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Cover

Biology and Crime

David C. Rowe
Foreword by David P. Farrington

Publication Date - October 2001

ISBN: 9780195330090

162 pages
Paperback
6 x 9 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $62.95

This accessible text profiles biological approaches to understanding why some people are criminals and others are not.

Description

Biology and Crime profiles biological approaches to understanding why some people are criminals and others not. Written by internationally recognized behavioral geneticist David C. Rowe, the book offers instructors and students a brief, contemporary presentation of biological approaches to crime with a minimum of jargon. (A background in the biological sciences is not required.)

Boxes highlight special topics and examples drawn from newspaper stories to spark student interest.

Chapters cover:
* Behavioral genetics
* Evolutionary approaches to crime
* Biological tests for criminal disposition
* The human genome and crime
* The environment and crime
* Ethical and policy implications

This book will enrich students' appreciation of the nexus of biology and crime--without negating non-biological theories of crime.

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: Introduction to Biology and Crime
    Two Biological Perspectives on Crime
    Levels of Biological Analysis
    Environmental Influences
    Chapter 2: The Heritability of Criminal Disposition
    Identical Twins and Crime
    How to Interpret Heritability Coefficients
    Inferring Genetic Influence on Behavioral Characteristics
    Environmental Influences
    Shared and Nonshared Environmental Influence
    Estimating Genetic and Environmental Influences in Behavioral Genetic Research
    Designs
    Mednick's Classic Adoption Study of Crime
    The Developmental Perspective
    Psychiatric Disorders and Criminality
    Chapter 3: The Evolutionary Perspective on Crime
    Perspectives on Human Behavior and Evolution
    Sexual Selection and Sex Differences in Crime
    Kin Selection and Crime
    Individual Differences and Evolution
    Evolutionary Theory of Biological Differences in Criminal Disposition
    The Alternative Strategy Theories
    Chapter 4: Does the Body Tell? Biological Characteristics and Criminal Disposition
    Finding the Physiological Basis of Criminal Disposition
    Blood and Saliva Tests of Criminal Disposition
    Serotonin Levels
    Heart Rate Tests of Criminal Disposition
    Skin Conductance Tests of Criminal Disposition
    Tests of Brain Anatomy and Function
    Chapter 5: A Gene for Crime? Molecular Genetics and Criminal Disposition
    An Introduction to Molecular Genetics
    Variation at the Level of the Gene
    Genes and the Determination of Behavioral Characteristics
    Methods of Finding Genes Related to Behavioral Traits
    Specific Genes Related to Criminal Disposition
    The Dopamine Receptor (D4) Gene
    A Serotonin Gene
    The MAOA Gene
    Chapter 6: Environmental Influences in Light of Genetic Findings
    Peer Groups, Gangs, and Crime
    Genotype x Environment Interactions
    Historical Changes in Crime
    Changing Crime Rates Without Affecting the Root Causes of Crime
    Changing Crime Rates By Affecting the Root Causes of Crime
    Chapter 7: A Look Ahead: Implications for Criminal Justice Policy and Ethical Concerns
    The Medical Model vs. the Criminal Justice Model
    Using Biological Markers to Predict Future Characteristics
    Predicting Criminal Disposition from Genetic Information
    In the Name of Eugenics
    Eugenic Policies and Criminal Disposition
    Why the Criminal Justice System is Not Scientifically-Based

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