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Word Search

Instructions: Use the definitions below to discover the correct term and then find the term in the puzzle.


  1.  The process in which a juvenile court determines whether the allegations in a petition are supported by evidence.

  2. A term describing the manner in which U.S. criminal trial courts operate; a system that requires two sides, a prosecution and a defense.

  3. “Court of equity.” In England, these were established, in part, to assist when common-law courts failed to resolve a case. These courts were favorable to vulnerable individuals, especially children.

  4. An order by a judge upon conviction or before a trial that sends a person to jail or prison. Also, a judge’s order that sends a mentally unstable person to a mental institution.

  5. When the parties to a lawsuit accept a judge’s order that is based on an agreement made by them instead of continuing the case through a trial or hearing.

  6. The effort to deinstitutionalize delinquent and neglected children.

  7. Guarantees by the Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution establishing legal procedures that recognize the protection of an individual’s life, liberty, and property.

  8. A session that takes place without a jury before a judge or magistrate in which evidence and/or arguments are presented to determine some factual or legal issue.

  9. A period during which a juvenile is required to stay out of trouble or make restitution before the case is dropped.

  10. A person, usually under the age of 18, who is determined to have committed a criminal offense or status offense in states in which a minor is declared to lack responsibility and cannot be sentenced as an adult.

  11. Latin for “father of the country.” Refers to the philosophy that the government is the ultimate guardian of all children or disabled adults.

  12. A person who files a lawsuit; also called a plaintiff.

  13. Seventeenth-century laws that turned over vagrants and abandoned children to landowners or shopkeepers as indentured servants.

  14. Similar to a “charge” in the adult system in which an authority, usually the police, parents, or the school, determines that the youth needs intervention from the juvenile court.

  15. Any sentence of a juvenile delinquent to a halfway house or other community home in which the juvenile is closely monitored, but allowed to leave for work or school.

  16. The party who must reply to a petitioner’s complaint. Equivalent to a defendant in a lawsuit.

  17. An act that is considered a legal offense only when committed by a juvenile and can be adjudicated only in a juvenile court.

  18. Provisions that exclude, without hearing or waiver, juveniles who meet certain age, offense, or past-record criteria from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

  19. Policies of agencies in which the strict letter of the law or rule is followed without question or room for individual discretion on the part of the authority.


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