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A World of Nations

The International Order Since 1945

Second Edition

William R. Keylor

Publication Date - July 2008

ISBN: 9780195337570

528 pages

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $109.99

Now updated to address recent developments in the post-9/11 world, the second edition of this vibrant text provides an analytical narrative of the origins, evolution, and end of the Cold War.


Now updated to address recent developments in the post-9/11 world, A World of Nations, Second Edition, provides an analytical narrative of the origins, evolution, and end of the Cold War. Much more than a simple account of the long struggle between the two superpowers, this vibrant text opens with chapters exploring the development of regional conflicts--ethnic, religious, cultural, economic, and military--that dominated international relations until the breakup of the Soviet Union. The final chapters examine the war on terror and the salience of interstate and transnational conflicts in the era of globalization. In engaging, compelling language, author William R. Keylor provides a genuinely international history of this turbulent period.

Designed to serve the needs of both political scientists and historians, the new edition has been reorganized along regional lines while still maintaining the chronological approach of the previous edition. Building on its historical foundation, the second edition discusses International Relation theory and explores such timely critical topics as human rights, environmental issues, NGOs, immigration, and international terrorism. In addition, numerous new photographs and helpful maps animate the text, drawing students into this dynamic subject.

Thoroughly revised and even more relevant in its second edition, A World of Nations offers a riveting exploration of international relations as they have evolved from the Second World War to the present. It is ideal for political science courses on international relations, as well as courses on the history of U.S. foreign policy, European diplomatic history, the history of international relations, and world history since 1945.

About the Author(s)

William R. Keylor received his B.A. from Stanford University and his M.A. and Ph.D in history from Columbia University. He is Professor of History and International Relations at Boston University, where he chaired its Department of History from 1988 to 2000 and currently directs its International History Institute. He has been the recipient of Guggenheim, Fulbright, Woodrow Wilson, and Earhart Fellowships, was elected to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and was named Chevalier de L'Ordre National du M'érite by the French government. He is author or editor of several books and articles on the history of international relations and the history of modern France, including The Twentieth-Century World and Beyond: An International History Since 1900, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2006), Encyclopedia of the Modern World (2005), and The Legacy of The Great War: Peacemaking 1919 (1998).

Previous Publication Date(s)

December 2002

Table of Contents

    Chapter One: The Emergence of the Bipolar World
    The Formation of the Soviet Satellite Empire
    Czechoslovakia between East and West
    The Anomaly of Yugoslavia
    Early Western Concerns about Soviet Expansionism
    Confrontation at the Periphery: Iran, Turkey, Greece
    The British Withdrawal, the Truman Doctrine, and "Containment"
    The European Recovery Program
    The Political Consequences of the Marshall Plan
    The Division of Germany
    The Creation of the Postwar International Economic Order: Bretton Woods
    The Creation of a Global Collective Security System: The United Nations
    The Creation of an Atlantic Security System: NATO
    Chapter Two: The Militarization of Containment
    Nuclear Anxieties and the Shadow of NSC-68
    From Cold War to Hot War
    The French Scheme for Western European Military Integration
    The French Scheme for Western European Economic Integration
    New Leadership in Washington and Moscow
    The Evoution of American Military Strategy under Eisenhower
    The Demise of EDC and the Rearmament of West Germany
    The Tortuous Path to European Economic Cooperation
    The "Thaw" in East-West Relations after the Death of Stalin
    The Consequences of De-Stalinization in the Satellites
    The Extension of the Cold War to the "Third World"
    The Contest for Strategic Superiority
    Berlin: The Bone in Khrushchev's Throat
    The Summit That Never Was
    The Wall Comes Up
    Chapter Three: The Rise and Fall of Détente
    The Challenge of Arms Control
    "Blowing in the Wind": The Limited Test Ban Treaty
    Preserving the Nuclear Oligopoly: The Non-Proliferation Treaty
    Nuclear Parity and Mutual Assured Destruction
    The Road to SALT I
    Europe between the Superpowers: De Gaulle's Grand Design
    Ostpolitik: West Germany Looks East
    Helsinki: A European Security Agreement at Last
    The Failure of SALT II and the Renewal of the Arms Race
    Chapter Four: The Decline and Fall of the Soviet Empire
    The Changing of the Guard in the Kremlin
    Breakthrough in Arms Control
    The Liberation of the Satellites
    The Reunification of Germany and the Breakup of the Warsaw Pact
    The Disappearance of the Soviet Union
    The Ordeal of the Non-Russian Successor States
    Unrest and Patriotic Fervor in the Russian Federation
    The Fading Dream of Arms Control
    Chapter Five: European Unity and Disunity
    France's Campaign to Lead a "Europe of States"
    The Expansion and Deepening of the Community
    The Relaunching of the European Idea
    The Elusive Quest for Security Cooperation
    The Resurgence of Ethnic Conflict
    Chapter Six: The Evolution of Inter-American Relations
    The Formation of a Hemispheric Security System
    The Revival of U.S. Interventionism: Guatemala, 1954
    "Yankee, Go Home!"
    Kennedy's Alliance for Progress
    The Cuban Revolution
    The Bay of Pigs Fiasco
    Thirteen Days That Changed the World
    The Specter of Castro and the Demise of the Alliance for Progress
    Marxism and Despotism in Chile
    Dictatorship, Development, and Human Rights
    The Nicaraguan Revolution and Its Consequences
    The Latin American Debt Crisis of the Eighties
    The Turn toward Neoliberalism and Regional Economic Cooperation
    The War on Drugs
    Backlash against the "Washington Consensus"
    The Advance of Democratic Institutions
    The Return of Regional Stability to Central America
    The Reluctant Gendarme of the Hemisphere after the Cold War
    Chapter Seven: East Asia Recuperates from the Ravages of War
    The Chinese Civil War
    The Korean War and Its Repercussions for the Far East
    From Hiroshima to Japan, Inc: The Asian Model of Economic Growth
    The Rise of the East Asian Tigers
    The United States and the "Two Chinas"
    The Disintegration of the Sino-Soviet Alliance
    China Turns to the West
    Deng Xiaoping and China's Great Awakening
    Asia's New Economic Superpower
    The Reemergence of the "Hermit Nation"
    Japan: Economic Problems and Regional Threats
    Chapter Eight: Cold War and Nonalignment in South and Southeast Asia
    The Agony of Indochina: The French Phase
    The Agony of Indochina: The American Phase
    The Bloody Aftermath of the Vietnam War
    The Pacification of Cambodia
    Indonesia's Bid for a Regional Role
    From the "Emergency" in Malaya to the Emergence of Malaysia
    Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the Philippines
    India's Quest for a "Third Way"
    The Agony of Afghanistan
    Continuing Instability and Insecurity on the Indian Subcontinent
    The Search for a Southeast Asian Security System
    Chapter Nine: Regional Rivalries and East-West Conflicts in the Middle East
    The Establishment of the Jewish State
    The Road to Suez
    Nasserism and the Crises in Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq
    The Renewal of the Arab-Israeli Conflict after Suez
    The Unfolding of the Arab-Israeli "Peace Process"
    The Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq War, and the Intifada
    The Context and Consequences of the Gulf War
    The Making of a Quagmire
    Iran after Khomeini
    The Revival of Hope for Regional Peace and Stability
    The Return of Political Unrest and Armed Conflict in Lebanon
    Chapter Ten: Africa: the Travails of Independence
    The Fragility of Nationhood: The Congo Crisis and the Nigerian Civil War
    The Curse of Underdevelopment
    The Persistence of "Neo-Imperialism"
    Competing Territorial Claims in the Sahara
    The Cold War and the End of the Portuguese African Empire
    Superpower Rivalry and Regional Conflict on the Horn of Africa
    Ethnic Tensions and Political Instability in Northeast Africa
    The Collapse of White Minority Rule in the South
    War and Genocide in Central Africa
    Nigeria's Bid for Regional Leadership in West Africa
    The Maghreb: The Islamic Revival and the Quest for Regional Identity
    The Campaign for Continental Economic Integration and Development
    Epilogue: A World of Nations in the Era of Globalization
    The Unfettered Flow of Information, Goods, and Money
    Toward a Global Culture or Americanization?
    Health, Environmental Protection, Human Rights, and Peace: The Influence of International Nongovernmental Organizations
    Terrorism as a Response to Globalization
    The Persistence of National Identity and the Power of the Nation-State
    Select Bibliography