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A History of Modern Italy

Transformation and Continuity, 1796 to the Present

Anthony L. Cardoza

Publication Date - June 2018

ISBN: 9780199982578

352 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

In Stock

Retail Price to Students: $29.95

A comprehensive yet concise history of Modern Italy from 1796 to the present

Description

A History of Modern Italy addresses the question of how Italy's modern history--from its prolonged process of nation-building in the nineteenth century to the crises of the last two decades--has produced a paradoxical blend of hyper-modernity and traditionalism that sets the country apart in the broader context of Western Europe.

Author Anthony L. Cardoza explores how Italians have experienced seismic shifts in their social and economic landscape over the past two centuries, while simultaneously maintaining older cultural norms, social practices, and political methods. The book's narrative of modern Italy incorporates and blends the research findings and methodological insights of the new quantitative and cultural historical scholarship of the past twenty-five years. In doing so, the book chronicles the regime changes that have taken the country from a liberal monarchy, through a fascist dictatorship, to a democratic republic while also delving into the economic and social history of the nation through these periods.

About the Author(s)

Anthony L. Cardoza is Professor of Modern European History at Loyola University Chicago.

Reviews

"Anthony Cardoza has written a clear, concise, and highly readable survey of modern Italy that seamlessly integrates the economic, political, and social history of the Italian state from the Risorgimento to the present day. A History of Modern Italy helps students not only understand the tremendous changes that Italy has undergone since unification, but also how traditional values and institutions have shaped Italian modernization. It is an essential introduction to Italian history for students and general readers."--Alexander De Grand, North Carolina State University

"A History of Modern Italy provides fresh and exciting understandings of politics on the peninsula from unification until today. The book offers new insights into traditional institutional topics--liberalism, fascism, and the Republic--but also looks at the subcultures that paralyzed the nation from the very establishment of the Kingdom. Cardoza deftly describes the narrowness of the governing class, the paralysis in state administration, and popular challenges to official constructions of italianità."--Alice A. Kelikian, Brandeis University

Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    About the Author

    CHAPTER 1. THE ITALIAN PENINSULA IN THE LATE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

    From the Center to the Margins of Europe
    Land of a Thousand Bell Towers
    Roman Catholicism and the Italian Church
    The Italian Enlightenment and the Old Regimes'
    Italy in the 1790s

    CHAPTER 2. BIRTH OF A NATIONAL IDEA: 1796-1850

    Catalysts of Change: Napoleon and the French Revolution
    The Cultural Roots of the Italian Nation
    Giuseppe Mazzini and Romantic Nationalism
    Moderate Liberal Nationalism
    1848 and the Limits of Popular National Mobilization

    CHAPTER 3. A PERFECT STORM: ITALIAN UNIFICATION, 1850-1871

    Camillo di Cavour and Piedmontese Liberalism
    Cavour, Piedmont and Italian Unification
    The Mazzinian Moment: Giuseppe Garibaldi and the South
    Completing the Nation State: 1861-1870
    Legacies of a Perfect Storm

    CHAPTER 4. THE CREATION OF THE LIBERAL STATE: 1871-1887

    The Structure and Practices of the Liberal State
    The Politics of Accommodation: Parliamentary Transformism
    Birth of the From Poetry to Prose: Liberal Italy's Crisis of Confidence

    CHAPTER 5. LIBERAL ITALY UNDER SIEGE: 1887-1900

    Economic Recession, Social Unrest and Political Challenges
    Francesco Crispi and the Politics of Strong Man Rule
    Crispi and the Politics of National Prestige and Glory
    Italy's End of the Century Crisis

    CHAPTER 6. LIBERAL ITALY'S GOLDEN AGE: 1901-1914

    Giovanni Giolitti and Liberal Politics in a New Key
    Economic Growth and Social Progress in Giolittian Italy
    The Limits of the Giolittian System
    End of an Era: The Interventionist Crisis, 1914-15

    CHAPTER 7. THE GREAT WAR AND THE CRISIS OF LIBERAL ITALY, 1914-20

    "A Useless Slaughter:" Italy's War on the Front Lines
    Italy's War at Home
    A Mutilated Victory? Italy's Post-War Malaise, 1918-1920
    The "Red Years" 1919-1920

    CHAPTER 8. THE RISE AND TRIUMPH OF FASCISM, 1921-1925

    Fascists of the First Hour
    A Pre-emptive Counter-Revolution: Agrarian Fascism
    From Periphery to the Center: The March on Rome
    In Limbo: Improvising Fascism, 1922-24
    The Matteotti Affair and the Demise of Liberal Italy

    CHAPTER 9. FORGING THE FASCIST TOTALITARIAN REGIME: 1925-35

    The Fascist Totalitarian Social Project
    The Fascist Totalitarian Cultural Project
    Mussolini and the Cult of the Duce
    The Limits of the Totalitarian State

    CHAPTER 10. FASCISM ON THE WAR PATH: 1934-1940

    Domestic and International Determinants of Fascist Expansionism
    Fascist Expansionism: From Ethiopia to Spain, 1935-39
    The Rome-Berlin Axis and the Radicalization of Fascism

    CHAPTER 11. FROM FASCIST DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

    Death of a Regime: 1940-43
    Into the Abyss: 1943-45
    A New Beginning: Birth of a Democratic Republic, 1945-46
    The Persistence of the Old Order in Republican Italy

    CHAPTER 12. ITALY TRANSFORMED: 1948-1970

    The Political Framework for Recovery
    The Economic Miracle, Italian Style
    The Transformation of Italian Society
    The Limits of Italian Modernity
    A Revolution in Rising Expectations

    CHAPTER 13. ITALY ADRIFT, 1972-1991

    Shock of the Global: Italian Economy and Society in the 1970s
    Italian Democracy under Siege
    The Center Holds: The Historical Compromise and the Government of National Solidarity
    The Grand Illusion: Italy in the 1980s
    The Hidden Costs of the Good Life: Italy in the Late 1980s

    CHAPTER 14. AN ELUSIVE TRANSITION: ITALY SINCE 1992

    The Center No Longer Holds: The Demise of the Post-War Political Order, 1991-94
    The Man on a White Horse: The Rise of Silvio Berlusconi
    A Transtion? The Center-Left at the Helm, 1996-2001
    While Rome Burned: Berlusconi's Italy, 2001-2011
    Decline or Renewal: Italy Since 2011

    Suggested Readings
    Credits
    Index

    List of Maps
    Italy: Physical Features
    Europe in 1748
    The Languages and Dialects of Italy
    Napoleon's Empire at its Height, 1812
    Italy in 1815
    Revolutionary Europe
    Italian Rail Network, 1861
    The Unification of Italy
    Italian Rail Network, 1871
    The Zones of Italy
    The Triple Alliance
    The Horn of Africa in the Late 19th Century
    The Italo-Turkish War, 1911-1912
    The Great War and the Italian Front
    Europe after the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
    Expansion of the Italian Empire
    World War II in Europe, 1939-1945
    Postwar Alliances in Europe and the European Coal and Steel Community