures, and Designs
    Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice
    Developing Knowledge on Different Cultures
    Key Concepts

    Chapter 16: Culturally Grounded Social Work and Globalization
    Globalization and Social Work
    The Researcher-Practitioner as the Insider and the Outsider
    Key Concepts

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