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Second Edition

Edited by Christian Haerpfer, Patrick Bernhagen, Christian Welzel, and Ronald F. Inglehart

Publication Date - February 2019

ISBN: 9780198732280

520 pages
9.7 x 7.4 inches

In Stock

An invaluable resource to all students of democratization


Democratization is the most comprehensive volume on this critical field of contemporary politics, with insightful coverage of the key theories, actors, dynamics, and developments. This authoritative guide brings together leading experts from diverse international backgrounds, including some of the best known names in the field, making it an invaluable resource to students of democratization.

This second edition reflects the dramatic changes in today's political world, with empirical coverage of developments on every continent. It considers the role of new technologies, including a dedicated chapter on social media and democratization, as well as the resilience of authoritarian tendencies in many parts of the world.

The book is accompanied by a range of online resources designed to support both students and lecturers.

For students:
- Revise key terms and test your knowledge of terminology from the book with our digital flashcard glossary.
- Expand your knowledge of key developments in world affairs with additional case studies.
- Take your learning further with links to reliable web content and relevant OUP journals.

For registered adopters of the textbook:
Guide class debate with suggested seminar questions and activities.
- Adapt PowerPoint slides as a basis for lecture presentations, or use as handouts in class.

New to this Edition

  • A new chapter on social media highlights this important new dynamic in democratization
  • New chapters on Post-Communist Europe and the Post-Soviet Space demonstrate the significant changes in these regions in recent years
  • Updates reflect the dramatic developments in world politics since the publication of the first edition, including the aftermath of the Arab Spring, and autocratizing tendencies in various regions of the world
  • Increased coverage of resilient authoritarianism highlights this key area of contemporary debate
  • An expanded glossary helps students to develop their technical vocabulary in this complex field of study


  • The only textbook on democratization to cover developments since the Arab Spring and Eurozone crisis, as well as current trends towards autocratization
  • Offers wide-ranging coverage of the theories, history, causes, dimensions, and actors in democratization, alongside extensive empirical examples from around the world
  • An expert line-up of leading scholars from diverse international backgrounds brings together perspectives from some of the best-known names in the field
  • Accompanied by additional online resources designed to take students' learning further

About the Author(s)

Christian Haerpfer is Professor of Politics at the University of Vienna, Director of the Institute for Comparative Survey Research in Vienna, and President of the World Values Survey Association.

Patrick Bernhagen is Professor of Comparative Politics and the University of Stuttgart.

Christian Welzel is Professor for Political Culture Research at Leuphana University of Luneberg and President Emeritus of the World Values Survey Association.

Ronald F. Inglehart is Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan.

Table of Contents

    1. Introduction, Christian Welzel, Ronald Inglehart, Patrick Bernhangen, and Christian Haerpfer
    Part One: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives
    2. Theories of Democratization, Christian Welzel
    3. Democratic and Undemocratic States, Richard Rose
    4. Measuring Democracy and Democratization, Patrick Bernhagen
    5. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization, Dirk Berg-Schlosser
    6. The Global Wave of Democratization, John Markoff and Daniel Burridge
    Part Two: Causes and Dimensions of Democratization
    7. The International Context, Hakan Yilmaz
    8. The Political Economy of Democracy, Patrick Bernhagen
    9. Political Culture, Mass Beliefs and Value Change, Christian Welzel and Ronald F. Inglehart
    10. Gender and Democratization, Pamela Paxton and Kris Velasco
    11. Social Capital and Civil Society, Natalia Letki
    Part Three: Actors and Institutions
    12. Social Movements and Contention in Democratization Processes, Federico M. Rossi and Donnatella della Porta
    13. Conventional Citizen Participation, Ian McAllister and Stephen White
    14. Political Parties, Leonardo Morlino
    15. Electoral Systems and Institutional Design in New Democracies, Matthijs Bogaards
    16. The Media, Katrin Voltmer and Gary Rawnsley
    17. Social Media, Larry Diamond and Zak Whittington
    18. Failed Democratization and Resilient Authoritarianism, M. Steven Fish, Jason Wittenberg, and Laura Jakli
    Part Four: Regions of Democratization
    19. Southern Europe, Richard Gunther
    20. Latin America, Andrea Oelsner and Mervyn Bain
    21. Post-Communist Europe, Christian Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova
    22. The Post-Soviet Space, Christian Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova
    23. The Middle East and North Africa, Francesco Cavatorta
    24. Sub-Saharan Africa, Michael Bratton
    25. East Asia, Doh Chull Shin and Rollin F. Tusalem
    Part 5: Conclusions and Outlook
    26. Conclusions and Outlook: The Future of Democratization, Christian Welzel, Ronald F. Inglehart, Patrick Bernhagen, and Christian Haerpfer

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