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Multiple Choice Quiz

  1. The four main divisions of philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and _____.
      a. bioethics
      b. logic
      c. aesthetics
      d. categorical logic
  2. For Socrates, an unexamined life is a tragedy because it results in grievous harm to _____.
      a. the state
      b. the justice system
      c. the body
      d. the soul
  3. For Socrates, the soul is harmed by lack of _____.
      a. knowledge
      b. wealth
      c. community
      d. courage
  4. A question-and-answer dialogue in which propositions are methodically scrutinized to uncover the truth is known as _____.
      a. an argument
      b. the Socratic method
      c. the Socratic jest
      d. a debate
  5. If you assume that a set of statements is true, and yet you can deduce a false or absurd statement from it, then the original set of statements as a whole must be false. This kind of argument is known as _____.
      a. modus tollens
      b. modus ponens
      c. hypothetical syllogism
      d. reductio ad absurdum *
  6. The systematic use of critical reasoning to try to find answers to fundamental questions about reality, morality, and knowledge is called _____.
      a. the argumentative method
      b. the philosophical method
      c. propositional logic
      d. syllogistic reasoning
  7. The famous statement “An unexamined life is not worth living” is attributed to _____.
      a. Aristotle
      b. John Locke
      c. Socrates
      d. Plato
  8. The study of reality in the broadest sense, an inquiry into the elemental nature of the universe and the things in it, is known as _____.
      a. metaphysics
      b. epistemology
      c. quantum physics
      d. axiology
  9. Questions like “What is knowledge?” and “What is truth?” are mainstays in the branch of philosophy known as _____.
      a. logic
      b. metaphysics
      c. epistemology
      d. aesthetics
  10. According to Socrates, a clear sign that a person has _____ is her exclusive pursuit of social status, wealth, power, and pleasure.
      a. philosophical ambition
      b. worldly wisdom
      c. exceptional desires
      d. an unhealthy soul
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