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Art of the Non-Western World

Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas

Nancy L. Kelker

Publication Date - 15 January 2020

ISBN: 9780190263102

624 pages
7 x 10 inches

In Stock

An in-depth, contextual exploration of the rich world of art beyond the West


Art of the Non-Western World: Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas gives students the tools to better understand and appreciate the arts in a global world. It offers an in-depth, contextual exploration of the art from the larger world beyond the European tradition, including painting, sculpture, pottery, graphic arts, and architecture of Asia, the Americas, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, from the Neolithic to the Contemporary. All new print and electronic versions of Art of the Non-Western World come with access to a full suite of engaging digital learning tools.


  • Reflects the rich diversity of the art world beyond the West, covering a wide range of related artworks that demonstrate the development in each region from the Neolithic to Contemporary periods
  • Focuses on the influences and connections between works of non-Western art across regions and through time
  • Provides essential context by including biographies of artists and patrons; maps and timelines; and text boxes that offer in-depth coverage of such topics as non-Western religious beliefs, which inform the artworks but may be unfamiliar to students
  • Incorporates helpful pedagogy for study and review, including Objectives, Quick Reviews, Questions, and Key Terms and Figures

About the Author(s)

Nancy L. Kelker is Professor of Art History at Middle Tennessee State University. A former Associate Curator at of New World/Latin American Art at the San Antonio Museum of Art, she is the author of Mel Casas: Artist as Cultural Adjuster (2014) and the coauthor, with Karen O. Bruhns, of Faking Ancient Mesoamerica (2019) and Faking the Ancient Andes (2009).


"Art of the Non-Western World is comprehensive, interesting, and presented in a conversational tone. It intertwines biography, analysis, and technique, and Kelker's tone makes much of the text seem narrative. The in-text definitions and pronunciation guides are great. The author displays no evidence of biases toward specific cultures. I would recommend this book highly to a colleague."--Betty J. Crouther, University of Mississippi

"The material is well organized, with appropriately detailed introductions and focused explanations of the individual art works and architecture. The writing is easy to read; its flow helps readers connect the respective pieces but is also concise enough for an audience of emerging scholars. This is a great alternative to using separate, culture-specific survey texts."--Eva Hericks-Bares, University of North Carolina Asheville

"This text offers a thorough and comprehensive overview of world art practices. Each chapter discusses a good balance of art, from architecture and decorative objects to painting and sculpture. The pronunciation key helps students read and verbally discuss foreign-language words and names with confidence. The discussion of Hiroshima is compelling, as many world art books elide any type of mention of this event and the artistic/architectural responses that resulted from it."--Marisa Lerer, Manhattan College

"I love the clear writing style, the chapter divisions, and the inclusion of pronunciations. I really appreciate maps that include content or historical info. but also have modern-day borders. I also like the way that painting styles are addressed and explained."--Monica Z. Eastridge, Riverside Community College

Table of Contents

    Introduction xix
    Map of Mesoamerica
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    The Early or Pre-Classic Period (c. 2000 BCE-100 CE)
    The Olmec (c. 1500-400 BCE)
    Map of Olmec Heartland
    La Venta, Mesoamerica's First Art Center (1200-400 BCE)
    Monumental Architecture at La Venta
    Early Olmec Sculpture
    Late Olmec Sculpture

    --Visual Comparison: La Venta Altar 4 and San Lorenzo Monument
    The Middle or Classic Period (c. 100-900 CE)
    Map of Teotihuacan/Maya regions
    Teotihuacan (c. 400 BCE-750 CE)
    Monumental Architecture and City Planning
    --Take a Closer Look: Talud-Tablero Construction
    Palaces and Apartments
    --Take a Closer Look: The Art of Fresco Painting
    Teotihuacan Ceramics
    The Maya Realms (250-900 CE)
    Tikal, Guatemala (c. 800 bce-850 CE)
    Tikal Style Stelae
    Lord Jasaw Chan K'awiil and the Tikal Style of Architecture
    Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico
    Pakal the Great and the Palenque Architectural Style
    Maya Mural Painting

    --The Late or Post-Classic Period (900-1450 CE)
    Post-Classic Maya
    Map showing Aztec, Toltec, and Yucatan sites
    The Puuc Style in Architecture
    Uxmal, Yucatan (700-1100 CE)
    The Toltecs (c. 900-1168 CE)
    The Mexica or "Aztecs" (1100-1521 CE)

    Religion and Philosophy: Aztec Gods
    The Sacred Precinct and Templo Mayor, 1487 CE
    The Colonial Period: Native Artists in Mexico (1533-1821 CE)
    The Christian-Indigenous Style
    Indigenous Artists in the Modern Era (1821-1950 CE)
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of South America and Isthmus
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    The Early Cultures (2200 BCE-200 CE)
    Cerro Sechín (2200-1600 BCE)
    The Central Structure
    Chavín de Huántar (1200-500 BCE)
    Early Architecture
    Black and White Phase
    Late Chavin Sculpture
    Paracas (400 BCE-200 CE)
    Textiles and Mummy Bundles
    Paracas Ceramics

    Religion and Philosophy: Andean Pantheons
    The Middle Period Cultures (200-1000 CE)
    Nasca (200 BCE-650 CE)
    Nasca Architecture
    Geoglyphs: Nasca Desert Lines and Zoomorphs, c. 500 BCE-500 CE
    Nasca Ceramics
    Nasca Textiles
    Moche (c. 200-850 CE)
    The Huacas of
    Moche Fineline Painted Ceramics
    Moche Modeled Ceramics
    Moche Metallurgy

    The First Andean Empires (200 BCE-1000 CE)
    Tiahuanaco (200 BCE-1000 CE)
    Huari (600-1000 CE)
    Colombia and the Isthmus (c. 100-1200 CE)

    --Take a Closer Look : Seeing the Form in Huari Textiles
    San Agustin, Colombia (100-900 CE)
    Costa Rica (500-1200 CE)

    The Late Period (1200-1550 CE)
    Map of Inca Empire
    The Inca Empire (c. 1438-1533 CE)
    Inca Architecture in Cuzco
    Machu Picchu, c. 1450 CE
    Inca Rock Carving
    Inca Ceramics
    Inca Textiles
    The Colonial Period
    Painting in the Colonial Andes
    Tapestries and Weaving in the Colonial Andes

    Contemporary Indigenous Artists
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of North America
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    The Early Period (4000-1000 BCE)
    Watson Brake, (c. 3500-2800 BCE)
    Poverty Point, (c. 1730-1100 BCE)

    The Middle Period Cultures (c. 1000 BCE-500 CE)
    Adena Culture (500 BCE-500 CE)
    The Hopewell Culture (c. 200 BCE-400 CE)
    Ancestral Puebloan (50-400 CE)
    The Late Period Civilizations (c. 700-1550 CE)
    Mississippian Cultures (800-1600 CE)
    Cahokia (1050-1350 CE)
    Spiro (950-1400 CE)
    Etowah, Georgia (c. 950-1550 CE)
    Peoples of the Southwest (500-1300 CE)
    Ancestral Puebloan (650-1285 CE)
    Hohokam (1150-1450 CE)
    The Mimbrenos-Mogollon People (c. 1000-1130 CE)
    The Colonial Period (c. 1540-1900 CE)
    The Southwest
    Diné (Navajo) Weaving
    Pomo Baskets
    The Great Plains
    Buffalo Hide Paintings
    The Northwest Coast
    Cedar Plank Houses
    Totem Poles and Potlatches
    Chilkat Blankets
    The Inuit
    --Take a Closer Look: Reading Panel Design in Chilkat Blankets
    Yupik Winter Ceremonials: Qasgiqs and Masked Dances
    Eastern Woodlands
    Iroquoian False Face Societies
    --Take a Closer Look: The Santa Fe Indian School and Studio Style
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of Africa
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Early Africa (100,000-1000 BCE)
    Paleolithic to Neolithic Art (c. 70,000-10,000 BCE)
    Rock Shelter Art in Africa (c. 10,000 BCE-1000
    Egypt (c. 7000 BCE-1070 BCE)
    The Early Nile Cultures (c. 5500-3100 BCE)
    The Early Dynastic Period and the Old Kingdom (c. 3100-2160 BCE)
    Architecture in the Old Kingdom (c. 2780-2280 BCE)
    Sculpture in the Old Kingdom

    Visual Comparison: Conventions of the Ka Statue
    The Middle Kingdom (c. 2055-1650 BCE)
    The New Kingdom (c. 1570-1070 BCE)
    Hatshepsut: Queen and King of Egypt
    Akhenaten and the Amarna Revolution
    The Land of Kush (3100 BCE-339 CE)
    The First and Second Kingdoms
    Ancient Ethiopia (c. 500 BCE-1270 CE)
    The Kingdom of Aksum (c. 500 BCE-940 CE)
    The Zagwe Dynasty (c. 940-1270 CE)
    Southeastern Africa (1100-1550 CE)
    Great Zimbabwe, c. 1275-1550 CE
    The Niger River and the Cultures of West Africa, (500 BCE-1900 CE)
    Sacred Ilé-Ifè
    The Kingdom of Benin

    The Arts in Colonial Africa
    Text Box: Islam in Africa: A Comparison of the Mosques of Kairouan and Djenné
    Take a Closer Look: Afro-Portuguese Ivories: The First Tourist Art
    The Dogon
    The Yoruba
    The Asante

    Modern Africa
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of West Asia
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Neolithic West Asia (9000-1500 BCE)
    Rock Art of the Jubbah Plain (c. 7000-1500 BCE)
    Ancient Jericho (Tell es-Sultan), Palestine (c. 8500-6000 BCE)
    Çatal Hüyük, Turkey (c. 7500 bce-5700 BCE)
    Architecture in Çatal Hüyük
    Sculpture in Çatal Hüyük
    Ancient Mesopotamia (5500-500 BCE)
    Sumer (c. 5400-2350 BCE)
    Akkadian Empire (c. 2334-2154 BCE)
    Neo-Sumerian Empire (c. 2112-2004 BCE)
    Old Babylon (c. 1792-1595 BCE)
    Ashur and the Assyrian Empires (c. 2400-609 BCE)
    The Neo-Babylonian Empire (c. 626-539 BCE)

    Ancient Iran (4000-330 BCE)
    Elam (c. 1400-1100 BCE)
    Achaemenid Persia (c. 775-330 BCE)
    Cyrus II's Pasargadae
    Darius I's Persepolis (Takt-e Jamshid)
    The Sasanian Persian Empire (224-651 CE)
    Religion and Philosophy: Islam
    The Islamic Caliphates (632-1258 CE)
    The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 CE)
    The Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258 CE)
    Abbasid City Design: Baghdad and Samarra

    Ottoman Empire (1299-1922 CE)
    Ottoman Architecture
    Koca Mimar Sinan (c. 1489/90-1588 CE)
    Miniature Painting under the
    Visual Comparison: Mosque Layouts
    Safavid Persia (c. 1501-1722 CE)
    Contemporary Islamic Art
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of India
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    The Indus Valley Civilization (3300-300 BCE)
    Indus Architecture
    Indus Sculpture
    Indus Valley Seals
    The Evolution of Indus Civilization

    The Maurya Empire (322 BCE-185 CE)
    Religion and Philosophy: Santana Dharma or Hinduism
    Religion and Philosophy: Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism
    The Kushan Empire (135 BCE-280 CE)
    The Gupta Dynasty (320-486 CE)
    Religion and Philosophy: Lakshana of the Buddha
    The Hindu Temple (600-1665 CE)
    Dravida or Southern Style Temples
    Hindu Temple Sculpture: Chola Bronzes
    The Nagara or Northern Style Hindu Temples

    Muslim India (1175-1707 CE)
    The Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526 CE)
    The Mughal Empire (1526-1707 CE)
    The Mughal School of Miniature Painting
    Mughal Architecture
    The British Raj (1858-1947)
    --Visual Comparison: Gur Emir, Tomb of Humayun, and Taj Mahal
    Map of British Controlled Territory in India
    Indian Art after Independence (1947-)
    Pakistani Art after Independence (1947-)
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of Southeast Asia
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Neolithic Southeast Asia (4,000 BCE-300 CE)
    Ban Chiang Culture (c. 3600 BCE-200 CE)
    Sa Huynh Culture (1000 BCE-200
    Dong Son Culture (c. 600 BCE-200 CE)

    Indianization and Sinification in Medieval Southeast Asia (c. 500-1500)
    The Khmer Empire, Cambodia (802-1431 CE)
    Angkor Wat, c. 1113-1145 CE
    Visual Comparison: Angkor Temples
    Kingdom of Sukhothai, Thailand (1238-1438 CE)
    Kingdom of Ayutthaya (1351-1767 CE)
    Maritime Southeast Asia: Indonesia (700-900 CE)
    Islam in Southeast Asia
    Sinification in Vietnam
    Vietnamese Ceramics
    Colonialism, Nationalism, and Modern Art in Southeast Asia (1511-1947)
    Independent Thailand: The Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782-1932 CE)
    Academies in Colonial Southeast Asia
    Colonial Architecture
    Contemporary Art in Southeast Asia
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of China
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Neolithic China (c. 18,000-2,000 BCE)
    Yangshao Culture (c. 5000-3000 BCE)
    The Three Dynasties Period (2070-221 BCE)
    --Take a Closer Look: Chinese Jade Kong and Bi
    The Xia Dynasty (c. 2070-1600 BCE)
    The Shang Dynasty (1766-1111 BCE)
    Shang Bronzes
    Text Box: Piece-mold Casting
    The Zhou (1100-221 BCE)
    Western Zhou Period (1100-771 BCE)
    Eastern Zhou Period (770-221 BCE)
    Spring and Autumn Period (771-476 BCE)
    The Warring States Period (476-221 BCE)
    Religion and Philosophy: Confucianism and later Neo-Confucianism
    The Qin Empire (221-207 BCE)
    The Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE)
    Han Tombs
    The Period of Disunity (220-581 CE)
    The Northern Wei (396-589 CE)
    --Visual Comparison: Gandharan Influences on Early Chinese Buddhist Art
    The Six Dynasties (222-589 CE)
    The Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE)
    Tang Ceramics
    Tang Painting

    Buddhist Art in the Tang Dynasty
    The Sung Dynasty (960-1279 CE)
    Northern Sung Painting (c. 960-1126 CE)
    Take a Closer Look: Painting Formats in East Asia
    Southern Sung Painting (c. 1127-1279 CE)
    Buddhist Art during the Southern Sung

    The Yuan (Mongolian) Dynasty (1279-1368)
    The Literati Painters
    The Ming or "Radiant" Dynasty (1368-1644)
    Painting in the Ming Dynasty
    The Qing Dynasty (1644 ce-1911 CE)
    The People's Republic of China (1949-)
    Art after Mao (1976-)
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Map of Korea and Japan
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Neolithic Korea (8000-1500 BCE)
    Three Kingdoms Period (c. 57 BCE-668 CE)
    Kingdom of Goguryeo (37 BCE-668 CE)
    Baekje (18 bce-660 CE)
    Silla and Unified Silla Kingdoms (57 BCE-935 CE)
    The Unified Silla (668-935 CE)
    The Later Three Kingdoms and the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392 CE)
    Great Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910)
    Silhak Movement
    Korean Art in the Modern Era
    Neolithic Japan (12,000-300 BCE)
    The Yayoi Period (900 BCE-300 CE)
    The Kofun Period (250-538 CE)
    The Asuka Period (c. 538-710)
    Religion and Art: Shinto, the Way of the Gods
    Shintoism in Japan
    Buddhism in Japan

    Visual Comparison: Korean influence on Tori Busshi's Shakya Triad
    The Nara Period (710-784 CE)
    Heian Period (794-1185 CE)
    Take a Closer Look: Single Block and Joined-Block Carving
    The Kamakura Period (1192-1333 CE)
    The Muromachi Period (1336-1573 CE)
    Zen Buddhism
    Take a Closer Look: Sen no Rikyu's Taian Teahouse c. 1582-1583 CE
    Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1573-1603 CE)
    The Edo Period (1603-1867)
    The Meiji Period (1868-1912)
    Post-War Japan (1926-)
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Quick Pronunciation Guide
    Map of Australia and the Pacific Islands
    Brief Overview
    Chapter Objectives
    Early Rock Art
    Mimi Paintings
    X-Ray Style Paintings
    Rock Engravings
    Bark Paintings
    Modern and Contemporary Aboriginal Art (1930-)
    The Hermannsburg Painters (1934-1960)
    The Western Desert Art Movement (1972-)
    Utopia Settlement and Women Painters (1988-)
    New Guinea
    The Asmat
    --Take a Closer Look: Anatomy of an Asmat Bis Pole
    The Massim Area
    The Sepik River Cultures
    New Ireland and the Tabar Islands
    Contemporary Art in Melanesia
    Map of Micronesia
    Samoa and the Art of Barkcloth
    Hawaii and the Art of Featherwork
    Rapa Nui and the Moai
    Aotearoa (New Zealand) and the Art of the Maori Marae
    Maori Modernism
    Chapter Quick Review
    Chapter Questions
    Key Terms and Figures
    Quick Pronunciation Guide
    Photo Credits