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Crime and Criminals

Contemporary and Classic Readings in Criminology

Second Edition

Edited by Frank R. Scarpitti, Amie L. Nielsen, and J. Mitchell Miller

Publication Date - 31 July 2008

ISBN: 9780195370904

528 pages
7 1/2 X 91/4 inches

In Stock

Featuring twenty-four new readings, this vibrant collection is designed to provide a comprehensive--and accessible--introduction to criminology.


A vibrant collection of readings designed to provide a comprehensive--and accessible--introduction to criminology, Crime and Criminals: Contemporary and Classic Readings, Second Edition, brings together selections from diverse and dynamic sources, including sociologists, criminologists, and scholars from other related disciplines. Featuring twenty-four new readings, this incisive text addresses the broad range of subjects typically covered in a criminology course, including society's attempts to control crime and criminal behavior.

To help students understand the relevance and real-world applications of criminology, new coeditor J. Mitchell Miller has shaped this edition with new selections that address how criminological research directly influences practical responses to crime. Building on the work of coeditors Frank R. Scarpitti and Amie L. Nielsen, these cutting-edge readings reflect exciting developments in contemporary criminology while also preserving the text's original purpose: to compile a set of readings that represent both the breadth and variety of research on the causes of crime, its control, and related social policy issues.

In addition, this engaging text integrates many helpful pedagogical resources, which draw students into the core concepts and fundamental theories of the field:

* An introductory chapter begins each section, providing a survey of the major issues in each area and a helpful context for the readings that follow
* An introduction precedes each selection, offering an overview of the article and a discussion of its relevance to students
* Lively discussion questions follow each reading

An essential resource for criminology courses, the new edition Crime and Criminals explores the dynamic, challenging, and ever-changing realities of crime.

About the Author(s)

Frank R. Scarpitti is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware.

Amie L. Nielsen is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Miami.

J. Mitchell Miller is Professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Texas at San Antonio.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 1999


"The ambitious breadth of the editors' goals represents the anthology's strength. However, simply noting that the readings are comprehensive and logical does an injustice to the editors' accomplishment. This anthology represents an intellectual coup . . . a virtual celebration of and tribute to some of the real giants of criminology."--William A. Reese, Augusta State University

"Many criminology texts seem to mimic an almost tabloid-type sensationalism. By contrast, the introductions and the articles selected in this book reflect solid, well-researched, and carefully reasoned approaches to the study of crime."--Joan Olson, University of Mary Washington

Table of Contents

    Section I. Defining Criminology and Crime
    1. Criminology as Social Science, J. Mitchell Miller
    2. Historical Explanations of Crime: From Demons to Politics, C. Ronald Huff
    3. Characteristics of the Criminal Law, Edwin Sutherland and Donald Cressey
    4. The State, the Law, and the Definition of Behavior as Criminal or Delinquent, William J. Chambliss
    Section II. Observing and Measuring the Nature and Extent of Crime
    5. Are Uniform Crime Reports a Valid Indicator of the Index Crimes? An Affirmative Answer with Minor Qualifications, Walter R. Gove, Michael Hughes, and Michael Geerken
    6. Reassessing the Reliability and Validity of Self-Report Delinquency Measures, David Huizinga and Delbert S. Elliott
    7. Managing Rape: Exploratory Research on the Behavior of Rape Statistics, Gary F. Jensen and Maryaltani Karpos
    8. A Snowball's Chance in Hell: Doing Fieldwork with Active Residential Burglars, Richard Wright, Scott H. Decker, Allison K. Redfern, andDietrich L. Smith
    9. Covert Participant Observation: Reconsidering the Least Used Method, J. Mitchell Miller
    Section III. Correlates of Crime
    10. Specifying the SES/Delinquency Relationship, Charles R. Tittle and Robert F. Meier
    11. Age and the Patterning of Crime, Darrell J. Steffensmeier and Jeffery Ulmer
    12. Explaining the Gender Gap in Delinquency: Peer Influence and Moral Evaluations of Behavior, Daniel P. Mears, Matthew Ploeger, and Mark Warr
    13. Intelligence and Criminal Behavior, Scott Menard
    14. Family Relationships, Juvenile Delinquency, and Adult Criminality, Joan McCord
    15. On Immigration and Crime, Ramiro Martinez, Jr. and Matthew T. Lee
    Section IV. Theories of Crime
    16. Formal and Informal Sanctions: A Comparison of Deterrent Effects, Linda S. Anderson, Theodore G. Chiricos, and Gordon P. Waldo
    17. The Criminal Man, Cesare Lombroso
    18. Does the Body Tell? Biological Characteristics and Criminal Disposition, David Row
    19. Personality and Crime: Are Some People Crime Prone?, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E. Moffitt, Phil A. Silva, Magda Stouthamer-Moeber, Robert F. Krueger, and Pamela S. Schmutte
    20. A Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior, Edwin H. Sutherland
    21. A Social Learning Theory of Crime, Ronald L. Akers
    22. Lower-Class Culture as a Generating Milieu of Gang Delinquency, Walter B. Miller
    23. Code of the Streets, Elijah Anderson
    24. Formal Characteristics of Delinquency Areas, Clifford R. Shaw and Henry McKay
    25. Routine Activity Theory, Lawrence E. Cohen and Marcus Felson
    26. A Control Theory of Delinquency, Travis Hirschi
    27. The Nature of Criminality: Low Self-Control, Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi
    28. Foundation for a General Theory of Crime, Robert Agnew
    29. Crime and the American Dream, Steven S. Messner and Richard Rosenfeld
    30. Causes of Crime: A Radical View, Michael J. Lynch and W. Byron Groves
    Section V. Criminological Observations of Crime
    31. Violent Crime in the United States, Albert J. Reiss, Jr. and Jeffrey A. Roth
    32. The Motivation to Commit Property Crimes, Kenneth D. Tunnell
    33. Organized Crime, Frank R. Scarpitti
    34. Casinos and Banking: Organized Crime in the Bahamas, Alan A. Block and Frank R. Scarpitti
    35. Denying the Guilty Mind: Accounting for Involvement in White-Collar Crime, Michael L. Benson
    36. Trouble in the Schoolyard: A Study of Risk Factors of Victimization, Christopher J. Schreck, J. Mitchell Miller, Chris L. Gibson
    37. Researching Dealers and Smugglers, Patricia A. Adler
    Section VI. Responses to Crime
    38. Police, Carl B. Klockars
    39. Racial Profiling, David A. Harris
    40. The Decision to Prosecute, George F. Cole
    41. Prostitution Control in America, Ronald Weitzer
    42. The Evidence in Favor of Prisons, Richard A. Wright
    43. Decriminalization, Samuel Walker

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