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Approaches to Peace

Fourth Edition

David P. Barash

Publication Date - 12 July 2017

ISBN: 9780190637590

320 pages
7-1/2 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Featuring both classic and contemporary selections, this unique anthology provides an interdisciplinary collection of work in peace and conflict studies


Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Fourth Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces by illustrious contributors including Noam Chomsky, bell hooks, Vandana Shiva, and Pope Francis.

New to this Edition

  • Updated to address current concerns, featuring ten new readings on resource scarcity and climate change; disarmament and employment; reforming the UN; jihad; Christianity and environmentalism; globalism; feminist politics; non-violence; empire versus democracy; and the human cost of economic growth
  • A new preface reflecting on the importance of peace studies in the age of Trump


  • Presents both classic and contemporary readings on the causes of war and ways to advance peace and justice
  • Provides interdisciplinary coverage of the issues, featuring a wide variety of voices and perspectives
  • Incorporates study questions and suggested readings at the end of every chapter

About the Author(s)

David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than thirty books, including Out of Eden (OUP, 2016), Buddhist Biology (OUP, 2013), and Homo Mysterious (OUP, 2012).


"Approaches to Peace does an excellent job of framing excerpts from major works in peace studies. This technique helps instructors show their students why texts from previous historical periods remain relevant in the present day. Barash's introductions and editorial comments can be read as free-standing essays; they do an impressive job of explaining the major theories and concepts."--Mark Frezzo, University of Mississippi

"Approaches to Peace is very readable and offers comprehensive coverage of key themes. I think that it is one of the best readers."--Paula Rayman, University of Massachusetts, Lowell

Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Each chapter ends with Study Questions and Suggestions for Further Reading.
    Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace
    Chapter 1. Understanding War
    Why War?: Sigmund Freud
    Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity: Margaret Mead
    War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning: Chris Hedges
    War and Other Essays: William Graham Sumner
    Victims of Groupthink: Irving Janis
    The Causes of War: Michael Howard
    National Images and International Systems: Kenneth Boulding
    The Clash of Civilizations: Samuel P. Huntington
    * How Resource Scarcity and Climate Change Could Produce a Global Explosion: Michael Klare
    Battlefields of the Future: Peter W. Singer
    The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth Century Wars: Andrew Bacevich
    Chapter 2. Building "Negative Peace"
    The Moral Equivalent of War: William James
    Getting to Yes: Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton
    Disarmament Demands GRIT: Charles Osgood
    Ten Nuclear Myths: David Krieger and Angela McCrackien
    A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn
    A Powerful Peace: Jonathan Schell
    * Disarmament, Economic Conversion, and Jobs for All: Seymour Melman
    International Law: David P. Barash
    Catholic Answers: Just War Doctrine
    * Reforming the UN for the 21st Century: Vijay Mehta
    Violence Vanquished: Steven Pinker
    Life without War?: Douglas P. Fry
    Chapter 3. Responding to Terrorism
    The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy: Noam Chomsky
    Terrorism: Theirs and Ours: Eqbal Ahmad
    The U.S. Response to Terrorism: Haviland Smith
    Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism: Robert Pape
    * The True Spirit of Jihad: Sarah Ahmad
    Chapter 4. Building "Positive Peace"
    The Land Ethic: Aldo Leopold
    * Speech to the United Nations, 2015: Pope Francis
    * How to Judge Globalism: Amartya Sen
    Human Rights: David P. Barash
    Letter from a Birmingham Jail: Martin Luther King Jr.
    * Feminist Politics: Where We Stand: bell hooks
    Chapter 5. Nonviolence
    Civil Disobedience: Henry David Thoreau
    Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby: Leo Tolstoy
    Conscientious Objector: Edna St. Vincent Millay
    Neither Victims nor Executioners: Albert Camus
    * The Gospel of Nonviolence: Mohandas Gandhi
    Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War: Gene Sharp
    Soft Power: Joseph S. Nye Jr.
    Chapter 6. Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future
    On Humane Governance: Richard Falk
    Sexism and the War System: Betty Reardon
    A Human Approach to World Peace: Dalai Lama
    * Empire v. Democracy--Why Nemesis Is at Our Door: Chalmers Johnson
    No Future without Forgiveness: Desmond Tutu
    World Government?: David P. Barash
    * How Economic Growth Has Become Antilife: Vandana Shiva
    Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?: Victoria A. Bonney