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Criminology

A Sociological Approach

Sixth Edition

Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt

Publication Date - September 2014

ISBN: 9780199334643

480 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $140.95

A comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory

Description

Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Sixth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns.

THE TEXT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS:
* Part I focuses on four questions: "What is crime?" "How are perceptions of it influenced by the mass media and by fear of
crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How often does crime occur and with what degrees of seriousness?"
* Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development
* Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political
crime, and it concludes with a chapter on comparative criminology and globalization

The sixth edition features new and up-to-date empirical data and also covers areas not included in many criminology texts, like cultural criminology, green criminology, whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state-sanctioned torture.

New to this Edition

  • New and up-to-date empirical data
  • Covers areas not included in many criminology texts, like cultural criminology, green criminology, whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state-sanctioned torture

About the Author(s)

Piers Beirne is Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology at the University of Southern Maine.

James W. Messerschmidt is Professor of Sociology and Women and Gender Studies in the Department
of Criminology at the University of Southern Maine.

Previous Publication Date(s)

February 2010
August 2005

Reviews

"Criminology is the most comprehensive, logically organized, and coherently presented book on the market."--Gary W. Potter, Eastern Kentucky University

"Beirne and Messerschmidt clearly offer far more in the way of examples and case studies than my current text. The book is very user-friendly, and will appeal visually to today's students."--Laura Hansen, Western New England University

Table of Contents

    Brief Contents
    List of Boxes, Figures, and Tables
    Preface
    About the Authors


    Part I. Introduction to Criminology

    1. The Problem of Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    1.1 Images of Crime
    Crime as a Social Problem
    Crime and the Culture of Fear
    Crime in the Mass Media
    Newsmaking Criminology
    1.2 Crime, Criminal Law, and Criminalization
    Crime as a Legal Category
    Law and State
    Law and Criminalization
    1.3 Crime as a Sociological Problem
    Crime as a Violation of Conduct Norms
    Crime as Social Harm and Analogous Social Injury
    Crime as a Violation of Rights
    Crime and Deviance
    Crime, Globalization, and Global Conduct Norms
    Assessment
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    2. The Measurement of Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    2.1 Caution: Data Do Not Speak for Themselves!
    2.2 Official Crime Data
    Police-Based Data: Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
    Police-Based Data: National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
    Evaluation of the UCR
    Victimization Data: National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)
    Evaluation of the NCVS
    Federal Data on White-Collar Crime, Corporate Crime, and Internet Crime
    2.3 Unofficial Crime Data
    Self-Report Data
    Life-Course Data
    Life-History Data
    Criminal Biographies
    Observation Research and Participant Observation Research
    Comparative and Historical Research
    Assessment
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    Web Exercises
    For Further Study

    Part II. Criminological Theory

    3. Inventing Criminology: Classicism, Positivism, and Beyond
    Preview
    Key Terms
    3.1 The Enlightenment and Classical Criminology
    Beccaria: Of Crimes and Punishments (1764)
    Bentham: Punishment and the Panopticon
    Toward the Disciplinary Society
    3.2 The Emergence of Positivist Criminology
    The Crisis of Classicism: The Dangerous Classes
    Quetelet's Social Mechanics of Crime
    3.3 Criminal Anthropology: Lombroso's "Born Criminal"
    Lombroso's Criminal Man (1876)
    Goring's The English Convict (1913)
    3.4 Neoclassical Criminology
    Penal Dilemmas
    Neoclassical Compromises
    Assessment: Classicism and Positivism Today
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    4. Social Structure, Anomie, and Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    4.1 Durkheim's Sociology of Law and Crime
    Law and Social Solidarity
    The Nature of Crime
    Anomie, Egoism, and Crime
    The Evolution of Punishment
    Evaluation of Durkheim
    4.2 Social Structure, Anomie, and Deviance
    Merton's Typology of Modes of Individual Adaptation
    Evaluation of Merton
    4.3 Revised Strain Theory
    Agnew's General Strain Theory
    Evaluation of General Strain Theory
    Messner and Rosenfeld's Institutional Anomie Theory
    Evaluation of Institutional Anomie Theory
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    5. Delinquent Subcultures, Subcultures of Delinquency, and the Labeling Perspective
    Preview
    Key Terms
    5.1 The Chicago School of Criminology: Social Disorganization and Delinquency
    Shaw and McKay's Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas (1942)
    Evaluation of the Chicago School
    5.2 Delinquent Subcultures
    A. K. Cohen's Delinquent Boys (1955)
    Delinquency and Lower-Class Culture
    Delinquency and Opportunity
    Evaluation of Subcultural Theory
    5.3 Matza's Delinquency and Drift (1964)
    The Positive Delinquent
    The Subculture of Delinquency
    Delinquency and Drift
    Evaluation of Delinquency and Drift
    5.4 The Labeling Perspective
    The Social Meaning of Deviance
    Societal Reaction
    Primary and Secondary Deviance
    Deviance Amplification
    Stigmatization
    Evaluation of Labeling Theory
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    6. Social Learning Theory and Social Control Theory
    Preview
    Key Terms
    6.1 Differential Association
    Evaluation of Differential Association
    6.2 Social Learning Theory
    Differential Reinforcement
    Evaluation of Social Learning Theory
    6.3 Social Control Theory
    Evaluation of Social Control Theory
    6.4 Self-Control Theory
    Gottfredson and Hirschi's Theory of Self-Control
    Evaluation of Self-Control Theory
    6.5 Control Balance Theory
    Evaluation of Control Balance Theory
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    7. The Conflict Tradition
    Preview
    Keywords
    7.1 Marxism, Law, and Crime
    Key Concepts of Marxism
    State and Law
    Criminalization as a Violation of Rights
    Crime and Demoralization
    Evaluation of Marxism
    7.2 Conflict Theory
    Crime and Criminalization
    Criminal Law and Crime
    Toward an Integrated Conflict Theory
    Evaluation of Conflict Theory
    7.3 Radical Criminology
    Left Realism
    Evaluation of Radical Criminology
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    8. Feminist and Critical Criminologies
    Preview
    Key Terms
    8.1 Feminist Criminologies
    The First Phase
    The Second Phase
    Evaluation of Feminist Criminologies
    8.2 Critical Criminologies
    Constitutive Criminology
    Cultural Criminology
    Critical Humanist Criminologies
    Green Criminology
    Evaluation of Critical Criminologies
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    Part III. Inequalities and Crime

    9. Inequality, Crime, and Victimization
    Preview
    Key Terms
    9.1 Class and Crime
    Patterns of Crime and Victimization
    Class and Varieties of Crime
    9.2 Gender and Crime
    Patterns of Crime and Victimization
    Gender and Varieties of Crime
    9.3 Race and Crime
    Patterns of Crime and Victimization
    Race and Varieties of Crime
    9.4 Age and Crime
    Patterns of Crime and Victimization
    Age and Varieties of Crime
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    10. Property Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    10.1 Robbery and Burglary
    Robbery
    Typologies of Robbery
    Robbery as Transaction
    Robbers on Robbery
    Burglary
    Burglars on Burglary
    10.2 Varieties of Larceny
    Shoplifting
    Motor Vehicle Theft
    Fraud
    10.3 Dealing and Damage
    Fencing
    Arson
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    11. Interpersonal Violence
    Preview
    Key Terms
    11.1 Murder, Assault, Hate Crimes, and Rape
    Murder and Aggravated Assault
    Hate Crimes
    Rape
    11.2 Interpersonal Violence in the Family
    Heterosexual Wife Rape and Battering
    Gay and Lesbian Partner Battering
    Child and Elder Abuse
    Animal Abuse
    11.3 Interpersonal Violence in the Workplace
    Murder and Assault
    Sexual Harassment
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    12. White-Collar Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    12.1 Occupational Crime
    Occupational Theft
    Occupational Fraud
    12.2 Corporate Crime
    Corporate Violence
    Corporate Theft
    12.3 Transnational Corporate Crime
    Bribery
    Dumping
    Dangerous Working Conditions
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    13. Political Crime
    Preview
    Key Terms
    13.1 Political Crimes Against the State
    Violent Political Crimes Against the State
    Nonviolent Political Crimes Against the State
    13.2 Domestic Political Crimes by the State
    State Corruption
    State Political Repression
    State-Corporate Crime
    13.3 Transnational Political Crimes by the State
    State Terrorism
    The State, Terrorism, and Globalization
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    14. Comparative Criminology
    Preview
    Key Terms
    14.1 Approaching Comparative Criminology
    The Goal(s) of Comparative Criminology
    Transnational Crime
    Cultural Relativism
    A Case Study of Comparative Sexual Deviance
    Toward Uniform Cross-National Crime Statistics
    Evaluation of Comparative Criminology
    14.2 Comparative Crime and Victimization Data
    Cross-National Crime Data
    Cross-National Victimization Data
    14.3 Cross-National Generalizations Regarding Crime
    Countries with Low Crime Rates
    Modernization and Crime
    Globalization and Crime
    American Exceptionalism: Crime and Incarceration in Comparative Perspective
    Review
    Questions for Class Discussion
    For Further Study

    Glossary
    References
    Author Index
    Subject Index

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