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Cover

Beginning Research in Political Science

Second Edition

Carolyn Forestiere

Publication Date - March 2021

ISBN: 9780190081607

336 pages
Paperback
7 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $74.94

Seeks to demystify the study of political science research methods by using relevant, contemporary data and case studies to give Politics majors a clear understanding of how to use statistics in the field of Political Science

Description

Beginning Research in Political Science covers both research design and data analysis and takes a learn-by-doing-approach to guide students through all of the steps needed to complete a research project on one of 14 potential topics concerning differences in public opinion for important contemporary issues, such as views on income or gender inequality or support for the death penalty or abortion. Each chapter builds from the previous chapter with step-by-step instructions for a particular research task, like writing literature reviews, asking questions using dependent and independent variables, developing theory, specifying a research design, and measuring concepts. For data analysis, the text features access to a new dataset called the Dataprac and includes online tutorials to work with three widely used statistical programs, Stata, R Studio, and SPSS. The text also includes a chapter on qualitative analysis so that students can complete brief case studies related to their research topics and a final chapter that encourages students to utilize the newest wave of the World Values Survey to replicate their quantitative analyses.

New to this Edition

  • End-of-chapter exercises to supplement and expand on chapter content
  • Access to a new dataset called the Dataprac that mirrors the World Values Survey

Features

  • Each chapter builds from the previous chapter with "Paper Progress" sections that provide step-by-step instructions, guiding students towards their projects' completion
  • "Examples from Political Science" sections incorporate recent studies from the contemporary political science literature to provide illustrations of each research theme
  • "Coming Up" sections are featured in every chapter, offering seamless segues into the next stage of the research process
  • An entire chapter (Chapter 11) is devoted to the writing of a final report, providing a general template for students to follow as they complete their projects
  • Features online tutorials for three statistical programs--Stata, R Studio, and SPSS--that can be used to analyze the data in both the Dataprac and World Values Survey

About the Author(s)

Carolyn Forestiere is Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, specializing in comparative politics, Western Europe, institutions, and research methodology.

Table of Contents

    Brief Contents

    Preface
    Chapter 1 Introduction
    Chapter 2 Reviewing the Literature
    Chapter 3 Asking Questions in Political Science
    Chapter 4 Theory and Hypotheses
    Chapter 5 Research Design
    Chapter 6 More on Measurement
    Chapter 7 Descriptive Statistics
    Chapter 8 Bivariate Analysis
    Chapter 9 Introduction to Regression
    Chapter 10 Qualitative Analysis Through Case Studies
    Chapter 11 Writing a Final Research Report
    Chapter 12 Your Future in Research
    Appendices
    Index

    Table of Contents
    Preface
    Chapter 1 Introduction
    The Steps of the Research Process
    Different Kinds of Research
    Plan for the Book
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 2 Reviewing the Literature
    Using the Best Sources for a Literature Review
    Tier 1: Peer-Reviewed Research Articles and Academic Books
    The Peer-Review Process
    General Political Science
    International Relations
    Comparative Politics
    Theory
    Finding Peer-Reviewed Research Articles
    Publishing Academic Books
    Finding Academic Books
    Tier 2: Academic Reports and Working Papers
    Finding Academic Reports and Working Papers
    Tier 3: News Magazines and Newspapers
    Finding News Stories
    Doing Your Search
    A Few Tricks
    What to do Once You Have Identified the Literature that is Most Relevant for Your Topic
    Staying Organized
    Annotated Bibliographies
    The Literature Review
    To Cite or Not to Cite
    Citation and Reference Styles
    Citations
    References
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms

    Chapter 3 Asking Questions in Political Science
    Analytical Research Questions
    Independent and Dependent Variables
    Other Types of Variables
    Phrasing Analytical Research Questions
    Introduction to Measurement
    Coming Up with an Analytical Research Question
    Step 1: Identify the Dependent Variable (DV) for Your Research Topic
    Step 2: Choose Independent Variables (IV1 and IV2)
    Step 3: Think about Your Research Design
    Step 4: Write Your Analytical Research Question
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 4 Theory and Hypotheses
    Theory
    Causal Explanations
    Probabilistic and Generalizable Theories
    Theory Building
    Competing Theories
    Hypotheses
    The Null Hypothesis
    Writing Research Hypotheses
    Theory: Political Socialization
    Theory: Informational Asymmetries
    Theory: Intimidation
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 5 Research Design
    Different Types of Research Design
    The Unit of Analysis and the Research Population
    Sampling and Generalization
    Probability Samples
    Nonprobability Samples
    Revisiting the Different Types of Research Design
    Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research Design
    Quantitative Research Designs
    Qualitative Research Designs
    Experimental Versus Observational Research Designs
    Experimental Research Designs
    Observational Research Designs
    Comparative Studies
    Most Similar Systems Design
    Most Different Systems Design
    Trying to Get the Best of Different Worlds: Mixed Methods Designs
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 6 More On Measurement
    Measuring Concepts
    Assessing the Best Indicators
    Reliability
    Validity
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 7 Getting Started with Quantitative Data: Descriptive Statistics
    Measurement Revisited
    Datasets and Codebooks
    Limiting the Data Based on the Research Population
    Descriptive Statistics
    Descriptive Statistics for Variables with Nominal Measurement
    Converting Variables with Nominal Measurement with More than Two Possible Categories into Binary Variables
    Descriptive Statistics for Variables with Ordinal, Interval, and Ratio Measurement
    Part 1: For Variables with Ordinal Measurement When the Number of Categories is Low (Less than Five)
    Part 2: For Variables with Ordinal Measurement When the Number of Categories is High (Greater than or Equal to Five) and for Variables with Interval or Ratio Measurement
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Descriptive Statistics
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 8 Bivariate Analysis
    Bivariate Analysis Between an Independent Binary Variable and a Dependent Variable with Ordinal Measurement: The Difference in Means Test
    Bivariate Analysis Between Two Variables with Ordinal, Interval, or Ratio Measurement: The Correlation Coefficient
    Positive Correlation, +1
    Inverse Correlation, -1
    No Correlation, 0
    The Magnitude of the Result
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Difference in Means Test
    Correlation Coefficient
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 9 Introduction to Regression
    Ordinary Least Squares Linear Regression
    Single-Variable Linear Regression Between One Independent Variable and One Dependent Variable
    Multivariate Linear Regression Between Several Independent Variables and One Dependent Variable
    Using Data from the Dataprac
    Model A
    Model B
    Model C
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 10 Qualitative Analysis Through Case Studies
    Case Studies
    Step 1, Determining What is to be Studied
    Step 2, Gathering Information
    Field Research
    Document Analysis
    A Word about Triangulation
    Sampling in Case Study Research
    How Much Information is Necessary for Case Studies?
    Step 3, Analyzing Qualitative Data
    Analyzing Qualitative Data Through Content Analysis
    Analyzing Qualitative Data Through Process Tracing
    Step 4, Writing Up the Case Study
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 11 Writing a Final Research Report
    General Template for a Research Paper in Political Science
    How to Write the Individual Sections of a Final Report
    The Order of What to Write for a Research Paper
    1. Literature Review
    2. Theory and Hypotheses
    3. Methods and Data
    4. Results and Discussion
    5. Conclusion
    6. Introduction
    7. Abstract
    8. References
    Issues in Writing
    Structure
    Establishing a Proper Tone
    The “I” Debate
    In the Abstract
    In the Introduction
    In the Methods and Data Section
    Being Repetitive
    Using Citations
    Conclusion
    Glossary
    Exercises
    Paper Progress
    Coming Up
    List of Key Terms
    Chapter 12 Your Future in Research
    Replicating Your Analysis
    Dissemination to a Larger Audience
    Conferences
    Publishing Your Work
    Using Your Papers for Other Purposes
    Using the Tools of Research in Other Ways
    Modifying the Template for Other Work
    Using a Similar Design for Different Research Questions and Instructions for a Second Project
    Quantitative Analysis for the New Project
    Qualitative Analysis for the New Project
    Modifying the Design to Create Different Types of Research Projects
    Final Thoughts
    Glossary
    List of Key Terms
    Appendix A Obtaining Permission to Conduct Field Research Based on Interactions with Human Subjects
    Glossary
    Appendix B Conferences in the United States for Undergraduates Doing Political Science Research
    Appendix C Data Sources for Public Use
    Appendix D Template for a Most Similar Systems Design Project
    Paper Title
    Abstract
    Introduction to Research Topic and Research Question
    Literature Review
    Theory and Hypotheses
    Methods and Data
    Results and Discussion
    Conclusions
    Reference list
    Index

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