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Multiple-Choice

  1. Utilitarians judge the morality of conduct by a single standard, _____.
      a. the greatest consequences principle
      b. the greatest action principle
      c. the principle of utility
      d. the principle of duty
  2. According to the utilitarian, right actions are those that _____.
      a. are undertaken out of respect for the moral law
      b. result in greater overall well-being for the people involved than any other possible action
      c. result in greater overall security for the people involved than any other possible action
      d. are undertaken out of respect for social norms
  3. Some utilitarians distinguish between_____.
      a. act- and rule-utilitarianism
      b. antecedent and consequence utilitarianism
      c. categorical and conditional utilitarianism
      d. hypothetical and prudential utilitarianism
  4. _____ is the name for the view that the rightness of actions depends solely on the overall well-being produced by individual actions.
      a. Act-utilitarianism
      b. Rule-utilitarianism
      c. Categorical utilitarianism
      d. Conditional utilitarianism
  5. _____ is the name for the view that the rightness of actions depends on rules governing categories of acts.
      a. Act-utilitarianism
      b. Rule-utilitarianism
      c. Categorical utilitarianism
      d. Conditional utilitarianism
  6. The utilitarian procedure for discerning the morally right course of action is theoretically simple: determine which action _____.
      a. is socially acceptable
      b. is prudential
      c. accords with duty
      d. maximizes well-being
  7. According to Mill, to determine whether one pleasure is more valuable than another, we must _____.
      a. determine which one is objectively most pleasurable
      b. determine which pleasure most experienced people prefer
      c. consult philosophers of the past
      d. consult science
  8. Mill argues that the Greatest Happiness Principle is _____.
      a. one of several principles of morality
      b. the standard of morality
      c. endorsed by all the major religions
      d. embodied in the Ten Commandments
  9. Mill says that right actions are those that produce the greatest happiness for _____.
      a. each individual
      b. one's own family
      c. all concerned
      d. those who deserve it
  10. According to Bentham, _____ is the only intrinsic good.
      a. social good
      b. pleasure
      c. material wealth
      d. personal security
  11. Like Kant's moral theory, Mill's _____.
      a. notes differences in each person's moral worth
      b. notes that we are all equal before the moral law
      c. notes that we are all equal before the moral law, but some are more equal than others
      d. notes that differences in moral worth is based on natural inferiority
  12. Utilitarianism is the best-known _____.
      a. relativist moral theory
      b. deontological moral theory
      c. virtue theory
      d. consequentialist moral theory
  13. Utilitarianism has one procedure, namely determining which action _____.
      a. conforms to the categorical imperative
      b. generates the higher pleasures
      c. best maximizes well-being
      d. avoids the lower pleasures
  14. For happiness to be maximized, _____.
      a. it is essential that everyone share the same amount
      b. it is essential that it be concentrated among very few people
      c. it is not essential that it be evenly distributed
      d. it is essential that it be evenly distributed
  15. Bentham and Mill_____.
      a. have different ideas about what happiness entails
      b. have the same idea about what happiness entails
      c. believe happiness for everyone is possible
      d. do not believe happiness is possible
  16. The goal of utilitarian actions is _____.
      a. conformance with duty
      b. virtue
      c. well-being
      d. getting ahead
  17. In utilitarianism, there are no _____.
      a. principles to guide action
      b. absolute prohibitions or mandates
      c. means to determine the moral worth of specific actions
      d. means to determine whether or not an action is in conformity with duty
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