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Conflict and Accommodation in Colonial New Mexico

Jonathan DeCoster
Series Editors: Joel M. Sipress and David J. Voelker

Publication Date - July 2019

ISBN: 9780190057046

192 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Encourage your students to participate in a contested, evidence-based discourse about the human past


Embracing an argument-based model for teaching history, the Debating American History series encourages students to participate in a contested, evidence-based discourse about the human past. Each book poses a question that historians debate--How democratic was the US constitution? Why did civil war erupt in the United States in 1861?--and provides abundant primary sources so that students can make their own efforts at interpreting the evidence. They can then use that analysis to construct answers to the big question that frames the debate and argue in support of their position.

Conflict and Accommodation in Colonial New Mexico poses this big question: How completely did the Spanish empire extend its control into the northern Rio Grande region in the 17th century?


  • Organized around a big historical question about which historians themselves disagree: How completely did the Spanish Empire extend its control into the northern Rio Grande region in the 17th century?
  • Exposes students to rival positions about which they must make informed judgments
  • Asks students to judge the relative merits of rival positions on the basis of historical evidence
  • Requires students to develop their own positions, for which they must argue on the basis of historical evidence
  • Offers an alternative to the "coverage model" that has dominated History classrooms since the late nineteenth century, and which has consistently fallen short of its own goals since its inception
  • Concise and flexible format allows for inclusion in a variety of classroom settings
  • Each title in the series is edited by Joel M. Sipress and David J. Voelker, award-winning teachers who have published and lectured extensively on reform in the teaching of history
  • The enhanced ebook offers short video clips, flashcards, animated maps, interactive timelines, and additional primary sources

About the Author(s)

Jonathan DeCoster holds a PhD in American History from Brandeis University. He is an Assistant Professor of History at Otterbein University, where he teaches early American history, Native American history, and Integrative Studies.


"The advantage that Debating American History has over other projects and texts currently available is that it brings a very clear and focused organization to the notion of classroom debate. The terms of each debate are clear. The books introduce students to historiography and primary sources. Most of all, the project re-envisions the way that US history should be taught. No other textbook or set of teaching materials does what these books do when taken together as the sum of their parts."--Ian Hartman, University of Alaska

"Debating American History repositions the discipline of history as one that is rooted in discovery, investigation, and interpretation."--Ingrid Dineen-Wimberly, University of California, Santa Barbara

"Debating American History is an excellent replacement for a 'big assignment' in a course. Offering a way to add discussion to a class, it is also a perfect 'active learning' assignment, in a convenient package."--Gene Rhea Tucker, Temple College

"I especially appreciated that DeCoster contextualized New Mexican history in the longer history of the Spanish Reconquista. This will be effective in helping students understand Spanish attitudes towards Native Americans."--Christian Gonzales, University of Rhode Island

"I like how all the questions in the text build on each other to help students get a better understanding of the many perspectives, points of view, and modern legacy of the conquest."--Sarah Batterson, University of New Hampshire

Table of Contents

    List of Maps and Figures
    About the Author
    I. The Big Question
    II. Timeline
    III. Historian's Conversations

    Position #1: Spaniards Successfully Imposed Colonialism on Pueblos
    Position #2 : Pueblos Resisted Spanish Colonialism
    IV. Debating the Question
    A. Ancestral Pueblo Culture
    Kathryn Kamp, Life in the Pueblo
    Paul F. Reed, "Chacoan Society at 1100 C.E.: A Static View"
    Images of Ancestral Pueblo Culture
    B. Pueblo Religion
    Hopi Emergence Stories
    C. Spanish Legal Institutions
    The Requerimiento
    The New Laws of 1542
    Laws Concerning Discoveries, Pacifications, and Settlements Among the Indians
    Directory for Confessors: Lords Who Have Temporal Government Over Their Vassals
    The City Council of Huejotzingo, Mexico, to King Philip
    D. Encounters along the Rio Grande
    Testimony of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado on the Management of the Expedition
    Act of Obedience and Vassalage by the Indians of Acoma
    Proceedings at Acoma, Decree, Petition, Sentence
    Pueblo Encounters with Plains Indians
    E. Missionaries
    Rule of the Franciscan Order
    José Acosta, How to Provide for the Salvation of the Indians
    Audiencia of New Granada, Investigation into Idolatry at Iguaque
    F. Colonial New Mexico
    Two Depictions of the Poverty of New Mexico
    Fray Estévan de Perea, Truthful Report of the Magnificent Conversion Which Has Been Had in New Mexico
    Uwaikwiota, Hopi Slaves in Santa Fe
    Fray Benavides on The New Mexico Missions
    Matthew Liebmann, "Life Under the Mission Bell"
    G. Pueblo Revolt
    Spanish Records of the Pueblo Revolt
    Modern Native Recollections of the Pueblo Revolt
    H. Restoration
    The Journals of don Diego de Vargas, New Mexico, 1691-1692
    Armed Reconnaissance and Ritual Repossession by Diego de Vargas of Santa Fe and Twelve Pueblos of the Tewa, Tano, and Taos Indians (August 9-October 16, 1692)
    The Journals of don Diego de Vargas, New Mexico, 1692-1694
    Letter from Fray Francisco de Vargas to the Commissary General of New Spain
    Letter from Fray Francisco de Vargas to the Father Guardian at El Paso
    I. Modern Perspectives
    Homer Cooyama, "Oraibi Before the Split" (July, 1970)
    Nuvayoiyava (Albert Yava), "Hopi Religion and the Missionaries"
    The Pueblo Revolt as the First American Revolution
    Amputation of Od"nate Statue's Foot
    V. Reference Materials
    VI. Additional Resources

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