Reality is constructed, as we create our reality with others through communication.
There are four steps in the perception process whereby we attach meanings to our experiences.
Physiological influences come from the physical environment and the ways that our bodies differ from others.
Psychological influences affect the way we perceive others.
Social influences are described in the standpoint theory, which states that a person's position in a society shapes her or his view of society in general and of specific individuals.
Cultural influences selection, organization, interpretation, and negotiation and exerts a powerful influence on the way we view others’ communication.
We make snap judgments, which can become problematic when they are based on stereotyping or exaggerated beliefs associated with a categorizing system. Characteristics of stereotypes:
We cling to first impressions our initial impressions often carry more weight than the ones to follow.
We judge ourselves more charitably than we do others
Perception checking provides a good way to review assumptions and share interpretations. Three parts: