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Cover

A History of the Middle East Since the Rise of Islam

From the Prophet Muhammad to the 21st Century

David W. Lesch

Publication Date - November 2022

ISBN: 9780197587140

496 pages
Paperback
6 1/8 x 9 1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $49.95

A concise yet comprehensive history of the Middle East by an authoritative scholar

Description

As David Lesch writes in his Preface, "Historians are a kind of secular priesthood, seemingly endowed with the power and means to select what is and what is not important for the rest of us." In A History of the Middle East Since the Rise of Islam, Lesch focuses on the longue durée. Choosing the rise of Islam as the general beginning point of his one-volume history of the Middle East, Lesch argues that there is an indelible link between the rise of Islam and the overall environment that exists today in the region. The continuum of this chain of events is the primary focus of his book. Combining a comprehensive approach and an appealing, informal tone, Lesch offers the reader enough specifics to digest the flavor of particular periods, dynasties, movements, cultural markers, and ideological developments, yet general enough so that the totality of this history can be compared and contrasted. The result is a brilliant tour de force.

Features

  • The author's authoritative yet informal tone make the text accessible and useful for both students and general readers
  • Convenient, and flexible, the inexpensive one-volume format covers both medieval Islamic history and the history of the modern Middle East
  • The narrative is organized in a clear and straightforward chronological fashion.
  • The author contextualizes the history of early Islam, examining the first one thousand years of the common era in the region as a whole rather than following a typical Eurocentric periodization.
  • The text shows the indelible link between the rise of Islam and the overall environment that exists today in the region
  • Each chapter includes two to six primary sources, a timeline, and a list of key terms
  • "Spotlight" sections throughout the text examine a diverse range of high interest topics, such pre-Islamic Arabic poetry, the House of Wisdom, whirling dervishes, and women activists.
  • A glossary provides definitions for important terms.
  • The text is richly illustrated with over 60 photos and 22 maps.

About the Author(s)

David W. Lesch is the Ewing Halsell Distinguished Professor of History at Trinity University.

Table of Contents

    CONTENTS

    List of Maps
    Spotlight Boxes
    Preface
    Note on the Text
    About the Author

    1 INTRODUCTION

    Notes

    2 THE RISE OF ISLAM

    The International Setting
    Pre-Islamic Arabia
    Life of the Prophet Muhammad
    Primary Sources
    Thabit: The Death of the Knight Rabia, Called Boy Longlocks
    Surah Al-Fatiha (The Opening)
    Surah LXXV, The Resurrection
    Key Terms
    Notes

    3 RASHIDUN

    Succession and Ridda War
    Islamic Conquests
    Fitna
    Primary Sources
    The Battle of Ajnadin (or Ajnadain)
    Tabarîi: '"The Death of 'Uthman,"' ,"' from Tthe History of Prophets and Kings
    Key Terms
    Notes

    4 ARAB KINGDOM

    Sufyanids
    Marwanids I
    Marwanids II
    Primary Sources
    The Death of al-Husayn ibn Ali
    Hasan al-Basri: Letter to Umar II
    Key Terms
    Notes

    5 ISLAMIC EMPIRE

    Revolution and Consolidation
    Of Golden Primes and Civil War
    Breakdown
    Primary Sources
    Harun al-Rashid and the Succession Arrangement
    Key Terms
    Notes

    6 FRAGMENTATION

    Buyids
    Fatimids
    Islamic Spain
    Primary Sources
    The Cities of Egypt: Alexandria and al-Fustat
    Abd al-Rahman III of al-Andalus
    Key Terms
    Notes

    7 FROM EAST AND WEST

    The Seljuks
    The Mongols
    The Crusades
    Primary Sources
    Selections from The Muqaddimah by Ibn Khaldun'
    Ibn al-Athir: from The Great History
    Robert the Monk's Account of Pope Urban II's Call to Crusade
    Ibn al-Athir, X, 185--190, 193--195
    "Imad al-Din al-Asfahani relays Salah al-Din."
    Key Terms
    Notes

    8 IN THE WAKE OF THE MONGOLS

    The Mamluks
    The Ottomans
    The Safavids
    Primary Sources
    Kritovoulos: from Tthe History of Mehmed Position and Orders Given the Generals
    Letters from Selim and Ismail
    Key Terms
    Notes

    9 RISE, RESISTANCE, RETREAT, AND REFORM

    The Age of Sulayman the Magnificent
    European Pressure
    Ottoman Reform Movement
    Primary Sources
    Poem written by Sulayman the Magnificent to his wife, Hurrem Sultan (Roxelana)
    The Gülhane Proclamation, (1839)
    Jamal al-Din al-Afghani,", "Commentary on the Commentator"
    Key Terms
    Notes

    10 INFLECTION POINT

    The Hamidian Era and the Young Turks
    World War I in the Middle East
    Postwar Agreements and Mandate System
    Primary Sources
    Negib Azoury: Program of the League of the Arab Fatherland
    Excerpts from the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, (July 14, 1915--January. 25, 1916)
    The Sykes-Picot Agreement, 1916
    The Balfour Declaration, 1917
    British Declaration to Seven Arab Spokesmen
    Key Terms
    Notes

    11 THE SHAPING OF THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST

    Cold Wars
    Arab--Israeli Conflict
    1979 and Iits Aftermath
    Primary Sources
    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181
    Speech by President Nasser on Nationalization of the Suez Canal
    Remarks by Golda Meir to President Sadat in the Knesset, November 21, 1977
    Excerpts from speech by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to the Israeli Knesset, November 20, 1977.
    Camp David Accords: The Framework for Peace in the Middle East
    Annual State of the Union Message (1980) (the Carter Doctrine), 1980
    "Palestinians, America and the U.N." Op-ed in the New York Times, January. 20, 2011, bBy Hanan Ashrawi
    Key Terms
    Notes

    12 MIDDLE EAST AGONISTES

    9/11
    The 2003 Invasion of Iraq
    The Arab Spring
    Primary Sources
    Excerpt from President George W. Bush's State of the Union Speech, January 2002 (excerpt)
    Statement by President Trump on Jerusalem, December 2017
    Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas Reacts to Trump's Announcement
    Excerpts from Speech by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to the Syrian Parliament Addressing the Mounting Protests, March 30, 2011
    Shirin Ebadi, 2003 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Nobel Lecture, December. 10, 2003.
    Key Terms
    Notes

    For Further Reading
    Glossary
    Photo Credits
    Index