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Cover

Criminal Violence

Patterns, Explanations, and Interventions

Fourth Edition

Marc Riedel and Wayne Welsh

Publication Date - June 2015

ISBN: 9780199386130

400 pages
Paperback
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $89.99

Provides a current, comprehensive, and highly accessible overview of major topics, theories, and controversies within the field of criminal violence

Description

Criminal Violence: Patterns, Explanations, and Prevention, Fourth Edition, provides a current, comprehensive, and highly accessible overview of major topics, theories, and controversies within the field of criminal violence.

Using engaging, straightforward language, Marc Riedel and Wayne Welsh consider diverse theoretical perspectives and present state-of-the-art prevention and intervention methods. In their discussions of various types of violence, the authors employ a consistent and coherent three-part framework that allows students to see the important relationships between research, theory, and application.

New to this Edition

  • Expanded coverage of elder abuse and mass murder
  • A revised chapter on rape that includes a more in-depth discussion of date rape and campus sexual assault, as well as new material on sexual violence education
  • Discussion of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009
  • New material on effects of media violence and gun control legislation
  • Thoroughly updated to include relevant examples, including mass shootings in Colorado and Connecticut, Mexican drug cartels, violence prevention programs and evaluations

Features

  • "Patterns" describe the characteristics of victims, offenders, and offenses; places where violence occurs frequently; and trends over time
  • "Explanations" look at the major theories that are used to understand each type of violence
  • "Interventions" propose solutions for each type of violence, including diverse legal and social strategies--both proactive (e.g., prevention) and reactive (e.g., punishment)

About the Author(s)

Marc Riedel is Professor of Sociology at Southeastern Louisiana University.

Wayne Welsh is Professor of Criminal Justice at Temple University.

Previous Publication Date(s)

September 2010
March 2007
October 2001

Reviews

"The ideal book for this course needs to touch on a wide variety of violence, causation, and patterns. This text does a really good job of covering these topics, and the tripartite approach of examining patterns, causes, and prevention flows rather nicely."--Carol Higgins O'Brien, University of Massachusetts Lowell

"This text provides a well-researched and comprehensive discussion of the history of criminal violence in the United States, contemporary violent activities, types of violence, and governments' responses to violence."--Abu Mboka, California State University, Stanislaus

"Criminal Violence offers a broad survey of violence by both type and context, and its 'tripartite approach' of patterns, explanations, and interventions is logical and intuitive. The book is clearly written and user friendly."-James Densley, Metropolitan State University

Table of Contents

    Section I. Introduction
    1. Violence and Criminal Violence
    Defining Violence
    Turning Violence into Criminal Violence
    Perspectives on Criminal Violence
    -- A Criminological Perspective
    -- A Criminal Justice Perspective
    -- Public Health Perspectives
    How Is Criminal Violence Studied?
    -- Theoretical Perspectives
    -- Research Methods
    -- Challenges of Violence Research
    What Lies Ahead?
    -- A Tripartite Approach to Understanding Violence
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    Section II. Tools
    2. Measures of Violence
    The Application of Measures of Violence
    Overview
    Crime Rates
    Uniform Crime Reports
    -- Collecting Violent Crime Data
    National Incident-Based Reporting System
    -- Comparing the Uniform Crime Report and the National Incident-Based Reporting System
    National Crime Victimization Survey
    -- The Redesign of the National Crime Victimization Survey
    -- The National Crime Victimization Survey Today
    -- Strengths and Limitations of the National Crime Victimization Survey
    -- Limitations of the National Crime Victimization Survey
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    3. Violence in Other Times and Places
    Violence in the Early United States
    White and Native American Warfare
    -- The Trail of Tears
    Slavery, African Americans, and Violence
    -- Lynching
    Social Banditry
    Prohibition
    -- The Role of Organized Crime
    Contemporary Trends in Violence
    -- Impersonalization of Homicide
    -- Violence in Other Places
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Note
    References
    Section III. Types of Criminal Violence
    4. Homicides and Assaults
    Homicides and Assaults in the United States
    -- Age, Gender, and Race
    -- Other Characteristics
    Arrest Clearances
    -- Multiple Murders
    Trends
    -- Trends in Arrest Clearances
    -- Trends in Serial Homicide
    Explanations
    -- Symbolic Interaction
    -- Subcultural Theories
    -- Explaining the Characteristics of Arrest Clearances
    -- Explaining Serial Homicides
    Interventions
    -- Increasing Clearance Rates
    -- Apprehending Serial Killers
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    5. Robbery
    Patterns and Trends
    Explanations
    -- Strain Theory and Differential Opportunity Theory
    -- Control Theory
    -- Differential Association Theory
    -- Symbolic Interaction Theory
    -- Feminist Theory
    -- Routine Activities Theory
    Interventions
    Criminal Justice Approaches
    -- Opportunity Reduction Strategies
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Note
    References
    6. Rapes and Sexual Assaults
    Definitions
    Patterns and Trends
    -- Characteristics of Victims, Offenders, and Offenses
    Explanations
    -- Psychiatric Perspectives
    -- Feminist Theories
    -- Social Cognitive Theories
    -- Multifactor Theories
    Interventions
    -- Rape Law Reform
    -- Incarceration
    -- Sex Offender Notification and Registration Laws
    -- Victim Resistance
    -- Victim Services
    -- Sexual Violence Education
    -- Sex Offender Treatment Programs
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Notes
    References
    7. Hate Crimes
    Definitions
    Patterns and Trends
    Explanations
    -- Group Conflict Theories
    -- Strain Theory
    -- Social Learning Theory
    Interventions
    -- Law Enforcement Responses
    -- Hate Crime Legislation
    -- Civil Lawsuits
    -- Educational Strategies
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Notes
    References
    Section IV. Violence in Specific Settings and Contexts
    8. Intimate Violence
    "People Hit Family Members Because They Can"
    Patterns and Risks
    -- Intimate Partner Violence
    -- Violence Toward Family Members
    Trends
    -- Intimate Partners
    -- Child Killings
    Explanations
    -- Intimate Partner Violence
    -- Violence Toward Children
    Interventions
    -- Reducing Intimate Partner Violence
    -- Reducing Family Violence
    Conclusion: Is It Time for Another Look?
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    9. Workplace Violence
    Introduction
    -- Multiplier Effects
    Patterns and Trends
    -- Types of Workplace Violence
    -- Nonfatal Workplace Violence
    -- Workplace Homicides
    -- "Going Postal"
    Explanations
    -- Routine Activities
    -- Rational Choice and Aggression in the Workplace
    Interventions
    -- Prevention Policies and Strategies
    -- Empirical Evidence
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    10. School Violence
    Patterns and Trends
    -- Fear and Avoidance
    -- School Security Responses
    -- School Incidents and Disciplinary Actions
    -- Student Victimization
    -- Teacher Victimization
    -- Self-Reported School Violence
    Explanations of School Disorder
    -- Individual Explanations
    -- School-Level Theories
    -- Community and Multilevel Explanations of School Disorder
    Interventions
    -- School-Based Violence Prevention: What Works?
    -- The National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools
    -- Examples of School-Based Prevention Programs
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    11. Gangs and Gang Violence
    Patterns and Trends
    -- Growth and Change in Gangs
    -- Gang Organization and Violence
    Explanations
    -- Strain Theories
    -- Cultural Deviance
    -- Social Control
    -- Interactional Theory
    Interventions
    -- Reducing Gang Violence in Boston
    -- Pulling Levers in Other Jurisdictions
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References
    12. The Role of Firearms in Violence
    Patterns and Trends
    -- Crimes Involving Firearms
    -- Victims
    -- Characteristics of Offenders
    -- Firearm Acquisition, Ownership, and Use
    Explanations
    -- Symbolic Interaction Theory
    -- Routine Activities and Illegal Markets
    -- Cultural Theories and Firearm Availability
    -- Media Violence
    Interventions
    -- Disrupting Illegal Gun Markets
    -- Gun Control Legislation
    -- Right-to-Carry Laws
    -- Firearm Injury Prevention Programs
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Note
    References
    13. The Role of Drugs and Alcohol in Violence
    Patterns
    Explanations
    -- Biological and Psychological Effects
    -- Routine Activities
    -- Cultural Explanations
    -- Structural Explanations
    -- Situational Explanations
    Interventions
    -- Criminal Justice Approaches
    -- Public Health Approaches
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Notes
    References
    14. Terrorism
    Definitions
    Patterns and Trends
    -- A Brief History of Terrorism
    -- State-Sponsored Terrorism
    -- Terrorist Tactics
    -- Types of Terrorists
    -- Terrorist Incidents
    Explanations
    -- Strain Theory
    -- Social Learning Theory
    -- Conflict Theory
    Interventions
    -- The 9/11 Report
    -- The Patriot Act
    -- Military Action
    -- Diplomacy and International Cooperation
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    Notes
    References
    Section V. Conclusion
    15. Prevention and Punishment: A Delicate Balance
    Criminal Justice Approaches
    -- Criminal Justice Goals
    -- The Death Penalty
    -- Three-Strikes Laws
    -- The Limits of Punishment
    Public Health Approaches to Punishment and Prevention
    -- The Multilevel Risk Approach
    -- Evidence-Based Practices and Programs
    -- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders
    -- Community-Based Approaches
    -- Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
    When Violent Crime Goes Down, Do We Know Why?
    Conclusions
    Discussion Questions
    Suggested Readings
    References