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Americans All

Race and Ethnic Relations in Historical, Structural, and Comparative Perspectives

Second Edition

Peter Kivisto and Wendy Ng

Publication Date - 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9780195330533

430 pages
7 x 10 inches

This updated text introduces foundational ideas and concepts about race and ethnic groups and applies them to issues and events relevant to today's college student population.


The second edition of Peter Kivisto and Wendy Ng's Americans All introduces foundational ideas and concepts about race and ethnic groups and applies them to issues and events relevant to today's college student population. The text combines both empirical and theoretical material and is designed to help students better understand our highly diverse society. It illustrates the importance of using sociology to identify and assess both the dynamics of ethnic conflicts and the forces that might serve to create a more harmonious society.

This text differs from other race and ethnic group texts in three significant ways:

* First, it is more historically grounded, making use of the scholarship of social historians in an interdisciplinary way.
* Second, it offers a genuinely comparative perspective. The authors highlight similarities and differences between and among groups--as well as distinctions in time, place, and circumstance--that account for contemporary differences in the social locations and well-being of the nation's major ethnic groups. Likewise, cross-national comparisons make sense of how the United States relates to other major liberal democracies in the world.
* Third, the book examines the inner workings of racial and ethnic communities, including discussions of group cultures, institutions, resources, and internal divisions.

New features of this completely updated and streamlined edition include:

* A new chapter on multiculturalism that provides insightful comparisons between the United States and Australia, Canada, France, Germany and Great Britain.
* "Voices"--boxed inserts in each chapter--that provide first-person accounts of the impact of ethnic identity on everyday lived experience.
* In-depth discussions of theoretical developments in the field, particularly focusing on current discussions of multiculturalism and transnationalism.
* Greater attention to the interplay between ethnicity, class, and gender.
* Extensive use of the most cutting-edge research on new immigrants in the United States.
* An Instructor's Manual/Testing Program and online Interactive Student Study Guide are available.

Previous Publication Date(s)

January 1995


"I found this book to be refreshing in its candor, brilliant in its creativity, and exciting in its ability to provide fresh insights into what appear to be timeless questions for Americans. I like the authors' approach, which blends history, structure, and theory. I would characterize it as scholarly, challenging, critical, and highly readable."--Rodney Coates, Miami University

Table of Contents

    Part I: Thinking About Race and Ethnicity
    1: Ethnic and Racial Dimensions
    History and Social Structure
    Five Lives: Identities and Experiences
    An Italian American
    A Mexican American
    An African American
    A Chinese American
    A Native American
    Generalizing From the Specific Case
    Making Visible the Invisible
    Why Can't They Be Like Us?
    Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen
    Ethnic Groups
    Group Definitions and Boundaries
    Choosing Names
    Intergroup Relations
    The Big Picture: What Is Ethnic America?
    The Melting Pot
    Cultural Pluralism
    Alternative Images of Ethnic America
    2: Toward a Conceptual Map of Ethnic Relations
    The Emergence of Ethnic Studies
    Clarifying Concepts
    Nations, Nationality, and Nationalism
    Minority Groups
    Ethnicity and Ethnic Groups
    Religio-Ethnic Groups
    Racial Groups
    Ethnic Relations
    Toward a New Model
    Marxism and Social Classes
    Rational Choice Theory
    The Social Construction of Ethnicity
    Emergent Ethnicity
    The Invention of Ethnicity
    Contemporary Diversity: Multiculturalism and Transnationalism
    Ingroups, Outgroups, and Group Position
    The Psychology of Prejudice
    The Sociology of Prejudice and Discrimination
    Explaining Ethnic Differences
    Part II: Sociology Meets History
    3: Constructing WASP Hegemony and the Racial "Other" From Colonial America to the Civil War
    Nation Building
    Albion's Seed
    Transplanting the Old World to the New
    Nineteenth-Century Migration
    The Core Society: Anglo-Saxon Protestant
    Erin's Children in America
    Immigrant Adjustment
    Communal Activities and Organizations
    Germans in America
    The Early Ethnic Communit
    Intraethnic Conflict
    Interethnic Encounters
    Coercive Pluralism and the Politics of Exclusion
    The First of This Land
    The Market Period (1600-1775)
    The Conflict Period (1775-1850)
    Relocation Policies
    Beyond the Middle Passage
    The Ideology of Racism
    Slavery and the Plantation
    The Origins of an African American Culture
    The Community of Slaves
    Slave Revolts
    Free Persons of Color
    Challenges to the Peculiar Institution
    The Politics of Conquest
    Travelers to Gold Mountain
    4: Reconfiguring the Racial Divide: Immigration and White Supremacy, 1865-1950
    Becoming Ethnic Americans
    Peasants No More: The Italians
    The Ethnic Community
    Roman Catholicism
    Education and Upward Mobility
    Ethnic Stereotypes and the Mafia
    Generational Change
    The Birth and Maturation of Polonia in America
    The Immigrant Community Takes Shape
    Cultural Values
    Generational Change
    The Jewish Diaspora
    The Early Community Presence
    The Ethnic Community Evolves
    Religious Divisions
    Political and Labor Organizations
    Upward Mobility
    The Color Line From the Civil War to the Civil Rights Movement
    From Emancipation to Jim Crow: African Americans
    Reasserting White Domination
    Leadership in the African American Community
    Southern Race Relations
    The Promised Land
    The Development of the Black Community
    The Latino Presence in the United States
    Mexicans in the Southwest
    Cubans and Puerto Ricans
    The Chinese and Japanese: A Comparison
    The Chinese and Immigration Restriction
    Emigration and the Role of the Japanese Government
    The Ethnic Community and Generational Differences
    Native Americans During the Reservation Era
    Reservations as Total Institutions
    The Dawes Act and Acculturation Policies
    Responding to Defeat
    The Indian New Deal
    Part III: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow: From 1950 to the Twenty-First Century
    5: European Americans: The Twilight of Ethnicity?
    Suburbanization and White Ethnics
    Does Ethnicity Matter? The Case for Cultural Transmission
    The Polish Americans
    The Debate Over an Ethnic Revival
    The Hansen Thesis
    Political Ethnicity
    Symbolic Ethnicity
    Evidence from Census Findings
    Ethnic Options
    The Privatization of Ethnicity
    The Invention of Ethnicity
    Regional Identities
    A European American Identity?
    Jewish Exceptionalism?
    The Core Jewish Population
    Continuity and Change
    The Specter of Race
    White Attitudes About Governmental Actions
    The Politics of Hate and Racial Divisiveness
    6: African Americans: The Enduring American Dilemma
    The Civil Rights Movement: 1940-1970
    Phase I: Nonviolent Confrontation and Legislative Lobbying
    Phase II: Militancy and Black Nationalism
    Two Controversies
    Busing and School Desegregation
    Affirmative Action
    Improvement or Decline?
    Housing and Residential Segregation
    Public Housing
    Alternatives to Public Housing
    Equal Housing Opportunity
    The Enduring Significance of Race
    The Black Middle Class
    Poor Blacks
    Into the Future
    7: American Indians: The Continuing Plight of the First of This Land
    The Indian Reorganization Act
    Searching for Alternatives to Termination
    Adjusting to Urban Life
    The Ethnic Community in the City
    Political Activism
    The Red Power Movement
    Competing Political Goals
    Ongoing Conflict With White America
    The Chippewa Spearfishing Dispute
    The Blackfeet and Oil Exploration: Limiting Development
    Land Disputes: The Legacy of Treaty Violations
    Development Plans on Native American Reservations
    Exploiting Natural Resources
    Tourism and Gaming
    Quality of Life on Reservations
    Health Issues
    Native Americans in the White Mind
    Uncertain Futures
    8: Latino Americans: Into the Mainstream or on the Margins?
    Latino Panethnic Unity or Ethnic Distinctiveness?
    The Bilingual Issue
    Cuban Americans
    Settlement Patterns
    The Enclave Economy
    Political Participation
    Are Cubans Assimilating?
    Puerto Ricans
    Settlement Patterns
    Economic Status
    The Impact of Return Migration
    The Ethnic Community
    Integration or Isolation?
    Mexican Americans
    Chicano Politics
    Socioeconomic Status
    Current Economic Problems
    The Problem of Marginalized Youth
    New Latino Immigration: Central and South America and Caribbean
    9: Asian Americans: The Myth of the Model Minority
    The Model Minority: Myth and Reality
    Japanese Americans
    The Third Generation and Beyond
    Changes in the Ethnic Community
    The Future of the Japanese American Community
    Chinese Americans
    Pre-1965 Developments
    Post-1965 Developments
    Korean Americans
    Immigrant Entrepreneurs
    Interethnic Conflict
    Korean Ethnic Churches
    Adhesive Adaptation
    Scenarios for the Future
    Filipino Americans
    Immigration Since 1945
    The Ethnic Community
    Other Asians
    Education and Occupation
    Prejudice and Discrimination
    10: Multicultural Prospects in Comparative Perspective
    The United States in Comparative Perspective
    Settler Nations
    Canada: The Vertical Mosaic
    Australia: From Settler Country to Multicultural Nation
    Western Europe
    Britain in a Postcolonial World
    Germany: The Challenge of a "Blood-and-Soil" Conception of Citizenship
    The French Melting Pot
    A Multicultural America in the Twenty-First Century
    Subject Index
    Author Index