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Classics of Philosophy

Third Edition

Edited by Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn

Publication Date - July 2010

ISBN: 9780199737291

1312 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

The most comprehensive anthology of writings in Western philosophy in print--from the Pre-Socratics to contemporary philosophers--at an affordable price


Incorporating the insights of new coeditor Lewis Vaughn, Classics of Philosophy, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive anthology of writings in Western philosophy in print. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, it is ideal for introduction to philosophy and history of philosophy courses. It features more than seventy selections by forty philosophers--along with fragments from the Pre-Socratics--offering students and instructors an extensive and economical collection of the major works of the Western tradition. This volume contains the most important writings from Thales to Rawls; twenty of these are complete works, while the others are judiciously abridged so that little of value to the student is lost. A lucid introduction, including a brief biographical sketch, accompanies each of the featured philosophers.


* Selections from philosophers who were not included in the previous edition--Maimonides (Guide for the Perplexed) and Schopenhauer (The World as Will and Representation)--along with Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

* Expanded readings: Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, On the Soul, Metaphysics, and Nicomachean Ethics; Berkeley's Of the Principles of Human Knowledge; and Hume's Treatise on Human Nature

* Review questions for each chapter and illustrated portraits of many philosophers

* A Companion Website featuring resources for students (self-quizzes, flash cards, chapter review questions, a timeline, and helpful web links) and instructors (brief reading summaries, essay questions, test questions, and PowerPoint-based lecture slides)

Classics of Philosophy, Third Edition, provides students with an extensive view of the major stages of growth in Western philosophy--including its birth with the Pre-Socratics and its contemporary developments--in an accessible format and at an affordable price.

New to this Edition

  • Pedagogical features: Now adding review questions after each chapter, and illustrative portraits of several philosophers in the text.
  • The new Companion Website for both students and instructors contains online summaries, test questions, PowerPoint slides, and essay questions for each author (for instructors); and online flashcards, quizzes, review questions, and web links for students.
  • New philosophers in this edition include Moses Maimonides and Arthur Schopenhauer.
  • Expanded several readings by Aristotle, George Berkeley, Hume, and Kant.

Previous Publication Date(s)

July 2002
October 1997


"The strength of the book is its comprehensiveness--all periods of Western philosophy are covered, and selections are either unabridged or very substantial. Pojman and Vaughn's introductions are also excellent; substantive, clearly written, but concise. It's the best anthology for the price."--Amy Lara, Kansas State University

"I was impressed with the use of the Pre-Socratic texts and the intros and secondary literature references. This is a very impressive and positive contribution over so many other introductory volumes."--Joseph A. Novak, University of Waterloo

"This book is comprehensive, thorough, and does a good job covering the 'canon' for those of us who teach a historical introduction to philosophy. At the same time, it offers selections for those who'd prefer a topical approach."--Brenda Wirkus, John Carroll University

Table of Contents

    *=New to this edition
    **=Expanded in this edition
    Time Line
    1. The Pre-Socratics
    2. Plato
    The Apology
    3. Aristotle
    ** Posterior Analytics (Analytica Posteriora)
    ** On the Soul
    ** Metaphysics (Metaphysica)
    ** Nicomachean Ethics
    4. Epicurus
    Letter to Menoeceus
    Principal Doctrines
    5. Epictetus
    6. Sextus Empiricus
    Outlines of Pyrrhonism
    7. Plotinus
    Ennead I.6
    Ennead V.1
    8. Augustine
    On Free Will
    On Time and Eternity
    The City of God
    9. Boethius
    The Consolation of Philosophy
    10. Anselm and Gaunilo
    Gaunilo's Criticism
    St. Anselm's Rejoinder
    * 11. Moses Maimonides
    * Guide for the Perplexed
    12. Thomas Aquinas
    Summa Theologica
    13. William of Ockham
    Summa Logicae
    14. René Descartes
    Meditations on First Philosophy
    15. Thomas Hobbes
    16. Blaise Pascal
    17. Baruch Spinoza
    The Ethics
    18. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
    Discourse on Metaphysics
    The Monadology
    19. John Locke
    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    20. George Berkeley
    ** Of the Principles of Human Knowledge
    Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists
    21. David Hume
    An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    ** Treatise on Human Nature
    Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
    22. Immanuel Kant
    Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
    Foundation for the Metaphysic of Morals
    * Critique of Pure Reason
    23. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    Phenomenology of Spirit
    * 24. Arthur Schopenhauer
    * The World as Will and Representation
    25. Søren Kierkegaard
    Concluding Unscientific Postscript
    26. John Stuart Mill
    On Liberty
    The Subjection of Women
    27. Friedrich Nietzsche
    Joyful Wisdom
    Beyond Good and Evil
    Twilight of the Idols
    The Anti-Christ
    28. Charles Sanders Peirce
    Fixation of Belief
    29. William James
    The Will to Believe
    30. Bertrand Russell
    The Problems of Philosophy
    A Free Man's Worship
    31. G.E. Moore
    Philosophical Papers
    32. Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
    Philosophical Investigations
    33. Edmund Husserl
    Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology
    34. Martin Heidegger
    The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics
    35. Jean-Paul Sartre
    Being and Nothingness
    Existentialism and Humanism
    36. A.J. Ayer
    Language, Truth and Logic
    37. Thomas Nagel
    What Is It Like to Be a Bat?
    38. Philippa Foot
    Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives
    39. Nelson Goodman
    Fact, Fiction, and Forecast
    40. John Rawls
    Justice as Fairness

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