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Chapter 11

This outline can be a helpful study tool to assist you in seeing the order and sequence of the chapter and the relationship of ideas.  Use it to take notes as you read and/or to add concepts presented in lecture.

  1. Public speaking is made easier if the proper tools are used to design and deliver your thoughts effectively.
    1. Choose a topic that is right for you.
    2. Define the general purpose of the speech and have a thesis statement.
    3. Analyze the speaking situation and gather information.
  2. The fear of public speaking is stronger than the fear of insects, heights, accidents, and even death.
    1. Debilitative communication apprehension comes from strong emotions of negative experiences in the past and irrational thinking.
    2. Facilitative communication apprehension, which stems from the feeling of not being in control, can be channeled to improve your performance.
    3. Funneling nervous energy into productivity can control fear.
    4. Understanding the difference between rational and irrational fears, maintaining an audience-oriented approach with a positive attitude, and being prepared are ways to cope with speech anxiety.
  3. The four basic delivery methods for a speech are extemporaneous, impromptu, manuscript, and memorized.
    1. A smooth natural delivery is the result of extensive practice.
    2. Visual aspects of delivery include appearance, movement, posture, facial expressions, and eye contact.
    3. Auditory aspects of delivery include volume, rate, pitch, articulation, and choice of language.

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