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Multiple Choice

  1. Which criminal investigation technique has been discredited?
      a. Atavisms.
      b. Eyewitness testimony.
      c. Fiber evidence.
      d. Interrogation.
  2. What is an example of a somatotype?
      a. Supermorph.
      b. Ectogram.
      c. Ectomorph.
      d. Altomorph.
  3. The classical school of criminology is based, in part, on the work of this scholar.
      a. Franz Joseph Gall.
      b. Donald Sutherland.
      c. Karl Marx.
      d. Cesare Beccaria.
  4. According to this theory by Bentham, people are guided by their desire for pleasure and aversion to pain.
      a. Phrenology.
      b. Utilitarianism theory.
      c. Labeling theory.
      d. Pain theory.
  5. This criminological discipline is an outgrowth of the rise of the scientific method.
      a. The positivist school.
      b. The classical school.
      c. Marxism.
      d. The Chicago school.
  6. This Italian physician believed that criminals were physically different from the rest of the population.
      a. Cesare Lombroso.
      b. Cesare Beccaria.
      c. Cesar Romero.
      d. Jeremy Bentham.
  7. The theory that behavior is determined by rewards and punishments is called _____.
      a. Somatotypes.
      b. Marxism.
      c. Labeling theory.
      d. Behaviorism.
  8. The criminologists from this school did not believe that crime is individual in nature.
      a. The positivist school.
      b. The feminist school.
      c. Chicago school.
      d. The classical school.
  9. This theory developed by Sutherland is one of the most popular theories of delinquency.
      a. Differential association theory.
      b. Strain theory.
      c. Anomie.
      d. Social control theory.
  10. This theory asks not why offenders break the criminal law, but why most people do not.
      a. Neutralization theory.
      b. Social control theory.
      c. Labeling theory.
      d. False consciousness.
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