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Cover

Contemporary Musicianship

Analysis and the Artist

Second Edition

Jennifer Sterling Snodgrass

Publication Date - June 2020

ISBN: 9780190924607

416 pages
Looseleaf

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $59.99

An introduction to musicianship that speaks to contemporary students through traditional and current repertories

Description

Contemporary Musicianship, Second Edition, presents traditional music theory and analysis in an innovative manner, combining music history, popular culture, and composition in order to reach a broader audience: the non-music major and the music business/industry student. The text teaches students the basic principles of music theory while incorporating the great works of classical performers and popular artists. It includes real-life scenarios that show students how to think like industry musicians.

New to this Edition

  • Additional sections on modes and their use in popular music; tendency tones; and accompaniment patterns found in popular and classical music
  • Expanded discussions of identification of intervals to include the white key method; suspensions to include both harmonic and melodic uses; and voice leading to include the keyboard method along with SATB voicing
  • New appendices: Appendix 3 now gives charts of all common chords and extensions and the corresponding lead sheet symbol and Appendix 4 focuses on the guidelines of part-writing
  • New online worksheets featuring women composers accompany each chapter
  • Updated artists in residence, including chapters focused on Dolly Parton, Carmen Bradford, and Bruno Mars
  • Updated interviews, including Danny Nozell, Manager for Dolly Parton; Joshua Bell, International Performer of Violin; Billy Mann, Songwriter for P!nk; Carmen Bradford, Lead Singer for Count Basie Orchestra; and Michael McDonald, Owner of Mick Management

Features

  • Bridges the gap between classical music and popular music by illustrating that both types of music utilize the same compositional techniques
  • Each chapter focuses on a particular musical style or performer
  • Conversational voice allows students to easily understand theoretical material that is often presented in complex ways
  • Real-life scenarios in creative projects allow students to think like someone in the real world

About the Author(s)

Jennifer Snodgrass is Professor of Music Theory in the Hayes School of Music at Appalachian State University.

Reviews

"The tone of this text is friendly and easy to read; I can tell that the author is an excellent teacher. Compared to other texts on the market, Contemporary Musicianship is unique in that it is geared more toward students in the music industry field and better caters to their musicianship goals and needs."--Philip Stoecker, Hofstra University

"Contemporary Musicianship is set apart from other musicianship textbooks through the incorporation of notable repertoire by classical and popular artists to encourage an in-depth study of how certain techniques are applied in creative practice."--Richard Francis Graham, Stevens Institute of Technology

Table of Contents

    Preface

    CHAPTER 1. THE BASICS OF PITCH AND RHYTHMIC NOTATION
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: THE MUSIC OF THE MOVIES
    Chapter Objectives
    Pitches and Clefs
    The Grand Staff and Octave Identification
    Ledger Lines
    The Keyboard
    Accidentals
    Rhythm and Meter
    Simple Meter
    Compound Meter
    The Final Scene

    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Chopin, Ballade No. 1 in G Minor
    Johann Strauss, "The Blue Danube" from 2001: A Space Odyssey
    Aural Skills Conditioning 1
    Introduction to Reading Rhythm
    More Practice with Takadimi
    Rhythmic Dictation
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Sharon Corbitt-House, Studio Manager of Grand Victor Sound and
    Co-Manager of Ben Folds

    CHAPTER 2. MAJOR SCALES AND KEY SIGNATURES
    ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE: FAMOUS COLLABORATIONS

    Chapter Objectives
    The Major Scale
    Notating Major Scales Using the WWHWWWH Method
    Major Key Signatures
    Identification of Major Key Signatures
    Notating Major Key Signatures

    Artists in Residence: Collaboration 1: Kid Rock and Sheryl Crow
    Artists in Residence: Collaboration 2: Appalachia Waltz Trio
    The Circle of Fifths
    Artists in Residence: Collaboration 3: "We Are the World," Various Artists (1985)
    Artists in Residence: Collaboration 4: The Three Tenors
    Backstage Pass: When Collaborations Go Wrong--Very Very Wrong
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Aural Skills Conditioning 2

    Introduction to Solfége
    Sight Singing: Melodies That Move by Step
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Mark O'Connor, Composer, Educator, Musician

    CHAPTER 3. MINOR SCALES AND KEY SIGNATURES, MODES
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: LANG LANG

    Chapter Objectives
    Parallel Key Relationships
    Notating Minor Scales
    Relative Key Relationships
    Identification of Minor Key Signatures
    Notating Minor Key Signatures

    Circle of Fifths
    Artist in Residence: An Overnight Rise to Stardom
    Natural Minor Scale
    Harmonic Minor Scale
    Melodic Minor Scale

    Artist in Residence: Practice Makes Perfect
    Tendency Tones in Major and Minor Keys
    Artist in Residence: Giving Back
    Modes
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Aural Skills Conditioning 3
    Sight Singing: Melodies That Move by Step
    Scale Degree Identification

    CHAPTER 4. INTERVALS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: ADELE

    Chapter Objectives
    Interval Quality: The Major Scale Method (1, 4, 5, 8)
    Backstage Pass: Rolling in the Deep
    Interval Quality: The Major Scale Method (2, 3, 6, 7)
    Inversion of Intervals
    White Key Method
    Compound Intervals
    The Half-Step Method

    Backstage Pass: Time for Something a Little Different and a Little More Real
    Writing Intervals on the Staff
    Backstage Pass: The Dangers of the Rock-Star Lifestyle
    Transposition of Instruments
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Taylor Swift, "You Belong with Me"
    Rodgers and Hammerstein, "You'll Never Walk Alone"
    Adele, "Hello"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 4
    Hearing Seconds and Thirds
    Singing Seconds and Thirds
    Interval Identification: Seconds and Thirds
    Hearing and Singing Perfect Fourths and Fifths
    Interval Identification: Fourths and Fifths
    Mixed Intervals
    Sight Singing: Melodies with Leaps
    Melodic Dictation

    CHAPTER 5. TRIADS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: DOLLY PARTON

    Chapter Objectives
    Triads
    Closed and Open Position
    Accompaniment Patterns
    Triads within Context

    Backstage Pass: A Girl From the Mountains to the Stage
    Inverted Triad
    Backstage Pass: Philanthropist Parton: Giving Back to Those in Need
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Dolly Parton, "Coat of Many Colors"
    Gounod, "Ave Maria"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 5
    Hearing Triads
    Singing Triads
    Triad Identification
    Review of Rhythmic Reading: The Addition of the Tie
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Danny Nozell, CEO of CTK Management and Manager to Dolly Parton

    CHAPTER 6. SEVENTH CHORDS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: JOSHUA BELL

    Chapter Objectives
    Identification of Seventh Chords
    The Sound Quality of the Seventh Chord
    Inversions of Seventh Chords

    Artist in Residence: The Poet of the Violin
    Backstage Pass: Playing for Pennies: The Subway Experiment
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Gershwin, "I Loves You Porgy" from Porgy and Bess
    Saint-Saëns, "Le Cygne" from Le Carnaval des Animaux
    Bruno Mars, "When I Was Your Man"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 6
    Hearing and Singing Solfége: Joshua Bell
    Sight Singing: Melodies That Outline Triads and Seventh Chords
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Joshua Bell, International Performer of Violin

    CHAPTER 7. LEAD SHEET SYMBOLS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: ELVIS PRESLEY

    Chapter Objectives
    Backstage Pass: Play It Again, and Again, and Again
    Backstage Pass: King of Rock and Roll? Who Decides?
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Fun., "We Are Young"
    Fun., "Some Nights"
    Logan Hefner, "Heart Upon my Sleeve"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 7
    Hearing and Singing Seventh Chords
    Hearing and Singing Progressions: Elvis Presley, "Can't Help Falling in Love"
    Seventh Chord Identification
    Hearing Sixths and Sevenths
    Singing Sixths and Sevenths
    Interval Identification: Sixths and Sevenths
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Layng Martine, 2013 Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame Inductee

    CHAPTER 8. ROMAN NUMERALS AND FIGURED BASS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: CECILIA BARTOLI

    Chapter Objectives
    Harmonic Function
    Figured Bass
    The Uniqueness of the Second Inversion Triad
    Important Things to Realize about Realization
    Keyboard Format

    Artist in Residence: Schooling Americans in Italian Art Song
    Artist in Residence: A Diva on the Stage: Bringing the Eighteenth Century Back into Style
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    William Billings, "Here Is a Song, which Doth Belong"
    Cecilia Bartoli, Bellini's "Vaga luna"
    Maria Callas, Puccini's "O mio babbino caro" from Gianni Schicchi
    Cecilia Bartoli, Rossini's "Non piú mesta" from the opera La Cenerentola
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 8
    Hearing Tritones
    Singing Tritones
    Singing Intervals (All)
    Identifying Intervals (All)
    Singing Triads and Seventh Chords
    Identifying Chords
    Singing Progressions: Mozart, "Voi che sapete"
    Performing the Do-Ti Test
    Finishing the Progression
    Harmonizing Melodies
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Paulina Villarreal, Professional Opera Singer, Professor at Centenary College, and Founder/Director of "Cantos Para Hermanar al Mundo"

    CHAPTER 9. PHRASES AND CADENCES
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: MICHAEL JACKSON

    Chapter Objectives
    Cadence Types
    Phrases
    Periods

    Artist in Residence: Child Star to Solo Superstar
    Artist in Residence: Breaking All the Records
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    King's College, Mozart's "Ave Verum Corpus," K. 618
    Mendelssohn, "Die Nachtigall"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 9
    Listening for Cadences
    Identifying Cadence Types
    Hearing Phrases and Cadences Beyond the Four-Measure Phrase: Jackson 5, "I'll Be There"
    Other Examples for Individual Study

    CHAPTER 10. NON-CHORD TONES I
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: P!NK

    Chapter Objectives
    Non-Chord Tones
    Artist in Residence: Finding Her Voice among the Pop Princesses
    Artist in Residence: Flying through the Air
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Mozart, "Batti, Batti" from Don Giovanni
    Bellini, "Vaga luna"
    Bach, "Nun ruhen alle Wälder"
    Mozart, "Menuetto" from Clarinet Quintet in A Major, K. 581, Mvt. III
    Ed Sheeran, "Thinking Out Loud"
    Aural Skills Conditioning 10
    Singing Chorale Phrases with Non-chord Tones
    Hearing Non-Chord Tones in a Chorale Phrase
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Billy Mann, Songwriter and Producer

    CHAPTER 11. NON-CHORD TONES II
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: ELLA FITZGERALD

    Chapter Objectives
    Suspension
    Artist in Residence: First Lady of Song
    Retardation
    Backstage Pass: Black and White
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Ella Fitzgerald, "Autumn in New York"
    Bernadette Peters, "My Romance"
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 11

    Hearing Non-Chord Tones: "We Are the World" and "In Remembrance"
    Singing Chorale Phrases with Non-Chord Tones
    Hearing Non-Chord Tones in Chorale Phrases
    Other Examples for Individual Study
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Carmen Bradford, Jazz Vocalist and Lead Singer for the Count Basie Orchestra

    CHAPTER 12. SECONDARY DOMINANTS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: BILLY JOEL

    Chapter Objectives
    Artist in Residence: The Piano Man
    Recognizing Secondary Dominants in Context
    Spelling Secondary Dominants

    Artist in Residence: Big Shot
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Billy Joel, "Shameless"
    Krystian Zimerman, Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op. 13 ("Pathétique"), Mvt. II
    Mozart, String Quartet in No. 5 in F Major, K. 158, Mvt. I
    Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, K. 525, Mvt. I
    Handel, "He Was Despised" from Messiah
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 12 (Review)
    Review of Sight-Singing: Melodies Outlining the I and V Chords
    Review of Melodic Dictation: Melodies Outlining the I and V Chords
    Review of Harmonic Progression: Chord Identification
    Review of Intervals: Interval Identification (All)
    Aural Skills Conditioning 12 (Advanced)
    Secondary Dominants

    Hearing Secondary Chords: Billy Joel, Ben Folds, and Moving Pictures
    Singing Progressions with Secondary Chords
    Chord Identification: Secondary Chords
    Singing Melodies
    --Backstage Pass: Honesty: Everyone Is So Untrue

    CHAPTER 13. SECONDARY LEADING TONE CHORDS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE:
    RENÉE FLEMING
    Chapter Objectives
    Artist in Residence: Ambition and Drive: The People's Diva
    Recognizing Secondary Leading Tones in Context
    Song Spotlight: Classical Music to the Masses: Queens, Presidents, and the Muppets
    Spelling Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Artist in Residence: Brava!!! Honors and Awards
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Antonio Caldara, "Alma del core"
    Richard Strauss, "Die erwachte Rose" from Drei Liebeslieder
    Beethoven, String Quartet No. 4 in C Minor, Op. 18
    Aural Skills Conditioning 13 (Review)
    Review of Sight-Singing: Melodies Outlining the ii and IV Chords
    Review of Melodic Dictation: Melodies Outlining the ii and IV Chords
    Review of Harmonic Progression: Chord Identification
    Review of Rhythmic Dictation
    Aural Skills Conditioning 13 (Advanced)
    Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    Singing Secondary Leading Tone Chords
    Hearing Secondary Chords
    Hearing Secondary Chords in Context
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Renée Fleming, International Opera Star

    CHAPTER 14. BORROWED CHORDS
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: BRUNO MARS
    Chapter Objectives
    Artist in Residence: From a Young Michael Jackson to a Modern Day Hitmaker
    The Borrowed IV
    The Borrowed bVII
    The Borrowed bVI
    The Borrowed bIII

    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Edward MacDowell, "To a Wild Rose" from Woodland Sketches (1896)
    Friedrich von Flotow, "Ach, so fromm, ach so traut" from Martha (1847)
    Haydn, Symphony No. 100, Mvt. I
    Aural Skills Conditioning 14
    Borrowed Chords
    Singing Borrowed Chords
    Hearing Borrowed Chords Within Context
    Challenging Your Ears: The Next Step
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Pat McMakin, Director of Operations for Ocean Way Recording Studio

    CHAPTER 15. MODULATIONS IN POPULAR MUSIC
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: QUEEN

    Chapter Objectives
    Closely Related Keys
    Pivot Chord Modulation
    Artist in Residence: Killer Queen
    Direct Modulation
    Song Spotlight: "We Are the Champions"
    Sequential Modulation
    Pivot Tone Modulation

    Song Spotlight: "Bohemian Rhapsody"
    Monophonic Modulation
    Other Modulations in "Bohemian Rhapsody"
    Backstage Pass: Death of a Superstar
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Traditional, "Flee as a Bird"
    The Temptations, "My Girl"
    Felix Bernard, "Winter Wonderland"
    Camille Saint-Saëns, "Le Cygne" from Carnaval des Animaux
    Jon Bon Jovi, "Livin on a Prayer"
    Composition Project
    Aural Skills Conditioning 15

    Modulation
    Classical Period
    Romantic Period
    1970s Popular Music
    1980s Popular Music
    1990s Popular Music
    2000s Popular Music
    2010s Popular Music
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Michael McDonald, Owner of Mick Management, Representing Artists Such as CAAMP, Jon Batiste, and Walk the Moon

    APPENDIX 1. NASHVILLE NUMBER SYSTEM
    ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE: FOR THE FATHERLESS, NICOLE WITT, AND CHELEY TACKETT

    Chapter Objectives
    The Basics of the Nashville Number System
    Chords
    Harmonic Rhythm
    Artists in Residence: For the Fatherless, Brian Yak and Christa Yak
    Understanding Nashville Numbers in Context: For the Fatherless
    Artist in Residence: Nicole Witt, Songwriter and Member of Farewell Angelina
    Understanding Nashville Numbers in Context: Nicole Witt
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Cheley Tackett, Singer-Songwriter

    APPENDIX 2. SONG FORM AND PERSPECTIVES FROM SONGWRITERS
    Chapter Objectives
    The Process of Songwriting
    Terminology in Songwriting
    Studying the Songs

    Artist in Residence: Songwriter 1: The Hunts
    Artists in Residence: Songwriter 2: Pat Alger
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter 3: James Isaac Elliott
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter 4: Tom Douglas
    Artist in Residence: Songwriter 5: Ben Folds
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Composition Project

    APPENDIX 3. LEAD SHEET SYMBOLS AND SPELLINGS FOR COMMONLY USED CHORDS
    APPENDIX 4. PART-WRITING GUIDELINES
    APPENDIX 5. TIMINGS FOR YOUTUBE CHANNEL
    APPENDIX 6. GLOSSARY

    Selected Bibliography and Sources Consulted
    Credits
    Index of Musical Examples
    Index by Topic

    SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL AVAILABLE ONLINE
    Answers to Selected Exercises (Written and Aural)
    Additional Exercises Featuring Contextual Analysis of Works by Women Composers

    ONLINE CHAPTER 1. EXTENDED CHORDS: THE NINTH, ELEVENTH, AND THIRTEENTH
    ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE: BARBARA HENDRICKS AND CARMEN
    BRADFORD
    Chapter Objectives
    Backstage Pass: The Original Blurred Lines: Impressionism
    Ninth Chords
    Artist in Residence: Barbara Hendricks: Curious Student, Scholar, Philanthropist, and Artist
    Artist in Residence: Carmen Bradford: Jazz Ambassador with the Powerhouse Voice
    Eleventh and Thirteenth Chords
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis

    Debussy, La cathédrale engloutie ("The Sunken Cathedral")
    Ravel, Pavane pour une infante défunte
    Duke Ellington, "Prelude to a Kiss"
    Willard Robison and Larry Conley, "A Cottage for Sale"
    Irving Berlin, "Cheek to Cheek"
    --The Final Note: Real-World Perspective: Barbara Hendricks, International Opera Star

    ONLINE CHAPTER 2. CHROMATIC CHORDS FUNCTIONING AS THE PREDOMINANT
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: JACQUELINE DU PRÉ
    Chapter Objectives
    Neapolitan Chords
    Artist in Residence: Driven with Intensity: Jacqueline du Pré
    Song Spotlight: The Elgar Cello Concerto
    Backstage Pass: A Love Story: Daniel Barenboim and Jackie
    Augmented Sixth Chords
    Italian Augmented Sixth (It+6)
    French Augmented Sixth (Fr+6)
    German Augmented Sixth (Ger+6)
    Artist in Residence: An Artist's Early Demise
    Summary of Augmented Sixth Chords
    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Exercises
    Analysis
    Chopin, Nocturne No. 20 in C# Minor
    Haydn, String Quartet No. 5 in F Minor, Op. 20, Mvt. I
    Mozart, "Lacrymosa" from Requiem
    Anonymous, "Quella fiamma che m'accende"
    Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. 14 in C# Minor ("Moonlight")

    ONLINE CHAPTER 3. MODULATIONS IN CLASSICAL MUSIC
    ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: LEONARD BERNSTEIN

    Chapter Objectives
    Pivot Chord Modulation
    Pivot Chord Modulation in Context

    Artist in Residence: Music's Monarch: Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990)
    Backstage Pass: Make Our Garden Grow: The Transition to Broadway and Television
    Chromatic Pivot Chord Modulation
    Direct Modulation
    Pivot Tone Modulation
    Monophonic Modulation

    Reviewing Chapter Objectives
    Analysis
    Chorale Settings
    Felix Bernard, "Winter Wonderland"
    Camille Saint-Saëns, "Le cynge" from Carnaval des Animaux
    Franz Schubert, "Pause" from Die Sch"ne Müllerin
    Mozart, Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, Mvt. I
    Mozart, Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, Mvt. I
    Mozart, Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, Mvt. III
    Mozart, Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385, Mvt. III

    ONLINE CHAPTER 4. CLASSICAL FORMS
    ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE: THE ORIGINAL ROCK STARS: MOZART, CHOPIN, AND THE BOYS

    Chapter Objectives
    Artists in Residence: The Original Rock Stars of the Classical Music World
    Binary Form
    Ternary Form

    Artists in Residence: The Great Masters of Classical Composition
    Rondo Form
    Sonata Form
    Concerto Form
    Analysis

    Reviewing Chapter Objectives