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Cover

A History of Europe in the Twentieth Century

Eric Dorn Brose

Publication Date - September 2004

ISBN: 9780195135718

544 pages
Paperback
6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

Retail Price to Students: $94.99

Examines the last century of Europe's history from a contemporary point of view, looking backward at the total impact of major events on the European world.

Description

This last century of European history is situated between a violent and authoritarian past and the dawn of a more democratic and peaceful period--an era that may represent the future. Written in a vivid and accessible style, A History of Europe in the Twentieth Century examines the continent's descent into the turmoil of two world wars, the tense cold war standoff between the victors, and finally the beginning of a more tranquil and egalitarian age. Rather than viewing Europe's history from an outdated perspective colored by cold war ideology, Eric Dorn Brose discusses these topics from a contemporary point of view, looking backward at the total impact of major events on the European world.
A History of Europe in the Twentieth Century is organized chronologically around five main themes:
* war and the quest for alternatives
* ethnic and racial belligerency and the effort to create harmony
* authoritarianism and the struggle for democracy
* technological revolutions and systems
* elite and popular culture
This thematic approach allows students to focus on separate specific aspects of the history of this troubled century, while striving for a composite view. Brose also dedicates special subsections of the text to extensive discussions of the peace movement, gender relations, the Holocaust, cultural developments, the rise of the EU, and today's terrorist threats. Each chapter begins with a vignette related to chapter themes and subject matter. There is also a historiographical component to A History of Europe in the Twentieth Century, making it ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in twentieth-century Europe.

Table of Contents

    Acknowledgments
    List of Maps
    Introduction
    Themes
    Sources
    I. "A Specter is Haunting Europe"
    Ethnic Diversity and the Rise of the Great Nation-States
    Industrialization and Imperialism
    European Society
    The Upper Classes
    The Social Question
    The Second International
    The Hague
    II. Europe before the Great War
    Escalating International Tensions
    Wars and Crises, 1899-1907
    Peace Efforts
    Advent of the Dragon, 1908-1914
    Long-Term Origins of the War
    Political Turmoil Inside Europe
    Class Relations
    Women
    Ethnic Tensions
    Variations of Modernist Culture
    The July Crisis
    III. The Great War and Beyond
    War of Attrition
    Home Fronts
    Britain and France />Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany
    Russia and the West in 1917
    Germany and the War's End 1917-1918
    The Turbulent Era of the Peace Treaties
    The Setting: Violence Continues
    The Paris Settlement
    The Paris Settlement
    The Fighting Runs Its Course
    War's Effects on Men and Women
    IV. The Illusion of Peace and Democracy
    The League of Nations 1919-1929
    The Great Powers and the League
    The Era of Locarno
    Cultural Bellwethers
    The Cultural Aftermath
    Anti-War and Pro-War Novels
    Weimar Culture
    Freud
    Popular Culture
    Democracies Young and Old
    The Successor States of Eastern Europe
    Young Democracies with Nationalist Grievances
    The Democracies of Northern and Western Europe
    Democracy in
    Ireland
    The Democratic Balance
    Communist Rules in Russia
    V. Toward the Cataclysm
    The Great Depression
    The Crisis of Democracy and the Failure of the
    League
    The Rise of the Nazis
    The League Disarmament Conference
    The Ebb of Democracy
    The Interaction of Domestic and Foreign Policy
    Italy
    Germany
    France
    Spain
    Britain
    The Neutral States
    The Soviet Union
    Digression: Culture Under Totalitarianism
    Germany and War Again
    VI. World War Two
    Blitzkrieg 1939-1941
    The Decline of the Axis 1942-1944
    Life in Occupied Europe
    The Nazi New Order
    The Resistance
    Genocide
    From D-Day to V-E Day 1944-1945
    VII. Ruin, Reconstruction, and Recrimination
    Culture Between War
    and Cold War
    Visions of New World and European Orders
    Cold War
    Communism Is East
    Developments in Eastern Europe
    Political Life in the U.S.S.R
    Democracy Is West
    The End of Empire
    European Integration
    Socialist Market Economies
    The Functioning of Democracy
    Gender Relations
    Democratic Soft Spots in Greece, Italy, France, and West Germany
    VIII. Europe and America
    Berlin and Cuba
    Capitalism, Communism, and Consumerism
    To Americanize or Not
    The Contemporary Technological System Between West and East
    IX. The Widening and Deepening of Democracy
    1968
    Hard Times
    Eurocommunism and the Spread of Democracy in Southern Europe
    Closer Union
    The Irish Troubles
    Democratization in West
    Germany
    Women's Equality
    Environmentalism
    The Democratic Balance
    X. The Fall of Communism
    The Détente Interlude
    Economic Doldrums
    Dissent and the Coming of Gorbachev
    East Bloc Troubles and the 1989 Revolutions
    The Disintegration of the Soviet Union
    XI. Contemporary History
    The View from Brussels
    The Croatian and Bosnian Tragedies
    The Young Democracies of Eastern Europe
    The European Monetary Union (EMU)
    Post-Communist Russia
    Terrorism and Sectarian Violence
    Touring Europe's Horizons in the Early Twenty-First Century
    Notes
    Index