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Crosscurrents of Children's Literature

An Anthology of Texts and Criticism

Edited by J. D. Stahl, Tina L. Hanlon, and Elizabeth Lennox Keyser

Publication Date - October 2006

ISBN: 9780195134933

1080 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $189.99

Organized thematically around modern critical debates, this is the only anthology of classic and contemporary readings in children's literature to combine primary works with related critical essays.


Does children's literature portray the authentic perspectives of children, or does it present the views of the adults who write, sell, and review the books? How does it demonstrate the ways in which perceptions of childhood have developed over the centuries? How are issues of censorship and freedom of speech brought to light in children's books?
Addressing these and many other issues, Crosscurrents of Children's Literature: An Anthology of Texts and Criticism is the only anthology of classic and contemporary readings in children's literature to combine primary works with related critical essays. Organized thematically around modern critical debates, the selections explore how children's literature integrates instruction and entertainment, oral and written traditions, realism and fantasy, words and pictures, classics and adaptations, and perspectives on childhood and adult life. Illuminating the rich diversity of children's literature studies, the book incorporates approaches from several different fields including psychology, education, history, cultural studies, and literary criticism. It spans a wide range of literary periods and genres, balancing contemporary and historical texts, excerpts and longer selections, traditional and nontraditional materials, and English and translated works. The volume includes Native American and African American writings and offers insights into a variety of cultural and ethnic traditions. It is enhanced by introductory essays, illustrations, an alternate table of contents organized by genre, a timeline, and a bibliography of critical works. An Instructor's Manual and a Website (http://crosscurrentsoup.org) provide additional helpful resources.
Examining how literary forms and genres, diverse influences, and evolving attitudes toward childhood have shaped the field of children's literature, Crosscurrents of Children's Literature: An Anthology of Texts and Criticism encourages students and other readers to challenge common assumptions about children, childhood, and children's books.

Table of Contents

    Alternate Table of Contents by Genre
    "BOOK" by George Ella Lyon (b. 1949)
    C. S. Lewis (1898-1963)
    "On Three Ways of Writing for Children"
    Sheila Egoff (1918-2005)
    "Precepts, Pleasures, and Portents: Changing Emphases in Children's Literature"
    John Rowe Townsend (b. 1922)
    "Didacticism in Modern Dress"
    Aelfric (c. 955-c. 1010)
    "Carius est nobis flagellari pro doctrina quam nescire"
    Charles Perrault (1628-1703)
    "Little Red Riding-Hood"
    "The Master Cat, or Puss in Boots"
    "Blue Beard"
    Sarah Trimmer (1741-1810)
    "On the Care Which Is Requisite in the Choice of Books for Children"
    Review of The History of Little Goody Two Shoes
    Review of Nursery Tales
    Isaac Watts (1674-1748)
    "Against Idleness and Mischief"
    "The Sluggard"
    "Obedience to Parents"
    Robert Southey (1774-1843)
    "The Old Man's Comforts and How He Gained Them"
    Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849)
    "The Purple Jar"
    "The Birthday Present"
    Jane Taylor (1783-1824)
    "The Little Fisherman"
    Jane Taylor (1783-1824) and Ann Taylor Gilbert (1782-1866)
    Mary Botham Howitt (1799-1888)
    "The Spider and the Fly"
    Peter Parley (Samuel Griswold Goodrich, 1793-1860)
    "The Pleasure Boat: or, The Broken Promise"
    Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-64)
    From A Wonder Book for Boys and Girls
    Tanglewood Play-Room
    The Paradise of Children
    Jacob Abbott (1803-79)
    "Notice to Parents"
    From Rollo Learning to Talk
    Feeding the Chickens
    The Dog in the Water
    The Great Black Bear
    Lewis Carroll (1832-98)
    From Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
    Chapter 1. Down the Rabbit-Hole
    Chapter 2. The Pool of Tears
    Chapter 5. Advice from a Caterpillar
    Chapter 10. The Lobster Quadrille
    From Chapter 12. Alice's Evidence
    From Through the Looking Glass
    Chapter 4. Tweedledum and Tweedledee
    Louisa May Alcott (1832-88)
    From Little Women
    Chapter 8. Jo Meets Apollyon
    Mark Twain (1835-1910)
    From The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
    Chapter 12. Tom Shows His Generosity
    Elizabeth Enright (1909-68)
    From The Saturdays
    Saturday Two
    Beverly Cleary (b. 1916)
    From Ramona the Pest
    Chapter 1. Ramona's Great Day
    Gary Paulsen (b. 1939)
    From The Island
    R. L. Stine (b. 1943)
    From Be Careful What You Wish For . . .
    Floyd Cooper (b. 1956)
    Coming Home: From the Life of Langston Hughes
    Langston Hughes (1902-67)
    "Aunt Sue's Stories"
    "Mother to Son"
    Lucille Clifton (b. 1936)
    "Under the Rainbow"
    Further Recommended Reading
    C.S. Lewis (1898-1963), The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
    Louise Fitzhugh (1928-74), Harriet the Spy
    Alison Lurie (b. 1926)
    "A Child's Garden of Subversion"
    Marina Warner (b. 1946)
    "Little Angels, Little Monsters: Keeping Childhood Innocent"
    John Huddlestone Wynne (1743-88)
    "Of the Danger of Pleasure"
    William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
    "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood"
    Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)
    "The Frog King, or Iron Henry"
    "Hansel and Gretel"
    "Mother Holle"
    Hans Christian Andersen (1805-75)
    "The Emperor's New Clothes"
    Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-94)
    "The Sad Tale of the Match-Box"
    Thomas Bailey Aldrich (1836-1907)
    From The Story of a Bad Boy
    Chapter 7. One Memorable Night
    Chapter 8. The Adventures of a Fourth
    L. M. Montgomery (1874-1942)
    From Anne of Green Gables
    Chapter 10. Anne's Apology
    Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002)
    From Pippi Longstocking
    Chapter 3. Pippi Plays Tag with Some Policemen
    Nina Mikkelsen (b. 1942)
    "Insiders, Outsiders, and the Question of Authenticity: Who Shall Write for African American Children?"
    Mette Newth (b. 1942)
    From The Abduction
    "On Writing The Abduction"
    Gudrun Pausewang (b. 1928)
    From The Final Journey
    Libby Hathorn (b. 1943)
    "Up Taree Way"
    Further Recommended Reading
    Mildred Taylor (b. 1943), Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry
    Ashanti Tribe (Africa)
    "How Spider Obtained the Sky-God's Stories"
    Anne Pellowski (b. 1933)
    From The World of Storytelling
    Chapter 1. History and Definition of Storytelling
    Chapter 4. Folk Storytelling
    Chapter 15. Visuality, Orality, Literacy: Their Meaning in Relation to Storytelling for Entertainment, Education, and Health
    Kay F. Stone (b. 1939)
    "Oral Narration in Contemporary North America"
    Bruno Bettelheim (1903-90)
    "Reflections: The Uses of Enchantment"
    Maria Tatar (b. 1945)
    "Reading Fairy Tales"
    John Langstaff (1920-2005)
    "The Oral Tradition: Alive, Alive-oh"
    Iona Opie (b. 1923) and Peter Opie (1918-92)
    From The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes
    "One, Two, Buckle My Shoe"
    "Thirty Days Hath September"
    "Hey Diddle Diddle"
    "Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary"
    "Sing a Song of Sixpence"
    "Jack and Jill"
    "Ladybird, Ladybird"
    "London Bridge"
    "Mary Had a Little Lamb"
    "There Was an Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe"
    "Three Blind Mice"
    "Little Jack Horner"
    "Little Boy Blue"
    "I See the Moon"
    "The House that Jack Built"
    "Humpty Dumpty"
    "In Marble Halls"
    "Little Miss Muffet"
    "As I Was Going to St. Ives"
    "Wee Willie Winkie"
    Kate Greenaway (1846-1901)
    A Apple Pie
    Folk Song
    "The Tree in the Wood"
    James Still (1906-2001)
    From An Appalachian Mother Goose
    "Humpty Dumpty"
    "Hey Diddle Diddle"
    "Jack and Jill"
    "The Man in the Moon"
    Folk Song
    "A Frog Went A-Courting"
    Edward Lear (1812-88)
    "The Owl and the Pussy-cat"
    "The Broom, the Shovel, the Poker, and the Tongs"
    "There Was an Old Man with a Beard"
    "There Was an Old Man of Bohemia"
    "There Was a Young Lady Whose Nose"
    Shel Silverstein, (1932-99)
    "Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take the Garbage Out"
    "Zebra Question"
    Jeanne Steig (b. 1930) and William Steig (1907-2003)
    Grace Nichols (b. 1950)
    From Come On into My Tropical Garden
    "Poor Grandma"
    "Wha Me Mudder Do"
    "I Like to Stay Up"
    "The Sun"
    "They Were My People"
    "I Am the Rain"
    "Sea Timeless Song"
    Shonto Begay (b. 1954)
    From Navajo Visions and Voices Across the Mesa
    "In My Mother's Kitchen"
    Joseph Bruchac (b. 1942) and Gayle Ross (b. 1951)
    The Story of the Milky Way: A Cherokee Tale
    Terri Cohlene (b. 1950)
    Dancing Drum: A Cherokee Legend
    Ovid (43 B.C.E.-17 or 18 C.E.)
    "The Story of Daedalus and Icarus"
    Aesop's Fables
    "The Bear and the Two Travelers"
    "The Cat and the Venus"
    "The Crow and the Pitcher"
    "The Fox and the Goat"
    "The Fox and the Grapes"
    "The Hare and the Tortoise"
    "The Hen and the Golden Eggs"
    "Hercules and the Wagoner"
    "The Lion and the Mouse"
    "Mercury and the Workmen"
    "The Milk-Woman and Her Pail"
    "The Mouse, the Frog, and the Hawk"
    "The North Wind and the Sun"
    "The Oak and the Reeds"
    "The Shepherd's Boy and the Wolf"
    "The Tortoise and the Eagle"
    "The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse"
    "The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing"
    Chinua Achebe (b. 1930)
    "How Tortoise Cracked His Shell"
    Peter Christen Asbjørnsen (1812-85)
    "The Pancake"
    African American Ballad
    "John Henry"
    James Berry (b. 1926)
    "Anancy and the Making of the Bro Title"
    Diane Wolkstein (b. 1942)
    From The Magic Orange Tree
    "The Magic Orange Tree"
    "Mother of the Waters"
    Angela Carter (1940-92)
    "Vasilissa the Fair"
    Rieko Okuhara (b. 1974)
    "Hachi-kazuki-hime: The Princess Who Wore a Hachi"
    Marie Le Prince de Beaumont (1711-80)
    "Beauty and the Beast"
    Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)
    "Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs"
    "The Water of Life"
    "Kemp Owyne (The Laidly Worm)"
    Jane Yolen (b. 1939)
    "The Brothers Grimm and Sister Jane"
    Joseph Jacobs (1854-1916)
    "Jack and the Beanstalk"
    Appalachian Folktale
    R. Rex Stephenson (b. 1943)
    Further Recommended Reading
    Virginia Hamilton (1936-2002), The People Could Fly: American Black Folktales
    Elizabeth Segel (b. 1938)
    "Realism and Children's Literature: Notes from a Historical Perspective"
    C. W. Sullivan III (b. 1944)
    Ursula K. Le Guin (b. 1929)
    "Why Are Americans Afraid of Dragons?"
    Perry Nodelman (b. 1945)
    "Liking and Not Liking Fantasy"
    Charles Dickens (1812-70)
    From Hard Times
    Chapter 1. The One Thing Needful
    Chapter 2. Murdering the Innocents
    Chapter 3. A Loophole
    Carlo Lorenzini (Carlo Collodi) (1826-90)
    From The Adventures of Pinocchio
    Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-94)
    From A Child's Garden of Verses
    "The Land of Counterpane"
    "My Shadow"
    "Foreign Children"
    "Foreign Lands"
    "The Unseen Playmate"
    "My Kingdom"
    "The Land of Story-Books"
    "The Flowers"
    "The Dumb Soldier"
    L. Frank Baum (1856-1919) and W.W. Denslow (1856-1915)
    From Father Goose, His Book
    From The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
    Chapter 3. How Dorothy Saved the Scarecrow
    Chapter 5. The Rescue of the Tin Woodman
    Kenneth Grahame (1859-1932)
    From The Wind in the Willows
    Chapter 2. The Open Road
    Chapter 5. Dulce Domum
    E. B. White (1889-1985)
    From Charlotte's Web
    Chapter 13. Good Progress
    Chapter 14. Dr. Dorian
    Philippa Pearce (b. 1920)
    From Tom's Midnight Garden
    Chapter 9. Hatty
    Chapter 10. Games and Tales
    Madeleine L'Engle (b. 1918)
    From A Wrinkle in Time
    Chapter 1. Mrs. Whatsit
    Chapter 2. Mrs. Who
    Chapter 3. Mrs. Which
    Nikki Giovanni (b. 1943)
    "knoxville, tennessee"
    Gillian Rubinstein (b. 1942)
    "Dolphin Dreaming"
    Maya Angelou (b. 1928)
    "I Love the Look of Words"
    Further Recommended Reading
    Ted Hughes (1930-98), The Iron Giant
    Virginia Hamilton (1936-2002), Zeely
    Katherine Paterson (b. 1932), Bridge to Terabithia
    Monica Hughes (1925-2003), The Keeper of the Isis Light
    Lois Lowry (b. 1937), The Giver
    Elizabeth Segel (b. 1938)
    "'As the Twig Is Bent. . .': Gender and Childhood Reading"
    Louise Bernikow (b. 1940)
    "Cinderella: Saturday Afternoon at the Movies"
    Charles Perrault (1628-1703)
    "Cinderella, or the Little Glass Slipper"
    Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)
    Micmac (Native American)
    "The Indian Cinderella" retold by Cyrus Macmillan
    Thomas Hughes (1822-96)
    From Tom Brown's School Days
    Chapter 5. Rugby and Football
    Chapter 6. After the Match
    Louisa May Alcott (1832-88)
    From Little Women
    Chapter 7. Amy's Valley of Humiliation
    Chapter 9. Meg Goes to Vanity Fair
    Chapter 34. Friend
    Mark Twain (1835-1910)
    From The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
    Chapter 6. Self-Examination--Dentistry--The Midnight Charm--Witches and Devils--Cautious Approaches--Happy Hours
    Chapter 20. Becky in a Dilemma--Tom's Nobility Asserts Itself
    William Dean Howells (1837-1920)
    Review of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
    Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-94)
    From Treasure Island
    Chapter 13. How My Shore Adventure Began
    Chapter 14. The First Blow
    Chapter 15. The Man of the Island
    Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924)
    From The Secret Garden
    Chapter 1. There Is No One Left
    Chapter 2. Mistress Mary Quite Contrary
    Chapter 3. Across the Moor
    Chapter 4. Martha
    Chapter 27. In the Garden
    Elizabeth Lennox Keyser (b. 1942)
    "'Quite Contrary': Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Secret Garden"
    E. Vincent Millay (1892-1950)
    L. M. Montgomery (1874-1942)
    From Emily of New Moon
    Chapter 29. Sacrilege
    From Emily's Quest
    Franklin W. Dixon
    "A Little Ghostly History" by Leslie McFarlane
    From The Tower Treasure
    Chapter 1. The Speed Demon
    Chapter 2. The Stolen Roadster
    Carolyn Keene
    "Keeping Nancy Drew Alive" by Sara Paretsky
    From The Secret of the Old Clock
    Chapter 1. The Lost Will
    Isabelle Holland (1920-2002)
    From The Man Without a Face
    Katherine Paterson (b. 1932)
    From Jacob Have I Loved
    Phyllis Reynolds Naylor (b. 1933)
    From The Year of the Gopher
    Christopher Paul Curtis (b. 1954)
    From The Watsons Go to Birmingham--1963
    Chapter 3. The World's Greatest Dinosaur War Ever
    Victor Martinez (b. 1949)
    From Parrot in the Oven: mi vida
    Chapter 7. The Boxing Match
    Further Recommended Reading
    Mildred Taylor (b. 1943), The Road to Memphis
    Perry Nodelman (b. 1942)
    "The Relationship of Pictures and Words"
    Maurice Sendak (b. 1928)
    From Caldecott & Co.: Notes on Books & Pictures
    "Winsor McCay"
    "Randolph Caldecott"
    Johan Amos Comenius (1592-1670)
    "The Ship-wreck"
    Thomas Bewick (1753-1828)
    From A General History of Quadrupeds
    From A History of British Birds, Volume I
    From A History of British Birds, Volume II
    Walter Crane (1845-1915)
    Randolph Caldecott (1846-86)
    From Hey Diddle Diddle
    From Three Jovial Huntsmen
    Kate Greenaway (1846-1901)
    From Under the Window
    Beatrix Potter (1866-1943)
    From The Roly-Poly Pudding
    Wanda Gág (1893-1946)
    From Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
    Clement Hurd (1908-88)
    From The Runaway Bunny
    Robert McCloskey (1914-2003)
    From Blueberries for Sal
    Garth Williams (1912-1996)
    From Bedtime for Frances
    From Charlotte's Web
    Maurice Sendak (b. 1928)
    "Hans My Hedgehog"
    Mercer Mayer (b. 1943)
    From Frog Goes to Dinner
    Tom Feelings (1933-2003)
    From Jambo Means Hello
    Mitsumasa Anno (b. 1926)
    From Anno's Alphabet: An Adventure in Imagination
    Trina Schart Hyman (1939-2004 )
    From Jane, Wishing
    Chris Van Allsburg (b. 1949)
    From The Z Was Zapped: A Play in Twenty-Six Acts
    Further Recommended Reading
    Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), The Tale of Peter Rabbit
    Maurice Sendak (b. 1928), Where the Wild Things Are
    Julaine Gillispie (b. 1975)
    "American Film Adaptations of The Secret Garden: Reflections of Historical and Sociological Change"
    Joe Winston (b. 1953)
    "Revising the Fairy Tale Through Magic: Antonia Barber's The Enchanter's Daughter"
    Antonia Barber (b. 1932)
    The Enchanter's Daughter
    Fiona French (b. 1944)
    Snow White in New York
    Jon C. Stott (b. 1939)
    "'Will the Real Dragon Please Stand Up'? Convention and Parody in Children's Stories"
    E. Nesbit (1858-1924)
    "The Last of the Dragons"
    Jack Prelutsky (b. 1940)
    From The Dragons are Singing Tonight
    "A Dragon's Lament"
    "My Dragon's Been Disconsolate"
    "My Dragon Wasn't Feeling Good"
    "I Have a Secret Dragon"
    "If You Don't Believe in Dragons"
    Roald Dahl (1916-1990)
    "Little Red Riding Hood and the Wolf"
    Vivian Vande Velde (b. 1951)
    Sara Henderson Hay (1906-87)
    "Juvenile Court"
    Francesca Lia Block (b. 1962)
    From Weetzie Bat
    "Weetzie Wants a Baby"
    Bruce Coville (b. 1950)
    "Am I Blue?"
    Ellen Seiter (b. 1957)
    "Toy-Based Videos for Girls: My Little Pony"
    Marina Warner (b. 1946)
    "Boys Will be Boys: The Making of the Male"
    Further Recommended Reading
    Priscilla Galloway (b. 1930), Truly Grim Tales
    Jane Yolen (b. 1939), Briar Rose
    Mark I. West (b. 1955)
    "Teaching Banned Children's Books"
    Judy Blume (b. 1938)
    From Forever
    Hazel Rochman (b. 1938), Masha Kabakow Rudman (b. 1933), and Diane Stanley (b. 1943)
    "Is That Book Politically Correct? Truth and Trends in Historical Literature for Young People"
    Herbert R. Kohl (b. 1937)
    "Should We Burn Babar? Questioning Power in Children's Literature"
    Hans Christian Andersen (1805-75)
    "The Little Mermaid"
    A. Waller Hastings (b. 1952)
    "Moral Simplification in Disney's The Little Mermaid"
    Mark Twain (1835-1910)
    From Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
    E. L. Doctorow (b. 1931) and David Bradley (b. 1950)
    "Huck, Continued"
    May Justus (1898-1989)
    New Boy in School
    Louise Fitzhugh (1928-74)
    From Nobody's Family Is Going to Change
    Katherine Paterson (b. 1932)
    From The Great Gilly Hopkins
    Harassing Miss Harris
    "Hope and Happy Endings"
    Lee Harding (b. 1937)
    "Night of Passage"
    Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957)
    From Little House on the Prairie
    Chapter 11. Indians in the House
    Chapter 21. Indian Jamboree
    Chapter 23. Indian War-Cry
    Chapter 24. Indians Ride Away
    Michael Dorris (1945-97)
    "Trusting the Words"
    Louise Erdrich (b. 1954)
    From The Birchbark House
    Chapter 1. The Birchbark House
    Chapter 2. Old Tallow
    Chapter 3. The Return
    Jon Stott (b. 1939)
    "Discovery and Recovery in Children's Novels by Native Writers"
    Marilyn Nelson (b. 1946)
    From A Wreath for Emmett Till
    Further Recommended Reading
    Paula Fox (b. 1923), The Slave Dancer
    E. L. Konigsburg (b. 1930), The View from Saturday
    Selected Bibliography: History and Criticism of Children's Literature
    Timeline of Children's Literature