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Cover

Contemporary Musicianship

Analysis and the Artist

Jennifer Sterling Snodgrass

Publication Date - April 2015

ISBN: 9780199990870

416 pages
Paperback
8-1/2 x 11 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $72.95

An introduction to musicianship that speaks to contemporary students through traditional and current repertories

Description

Contemporary Musicianship presents traditional music theory and analysis in an innovative way for popular music, jazz, and music business/industry students. The text introduces students to the basic principles of music theory using the great works of classical performers and popular artists. Through creative projects and composition opportunities, Contemporary Musicianship shows the two-semester Musicianship or Introduction to Music Theory student that music theory is more than just notes and math; it is a musical experience that evolves throughout the life of an artist.

Features
* A contemporary approach bridges the gap between classical music and popular music
* "Artist in Residence" features help students see how concepts in the text apply to the real world
* Real-life scenarios in both creative projects and textual explanations show students how to think like industry musicians
* Composition opportunities encourage students to apply what they have learned to their own original music
* Aural skills exercises at the end of selected chapters are accompanied with studio recordings made specifically for this text
* Coverage of chord harmonies using roman-numeral analysis (the traditional keyboard method) and lead-sheet symbols (more common in popular and jazz music) teach students alternate systems commonly used by professional performers in the commercial music world
* A Companion Website with links to YouTube videos points students to relevant performances for analysis and critique and interviews with songwriters and performers

About the Author(s)

Jennifer Sterling Snodgrass is Associate Professor of Music Theory in the Hayes School of Music at Appalachian State University.

Reviews

"I have yet to come across a fundamentals text that so effectively combines classical and popular music."--Patricia Burt, Valparaiso University

"I would adopt this book as my text in a heartbeat."--B. Heath Vercher, Lamar State College-Port Arthur

"The clarity and current artists in this text make it a "must-have" for contemporary musicianship classes."--Katherine Strand, Indiana University

"The first theory text I've read that relates music of the past to music of the present and future so well. I will learn as much as my students with this text!"--David C. Runner, Milligan College

Table of Contents

    1. The Basics of Pitch and Rhythmic Notation
    Artist in Residence: The Music of the Movies
    Pitches and Clefs
    The Grand Staff and Octave Identification
    Ledger Lines
    The Keyboard
    Accidentals
    Rhythm and Meter
    Simple Meter
    Compound Meter
    The Final Scene
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Chopin, "Ballade No. 1 in G minor" from The Pianist
    --Johann Strauss, The Blue Danube from 2001: A Space Odyssey
    Aural Skills Conditioning 1
    --Introduction to Reading Rhythm
    --More Practice with Takadimi
    --Rhythmic Dictation
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Sharon Corbitt-House
    --Studio Manager of Ben's Studio and co-manager of Ben Folds
    2. Major Scales and Key Signatures
    Artist in Residence: Famous Collaborations
    The Major Scale
    Notating Major Scales Using the WWHWWWH Method
    Major Key Signatures
    Identification of Major Key Signatures
    Notating Major Key Signatures
    Artist in Residence: Collaboration 1: Norah Jones and Willie Nelson, "Baby It's Cold Outside"
    Artist in Residence: Collaboration 2: Appalachia Waltz Trio
    The Circle of Fifths
    Artist in Residence: Collaboration 3: We are the World (1985)
    Artist in Residence: Collaboration 4: The Three Tenors
    Backstage Pass: When Collaborations Go Wrong, Very Very Wrong
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Aural Skills Conditioning 2
    --Introduction to Solfège
    --Sight Singing: Melodies That Move by Step
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Mark O'Connor
    --Composer, Educator, Musician
    3. Minor Scales and Key Signatures
    Artist in Residence: Lang Lang
    Parallel Key Relationships
    Notating Minor Scales
    Relative Key Relationships
    Identification of Minor Key Signatures
    Notating Minor Key Signatures
    Circle of Fifths
    Artist in Residence: An Overnight Rise to Stardom
    Natural Minor Scale
    Harmonic Minor Scale
    Melodic Minor Scale
    Artist in Residence: Practice Makes Perfect
    Artist in Residence: Giving Back
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Aural Skills Conditioning 3
    --Sight Singing: Melodies That Move by Step
    --Scale Degree Identification
    4. Intervals
    Artist in Residence: Adele
    Interval Quality: The Major Scale Method (1, 4, 5, 8)
    Inversion of Intervals
    Backstage Pass: Rolling in the Deep
    Interval Quality: The Major Scale Method (2,3,6,7)
    Compound Intervals
    The Half Step Method
    Backstage Pass: Time for Something a Little Different and a Little More Real
    Writing Interval on the Staff
    Backstage Pass: The Dangers of the Rock Star Lifestyle
    Transposition of Instruments
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Taylor Swift, "You Belong with Me"
    --Rogers and Hammerstein, "You'' Never Walk Alone"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 4
    --Hearing 2nds and 3rds
    --Singing 2nds and 3rds
    --Interval Identification: 2nds and 3rds
    --Hearing and Singing Perfect 4ths and 5ths
    --Interval Identification: 4ths and 5ths
    --Mixed Intervals
    --Sight Singing: Melodies With Leaps
    --Melodic Dictation
    5. Triads
    Artist in Residence: The American Idol Phenomenon
    America Has the Power
    Triads
    Closed and Open Position
    Triads within Context
    Backstage Pass: Winners and Losers: Where are they now?
    Inverted Triad
    Backstage Pass: Fall From Grace: Is America Getting Tired of Reality TV?
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Kelly Clarkson, "Stronger"
    --Gounod, "Ave Maria" as sung by Jackie Evancho
    Aural Skills Conditioning 5
    --Hearing Triads
    --Singing Triads
    --Triad Identification
    --Review of Rhythmic Reading: The Addition of the Tie
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Gregg Lohman
    --Drummer for Kellie Pickler and session musician
    --Adjunct Faculty, Tennessee State University
    6. Seventh Chords
    Artist in Residence: Joshua Bell
    Identification of Seventh Chords
    The Sound Quality of the Seventh Chord
    Inversions of 7th Chords
    Artist in Residence: Joshua Bell: The Poet of the Violin
    Backstage Pass: Playing for Pennies: The Subway Experiment
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Gershwin, "I Loves You Porgy" from Porgy and Bess
    --Saint-Saëns, "Le Cygne" from Carnival of the Animals
    --Bruno Mars, "When I Was Your Man"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 6
    --Hearing and Singing Solfège: Joshua Bell
    --Sight Singing: Melodies That Outline Triads and Seventh Chords
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Frank Babbitt
    --Violist for Chicago Symphony and Chicago Lyric Opera
    7. Lead Sheet Symbols
    Artist in Residence: Elvis Presley
    Lead Sheet Symbols for Triads
    Lead Sheet Symbols for Seventh Chords
    Backstage Pass: Play it again, and again, and again
    Backstage Pass: King of Rock and Roll? Who Decides?
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Fun, "We Are Young"
    --Fun, "Some Nights"
    --Sarah Hurst, "To the Moon"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 7
    --Hearing and Singing Seventh Chords
    --Hearing and Singing Progressions- Elvis Presley, "Can't Help
    --Seventh Chord Identification
    --Hearing 6ths and 7ths
    --Singing 6ths and 7ths
    --Interval Identification: 6ths and 7ths
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Layng Martine
    --2013 Inductee into Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame
    8. Roman Numerals and Figured Bass
    Artist in Residence: Cecilia Bartoli
    Harmonic Function
    Figured Bass
    The Uniqueness of the Second Inversion Triad
    Important Things to Realize About Realization
    Artist in Residence: Cecilia Bartoli- Schooling Americans in Italian Art Song
    Artist in Residence: A Diva on the Stage: Bringing the 18th Century Back into Style
    Exercises
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Analysis
    --William Billings, "Here Is a Song, which Doth Belong"
    --Bellini, "Vaga Luna"
    --Puccini, "O Mio Babbino Caro" from the opera Gianni Schicchi
    --Rossini, "Non Piu Mesta" from the opera Cenerentola
    Composition Project
    Creative Decisions
    Aural Skills Conditioning 8
    --Hearing Tritones
    --Singing Tritones
    --Singing Intervals (All)
    --Interval Identification - All Intervals
    --Singing Triads and Seventh Chords
    --Chord Identification
    --Singing Progressions - Mozart, "Voi Che Sapete"
    --The Do-Ti Test
    --Finish the Progression
    --Harmonizing Melodies
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Amy Bishop Greene
    --Operations Coordinator at Lyric Opera of Chicago
    9. Phrases and Cadences
    Artist in Residence: Michael Jackson
    Cadence Types
    Phrases
    Period
    Artist in Residence: Child Star to Solo Superstar
    Artist in Residence; Breaking All the Records
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Mozart, "Ave Verum Corpus" K. 618
    --Felix Mendelssohn, "Die Nachtigall, " Op. 59, No. 4
    Aural Skills Conditioning 9
    --Listening for Cadences
    --Cadence Type Identification
    --Hearing Phrases and Cadences Beyond the 4 Measure Phrase:
    --Jackson 5, "I'll Be There"
    --Other Examples for Individual Study
    10. Non Chord Tones I
    Artist in Residence: Pink
    Non-Chord Tones
    Artist in Residence: Pink: Finding her Voice Among the Pop Princesses
    Artist in Residence: Flying Through the Air
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Bach, "Nun ruhen alle Wälder"
    --Mozart, Clarinet Quintet in A major, K. 581, Mvt. III
    Aural Skills Conditioning 10
    --Singing Chorale Phrases with Non-chord tones
    --Hearing Non-chord tones in a Chorale phrase
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Jeff Watson
    --Vice-President Interactive Marketing at Warner Brothers Records
    11. Non Chord Tones II
    Artist in Residence: Ella Fitzgerald
    Suspension
    Artist in Residence: Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady of Song
    Retardation
    Backstage Pass: Black and White
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Vernon Duke, "Autumn in New York" (1934)
    --Richard Rodgers, "My Romance" (1935)
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 11
    --Hearing Non-Chord Tones: "We Are The World" and "In Remembrance"
    --Singing Chorale Phrases with non-chord tones
    --Hearing Non-chord tones in Chorale Phrases
    --Other Examples for Individual Study
    12. Secondary Dominants
    Artist in Residence: Billy Joel
    Artist in Residence: The Piano Man
    Recognizing Secondary Dominants in Context
    Spelling Secondary Dominants
    Artist in Residence: Big Shot
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Billy Joel, "Shameless"
    --Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. 8, Op. 13, Mvt. II
    --Mozart, String Quartet in F major, No. 5, K. 158, Mvt. I
    --Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik K. 525, Mvt. I
    --Handel, "He Was Despised" from Messiah
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 12 (Review)
    --Review of Sight-Singing: Melodies outlining the I and V chords
    --Review of Melodic Dictation: Melodies outlining the I and V chords
    --Review of Harmonic Progression: Chord Identification
    --Review of Intervals: Interval Identification (All)
    Aural Skills Conditioning 12 (Advanced)
    --Secondary Dominants
    --Hearing Secondary Chords: Billy Joel, Ben Folds, and Moving Pictures
    --Singing Progressions with Secondary Chords
    --Chord Identification: Secondary Chords
    --Singing Melodies
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective:
    --Honesty: Everyone is So Untrue
    13. Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    Artist in Residence: Renée Fleming
    Artist in Residence: Ambition and Drive: The People's Diva
    Recognizing Secondary Leading Tones in Context
    Song Spotlight: Classical Music to the Masses: Queens, Presidents, Muppets, and David Letterman
    Spelling Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Artist in Residence: Brava!!! Honors and Awards
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Antonio Caldara, "Alma Del Core" (early 18th century)
    --Richard Strauss, "Die erwachte Rose" from Drei Liebeslieder (1880)
    --Ludwig Van Beethoven, String Quartet No. 4 in C minor
    Aural Skills Conditioning 13 (Review)
    --Review of Sight-Singing: Melodies outlining the ii and IV chords
    --Review of Melodic Dictation: Melodies outlining the ii and IV chords
    --Review of Harmonic Progression: Chord Identification
    --Review of Rhythmic Dictation
    Aural Skills Conditioning 13 (Advanced)
    --Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    --Singing Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    --Hearing Secondary Chords
    --Hearing Secondary Chords in Context
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Renée Fleming
    --International Opera Star
    14. Borrowed Chords
    Artist in Residence: Rascal Flatts
    Artist in Residence: I'm Movin On (or better yet, Movin Up)
    The Borrowed iv
    Song Spotlight: Hidden Under the Skin
    The Borrowed bIII
    The Borrowed bVII
    The Borrowed bVI
    Artist in Residence: Feels Like Today, Honors and Awards
    Discography
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --MacDowell, Edward, "To A Wild Rose" From Woodland Sketches (1896)
    --Friedrich von Flotow, "Ach! so fromm, ach so traut" from Martha (1847)
    --Franz Joseph Haydn, Symphony No. 100 in G
    Aural Skills Conditioning 14
    --Borrowed Chords
    ---Singing Borrowed Chords
    ---Hearing Borrowed Chords within Context
    ---Challenging your Ears: The Next Step
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Pat McMakin
    --Director of Operations for Ocean Way Recording Studio
    15. Modulations in Popular Music
    Artist in Residence: Queen
    Closely Related Keys
    Pivot Chord Modulation
    Artist in Residence: Killer Queen
    Direct Modulation
    Song Spotlight: We Are The Champions
    Sequential Modulation
    Pivot Tone Modulation
    Song Spotlight: A Bohemian Rhapsody
    Monophonic Modulation
    Other Modulations in "Bohemian Rhapsody"
    Backstage Pass: Death of a Superstar
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Traditional, Flee as a Bird
    --The Temptations, "My Girl"
    --Felix Bernard, Winter Wonderland
    --Camille Saint-Saëns, "Le Cynge" from Carnaval des Animaux
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 15
    --Modulation
    ---Classical Period
    ---Romantic Period
    ---1970's popular music
    ---1980's popular music
    ---2000's popular music
    ---2010's popular music
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Courtney Gregg
    --General Manager at Carnival Publishing
    Appendix 1: Nashville Number System
    Artist in Residence: For the Fatherless and US
    The Basics of the Nashville Number System
    --Chords
    --Harmonic Rhythm
    Artist in Residence: For the Fatherless, Brian and Christa Yak
    Understanding Nashville Numbers in Context: For the Fatherless
    Artist in Residence: Us the Duo, Michael Alvarado and Carissa Alvarado
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Ashton Lee
    --Aspiring Songwriter recently signed with Cauley Music Group
    Appendix 2: Song Form and Perspective of Songwriters
    The Process of Songwriting
    Terminology in Songwriting
    Studying the Songs
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter #1 Sarah Hurst
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter #2 Jeremy Johnson and Paul Marino
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter #3 James Issac Elliott
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter #4 Tom Douglas
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter #5 Ben Folds
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Composition Project
    Appendix 3: Glossary
    Appendix 4: Timings for YouTube Channel
    Index of Musical Examples
    Index by Topic
    Selected Bibliography and Sources Consulted
    Supplemental Material Available Online
    Answers to Selected Exercises (Written and Aural)
    1. Extended Chords: The Ninth, Eleventh, and Thirteenth
    Artist in Residence: Barbara Hendricks and Walter Gieseking
    Backstage Pass: The Original Blurred Lines: Impressionism
    Ninth Chords
    Artist in Residence: Barbara Hendricks: Curious Student, Scholar, Philanthropist and Artist
    Artist in Residence: Walter Gieseking: Master of the French Style
    11th and 13th chords
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Debussy, La Cathédrale Engloutie ("The Sunken Cathedral")
    --Fauré, Pavane Pour une Infante Défunte
    --Duke Ellington, Prelude to a Kiss
    --Willard Robinson and Larry Conley, "A Cottage For Sale"
    --Irving Berlin, "Cheek to Cheek"
    The Final Note: Real World Perspective: Barbara Hendricks
    --International Opera Star
    2. Chromatic Chords Functioning as the Predominant
    Artist in Residence: Jacqueline du Pré
    Neopolitan Chords
    Artist in Residence: Driven with Intensity: Jacqueline Du Pré
    Song Spotlight: The Elgar Concerto
    Backstage Pass: A Love Story: Daniel Barenboim and Jackie
    Augmented Sixth Chords
    --Italian Augmented Sixth
    --French Augmented Sixth
    --German Augmented Sixth
    Artist in Residence: An Artist's Early Demise
    Summary of Augmented Sixth Chords
    Review of Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    --Chopin, Nocturne in C# minor
    --Franz Joseph Haydn, String Quartet No. 5 in F minor, Op. 20, Mvt. I
    --Mozart, "Lacrymosa" from Requiem
    --Anonymous, "Quella fiamma che m'accende"
    --Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp Minor "Moonlight"
    3. Modulations in Classical Music
    Artist in Residence: Leonard Bernstein
    Pivot Chord Modulation
    Artist in Residence: Music's Monarch: Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990)
    Backstage Pass: Make Our Garden Grow: The Transition to Broadway and Television
    Chromatic Pivot Chord Modulation
    Direct Modulation
    Pivot Tone Modulation
    The Importance of Heritage
    Monophonic Modulation
    Review Chapter Objectives
    Analysis
    --Chorale Settings
    --Felix Bernard, Winter Wonderland
    --Camille Saint-Saëns, "Le Cynge" from Carnaval des Animaux
    --Franz Schubert, "Pause" from Die Schöne Müllerin
    --W. A. Mozart, Symphony 41, Mvt. I, K. 551
    --W. A. Mozart, Symphony No. 41, K.551, Mvt. III
    --W.A. Mozart, Symphony No. 41, K. 551, Mvt. I
    --W. A. Mozart, Symphony 35, K. 385, Mvt. III
    4. Classical Forms
    Artist in Residence: The Original Rock Stars: Mozart, Chopin, and the Boys
    Artist in Residence: The Original Rock Stars of the Classical Music World
    Binary Form
    Ternary Form
    Artist in Residence: The Great Masters of Classical Composition
    Rondo Form
    Sonata Form
    Concerto Form
    Analysis