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Crime Victims in Context

Leslie W. Kennedy and Vincent F. Sacco

Publication Date - January 1998

ISBN: 9780195329773

240 pages
6-7/8 x 9-3/16 inches

Retail Price to Students: $109.99

An up-to-date and thought-provoking text on the controversial topic of victimology


This is the most up-to-date and thought-provoking undergraduate text on the controversial topic of victimology available. It features a lively, engaging writing style.

Designed for the American college and university market, this book is groundbreaking in its integrated approach to the study of society's crime victims and the forces that influence their victimization. This approach eases instruction by encouraging students to engage in critical thinking about victims--helping students understand how victimization relates to the social context in which victims live.

Crime Victims in Context explores the following themes:

* Ways in which the victim role is constructed in the media, in public discourse, and in political responses to crime. This sets the stage for rethinking the meaning of victimization.
* Approaching victimization as a social event--the social exchanges, or transactions, between victim and offender.
* An exploration of the aftermath of crime--examining the effects of crime on the victim, including the physical and socio-emotional costs of victimization.
* Responses by the criminal justice system in the adjudication of offender guilt as well as victim support groups.

Coverage includes both sides of such controversial issues as fear of crime, victim blaming, the "abuse excuse," white-collar victimization, and restorative justice. The discussion of culture and the discussion of victims and victimization as moral stratification are innovative features of this text. There is extensive treatment of victimization theories and a review of data-collection procedures used in collecting information about victimization. Numerous examples drawn from real life and recent research serve to illustrate points throughout the book.

Internet references are also included.

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: The Meaning of Victimization
    The Ambiguous Character of Criminal Victimization
    Defining Victims and Victimization
    Culture and Victimization
    The Innocence of Victims
    Blaming the Victim
    A Culture of Victimization?
    The Victim's Identity
    Summary and Conclusion
    Chapter 2: Cultural Images of Victimization
    Media Discourse
    The News Media
    Crime Content of News
    Victims in the News
    Making Crime News
    News Agencies as Bureaucracies
    Victims in the News Production Process
    Media Waves and Media Wars
    Police and Crime Shows
    True Crime Genres
    Popular Discourse
    Talking About Crime
    Urban Legends
    Some Implications of Crime Discourses
    The Connection Between Media and Popular Discourse
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 3: The Political Context of Victimization
    The Shifting Victim Role
    Rising Crime Rates
    The Politicization of Crime
    Movement Linkage
    Offender Bashing
    Failure to Address the Causes of Crime
    The Emphasis on Conventional Crime
    Heightening the Fear of Crime
    The Intensification of Conflict
    Stigmatization of Victims
    Weakening Social Ties and Increasing Dependency
    Delaying Processes of Natural Healing
    Unmet Expectations
    Defining Victims and Victim Issues
    Constructing Social Problems
    Constructing Victim Issues
    Claims About Victim Issues
    The Claimsmaking Process
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 4: Victims: The Research Context
    The Research Context
    Police Data
    The Uniform Crime Reports
    Problems With UCR Data
    Victimization Surveys
    The National Crime Victimization Survey
    Advantages and Limitations of Victimization Surveys
    The NCVS and the UCR
    The Offender Self-Report Study
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 5: Victims and Criminological Theory
    Criminology and Crime Victims
    The Criminal Opportunity
    Lifestyle-Exposure Theory
    Routine Activities Theory
    Victimization and Opportunity
    Victim-Offender Interaction
    Victim Precipitation
    The Situated Transaction Victims and Victim Theories
    The Criminal Event Perspective
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 6: Setting the Context for Victimization: Personal Safety, Risk, and Dangerous Locations
    Perceptions of Personal Safety: Constructing the Social Context of Victimization
    Risky Lifestyles: Exposure and Propensity to Crime
    Dangerous Locations
    Crime Prevention
    Victim-Based Prevention
    Offender-Based Prevention
    Community-Based Prevention
    Combined Approaches
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 7: Victim Experiences
    Event Precursors
    Structural Position
    Victim Offender Relationship: From Strangers to Intimates
    Friends and Acquaintances
    The Transaction
    Situational Dynamics of Household Victimization: Private Problems
    Spousal Violence
    Child Abuse
    Property Crimes
    Crimes in Public
    Life on the Street
    Victim Retaliation: The Role of Third Parties
    Criminal Event Outcomes
    Proximate Effects of Victimization: The Role of the Police
    Medical Intervention
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 8: The Aftermath of Victimization I: The Victimization Experience
    The Impact of Victimization
    Costs of Victimization
    Calculating the Monetary Cost of Crime Subjective Costs of Crime: Emotional and Behavioral
    Responses to Victim Experiences
    Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome
    Battered Woman Syndrome
    The Emotional Effects of Property Crime
    Cycles of Violence: Victims Who Become Offenders
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 9: The Aftermath of Victimization II: Victim Services, Courts, and Alternative Justice
    Victim Involvement With the Criminal Justice System
    Secondary Victimization
    Victim's Rights
    The Role of Victims in Responses to Criminal Events
    Victims and Court Personnel
    Victims and Prosecutors
    Victim Witness Intimidation
    Victims as Judges: The Enhanced Role of Victim Impact Statements
    Victim Services
    Victim Compensation and Restitution
    Victim Involvement With Offenders: Alternative Justice
    Summary and Conclusions
    Chapter 10: Summing Up

Related Title

Introduction to Victimology

Introduction to Victimology: Contemporary Theory, Research, and Practice

Bonnie S. Fisher, Bradford W. Reyns, and John J. Sloan