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American Horizons

US History in a Global Context, Volume Two: Since 1865

Fourth Edition

Michael Schaller, Janette Thomas Greenwood, Andrew Kirk, Sarah J. Purcell, Aaron Sheehan-Dean, and Christina Snyder

Publication Date - 09 October 2020

ISBN: 9780197518922

784 pages
6 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Provides students with a balanced and inclusive account of U.S. History within a global context


In American Horizons: U.S. History in a Global Context, Fourth Edition, the authors use the frequent movement of people, goods, and ideas into, out of, and within America's borders as a framework. This unique approach provides a fully integrated global perspective that seamlessly contextualizes American events within the wider world. Presented in two volumes for maximum flexibility--and supplemented by two sourcebooks of primary documents--American Horizons illustrates the relevance of U.S. history to students by centering on the matrix of issues that dominate their lives.

Visit www.oup.com/he/schaller4e for a wealth of digital resources for students and instructors, including an enhanced eBook with embedded learning tools and the Oxford Insight Study Guide, which delivers custom-built adaptive practice sessions based on students' performance.

New to this Edition

  • Several chapters have been revised and updated with new content:
  • Chapter 16: A new opening vignette on Chinese and Irish immigration in the late 19th century
  • Chapter 17: A new opening vignette featuring the story of Andrew Carnegie
  • Chapter 18: An expanded discussion of the environmental crisis of American cities
  • Chapter 20: A new opening vignette about Ida B. Wells and her international campaign against lynching
  • Chapter 21: Expanded coverage of the impact of WWI inside the United States and of wartime efforts by the U.S. to shape the postwar order
  • Chapter 22: An expanded discussion of the 1920s sexual revolution, and increased discussion of eugenics
  • Chapter 24: New coverage of the distinct ways in which Americans, Nazi leaders, and Japanese leaders interpreted an influential Hollywood film
  • Chapter 26: A new opening vignette on comic books and popular culture during the 1950s
  • Chapter 31: An expanded analysis of the impact of the wars in the Middle East on both that region and the U.S. since 2001 and an exploration of the 2016 election and the first three years of the Trump era
  • The following "Global Passages" boxes have been refreshed with new examples of key global connections:
  • Chapter 20: The worldwide struggle for woman suffrage
  • Chapter 23: U.S. popular culture during the New Deal
  • Chapter 24: The "war of books and ideas" during WWII and how wartime publishing impacted U.S. and global literacy
  • Chapter 27: The "Hippie Trail"
  • Chapter 29: The history/impact at home and abroad of the U.S. war on drugs, from the 1930s to today
  • Chapter 30: The changing patterns and impact of global migration to the U.S. since the 1960s
  • Chapter 31: The ebb and flow of Chinese-US political, economic, and cultural rivalry over the past century
  • Offers digital versions of the "America in the World" maps formerly located at the end of each chapter
  • Enhances each chapter outline with a "Study Plan" that includes study questions for each of the main subtopics
  • Uses larger typefaces in many of the maps in order to improve readability
  • Features a brighter and more accessible design, with new illustrations in each chapter
  • An Enhanced ebook--free with every purchase of a new book--with embedded learning tools, including: "Closer Look" videos that analyze selected artworks, accompanied by narration and self-assessment; interactive maps and timelines; flashcards; section and chapter quizzes; and primary sources
  • The Oxford Insight Study Guide--free with every purchase of a new book--which delivers custom-built adaptive practice sessions based on students' performance


  • Incorporates insights from the authors--all acclaimed scholars in their specialties--who use their individual strengths to provide students with a balanced and inclusive account of U.S. history
  • Illustrates the relevance of U.S. history to American students by centering on the matrix of key issues that dominate their lives, including population movements and growth; the evolving definition of citizenship; cultural change and continuity; people's relationship to and impact upon the environment; political and ideological contests and their consequences; and Americans' five centuries of engagement with regional, national, and global institutions, forces, and events
  • Encourages students to consider the variety of pressures that spurred historical change, both within and outside of America
  • Uses a narrative style and structure that provide the flexibility to occasionally emphasize the global aspects of American history
  • Each chapter begins with a compelling story at the core of the chapter theme
  • "Global Passages" boxes feature unique stories illustrating America's connection to the world
  • A rich graphics program of maps and figures helps students explore essential chapter themes
  • Timelines highlighting significant happenings in North America and the rest of the world, presented in parallel, provide students with a global context for American events
  • Study Questions throughout each chapter test students' memory and understanding of content
  • Reading American Horizons: This two-volume primary source collection (Volume I: 9780197531266, and Volume II: 9780197530894), expertly edited by the authors of American Horizons, provides a diverse set of documents (both textual and visual) that situate U.S. history in a global context. The more than 200 documents--forty-seven of which are new to this edition--cover political, social, and cultural history. Each document includes a headnote and discussion questions.

About the Author(s)

Michael Schaller is Regents Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Arizona, where he has taught since 1974. His areas of specialization include U.S. international and East Asian relations and the resurgence of conservatism in late 20th-century America.

Janette Thomas Greenwood is Professor of History at Clark University. She specializes in African American history and history of the U.S. South.

Andrew Kirk is Professor and Chair of History at University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He specializes in the history of the U.S. West and environmental history.

Sarah J. Purcell is L.F. Parker Professor of History at Grinnell College. She specializes in the early national period, antebellum United States, popular culture, politics, gender, and military history.

Aaron Sheehan-Dean is Chair and Fred C. Frey Professor of History at Louisiana State University. He specializes in the Civil War and Reconstruction, the history of the New South, and nineteenth-century America.

Christina Snyder is the McCabe Greer Professor of History at The Pennsylvania State University. She researches colonialism, race, and slavery, with a focus on Native North America from the pre-contact era through the nineteenth century.


"American Horizons does a great job of giving students a new perspective on a history they may think they know well. Situating North America in a broader global perspective helps challenge narratives of U.S. exceptionalism and introduce students to a much broader cast of historical characters, particularly Native American and African peoples."- -Tessa Murphy, Syracuse University

"The text is excellent. Its incorporation of global materials makes it extremely valuable, especially in the current American cultural climate."--Mark Lewis Tizzoni, Angelo State University

Table of Contents

    About the Authors

    Chapter 15. Reconstructing America, 1865-1877
    The Year of Jubilee, 1865

    African American Families
    Southern Whites and the Problem of Defeat
    Emancipation in Comparative Perspective
    Shaping Reconstruction, 1865-1868
    Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction
    The Fight over Reconstruction
    The Civil War Amendments and American Citizenship
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: America the Diverse
    Congressional Reconstruction
    Reconstruction in the South, 1866-1876
    African American Life in the Postwar South
    Republican Governments in the Postwar South
    Cotton, Merchants, and the Lien
    The End of Reconstruction, 1877
    The Ku Klux Klan and Reconstruction Violence
    Northern Weariness and Northern Conservatism
    Legacies of Reconstruction

    Chapter 16. Forging a Transcontinental Nation, 1877-1900
    Meeting Ground of Many Peoples
    Changing Patterns of Migration
    Mexican Borders
    Chinese Exclusion
    Mapping the West
    The Federal Frontier
    Promotion and Memory
    The Culture of Collective Violence
    Extractive Economies and Global Commodities
    Mining and Labor
    Business Travelers
    Railroads, Time, and Space
    Industrial Ranching
    Corporate Cowboys
    Clearing the Land and Cleansing the Wilderness
    Conflict and Resistance
    Education for Assimilation
    The Destruction of the Buffalo
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Settler Societies and Indigenous Peoples
    The Dawes Act and Survival
    Tourism, Parks, and Forests

    Chapter 17. A New Industrial and Labor Order, 1877-1900
    Global Webs of Industrial Capitalism
    The New Industrial Order
    U.S. Industrial Growth in Global Context
    Combinations and Concentrations of Wealth
    Markets and Consumerism
    Work and the Workplace
    Global Migrations
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: A Revolution in Food
    Blue-Collar and White-Collar Workers
    Regimentation and Scientific Management
    Working Conditions and Wages
    Economic Convulsions and Hard Times
    Women and Children in the Workplace
    Workers Fight Back
    The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
    Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence
    The Farmers Organize
    The Labor Movement in Global Context
    The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent
    Defending the New Order
    Critiquing the New Order

    Chapter 18. Cities, Immigrants, Culture, and Politics, 1877-1900
    The Growth of Cities
    The Peopling of American Cities
    Types of Cities
    Cities Transformed and "Sorted Out"
    Global Migrations
    A Worldwide Migration
    "America Fever" and the "New" Immigration
    The "Immigrant Problem"
    The Round Trip to America
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Immigrants Who Returned
    Streets Paved with Gold?
    Surviving in "The Land of Bosses and Clocks"
    Creating Community
    Becoming American
    The Promise and Peril of City Life
    A World of Opportunity
    A World of Crises
    Tackling Urban Problems
    Saving Souls in Urban America
    The Social Purity Movement
    The Settlement House Movement
    Creating Healthy Urban Environments
    Challenges to the Politics of Stalemate
    Key Issues
    Ethnicity, Gender, and Political Culture
    The Populist Challenge
    The Election of 1896

    Chapter 19. The United States Expands Its Reach, 1892-1912
    The New Imperialism
    A Global Grab for Colonies
    Race, Empire, Bibles, and Businessmen
    Precedent for American Empire
    The Crises of the 1890s
    The United States Flexes its Muscles
    Latin America
    The Cuban Crisis
    "A Splendid Little War"
    The Complications of Empire
    Cuba and Puerto Rico
    The Philippines
    The Debate over Empire
    The Philippine-American War
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: African Americans and International Affairs
    The United States on the World Stage: Roosevelt and Taft
    Roosevelt's "Big Stick"
    Taft's Dollar Diplomacy

    Chapter 20. An Age of Progressive Reform, 1890-1920
    Progressivism as a Global Movement

    Nodes of Progressivism
    The Global Exchange of Progressive Ideas
    Urban Reform
    The "Good Government" Movement
    The Housing Dilemma
    Municipal Housekeeping
    Segregation and the Racial Limits of Reform
    Progressivism at the State and National Levels
    Electoral Reforms
    Mediating the Labor Problem
    Regulating Business: Trust-Busting and Consumer Protection
    Conservation Versus Preservation of Nature
    Progressivism and World War I
    A Progressive War?
    Uniting and Disuniting the Nation
    Votes for Women
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: A Worldwide Struggle for Woman Suffrage
    Progressivism in International Context

    Chapter 21. America and the Great War, 1914-1920
    The Shock of War
    The Colonial Origins of the Conflict
    A War of Attrition
    America's Response to War
    The U.S. Path to War, 1914-1917
    National Security and the Push Toward Americanization
    Social Reform, the Election of 1916, and Challenges to Neutrality
    Intervention in Latin America
    Decision for War
    America at War
    Mobilizing People and Ideas
    Controlling Dissent
    Mobilizing the Economy
    Women Suffragists
    The Great Migration
    Over There
    Building an Army
    Joining the Fight
    Political and Military Complications
    Influenza Pandemic
    Making Peace Abroad and at Home
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Postwar Colonialism
    Making Peace and Fighting Communism
    Red Scare
    The Fight for the Treaty

    Chapter 22. A New Era, 1920-1930
    A New Economy for A New Era
    Wireless America
    Car Culture
    Advertising for Mass Consumption
    Sexual, Racial, and Ethnic Divides
    Challenging Sexual Conventions
    African American Renaissance and Repression
    Black International Movements
    Immigration Restriction
    The Ku Klux Klan
    A National Culture: At Home and Abroad
    Popular Entertainment: Movies, Sports, and Celebrity
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Hollywood Sells America to the World
    The New Skepticism
    Religion and Society
    Post-World War I Politics and Foreign Policy
    Government and Business in the 1920s
    Coolidge Prosperity
    The Election of 1928
    Independent Internationalism in the 1920s
    The United States and Instability in the Western Hemisphere
    The Crash
    The End of the Boom
    The Great Depression

    Chapter 23. A New Deal for Americans, 1931-1939
    The New Deal
    From Prosperity to Global Depression
    Spiral of Decline, 1931-1933
    Suffering in the Land
    The Failure of the Old Deal
    The Coming of the New Deal
    Reconstructing Capitalism
    The Hundred Days
    Voices of Protest
    The Second New Deal
    Social Security
    Labor Activism
    The 1936 Election
    Society, Law, and Culture in the 1930s
    Popular Entertainment
    Women and the New Deal
    A New Deal for Blacks
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: European Refugees
    Hispanics and the New Deal
    The Indian New Deal
    Nature's New Deal
    The Twilight of Reform
    The New Deal and Judicial Change
    Political Setbacks

    Chapter 24. Arsenal of Democracy: The World at War, 1931-1945
    The Long Fuse
    Isolationist Impulse
    Disengagement from Europe
    Disengagement in Asia
    America at the Brink of War, 1939-1941
    Day of Infamy
    A Grand Alliance
    The War in the Pacific
    The War in Europe
    The Holocaust
    Battle for Production
    War Economy
    A Government-Sponsored Technology Revolution
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: A Battle of Books and Ideas
    The Draft
    On the Move: Wartime Mobility
    Wartime Women
    Mexican Migrants, Mexican Americans, and American Indians in Wartime
    African Americans in Wartime
    Japanese American Internment
    Wartime Politics and Postwar Issues
    Right Turn
    The 1944 Election and the Threshold of Victory
    Victory in Europe
    Victory in the Pacific

    Chapter 25. Prosperity and Liberty Under the Shadow of the Bomb, 1945-1952
    The Cold War

    The Roots of Conflict
    Managing Postwar Europe in Potsdam
    The Defeat of Japan
    Dividing the Postwar Globe\
    The Fear of Nuclear War
    A Policy for Containment
    The Red Scare
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Rebuilding the World
    War in Korea
    NSC-68: A Cold War Containment Policy
    The Color of Difference Is Red
    Hollywood and the Pumpkin Papers
    A New Affluence
    The Fair Deal
    The GI Bill
    Working Women
    Postwar Migrations
    Military-Industrial West and South
    Hispanics Move North
    Mobile Leisure
    Laying the Foundations for Civil Rights
    First Steps
    Jack Roosevelt Robinson
    The Influence of African American Veterans
    Black Migration and the Nationalization of Race

    Chapter 26. The Dynamic 1950s, 1950-1959
    The Eisenhower Era

    The End of the Korean War
    The New Look
    The Rise of the Developing World
    Hungary and the Suez, 1956
    France's Vietnam War
    McCarthyism and the Red Scare
    A Dynamic Decade
    The Baby Boom
    Suburban Migrations-Urban Decline
    Consumer Nation
    Corporate Order and Industrial Labor
    The Future Is Now
    Auto Mania
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: The International Geophysical Year
    Oil Culture
    Conformity and Rebellion
    Old Time Religion
    Women in the 1950s
    Organization Men
    Teens, Rebels, and Beats
    Laying the Foundation for Civil Rights
    Brown and the Legal Assault
    Showdown in Little Rock
    Boots on the Ground
    MLK and the Philosophy of Nonviolence

    Chapter 27. The Optimism and the Anguish of the 1960s, 1960-1969
    The New Frontier

    JFK's New Frontier
    The Challenge of Racial Justice
    Cold War Tensions
    Kennedy Assassination
    The Great Society
    Civil Rights Laws
    Great Society Programs
    The Supreme Court and Rights and Liberties
    The United States and the World Beyond Vietnam
    A Robust Economy
    Technological Change, Science, and Space Exploration
    The Rise of the Sunbelt
    Race, Gender, Youth, and the Challenge to the Establishment
    Urban Uprisings and Black Power
    Latinos and Indians Struggle for Rights
    The New Feminism
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: The Hippie Trail

    Chapter 28. The Vietnam Era, 1961-1975
    Background to a War, 1945-1963

    Vietnam and the Cold War
    American Commitments to South Vietnam
    The 1963 Turning Point
    An American War, 1964-1967
    Decisions for Escalation, 1964-1965
    Ground and Air War, 1966-1967
    The War at Home
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Global Disruption
    1968: Turmoil and Turning Points
    The Tet Offensive
    The Agony of 1968
    Nixon and the World
    From Vietnamization to Paris
    The End of the Vietnam War
    Reduction of Cold War Tensions
    Domestic Policy and the Abuse of Power
    Curtailing the Great Society

    Chapter 29. Conservatism Resurgent, 1973-1988

    An Accidental President
    The Politics of Limits and Malaise
    A Dangerous World, 1974-1980
    America Held Hostage
    Democratic Decline and the Rising Tide on the Right
    The Crisis of the Democrats
    Rising Tide on the Right
    The Religious Right and Neoconservatism
    It's Morning Again in America
    The Rise of Reagan
    Economic Realities
    Conservative Justice
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: Reefer Madness: America's (Very) Long War on Drugs
    Social Transformation and the Technology Revolution
    The Rise of the "Nontraditional Family"
    Gay Rights and the AIDS Epidemic
    A Health-Conscious America
    High Technology
    Challenging the "Evil Empire"
    A New Arms Race
    Cold War Thaw

    Chapter 30. After the Cold War, 1988-2001
    George H. W. Bush and the End of the Cold War

    The Election of 1988
    The Bush Presidency at Home
    The New World Order
    The Election of 1992
    The Good Times
    Innovation and New Technology
    The Shipping Container Revolution
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: The 1965 Immigration Act and Its Consequences
    Bill Clinton and the New Democrats
    An Awkward Start
    Clinton's Recovery
    Clinton's Second Term
    A Post-Cold War Foreign Policy
    Intervention and Mediation
    International Terrorism
    The Disputed Election of 2000
    Bush Versus Gore
    The Election in Florida and a Supreme Court Decision

    Chapter 31. Twenty-First Century Dangers and Promises, 2001-Present
    The Age of Sacred Terror
    The United States and Terrorism Before September 11, 2001
    September 11 and al-Qaeda
    The War in Afghanistan
    The Iraq War
    Policing Terrorism
    Conservatism in the Bush Years
    Culture Wars
    Compassionate Conservatism in Action
    The Election of 2004
    Privatizing Social Security
    Hurricane Katrina
    The Election of 2006
    Economic Turmoil
    The Dot-Com Bust, Financial Scandals, and the Middle-Class Squeeze
    The Obama Years
    The Election of 2008
    Economic Recovery
    Iraq Withdrawal and the Afghan War
    GLOBAL PASSAGES: China vs. The United States: A Clash of Civilizations?
    Battles in the Legislature
    Protests on the Right and Left
    The 2012 Election
    Going Over the Fiscal Cliff
    Justice in the 21st Century
    Civil Rights for Gay Americans
    A Turbulent World
    Trump's America
    The Election of 2016
    Trump in Office
    Immigration and the Wall
    Congress and the Courts
    "American First" and Foreign Policy
    The Economy
    The Election of 2018
    Social Issues Outside Washington
    Pandemic and Social Unrest


    APPENDIX A. Historical Documents
    APPENDIX B. Historical Facts and Data

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