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Approaches to Peace

A Reader in Peace Studies

Third Edition

David P. Barash

Publication Date - July 2013

ISBN: 9780199949151

336 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $49.95

Featuring both classic and contemporary selections, this unique anthology provides an interdisciplinary collection of work in peace and conflict studies


Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Third Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces. Updated to address current concerns, the third edition incorporates fourteen new readings.

Ideal on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course, Approaches to Peace, Third Edition, is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each chapter also provide useful resources for students.

New to this Edition

  • Fourteen new readings
  • Condensed from seven chapters to six

About the Author(s)

David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than twenty books, including Peace and Conflict Studies (2010), Natural Selections: Honest Liars, Selfish Altruists, and Other Realities of Evolution (2007), Understanding Violence (2000), and more than 200 journal articles. A longtime scholar and peace activist, Dr. Barash has been instrumental in establishing Peace Studies as a legitimate academic discipline.

Previous Publication Date(s)

July 2013
August 2009
August 1999


"Approaches to Peace really is the best introductory overview of the field of peace studies. It provides an excellent foundation for students interested in peace and conflict resolution, not just as an academic field of study but as an intellectual road map to navigate the issues of the day."--Warren R. Haffar, Arcadia University

"A combination of classic statements on peace studies combined with more recent analyses."-- Richard W. Coughlin, Florida Gulf Coast University

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Each chapter ends with Study Questions and Suggestions for Further Reading.
    Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace
    Chapter 1: Understanding War
    1. Why War?, Sigmund Freud
    2. On Aggression, Konrad Z. Lorenz
    3. Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead
    4. War Is a Force that Gives Us Meaning, Chris Hedges
    5. War and Other Essays, William Graham Sumner
    6. Victims of Groupthink, Irving Janis
    7. The Causes of War, Michael Howard
    8. National Images and International Systems, Kenneth Boulding
    9. The Clash of Civilizations, Samuel Huntington
    * 10. Resource Competition in the 21st Century, Michael T. Klare
    * 11. Battlefields of the Future, Peter Singer
    * 12. The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth-Century Wars, Andrew J. Bacevich
    Chapter 2: Building "Negative Peace"
    1. The Moral Equivalent of War, William James
    2. Getting to Yes, Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton
    3. Disarmament Demands GRIT, Charles Osgood
    4. Ten Nuclear Myths, David Krieger and Angela McCrackien
    5. A World Free of Nuclear Weapons, George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn
    6. A Powerful Peace, Jonathan Schell
    * 7. Nuclear Proliferation: History and Lessons, Volha Charnysh
    * 8. Transforming the War Economy into the Peacekeeping Economy: Using Economic Relationships to Build a More Peaceful, Prosperous, and Secure World, Lloyd J. Dumas
    9. International Law, David P. Barash
    * 10. Just War Doctrine, from Catholic Answers
    11. An Insider's Guide to the UN, Linda Fasulo
    * 12. World Government?, David P. Barash
    * 13. Violence Vanquished, Steven Pinker
    * 14. Life Without War, Douglas P. Fry
    Chapter 3: Responding to Terrorism
    1. Terrorism Past and Present, RAND Corporation
    * 2. The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy, Noam Chomsky
    3. Terrorism: Theirs and Ours, Eqbal Ahmad
    * 4. The U.S. Response to Terrorism, Haviland Smith
    5. Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, Robert Pape
    6. Clarifying the Meaning of Jihad, Ali Gomaa
    Chapter 4: Building "Positive Peace"
    1. The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold
    2. Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, Al Gore
    3. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire
    4. Global Economic Solidarity, Jeffrey Sachs
    5. Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.
    6. Human Rights, David P. Barash
    Chapter 5: Nonviolence
    1. Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau
    2. Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby, Leo Tolstoy
    3. Conscientious Objector, Edna St. Vincent Millay
    4. Neither Victims Nor Executioners, Albert Camus
    5. Ahimsa, or the Way of Nonviolence, Mohandas Gandhi
    * 6. Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War, Gene Sharp
    * 7. Soft Power, Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
    Chapter 6: Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future
    1. On Humane Governance, Richard Falk
    2. Sexism and the War System, Betty Reardon
    3. A Human Approach to World Peace, Dalai Lama
    4. No Future Without Forgiveness, Desmond Tutu
    * 5. Vision: Revolution Is as Unpredictable and Beautiful as Spring, Rebecca Solnit
    6. Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?, Victoria Bonney